IPv6 adoption continues to grow with Akamai Technologies observing a 2.1 per cent increase (from the third quarter of 2011) globally in the number of unique IPv4 addresses connecting to Akamai’s network, growing to over 628 million, in their most recent State of the Internet report.In the fourth quarter of 2011, over 628 million unique IPv4 addresses, from 236 countries/regions, connected to the Akamai Intelligent Platform – 2.1% more than in the third quarter of 2011, and nearly 13% more than in the fourth quarter of 2010. Although we see more than 600 million unique IPv4 addresses, Akamai believes that we see well over one billion Web users. This is because, in some cases, multiple individuals may be represented by a single IPv4 address (or a small number of IPv4 addresses), because they access the Web through a firewall or proxy server. Conversely, individual users can have multiple IPv4 addresses associated with them, due to their use of multiple connected devices.IPv4 exhaustion continues with the number of available IPv4 addresses continued to decline, as Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) allocated/assigned blocks of addresses to requesting organisations within their respective territories.The report notes austerity measures employed by APNIC as it reached its final /8 (16.8 million IPv4 addresses) block on 15 April leading to APNIC allocating the lowest volume of IPv4 addresses assigned during the fourth quarter. Of the other RIRs, AFRINIC’s IPv4 exhaustion proceeded slowly during the fourth quarter as well while LACNIC allocated/assigned over 2.5 million IPv4 addresses during the quarter, with over half a million allocated on November 7. In contrast, RIPE was significantly more active, assigning or allocating more than 200,000 IPv4 addresses on many days during the quarter, peaking at 883,968 IPv4 addresses on 1 December. However, in comparison, ARIN’s activity was much more subdued during the quarter.Recognising that IPv4 address space is a valuable commodity, the report notes bankrupt bookseller Borders announced a plan in December 2011 to sell 65,536 IPv4 addresses (a “/16″”) to Cerner, a healthcare software vendor for $786,432, or $12 per address. Akamai believes this was the second publicly announced sale of IPv4 space, after Nortel’s sale of $7.5 million worth of addresses to Microsoft in April.Projected exhaustion dates for the various registries range from August 2012 for RIPE to all the way out in October 2014 for AFRINIC.On IPv6 adoption, the report notes there were higher rates of growth seen during the second quarter of 2011, and commensurately lower growth rates seen in the third and fourth quarters that may be related to preparations for World IPv6 Day (8 June, 2011), organised by the Internet Society as a 24-hour “test flight” of IPv6 for real-world use under controlled conditions. Building on the success of this event, the Internet Society is coordinating World IPv6 Launch on June 6, 2012.The report examines a range of issues dealing with the internet. One is broadband adoption. The report found global average connection speed was 2.3 Mbps, and the global average peak connection speed remained 11.7 Mbps.At a country level, South Korea had the highest average connection speed at 17.5 Mbps, as well as the highest average peak connection speed, at 47.9 Mbps. At a city level, cities in South Korea and Japan continued to hold many of the top spots in the rankings of highest average and average peak connection speeds.Globally, high broadband (>5 Mbps) adoption declined slightly to 27 per cent in the fourth quarter, and South Korea continued to have the highest level of high broadband adoption, growing to 83 per cent. Global broadband (>2 Mbps) adoption remained at 66 per cent, with the Isle of Man having the highest level of broadband adoption, at 97 per cent. Global narrowband (<256 kbps) adoption continued to decline, losing a bit more than one percent quarter-over-quarter, but staying at 2.5 per cent.On mobile broadband and connectivity, the report observed overall fourth quarter attack traffic from known mobile networks increased slightly, with the top ten countries generating 78% of observed attacks. The list of top targeted ports remained mostly consistent with the third quarter -- Port 8080 (HTTP Alternate) replaced Port 4899 (Remote Administrator) among the top 10. Port 445 remained the target of an overwhelming majority of observed attacks as compared to other ports in the top 10.In the fourth quarter of 2011, average connection speeds on known mobile providers ranged from 5.2 Mbps down to 163 kbps. Average peak connection speeds during the quarter ranged from 23.4 Mbps to 1.6 Mbps. Looking at mobile content consumption, users on eight mobile providers consumed, on average, more than one gigabyte (1 GB) of content from Akamai per month, while users on an additional 75 mobile providers downloaded more than 100 MB of content from Akamai per month during the fourth quarter.More detailed information on the above and much more are available in Akamai Technologies’ State of the Internet report. A news release of the highlights is available from www.akamai.com/html/about/press/releases/2012/press_043012.html while a 50+ page report is available for download from www.akamai.com/stateoftheinternet.
