Tag Archives: Number Resource Organization

Celebrating Ten Years of the NRO

Number Resource Organization logo[news release] The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is celebrating its first decade as the coordinating body for the Regional Internet Registries (RIRs). Formalized through a Memorandum of Understanding  on 24 October 2003, the NRO was created by the four existing RIRs at the time: APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC, and the RIPE NCC, and later AFRINIC in 2005. The NRO was established to protect the unallocated Internet number resource pool, promote and protect the bottom-up policy development process for regional and global address management, and act as a focal point for Internet community input into the RIR system.

During the last ten years the NRO collaborated with a wide range of stakeholders to ensure the future growth and continued stability of the Internet, in particular, emphasizing the global transition to IPv6. The NRO is committed to continuing this cooperation and engages with intergovernmental associations and civil society groups in the interest of Internet development. As a key supporter of the Internet Governance Forum (IGF) and the multistakeholder model of Internet governance, the NRO recently participated in the IGF 2013 in Bali, organizing two workshops and contributing to a number of forums.

As the Internet has grown and evolved, so has the NRO. Following a September strategic retreat in Montevideo, Uruguay, the NRO Executive Council (EC) announced the following Vision and Mission to guide the NRO’s activities:

The Vision is:

“To be the flagship and global leader for collaborative Internet number resource management as a central element of an open, stable, and secure Internet.”

The Mission is:

“To actively contribute to an open, stable, and secure Internet, through:

  • Providing and promoting a coordinated Internet number registry system
  • Being an authoritative voice on the multistakeholder model and bottom-up policy process in Internet governance
  • Coordinating and supporting the activities of the RIRs”

“The Vision and Mission represents the NRO’s continued commitment to work towards improving multistakeholder Internet cooperation,” said Paul Wilson, NRO EC Chair. “As the Internet continues to evolve and become a critical tool for communication and commerce at a national and global level, it’s vital that the Internet coordination community work with governments and other stakeholders as equal stewards for an Internet in the public trust.”

This NRO news release was sourced from:

G8 Governments Urged to Embrace Multi-stakeholder Approach to Internet Issues

Consultations should include organizations key to the Internet’s success as a platform for global economic growth and social progress[news release] In advance of the upcoming meeting of the G8 governments in Paris, a worldwide coalition of Internet organizations, including the Number Resource Organization, the Internet Society, the Internet Society France Chapter, ICANN, and the World Wide Web Consortium (W3C), today stated that they would welcome the opportunity to provide input to discussions on Internet-related issues. The perspectives of organizations at the heart of the development, management and operation of the global Internet are essential for informed policy making.The same organizations currently provide valuable expertise, input and experience for other intergovernmental forums, including through the OECD’s Internet Technical Advisory Committee (ITAC). The organizations also recalled the commitment made by governments during the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS) at the Heads of State level to engage in multi-stakeholder cooperation, and expressed their hope that future G8 meetings on the Internet will be prepared in the spirit of the WSIS Tunis Agenda — through an open and inclusive process, and with the participation of all stakeholders.Raúl Echeberría, Chair of the Number Resource Organization (NRO) – comprised of the world’s five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) – commented, “With the exhaustion of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority’s (IANA) pool of available IPv4 addresses in February 2011, it is now more vital than ever that the G8 governments and all other stakeholders prioritize the deployment of IPv6 to ensure the continued growth and development of the Internet. To increase industry awareness, governments should insist that all Internet-related products and services that they purchase, including hardware, software, connectivity, consulting and training services, are IPv6 ready.”Lynn St.Amour, President and CEO of the Internet Society said, “Policies that support the continued development of an open Internet are best developed through open and inclusive processes. This has been crucial to the global Internet’s growth and evolution as a platform for economic development and innovation. With the aim of strengthening their policy discussions, we strongly encourage G8 governments to include input from all stakeholders.””As they gather this week in France, we encourage the G8 governments to seek the widest possible application of the multi-stakeholder approach to their discussions, in accord with the commitments previously made by the governments during the WSIS,” Gérard Dantec, President of the Internet Society France Chapter. “Just as the Internet Society and Internet Society Chapters are
strengthened by participation by civil society, the technical community and others, broad engagement improves discussions around, and approaches to addressing, Internet issues.””Nothing validates the multi-stakeholder model more than the on-going successful global expansion and vital importance of the Internet,” said Rod Beckstrom, President and Chief Executive Officer of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN). “The model can best be summed up by one word – inclusion. Voices from every corner of the globe – from global governments to private sector interests to individual Internet users – must all be heard.””W3C’s collaborative and multi-stakeholder approach to creating an enhanced Open Web Platform is stimulating even more industries to choose the web as the platform of choice for the delivery of services and the development of rich applications – such as the mobile, television, publishing, and advertising industries.” said Dr. Jeff Jaffe, W3C CEO. “Web standards continue to ensure innovation and economic opportunities for businesses and consumers.”A multi-stakeholder approach has helped to encourage the global Internet’s tremendous growth and is key to its continued development as a platform for innovation and economic progress in the developed and developing world. Without the full involvement of the organizations charged with the development, management and operation of the Internet, the future stability, growth and development of the Internet could be compromised. The same approach has proven to be the most effective when it comes to Internet policy development. Organizations representing civil society can also provide crucial guidance about to ensure the Internet supports social progress.The ‘Internet Ecosystem’ of organizations and communities that guide the operation and development of the technologies and infrastructure that comprise the global Internet are currently leading the way on the deployment of technologies that will ensure the Internet continues to be a platform for innovation, economic development and social progress. These technologies include DNSSEC, which provides shrink-wrap packaging for domain names to ensure Internet users reach their intended destination, IPv6, the next generation of Internet protocol that provides enough new Internet addresses to ensure the 4 billion people yet to come online are able to fully participate in the global Internet, and HTML5, which defines the fifth major revision of the core language of the World Wide Web.##About ICANN
ICANN’s mission is to ensure a stable, secure and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet you have to type an address into your computer – a name or a number. That address has to be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN coordinates these unique identifiers across the world. Without that coordination we wouldn’t have one global Internet. ICANN was formed in 1998. It is a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with participants from all over the world dedicated to keeping the Internet secure, stable and interoperable. It promotes competition and develops policy on the Internet’s unique identifiers. ICANN doesn’t control content on the Internet. It cannot stop spam and it doesn’t deal with access to the Internet. But through its coordination role of the Internet’s naming system, it does have an important impact on the expansion and evolution of the Internet. For more information please visit: icann.org.About the Internet Society
The Internet Society is the world’s trusted independent source of leadership for Internet policy, technology standards and future development. Based on its principled vision and substantial technological foundation, the Internet Society works with its members and Chapters around the world to promote the continued evolution and growth of the open Internet through dialogue among companies, governments, and other organisations around the world. For more information, see: internetsociety.orgAbout the Number Resource Organization (NRO)
The Number Resource Organization (NRO) is the coordinating body for the five Regional Internet Registries (RIRs) – *AfriNIC, APNIC, ARIN, LACNIC and the RIPE NCC* – that manage the distribution of Internet number resources, including IPv4 and IPv6 addresses and Autonomous System (AS) Numbers. Each RIR consists of the Internet community in its own region.The NRO exists to protect the unallocated Number Resource pool, to promote and protect the bottom-up policy development process, and to act as a focal point for Internet community input into the RIR system. For more information see nro.orgAbout the World Wide Web Consortium
The World Wide Web Consortium (W3C) is an international consortium where Member organizations, a full-time staff, and the public work together to develop Web standards. W3C primarily pursues its mission through the creation of Web standards and guidelines designed to ensure long-term growth for the Web. Over 325 organizations are Members of the Consortium. W3C is jointly run by the MIT Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence Laboratory (MIT CSAIL) in the USA, the European Research Consortium for Informatics and Mathematics (ERCIM) headquartered in France and Keio University in Japan, and has additional Offices worldwide. For more information see www.w3.orgThis ICANN, NRO, ISOC and W3C news release was sourced from:

NRO Report Highlights Strong Growth in IPv4 and IPv6 Allocations

[news release] Demand for both IPv4 and IPv6 address space is continuing to grow according to a new report from the Number Resource Organization.

The Internet Number Resource Status Report for the first quarter of 2010 is based on data collected by the five Regional Internet Registries (1) (RIRs) that oversee the allocation of all Internet number resources, and outlines RIR allocation of IP address space (IPv4 and IPv6), as well as AS number assignments.

In the report, the NRO notes that allocations of IPv4 addresses in Q1 have reduced the IANA free pool of IPv4 addresses to 8.5 percent. During the same period, APNIC, the RIR for the Asia Pacific, allocated 1.6 /8s (nearly 27 million IPv4 addresses) to its members, more than any RIR has ever issued in a single quarter.

“The allocation rate of IPv4 addresses continues to increase due to the growing number of devices that require IP addresses – mobile phones, laptops, servers, routers, and more,” said Axel Pawlik, chair of the NRO. “We have also seen many new IP address requests from developing countries, whose populations are coming online more quickly than ever before.”

He also noted that additional allocations in early Q2 have now left only 7.8 percent of IPv4 addresses unallocated.

Key findings of the status report include:

  • APNIC issued 1.6 IPv4 /8s in the first quarter of 2010
  • APNIC issued 186 IPv6 allocations in the first quarter of 2010 – that is more allocations in three months than it has ever made in any single year
  • For only the second time, LACNIC issued more IPv4 address space than ARIN

“The five RIRs saw an increase of nearly 30% in the amount of IPv6 address space allocated to members in 2009, an encouraging sign that more organizations are preparing for the transition,” Pawlik remarked. “With limited IPv4 addresses remaining, deployment of IPv6 is critical to the continued development of the Internet.”

The RIRs, working individually and collectively as the NRO, have actively promoted IPv6 deployment for several years through grassroots activities, speaking opportunities, technical training, conferences, government liaison and media outreach.

This news release was sourced from the Number Resource Organization was sourced from:

NRO Paper Explains IPv6 – What Is It, Why Is It Important and Who Is In Charge?

The depletion of IPv4 addresses, and the transition to IPv6, has caught the attention of a “factual” paper from The Number Resource Organization, the body representing the four Regional Internet Registries.The paper explains what is IPv6. It gives a good analogy to help understand the magnitude of the number of addresses available in IPv6 when compared to IPv4. The paper says “IPv6 address space is huge and that to visualise it, to try comparing a golf ball (IPv4) to several times the planet (IPv6).The paper also notes that in the developed world there are around two IPv4 addresses used per head, and if this rate of use “was replicated throughout the world, a total of 12 billion addresses would be needed, an impossible achievement since IPv4 provides a maximum of just 4 billion addresses.”The paper also outlines how allocations of IP addresses are made and to whom, how IPv6 addresses are being allocated and a range of IP address-related other issues.To read the paper by the NRO, see: