Tag Archives: .TOP

Over Half of All .MEN and .LOANS Are Bad: Spamhaus

Three in 5 .men domain names are classified as “bad” according to the latest Spamhaus analysis of the world’s most abused TLDs, but only slightly worse than .loan, who have a “Badness Index” of 6.43 and 6.35 respectively.

The Spamhaus analysis found that 43,758 of the 72,370, or 60.2%, .men domain names analysed were classified as “bad” and with a “Badness Index” of 6.43, slightly worse than the 39,642 out of 65,782 (60.0%) .loan domain names and a Badness Index of 6.35. Following was .gq (Equatorial Guinea) with 55.3% of analysed domains classified as bad and a Badness Index of 6.32, then .cf (Central African Republic) with 54.6% and a Badness Index of 6.24, .ga (Gabon) with 53.0% bad and a Badness Index of 6.06, .ml (Mali) with 51.5% bad and a Badness Index of 5.89, .top (46.4% bad and a Badness Index of 5.58), .work (53.4% bad and a Badness Index of 5.58), .click (64.9% bad and a Badness Index of 5.49) and the world’s third largest top level domain and second largest country code top level domain .tk rounding out the top 10 with 42.1% bad and a Badness Index of 4.83.

Registries that allow registrars to sell high volumes of domains to professional spammers and malware operators in essence aid and abet the plague of abuse on the Internet, say Spamhaus. Some registrars and resellers knowingly sell high volumes of domains to these actors for profit, and many registries do not do enough to stop or limit this endless supply of domains.

So what is a bad TLD? Spamhaus explains that a TLD may be “bad” in two ways. On one side, the ratio of bad to good domains may be higher than average, indicating that the registry could do a better job of enforcing policies and shunning abusers. However, some TLDs with a high fraction of bad domains may be quite small, and their total number of bad domains could be relatively limited with respect to other, bigger TLDs. Their total “badness” to the Internet is limited by their small total size.

The other side is that some large TLDs may have a large number of bad domains as a result of the sheer size of their domain corpus. Even if their corrective measures are effective, they still constitute a problem on the global scale, and they could assign further resources to improve their anti-abuse processes and bring down the overall number of bad domains.

In defining a “badness” index, Spamhaus decided to weight in both these factors. With a certain amount of arbitrariness—and at the same time a desire to avoid excessive complications—so they defined badness as:


  • Db is the number of bad domains detected
  • Dt is the number of active domains observed

Spamhaus says one can think of this number as the bad domains fraction weighted with the TLD's size, or as the order of magnitude of the problem weighted with the effectiveness of anti-abuse policies. Presented this way, this data more closely matches the perceptions Spamhaus staff has in dealing with this issue in a daily production basis. We hope that this definition helps to spotlight registries that in one way or another can be considered problematic, in a fair way.

These data represent domains seen by Spamhaus systems, and not a TLD's total domain corpus. Domains in this data are in active use, showing up in mail feeds and related DNS traffic. Other domains may be parked or used for traffic outside of our systems' focus, and those domains are not included in this summary.

The registries listed provide spammers and other miscreants with a service they need in order to survive. Many, even most, TLDs succeed, by and large, in keeping abusers off their systems and work to maintain a positive reputation. That success shows that these ten worst could, if they tried, “keep clean” by turning spammers and other abusers away.

.XYZ Back On Top: Regains #1 New gTLDs Registrations Crown

The .xyz has regained the number one new gTLDs crown after some weeks of declines by .top, mirroring the decline of .xyz. The latest statistics from nTLDstats.com show .xyz with 2.543 million registrations and .top with 2.538 million.

In January 2017 .top peaked at 4.787 million registrations and registrations have steadily declined to today’s figure. A few weeks ago the statistics showed there were over a million pending deletes, and that figure today is around 494,000, meaning domains under management are set to slide even further.

For .xyz though, they’ve finished their huge decline and over the last 2 months have seen registrations increase by over 90,000. But this followed a not un-expected collapse after registrations peaked at 6.775 million in December 2016 and then collapsed in January and February to 6.587 million, rose erratically to 6.722 million and then collapsed again in August, losing 3 million DUM in just over 2 weeks as domain names weren’t renewed.

The third largest of the new generic top level domains, .loan, is sitting on 2.160 million registrations with only 14,400 domains, for now, sitting in pending delete. The rest of the top 10 is .club (1.177 million), .win (1.057m), .online (778,000), .vip (767,000), .wang (660,000), .site (544,000) and .bid (526,000).

Going forward for .xyz, for the short term, expect to see a moderate increase while .loan can see further losses as many of the pending deletes aren’t renewed.

.TOP Is Now The Tops Among New gTLDs

Overall .xyz has lost over 2.5 million registrations in the last 2 weeks, dropping from 5.587 million to 3.063 million since 10 August. And there are still another 693,000 listed in “upcoming deletes”. .xyz peaked at 6.756 million registrations on 6 December 2016 before going on a bit of a rollercoaster ride. Then the results of the discounted promotion the registry ran at the end of May 2016 came into play where 3.251 million domain names were registered in just 3 days.

And it’s not that .top hasn’t been immune to a bit of a decline, but it’s nothing like .xyz’s. .top peaked at 4.787 million on 12 January this year and has been on a decline ever since to today’s 3.277 million.

Others to have noticeable declines in the top 10 by registration numbers are .win which peaked at 1.297 million registrations on 1 December 2016 and today has 1.038 million, .vip, with a peak of 851,600 on 4 August to today’s 777,900, .wang which peaked at 1.120 million on 3 March and today stands at 663,500, .site which peaked at 729,200 on 1 May and today stands at 535,600, .bid which peaked at 619,600 on 17 January and today stands at 493,300.

Today registrations for the 1,226 new generic top level domains to have been delegated by ICANN stands at 23.984 million, down from the heady days of 4 April 2017 when registrations stook at 29.423 million, a decline of over 5.4 million, and 2.780 in just the last 2 weeks. Of these new gTLDs, around 540 are for brands, which account for around 7,200 domains according to research published by the Dot Brand Observatory.

As we previously reported, there are some of the new generic top level domains that have defied the massive declines. One is .club which has maintained registrations just above the one million mark since 30 June, and today stand at 1.102 million. The gTLD has had a few troughs but has not been affected by such massive declines, which largely must have to do with the lack of free or discounted domains. Another with a fairly stable number of registrations is .loan which passed the 2 million registrations mark in April and today has 2.169 million registrations.

There are currently 5 new gTLDs with more than one million registrations, 9 with more than 500,000 and 33 with more than 100,000.

Will .TOP Usurp .XYZ As Largest New gTLD As Total New gTLD Registrations Drop 1.6 Million in 3 Weeks

They gained 3.2 million registrations in a few days, jumping from 2.893 million registrations on 30 May 2016 to 6.122 million on 3 June on the back of a discounted promotion, but is the .xyz new gTLD now paying the price as those domain names come up for renewal?

Registrations for .xyz peaked at 6.705 million on 5 December last year, declined to 6.5 million before rising again to 6.652 million on 20 March and then slowly at first, but then they’ve dropped off a cliff.

Since 17 April registrations have dropped from 6.567 million to 6.018 million on 2 May. Registrations have now stabilised and are currently sitting at just under the 6 million mark. Still making it the largest of the new generic top level domains by domains under management by almost 2 million, but the new gTLD will require a reasonable renewal rate to keep it above the second largest of the new gTLDs, which currently has 4.036 million registrations. However even .top has even seen a decline of around 460,000 in the last 21 weeks, dropping to 4.036 million DUM on 8 May from 4.486 million on 24 April. Like .xyz registrations appear to have now stabilised.

Currently .xyz has 5.999 million DUM and .top 4.036 million. But they aren’t the only new gTLDs in the top 10 to see declines in recent weeks. .wang, the fourth largest of the new gTLDs has dropped almost 14,000 to 1.077 million, .win the fifth largest has dropped 150,000 to 1.056 million, .online the eighth largest has dropped 9,000 to 728,000, .site the ninth largest has dropped 105,000 to 524,000 and .bid the tenth largest has dropped 153,00 to 462,000.

Meanwhile registrations across the 1,218 new gTLDs to have been delegated by ICANN have dropped from a peak of 29.338 million on 14 April to 27.745 million as of 8 May, a drop of around 1.6 million.

All statistics courtesy of nTLDstats.com.


New gTLDs Shed Over Half Million Registrations in Under 2 Weeks, But Why?

Total new gTLD registrations have taken a hit in recent days, dropping over half a million in under 2 weeks.

Total domains under management for the 1,218 new generic top level domains to have been delegated by ICANN peaked at 29.330 million on 14 April and have dropped to 28.803 million on 26 April, according to nTLDstats.com.

Those to have dropped big numbers of registrations were .xyz, the largest of the new gTLDs, which peaked at 6.651 million registrations on 20 March, had dropped to 6.594 million on 14 April and on 26 April had 6.208 million. Others in the top 10 by registration numbers to have shed registrations were .top, down from 4.509 million on 14 April to 4.477 million on 25 April, .club from 885,000 (14 April) to 852,000 (25 April).

The reasons for the declines don’t appear readily apparent. For .xyz they had over 3 million registrations in 3 days during a big promotion, but this was in early June 2016. For the other gTLDs that have suffered drops there are no significant registration jumps one or 2 years ago.