[news release] When the Arab Internet Governance Forum (AIGF) holds its first ever meeting in Kuwait City in October 2012, it will do so with the strong support and expert input of the regionâs technical community, especially AfriNIC and the RIPE NCC, the two Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) that provide services to the area.
The AIGF was formally established at a multistakeholder open consultation meeting held in Beirut, Lebanon in February 2012. Sponsored by the RIPE NCC and the Kuwait Information Technology Society, this open consultation featured stakeholders from governments, private sector, civil society and regional organisations in the Arab World.
The proposal to form the AIGF received consensus support from the government representatives as well as other stakeholders. Following the consensus received during the open consultation, the Arab Telecommunication and Information Council of Ministers (ATICM) of the League of Arab States gave approval for the AIGF to begin its important work. Efforts to establish the AIGF have been greatly supported by the League of Arab States (LAS), the United Nation Economic and Social Commission of Western Asia (ESCWA), the Egyptian Ministry of Communications and Information Technology, the Republic of Egypt National Telecommunication Regulatory Authority and the Government of Lebanon.
âWith the launch of the AIGF we are witnessing a further evolution in the relationship between the technical community and governments,â notes RIPE NCC Director of External Relations Paul Rendek. âThis comes at a crucial time for the Arab region when the need to discuss Internet governance in a regional context has become more important than ever. I am delighted that the RIPE NCC has been able to support the development of the AIGF. We have worked hard to foster cooperation between local technical community and bodies like ESCWA and LAS. The launch of the AIGF paves the way for us to build even stronger relationships with governments and national regulatory authorities in the regionâ.
As well as providing a forum to discuss those aspects of Internet governance most relevant to operators, governments and other stakeholders in the region, the AIGF also serves to channel those concerns into broader Internet discussions, particularly the annual Internet Governance Forum (IGF), which takes place in November this year in Baku, Azerbaijan.
âBy discussing regional issues at the AIGF, Internet stakeholders in the Arab States will be better positioned to contribute to and take advantage of an event like the 2012 IGF in Baku, â comments AfriNIC CEO Adiel A. Akplogan. âI welcome the development of this regional forum which will enable all stakeholders to further cooperate to address issues specific to the regionâ.
The AIGF represents a further development following on from the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) that took place between 2003-2005, and the subsequent evolution of the IGF over the past six years. This has been a result of the continued regional coordination and cooperation between governments, private sector, civil society, academia and the technical community.
âCapacity building is one of the most significant issues in ICT for the governments in the Middle East,â says Mr. Rendek, âand this depends on developing
relationships between all stakeholders in the region. The RIPE NCC has been focusing efforts on such capacity building initiatives through the IPv6 Roadshow training events and the Middle East Network Operators Group (MENOG), which holds its tenth meeting in May, while AfriNIC has been instrumental in establishing the African Network Operatorsâ Group (AfNOG). The launch of the AIGF is a further example of what effective cooperation between governments and the private sector can achieve in this area.â
The multistakeholder nature of the AIGF is highlighted by the formation of a Multistakeholder Advisory Group to develop the eventâs program and direct the work of the AIGF generally. The AIGF Secretariat recently issued an invitation for experts from all stakeholder groups to apply for membership of the MAG. An application form is available at:
The First Meeting of the Arab Internet Governance Forum (AIGF) will take place in Kuwait City, Kuwait, in October 2012.
About the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs)
Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) are independent, not-for-profit membership organisations that support the infrastructure of the Internet through technical coordination. There are five RIRs in the world today. Currently, the Internet Assigned Numbers Association (IANA) allocates blocks of IP addresses and ASNs, known collectively as Internet number resources, to the RIRs, who then distribute them to their members within their own specific service regions. RIR members include Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunications organisations, large corporations, governments, academic institutions, and industry stakeholders, including end users.
The RIR model of open, transparent participation has proven successful at responding to the rapidly changing Internet environment. Each RIR holds one to two open meetings per year, as well as facilitating online discussion by the community, to allow the open exchange of ideas from the technical community, the business sector, civil society, and government regulators.
The countries in the League of Arab States are split between two RIR service regions, and are served by AfriNIC and the RIPE NCC.
AfriNIC has been set up to serve the African community by providing professional and efficient management of Internet Number Resources, supporting Internet technology usage and development, and promoting a participative and multi-stakeholder approach to Internet self governance. AfriNIC is a non-government, not-for-profit, membership based organization, based in Mauritius.Â Trainings and capacity building are a central part of AfriNICâs activities and our objective is to build competence within our region in IPv6 implementation and associated technologies required to use our resources effectively and to increase awareness within the service region on
About the RIPE NCC
Founded in 1992, the RIPE NCC is an independent, not-for-profit membership organisation that supports the infrastructure of the Internet. The most prominent activity of the RIPE NCC is to act as a Regional Internet Registry (RIR) providing global Internet resources and related services to a current membership base of more than 8,000 members in over 75 countries. These members consist mainly of Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunication organisations and large corporations located in Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia.
The RIPE NCC performs a range of critical functions including the allocation of Internet number resources, the storage and maintenance of this registration data and the provision of an open, publicly accessible database where this data can be accessed.
The RIPE NCC also provides a range of technical and coordination services for the Internet community including the operation of K-root (one of the 13 root name servers).
About The Middle East Network Operators Group (MENOG)
The Middle East Network Operators Group (MENOG) is the regional forum offering network engineers and other technical staff the opportunity to share knowledge and experiences, and identify areas for regional cooperation.
About The African Network Operators Group (AfNOG)
The Africa Network Operators Group is a forum for the exchange of technical information, and aims to promote discussion of implementation issues that require community cooperation through coordination and cooperation among network service providers to ensure the stability of service to end users.
The goal of AfNOG is to share experience of technical challenges in setting up, building and running IP networks on the African continent.
This news release was sourced from:
RIPE 64 Meeting opens in Slovenia with more than 350 Internet experts gathering to discuss the evolution of IP infrastructure
[news release] The RIPE NCC, the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia, will be discussing the future of the Internet and the impact of IPv6, as it celebrates 20 years of serving the technical community at the RIPE 64 Meeting in Ljubljana, Slovenia.
Over the past 20 years the Internet has experienced huge growth, impacting upon business and society in ways few could have predicted, and the role of the RIPE NCC has evolved to meet a range of new challenges. With another milestone on the horizon, as it approaches the full allocation of IPv4 addresses in its service region, the RIPE NCCâs pioneering role continues to be instrumental for the growth and stability of the Internet.
Axel Pawlik, Managing Director of the RIPE NCC said, âThe RIPE NCC has grown over the past two decades to become an internationally renowned organisation providing vital administrative and technical coordination to over 8,000 members and the Internet community at large. Our role as the worldâs first Regional Internet Registry has evolved through changes in the industry landscape encompassing the dot-com boom, increased interest from governments and regulators and issues of IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6 adoption. As we approach exhaustion of the unallocated IPv4 address pool this year the continued work and education with the membership and wider technical community around IPv6 adoption is going to help serve another successful 20 years and beyond of Internet growth.â
The RIPE 64 Meeting takes place from 16 â 20 April in Ljubljana, Slovenia and will bring together RIPE NCC members, local governments and key players in the global and local Internet industry for discussion on policy and key technical developments related to IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6
During the opening plenary on Monday, 16 April there will be a special session dedicated to the RIPE NCCâs 20th anniversary. This session will feature a trio of presentations by three of the most prominent figures in the technical coordination of the Internet: Daniel Karrenberg, Chief Scientist at the RIPE NCC; Nigel Titley, Chair of the RIPE NCC Executive Board; and Geoff Huston, Chief Scientist, APNIC, the RIR for the Asia Pacific region. The presentations, focusing on the past, present and future of RIPE NCC respectively, will take place in the plenary session of the RIPE Meeting from 17:00 (UTC+2) on Monday, 16 April. They will be available to view via live webcast from the following link:
Â The RIPE NCC has produced a timeline highlighting the key milestones of the past 20 years. The technical community has been encouraged to contribute by sending any suggestions for key images or milestone events which they think should be included here. The final timeline will be unveiled at the RIPE 64 Meeting in Ljubljana.
About the RIPE NCC
Founded in 1992, the RIPE NCC is an independent, not-for-profit membership organisation that supports the infrastructure of the Internet. The most prominent activity of the RIPE NCC is to act as a Regional Internet Registry (RIR) providing global Internet resources and related services to a current membership base of around 8,000 members in over 75 countries.
These members consist mainly of Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunication organisations and large corporations located in Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia.
As one of the worldâs five RIRs, the RIPE NCC performs a range of critical functions including:
- The reliable and stable allocation of Internet number resources (IPv4, IPv6 and AS Number resources)
- The responsible storage and maintenance of this registration data
- The provision of an open, publicly accessible database where this data can be accessed
The RIPE NCC also provides a range of technical and coordination services for the Internet community. These services include the operation of K-root (one of the 13 root name servers), the Deployment of Internet Security Infrastructure (DISI) and DNS Monitoring (DNSMON).
As a result of its established position in the Internet industry, the RIPE NCC has played an important role in the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), European Union (EU) workshops and government briefings on key issues in the current Internet landscape.
More information about the RIPE NCC is available at:Â www.ripe.net
This RIPE NCC news release was sourced from: