Tag Archives: Russia

Russian internet growth and security widely discussed at Seliger 2012

RU Coordination Center logoThe Coordination Center has partnered with Seliger 2012 International Youth Forum for its Innovation and Enterprise block. From July 1 to July 9, 2012, the Coordination Center representatives, as well as those of the CC’s partners, engaged in a number of sessions with reports on current state of the Internet, its growth prospects and principles of using the Internet safely and effectively.

Andrei Kolesnikov, the Coordination Center’s CEO, told the forum attendees about the past and the future of the global network and its Russian part, sharing his views on the nearest future of the Internet. Kolesnikov thinks the intellectual right would be the first sector to suffer from Internet growth, as performers will have to give concerts in order to break even, the labels become unprofitable and the movies become crowdsourced. He also mentioned that it is virtually impossible to erase information stored in the cyberspace, and everything that is written in the Internet is saved for a long time. “Don’t forget this when you want to write something on the Internet”, Andrei Kolesnikov told the attendees.

Marina Nikerova, Technical Center of Internet’s deputy director, spoke on the history of the domain space, its governing charter and business processes between Internet stakeholders, both in Russia and worldwide. She briefed the atttendees on how ccTLDs, generic and IDN top-level domains are connected and how they affect the growth of the Internet, mentioning ICANN’s new gTLD program, its prospects and Russian applications supported by TCI’s backbone services, such as .SKOLKOVO, .ДЕТИ (“children”), and .TATAR.

Ilya Peresedov, CEO of the Smart Internet Foundation, shared his approach to the so-called “Internet islands”, where users can find Internet resources that correspond to their needs and preferences. According to Peresedov, creating these “islands” for children and teenagers can help in providing the youth with interesting and useful information, which the Smart Internet Foundation aims to do. Applying for .ДЕТИ top-level domain and developing a specific domain space will help to address this issue, Peresedov thinks.

Ilya Sachkov, CEO of Group-IB, told the attendees how to use the Internet safely. Group-IB is one of the leading private information security companies in Russia. In 2011, the Coordination Center has partnered with Group-IB to prevent cybercrime in .РФ and .RU top-level domains.

“Seliger is an unique ground that unites the most bright members of Russian youth. The Coordination Center tries to address the younger audiences more and more as they are the most active part of the Internet society and they will define what the Internet will look like in 10, 20 or 30 years, — Andrei Kolesnikov, the Coordination Center’s CEO, says. – This is our first experience as a partner of the forum, and a very positive one indeed – we could see that the young attendees were very interested and wanted to know more”.

This CCTLD.RU announcement was sourced from:

Moscow gTLDs Set To Boost Muscovites Pride in Moscow, Despite ICANN’s Best Intentions

The introduction of new generic Top Level Domains has seen applications from several cities around the world, one of them being the Russian capital of Moscow, who has applied for both .MOSCOW and its Cyrillic counterpart, .МОСКВА.While cruising down the Volga river in Russia with RU-CENTER before ICANN’s Big Reveal, Dmitry Burkov, Chairman of the Board of the Foundation for Assistance for Internet Technologies and Infrastructure Development (FAITID), told the Goldstein Report that he believes the two gTLDs will be successful, but not based solely on the number of registrations. But he also expressed disappointment in the way ICANN ran the application process.Dmitry believes it will be a way of uniting Muscovites in their love of the country. Which is not surprising, because from my limited travels in Russia I sensed a deep patriotism, a pride in their country, that in the 20-odd western countries I have visited around the world is something I have not seen. And Dmitry sees new gTLDs, not just for Moscow but globally, to be a great way of boosting one’s self-identification with their home country, region or city.Dmitry sees great opportunities for the two Moscow gTLDs. “It is clear that there is a lot of potential for the Moscow gTLDs with SMEs (small to medium enterprises) as there are many, although how many it is unknown, that have not registered their domain.”Dmitry also cited the example of the local government in Moscow could use registrations at the third level for schools and museums – for example xxx.museum.moscow and sss.school.moscow (but the latter in Cyrillic only).Getting new gTLDs available for public registrations has been noted as something many will find difficult, especially if they do not have good marketing plans. It has been said registrars will be reluctant to add new gTLDs to the TLDs they offer, making them difficult to promote. But Dmitry says Russian registrars are keen to add both gTLDs and to promote them to customers.The success of the .РФ (.RF) TLD gives Dmitry some comfort too. There are now almost 806,000 .РФ domain names registered less than two years after it launched, with around 40 per cent of .RU and 45 per cent of .РФ domains registered by registrants in the Moscow region.”The Moscow gTLDs will be more successful because they have learnt lessons from the launch of .РФ,” Dmitry said.FAITID is already promoting the Moscow gTLDs in anticipation of their approval at conferences and events within Russia and once approved, “the gTLDs will be promoted widely outside Russia to business, individuals, domainers and the large diaspora of Muscovites around the world. We have already begun talking to large domainers about them registering domains in the Moscow gTLDs,” Dmitry said.Talking about other Russian new TLDs Dmitry said major portion of them did not came into life due to various problems including the cost of the application process and the time taken to complete the process. In the long run only 8 applications from Russia were submitted to ICANN
While the introduction of the two Moscow gTLDs fills Dmitry with optimism, the same can’t be said of his view of the way ICANN ran the application process.”ICANN has let everyone down when it comes to the development of the applicant guidebook.”That the TLD Application System broke down was of no surprise to Dmitry. There was no tender, no published requirements, no estimation of quality and the resources are unknown for the creation of system. “What was the RFP,” Dmitry asked. “It was predictable that it would fail as there was not enough preparation and user testing was inadequate.”Dmitry also noted that the TAS “was initially designed to only upload files, but then the web interface was added and so then people would want to edit their applications online, but this was not taken into account into the TAS’s design. But thankfully we successfully submitted our applications before TAS went down!”According to Dmitry another one bad example of how the new gTLD process is organised is the proposed batching mechanism. Dmitry says the objections of ICANN’s Governmental Advisory Council on batching were ignored for a long time.”One of the problems brought by batching is that the earliest applications chosen for approval after going through the digital archery process get an advantage as for each applicant they get one chance.””The batching process wasn’t predictable and announcements on process were not logical,” Dmitry said.”And now that transcripts of ICANN board meetings have ended, so there will now be no knowledge of what is discussed and by whom, leading to less transparency.”

.EU Registrations Grow 6% As EURid Sees 2012 As Year Of Reducing Complexity

EURid logo.EU domain name registrations grew 6.1 per cent year over year, the latest EURid progress report for the first quarter of 2012 revealed.

This represents the best annual growth in .EU registrations since Q3 2010 the registry revealed. The first quarter also saw nine per cent more new .EU registrations than at the same time a year ago.

“I am encouraged by .EU’s good start to the year and our continued upward growth in domain name registrations,” said EURid’s General Manager, Marc Van Wesemael. “It is a clear signal that Europeans have a definite appetite for .EU.”

Lithuania recorded the highest annual growth, with a 31 per cent increase of .EU registrations compared with Q1 2011, followed by Austria (22%) and Slovakia (18%). During the same period, registrations in a further seven European Union countries – Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, France, Italy, Malta, Poland and Slovenia – grew by ten per cent or more.

.EU completed the first quarter of 2012 with 3.59 million registered domain names, making it the sixth largest ccTLD. Today there are 3,572,856 registrations, meaning there has been a drop of around 200,000 registrations in the last three months. But during quarter one, .EU registrations increased in 23 of the 27 EU nations. Malta, Slovenia and Finland all saw quarterly growth of over four per cent.

The largest ccTLD continues to be .DE (Germany) with 15.07 million domain name registrations, followed by .UK (United Kingdom 10.13m), .TK (Tokelau), .NL (Netherlands – 4.96m), .RU (Russia – 3.83m) and then .EU.

The report also gives information on EURid’s yearly registrar satisfaction survey that was conducted during the fourth quarter 2011. The survey found 87 per cent of .EU registrars rated their experience with EURid as either “excellent” or “very good” which was an improvement on 2010’s score of 84%.

EURid is planning on reducing complexity during 2012 and started the year by simplifying some of their transactions for registrars as procedures surrounding .EU trades and transfers, which have often been viewed as too complex by registrars. In February, EURid shared the consolidated proposal for the streamlined .EU trade and transfer process with the registrar community and the updated procedure is expected to be introduced later in 2012.

