Tag Archives: Registry

ICANN Convening European Regional Registry/Registrar Meeting in January

ICANN logoICANN has announced it will convene a Europe Regional Registry/Registrar meeting where it will meet with gTLD registration services providers in January.

These regional meetings are, ICANN note on their blog, “a chance for ICANN staff and representatives from gTLD registries and ICANN-accredited registrars to meet informally to discuss topics important to our industry and business relationships. They happen regularly in different locations (regions) around the world. Previous meetings, for example, took place in Shanghai, Prague, New Orleans, and Rome.”

The ICANN blog posting goes on to say:
Although the meeting is tailored to regional ICANN-accredited registrars and gTLD registries, other registrars and registries located around the globe that may have a regional or business interest also attend.

At this regional meeting staff is planning to introduce a new feature dedicated to newcomers to the ICANN process on the morning of the first day.

The agenda is not final yet, however some of the anticipated agenda items are:

  • Registrar/Registry Onboarding with new gTLDs
  • RAA Amendments
  • Developments in Contractual Compliance
  • Policy updates
  • ICANN restructuring update
  • Internet Security Developments

The joint registrar and registry regional meeting model was introduced in 2006 as an educational opportunity for ICANN and its contracted parties to share information about registry and registrar operations within the domain name industry. The model has evolved over time based on feedback received and changes in the domain registration environment. The meetings largely focused on the policies and procedures registration service providers are obligated to implement and enforce as a result of either their contract with ICANN or with one another.

These regional meetings are distinguished from the regular international ICANN meetings in that they are not structured, for example, to influence policy development. If you are interested in the policy development and a broader interaction with ICANN stakeholders, please join the upcoming ICANN Meetings in person or through remote participation. The next international ICANN Meeting is scheduled for Beijing in April 2013.

All presentation materials will be published on the ICANN website after the meeting.

The space to attend this meeting is limited and interested registrars and registries are asked to pre-register. Other parties who may be interested in becoming an ICANN-accredited registrar or gTLD registry and wish to attend as observers should contact regionalevents@icann.org for further details.

ICANN: Proposed Revised Process for Handling Requests for Removal of Cross-Ownership Restrictions on Operators of Existing gTLDs

ICANN logoPurpose (Brief): ICANN is posting a proposed revision to the process that allows existing registry operators to request removal of cross-ownership restrictions for the gTLDs that they operate. The revision will allow existing gTLD registries to own or control registrars that sell domain names in their own, existing registry. (More detail is provided below.)

Commencing a public comment period on the proposed revised process at this time is intended to solicit community input for Board consideration of the revised process.

Public Comment Box Link: www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/revised-cross-ownership-restrictions-16may12-en.htm

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:

EURid Reports Shows .EU Growth And Renewal Rates Remain Strong

Registrations of .EU domain names increase increased by 100,802, or three per cent, to 3.51 million during the quarter to end December 2011, EURid reported in their Quarterly Progress Report for the fourth quarter 2011.Year-on-year the total number of registrations increased of 5.5 per cent or 182,275. The number of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs) also increased, although by a lesser amount, increasing by 67,074 or 1.6 per cent of all registrations with the number of IDNs as a percentage of new registrations at the same level as that of other registries.The .EU ccTLD is now the sixth largest ccTLD, behind .DE (Germany), .UK (United Kingdom), .TK (Tokelau), .NL (Netherlands) and .RU (Russian Federation).In the aftermarket, there were 21,174 domains out of a total of 3.51 million traded. This means that about one domain out of 170 was traded, unchanged from Q4 2010. In addition, there were a total of 860 accredited .EU registrars by the end of the quarter.The top ten countries for .EU registrations accounted for 84.4 per cent of all registrations and annual growth of over ten per cent was recorded in 11 European Union countries, these being Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia.During the fourth quarter, the total number of .EU registrations increased in 23 of the 27 European Union Member States. Malta, Austria and France all saw growth of more than six per cent.The national ccTLD market in EU countries increased by 2.3 per cent during Q4 2011, and grew by 9.6 per cent from Q4 2010. Within the EU, the market for gTLD domain names such as .COM, .NET, .ORG, .INFO and .BIZ grew by 0.3 per cent during Q4 2011 and by 6.2 per cent from Q4 2010, according to statistics from Zooknic.Renewal rates for .EU domains remained high according to the report. 81.6 per cent of registered .EU domain names were renewed in 2011 and the ccTLD has maintained a renewal rate of over 80 per cent for the past five years. This compares to the .COM/.NET renewal rate for the fourth quarter of 73.5 per cent, up from 73.3 per cent for the third quarter and consistently around 73 per cent during 2011, according to the latest Verisign Domain Name Industry Brief.”I am pleased to see the extent of .eu consumer loyalty. The strong renewal rate for 2011 shows that end-users have a sustained interest in renewing their .EU domain names,” said EURid’s General Manager, Marc Van Wesemael.The full report for Q4 2011 is available for download at: link.eurid.eu/reports.

Nominet Announces .UK Multi-Year Registrations Commence May 2012

Nominet logo

As of 1 May 2012, .UK domain name registrants will be able to register domains for periods from one to ten years, not just the two years as it is today.

The change comes about following Nominet, the .UK registry, consulting with its members and stakeholders.

“For millions of businesses, their domain name is mission critical – from their website to the email addresses it supports,” said Lesley Cowley, CEO of Nominet. “By offering longer registration periods, these businesses will have peace of mind that their domain name is secured for a number of years, and they won’t have to worry about renewing so frequently.”

It is expected the fees charged by registrars will vary depending on the period for which registrants want to register their domains. The wholesale fee, that charged to registrars (Nominet members) for a one-year registration will be £3.50 (+VAT), two years will stay the same at £5 (+VAT), with each additional year costing £2.50 (+VAT).

To register your .UK domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

Bulgaria To Try Again for Cyrillic TLD

Bulgaria is considering applying again for the .бг Cyrillic Top Level Domain Name, which has already been rejected by ICANN.

While fast track application procedures have been exhausted, the country”s newly appointed Deputy Minister of Transport, Information Technologies and Communications, Valeri Borisov says the country may try for a longer application procedure Novinite, the Sofia News Agency, reported. Presumably this would be through the new generic TLD process in early 2012.

The Novinite report gives a potted history of the application process, saying that “in March 2011, ICANN technically rejected Bulgaria”s second attempt to register a domain name in Cyrillic with a “.бг” suffix, saying the country had slim chances for that. ICANN had already refused to accept Bulgaria”s proposal for a domain name in Cyrillic with a “бг” suffix in May 2010, citing the similarity with Brazil”s domain name with a “.br” suffix as the reason for the rejection.”

Safe and Secure New gTLDs: ICANN Seeks Back-up Registry Operators

ICANN logoICANN is issuing today a Request for Information (RFI) [PDF, 660 KB] to identify potential Emergency Back-End Registry Operators (EBERO).

One of ICANN’s core missions is to preserve the operational security
and stability of the Internet while also supporting open competition.
With the upcoming launch of the New generic Top-Level Domain (New gTLD)
program, the Internet will see a number of new gTLD registry operators.
Although all applicants must meet technical, operational and financial
requirements (see the gTLD Applicant Guidebook – www.icann.org/en/topics/new-gtlds/dag-en.htm)
the community developed new gTLD program includes provision for a
backup process. The EBERO is designed to be activated should a registry
operator require assistance to sustain critical registry functions for a
period of time or in the case of transition for one registry operator
to another.

Candidates are expected to meet the requirements outlined in the RFI,
which requires, for example, at least three years of experience in
operating Domain Name services (DNS) and one year of experience
operating Registration Data Directory Services (RDDS) and Extensible
Provisioning Protocol (EPP) services. Besides the technical
requirements, ICANN seeks candidates from geographically diverse regions
in order to provide local service to registries in all regions and
provide alternate sites in case of local disasters.

ICANN is looking forward to receiving comprehensive information from
the potential candidates. Negotiations with certain respondents to the
RFI that provide comprehensive information will be initiated for the
purpose of creating process details and entering into an agreement to
provide backend services. The deadline for responses is November 30, 2011 at 23:59 UTC. Please direct your information to ebero@icann.org. Responses after the deadline will not be considered.

RFI activities schedule at a glance:

Request for proposals issued by ICANN 14 September 2011
Respondents’ Q&A – Teleconference On or about 16 November 2011
Written proposals due 30 November 2011 – 23:59 UTC

1. What is a registry?

A “Registry” is the authoritative, master database of all domain
names registered in each Top-Level Domain. The registry operator keeps
the master database and also generates the “zone file” which allows
computers to route Internet traffic to and from top-level domains
anywhere in the world.

2. What is an Emergency Operator?

Emergency Operator or Back-End Registry Operator is an organization
that has partnered with ICANN to provide registry services in case
another registry is unable to operate. The emergency operators will be
selected by ICANN based on the criteria outlined in the RFI. 

3. What happens when a gTLD registry operation fail either financially or due a technical emergency?

If an emergency occurs, and a Registry is unable to provide critical
services, it will be the function of the Emergency Operator to ensure
the continuity of the services. This provider emergency transition
process is managed by ICANN and requires multiple providers to be
available to take on the function in case one provider is not able to
timely take the operation or if there is a conflict of interest.

4. What are the critical registry functions?

Functions that are critical to the operation of a gTLD registry (i.e., those provided by the EBERO) are:

  • Domain Names System (DNS) resolution;
  • Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) properly signed zone (if DNSSEC is offered  by the registry);
  • Shared Registration System (SRS), usually by means of the Extensible Provisioning Protocol (EPP);
  • Registration Data Directory Services (RDDS), e.g., WHOIS provided over both port 43 and through a web based service;
  • Registry Data Escrow.

5. What kind of information is ICANN requesting and who should respond?

Respondents should be parties interested in committing themselves as
potential Emergency Back-End Registry Operators.  The RFI covers
numerous areas, but respondents should be prepared to discuss the

  • Capabilities and experience in the critical registry functions;
  • Registry Transition concepts, experience, SLAs, and use cases;
  • Pricing models for providing critical registry functions;
  • Profile of the respondents organization, leadership and resources.


In April 2009, ICANN published the ICANN gTLD Registry Continuity Plan – www.icann.org/en/registries/continuity/.
This document depicts a gTLD Registry Continuity Framework developed in
collaboration with experienced gTLD, ccTLD registries and members of
the technical community.  The overall goals of ICANN’s gTLD Registry
Continuity Framework are:

  1. the protection of existing registrants; and
  2. to ensure confidence in the DNS.

The Registry Continuity framework recognized the need for a
prescribed ability to continue services in the event of a Registry
Operator failure.  It introduced the concept of a Back-End Operator and
the intrinsic complications in a single back-up operator supporting all
existing capabilities of different registry models.  In view of those
complications, the concept of identifying base level “critical
functions”, required to maintain the minimum operating services of a Top
Level Domain, was established and defined.

In May 2010 ICANN published a New Top-Level Domain Explanatory Memorandum “gTLD Registry Transition Processes Model” (RyTP) – www.icann.org/en/topics/new-gtlds/registry-transition-processes-clean-30may11-en.pdf [PDF, 747 KB]. This
document further elaborates on the concept of critical functions
required for maintaining Top-Level Domain services and discusses the
types of transitions between one Registry Operator and another.  The
concept of the Emergency Back-End Registry Operator was
also introduced to support the TLD critical functions of failing
Registry Operators, when there is no immediate assigned successor
Registry Operator.

Links to Relevant Information:

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:

NTIA Outlines Concerns On gTLD Registry/Registrar Cross-Ownership

ICANN logoThe National Telecommunications and Information Administration, an agency of the Department of Commerce, has expressed its concerns on cross-ownership of registries and registrars for existing and new generic Top Level Domains in a letter from its Assistant Secretary of Commerce for Communications and Information, Lawrence Strickling.

The letter contains advice from the agency’s Antitrust Division that says “ICANN should retain its prohibition on vertical integration for existing gTLDs” except where there is no likelihood market power can be abused.

The advice says that new gTLDs “should be permitted to adopt registry agreements that allow for cross ownership” unless it is determined by ICANN “that the gTLD is unlikely to possess market power.” However the Antitrust Division deems it unlikely any new gTLD will be in the position “to possess significant market power.”

The concerns were addressed in a letter to ICANN that contained some initial advice that was requested from the US Department of Justice Antitrust Division. The letter from Strickling notes that “[i]n addition, in the Affirmation of Commitments, ICANN committed to the global community that it would adequately address a number of items, including competition and consumer protection issues, prior to implementing the new gTLD program. In light of this obligation as well as the concerns raised by the European Commission in its letter to the ICANN Board on June 14, 2011, we recommend the ICANN Board carefully consider the concerns raised by competition authorities before taking action on proposals to make wholesale changes to restrictions on cross-ownership of registries and registrars for existing and new gTLDs.”

In their advice, James J Tierney, Chief of the Networks and Technology Enforcement Section at the Antitrust Division says that to make a competitive analysis of the proposed cross ownership changes would require “a more thorough examination of the potential consumer harms” and that a “full analysis of the harms and benefits of the cross-ownership is beyond the scope of” their letter. But they raise two competitive concerns that they say warrant serious scrutiny.

One relates to price caps or other regulatory restrictions can mean firms “evade such restrictions by integrating upstream or downstream”. The example they give in the context of new gTLDs is that “a gTLD subject to a price cap could develop or purchase a registrar, grant it an exclusive contract, and exercise its market power by increasing the registrar’s price. Second, cross-ownership may allow a registrar or registry to disadvantage its rivals, foreclosing competition and harming registrants.”

The Antitrust Division say they would “expect that removing cross-ownership restrictions would lead to substantial price increases for .com, .net and .org and would likely lead to price increases for .info and .biz.”

However for existing gTLDs such as .aero, .museum, .mobi and .tel the Antitrust Division believes “cross-ownership should presumptively be allowed” unless it is determined the TLD has market power.

Concerns are expressed on trademark holders, with the Antitrust Division saying ICANN “should require all new gTLDs to take steps to minimize external costs that defensive registration will impose on owners of domains that reflect brands or trademarks.”

The full text of the letter to ICANN is available on the NTIA site here and the ICANN site here.

Uganda domain name takes a step back

The Uganda Communications Commission (UCC) has cooled its interest in taking control of the Uganda country code, .ug.

The country code is registered to and controlled by Charles Musisi, an Internet entrepreneur who has managed Uganda domain names over the past 12 years.

“There is no immediate intention of claiming that domain name,” Patrick Mwesigwa, UCC’s technical manager, said in an interview.

This represents a reversal by UCC, considering that the powerful regulator made its intentions of taking over the domain name known in 2006 in a local media report.

“We think the regulator should be in charge of administration of the domain names to make them cheaper and to achieve universal access of the Internet in the country,” UCC’s Corporate Affairs Manager Fred Otunnu was quoted as saying then.

According to current estimates, there are slightly more than 50,000 Ugandans who regularly use the Internet and at least 100,000 who have e-mail accounts. Records show that Uganda is the largest registry in East Africa and the third-largest on the continent, with 4,000 .ug registered domain name.

Original article : http://www.networkworld.com/news/2008/070808-regulator-cools-attempt-to-control.html

Registry for .BIZ hits two million

PARIS, June 23 /PRNewswire-FirstCall/ — ICANN 32nd International
Public Meeting – NeuStars today announced that two million
domain names have been officially registered within the .BIZ Internet
domain. NeuStar is the operator and administrator of the .BIZ top-level
domain (TLD) registry, and was awarded the contract by the Internet
Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN).

“.BIZ is a powerful Internet platform for businesses of all sizes and
industry classifications,” said Tim Switzer, vice president of registry
services at NeuStar. “In an increasingly cluttered and competitive digital
world, .BIZ gives businesses everywhere the opportunity to distinguish
themselves, innovate, and succeed in an environment dedicated to commerce.
I am proud of NeuStar’s prudent, disciplined, and organic approach to
developing the .BIZ TLD.”

Further information : http://www.prnewswire.com/cgi-bin/stories.pl?ACCT=104&STORY=/www/story/06-23-2008/0004836723&EDATE=

THNIC & APNG holds there 10th Camp

THNICTHNIC is happy to launch there new website all.in.th, which consist of all about domain’s things such as Web Directory, Statistic Domain, and also include latest news in the internet field. They hope it will be the e-place to exchange knowledge between all Thais.
Besides, at the beginning of the year, THNIC be a part of supporting the thought expression of all Thais on cyberspace. If you want to have your own weblog or diary. They have suggested you will be able to obtain a free .in.th domain name.
Continue reading THNIC & APNG holds there 10th Camp