The full report for Q1 2012 is available for download at link.eurid.eu/reports.

To register your .EU domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

Individuals Able To Register .CN Domains

CNNIC logoChina began accepting applications from individuals for .cn and .中国”, the Chinese internationalised domain name, on Tuesday the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) said.

Any individual or organisation that can carry independent civil liabilities has the right to apply for the domain registration under the implementing rules,” said CNNIC.

CNNIC, the registry for .CN, stopped individuals applying for .CN domain names in December 2009 due to what they said was because a large number of domains were being used to distribute illegal material such as pornography and gambling sites. To combat this, the Ministry of Public Security launched a series of public campaigns targeting cybercrimes.

The new act will help the development of individual micro-application platforms and e-commerce as well. Individual online shops can possess their own .cn domains which will help their brand operation, Qi Lin, vice-director of CNNIC, told Xinhua News.

“Individuals will become the major drive for the development of websites in China,” said Qi. “Reopening the domain name registration right to individuals is expected to boost the openness and uniqueness of the Internet.”

There were around 2.3 million .CN domain names at the end of 2011, up 20 per cent year-on-year, according to CNNIC’s most recent statistics. The ccTLD is also the seventh largest in the world, behind .DE (Germany) with 15.1 million registrations, the world’s largest, .UK (United Kingdom – 10.1m), .TK (Tokelau), .NL (Netherlands – 4.95m), .RU (Russia – 3.85m), and .EU (European Union – 3.6m).

Europe Registry logoTo register your domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

.РФ TLD Two Years Old!

RU Coordination Center logo[news release] Today on May 12, 2012 Russian Cyrillic ccTLD .РФ celebrates its second birthday. Two years ago domain .РФ became one of the first IDN-domains in the world on May 12, 2010 registers of root server of global domain addresses received an entry about Cyrillic domain .РФ and on November 11, 2010 domain started an open registration of domain names.

Within two years of its work domain .РФ became an unconditional leader among global IDN-domains and also took the 16th place among European ccTLDs. Currently it contains 797,325 of registered domain names.

The increase of delegated domain names in domain .РФ for the last year accounted for 14 %, the number of delegated domain names is 573, 948 or 72% of the total. 289, 056 (36%) domain names in domain .РФ place working websites (a year ago there were 20%). 88,038 (11%) of domain names are used for re-direct.

76% of domain names have been registered by individuals, 24% – by legal entities. The most widespread length of a domain name in domain .РФ – 9 symbols(as in domain .RU). Notably, on average a domain name in .РФ is longer than that in .RU (the average length: 11.1 symbols vs.9.4).

95.7% domain names in .РФ have been registered by Russians. Leaders by the number of registered names in .РФ are Moscow (259,116 names or 32,5%), Moscow region (70,172 names or 8,8%) and St. Petersburg (64,914 names or 8,1%).

“Domain .РФ reached a stable level of its growth. By the end of 2012 we expect that the number of domain names in domain .РФ will reach 1,000,000-says Director of the Coordination Center for TLD RU/РФ Andrey Kolesnikov. –“What is more important is not the growth itself but that the domain names in Russian are increasingly used by Russian companies, private users for placing their web-sites on them. Domain in the national language influenced the growth of the Internet in Russia. We thank all who support and develop national Cyrillic domain.

This Coordination Center for TLD RU news release was sourced from:

Europe Registry logoTo register your .РФ domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

Russia Files Application for .ДЕТИ (.CHILDREN)

[news release] Smart Internet Foundation has filed an application for a new generic top level domain, .ДЕТИ (Russian for “children”). Technical Center of Internet has aided the foundation in completing and filing an application for the domain.

According to New gTLD program terms, the applicant has to provide extensive information regarding proposed domain’s mission, terms and conditions for users and market perspectives for the new domain, as well as proof of enough financial and technical resources to run the domain. Smart Internet Foundation and Techincal Center of Internet worked together to elaborate a massive code for the proposed domain, with an application taking about 500 pages of text.

It is worth noting that Russian government officials have praised the idea of creating a special domain, .ДЕТИ, for younger Internet users, with Vladimir Putin, the Prime Minister of Russia, backing the initiative in October 2011 at Agency of Strategic Initiatives meeting.

“Thanks to ICANN’s new gTLD program, the appearance of global network is due to change in the next years,” says Ilya Peresedov, Smart Internet Foundation’s executive director. “It is very good to see Russian companies filing a certain number of applications, and I’m very proud that one of the most promising projects, .ДЕТИ, is within Smart Internet Foundation’s area of activity”. Smart Internet Foundation was founded by the Coordination Center in 2011. One of the major tasks for the foundation is to create safe, stable and captivating Internet playground for younger audiences.

“For the Coordination Center, .ДЕТИ is an initiative directed on society, with Smart Internet Foundation created specifically to serve this purpose,” Andrei Kolesnikov, the Coordination Center CEO, notes. “We hope to gain ICANN’s approval and, in a year or so, to start creating an unique Internet space for kids where Russia’s small citizens will have lots of fascinating experiences suitable for them, while being protected from inappropriate content”.

This news release was sourced from:

Domain Investor Now Head of Registrar Committee at Coordination Center for TLD .RU

RU Coordination Center logoA Domain Investor is Now the Head of the Registrar Committee at the Coordination Center for TLD .RU
Robert Gledenov and especially his brother Denis became famous in Russian Internet in the 2000s as skilful domainers. A year ago, more than 100 000 domains were tied to the well-known in the narrow circles den.ru and gledenov.ru servers. Even now in some domains these addresses come up with an anonymous privateperson.ru. In this large list are – hewlettpackard.ru, mercury-avto.ru, hugo-boss.ru, pierrecardin.ru, upsa.ru, western-union.ru, remy-martin.ru, baldessarini.ru, mild-seven.ru, pentium.ru, philipmorris.ru.

After the court decisions the Gledenovs had to give away such domains as google.ru (2004), mercedes.ru (2006), swatch.ru (2010).

From the last deal it is worth mentioning the transition of the domain sk.ru. According to the information of The Marker Russian online newspaper back in November 2011 this domain was listed in the server den.ru. This winter the address went under control of the Skolkovo Foundation supervised by Viktor Vekselberg, Russian oligarch. The sum of the deal is not being hidden. Denis Gledenov denies the deal at all.

Robert Gledenov became a lobbyist

Chairman of the Registrar Committee of the Coordination Center for TLD .RU is elected annually. Before this position was occupied by the General Director of registrar Naunet SP LLC Andrey Kondakov. One of the market players says that Robert was elected independently and not because of his activities in the past.

In a conversation with The Marker Gledenov said that first problems he was going to solve would be domain dispute procedures and secondary market. These working groups have already been formed by the Coordination Center.

“I know domain name registration process from A to Z. There is a lot of work to do to stabilize, develop and promote the industry. And no one is doing it. But the industry has to keep up with the times. That’s why I was elected by the majority of the 26 registrars“, – explained Gledenov his election.

Among his tasks he sees the prevention of scandals as in a case with the launch .РФ TLD.

Speaking about domaining business that somebody still consider as cybersquatting, Gledenov said he had not been involved in the domain name deals for many years. Gledenov added that many registrars took part in such activities, registering domains to be released for themselves and organizing the auctions after that for these names. Gledenov, being the head of Salenames niche registrar, added it was a normal practice, because the domain name registration was a low-margin business, which was considered to be an annex of the hosting services.

The market reaction

The colleagues in the largest local registrar company, RU-CENTER, reacted positively to the election: “We welcome any choice of the Registrar Committee. New chairman is always a new vector of focus for the entire registrar community,“ – said Andrey Vorobyev, the head of PR and GR of RU-CENTER. – We hope that the new chairman will do more than his predecessor and will be able to reverse the existing tensions on the market today.“

“Robert moves the whole system to democratization, – says anonymously a representative of another registrar. – He has been demanding the resolve of the organizational issues in the Coordination Center for months. And now becoming a registrar, he nominated himself as a candidate for the election. The work results of Kondakov don’t satisfy him, as well as the recent actions of Andrey Kolesnikov (the director of the Coordination Center for TLD .RU)“.

There are people who are not agree with the election of Gledenov. According to the The Marker, one of the registrars considers the staff reshuffle doubtful because of the Gledenov’s activities in the “domain investments”. The expert fears the changing of the rules towards domainers‘ or even cybersquatters’interests. On the other hand, it is quite often when domainers become those people who decide important things on the Internet.

A Russian version of this article originally appeared in The Marker magazine – marker.ru.

Facilities for L-Root Site in Russia Provided to ICANN by RU-CENTER

RU-CENTER logo [news release] RU-CENTER, a leading Russian domain name services provider, and ICANN realized common project for L-Root site installation in Russia.

L-Root, operated by ICANN, is one of 13 DNS root servers, providing functionality and connectivity of the domain name system on the global level. DNS root servers are a key element of the Internet infrastructure necessary for user navigation as well as the integrity of the Internet address space.

Contributing to this ongoing mission, RU-CENTER provided the equipment and datacenter facilities required for continued L-Root operation.

“One of ICANN’s core values is to preserve and enhance the operational stability, reliability, security and global interoperability of the Internet,” said Joe Abley, Director of ICANN’s DNS Group. “This L-Root deployment is a vital step in helping us perform that function.”

The root server site deployment in Russia is aimed at enhancing DNS failure-resistance and the stability of its functioning. This expansion allows for an increase in geographical diversity for the critical infrastructure of the global DNS, and its readiness to high loads, e.g., DDoS-attacks.

“RU-CENTER is one of the oldest DNS services providers in Russia. The company has modern telecommunication equipment, our system engineers have valuable experience in the sphere of network technology,” says Alexander Panov, RU-CENTER CEO. “And we’re glad to provide ICANN with the facilities for global DNS improvement.”

This RU-CENTER news release was reproduced with permission.

Non-Residents Now Permitted To Register .РФ Domains Among T&C Changes

RU Coordination Center logo
RU Coordination Center logo

As of 11 November, people living outside Russia are permitted to register .РФ (.RF) domain names according to new terms and conditions published by the registry.

The changes aim to enhance the security of the Russian domain space and cover regulation of the secondary market among other issues.

For more information including the revised terms and conditions, see cctld.ru/en/news/news_detail.php?ID=1989.


Europe Registry logo
Europe Registry logo

To register your .RU and .РФ domain names, check out Europe Registry here.

RU-CENTER Wins Appeal Over $7.5m Fine Following .РФ Auction Dispute

The Russian registrar RU-CENTER won an appeal Monday against a fine of about $7.5 million imposed by the Russian Federal Antimonopoly Service (FAS) for holding auctions at the beginning of General Availability in the Cyrillic TLD .РФ (.RF) in the Moscow Arbitration Court.

The court case came about because, according to the registry, tens of thousands of domain names were registered by the biggest registrar in .РФ, RU-CENTER, allegedly with the aim of auctioning them off at higher prices among its clients at a later date.

The scandal was always denied by RU-CENTER, who says they have acted within global best practice by auctioning off the domain names in demand.

The auctions came about following the RU-CENTER rules where there was more than one request for a domain name, an auction would take place with the domain name going to the highest bidder. This is what was to happen with around 24,700 domain names that were registered through RU-CENTER.

The RU-CENTER argued in the appeal that:

1. FAS incorrectly estimated domain name market, without taking into account international standards, foreign domain name space and experience in TLD management.

2. There was no illegal cooperation among registrars on the start of .RF open registration. RU-CENTER processed a part of its clients” applications on .RF names through other registrars. But all these registrars processed applications of their registrants first and then subsequently processed RU-CENTER applications.

3. RU-CENTER registered some domains itself via other registrars in order to process all applications of its existing clients. RU-CENTER received more than 120,000 pre-orders on .RF names at the time General Availability went live. the registry introduced a restriction preventing any registrar from processing not more than 4800 applications per hour.

RU-CENTER registered domains for its clients through other registrars itself and then did not transfer them to registrants because it was prohibited by the registry during the first year of .РФ General availability. All clients registered such domains received official registrant status and were able to use and administer them. After the restrictions on domain name transfer are cancelled (it will happen on 11 November 2011) RU-CENTER will automatically make the necessary registrant changes.

4. .RF auctions held by RU-CENTER are not illegal because domains were auctioned only where there were several pre-orders for the same domain. The price for auctioned domains was defined by registrants competing for them.