Tag Archives: Latin America

New Study Reveals How Internet Exchange Points Spur Internet Growth in Latin America

Internet Society - ISOC - logoJoint Internet Society and Universidad de San Andrés report demonstrates significant cost and performance gains from IXP development in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador

ISOC Connectivity in Latin America The Role of Internet Exchange report

Download the report

[news release] The Internet Society recently published the results of a study that demonstrates the far-reaching economic and societal benefits of establishing Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) in emerging markets. The study, commissioned by the Internet Society and conducted by Professor Hernan Galperin of the Universidad de San Andrés in Argentina, examined the critical cost and performance benefits of IXPs in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador – countries on the leading edge of Internet growth in Latin America.

Analogous with the role that international airports play in airline traffic, IXPs serve as critical hubs for data traffic exchange in the global Internet infrastructure. Over 350 IXPs around the world enable local Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Internet backbone carriers to efficiently and cost-effectively exchange Internet traffic. Many emerging markets do not have well-established IXPs, forcing domestic Internet traffic onto long-distance international links, resulting in significantly higher costs and quality of service challenges.

This new study identifies the positive impact that IXPs have made, including reduced telecommunications costs, faster and better local data exchange, and local technical capacity development. For example:


  • To date, nine IXPs are operational in Argentina as part of the Cabase system that was created in 1998, connecting over 80 network operators.  Internet transit costs have been reduced from USD $500 per Mbps per month in one city to about USD $40 per Mbps per month.  Service providers have been able to expand their networks and quality of service.
  • In 2004, the Comitê Gestor da Internet (CGI) launched an initiative called PTT Metro to create IXPs across Brazil, starting with their first IXP in São Paulo. As of April 2013, there were 22 IXPs in operation, covering 16 of Brazil’s 26 states. On aggregate, the IXPs associated with the PTT Metro initiative are exchanging over 170Gbps at peak hours, and providing better and faster connectivity to regions of Brazil that had poor Internet service.
  • In Ecuador, international transit costs hover around USD $100 per Mbps per month.  Local traffic can be exchanged at the IXP in Quito (NAP.EC) for as little as USD $1 per Mbps per month. Without an IXP, operators would exchange local traffic through international transit routes and the additional wholesale costs for local ISPs would be USD $7.2 million per year.
  • The Colombian exchange point, NAP Colombia, started in 2000 in response to frequent disruptions in the domestic backhaul network and international links. By exchanging traffic locally, and later by installing content caches at the IXP, local ISPs were able to reduce their dependence on international routes, thus reducing costs and, most importantly, increasing service reliability.

“This study highlights the critical role that IXPs are playing in Latin America – from human capacity and network development to better quality of service and increased uptake of services,” said Sebastian Bellagamba, Regional Bureau Director for Latin America and the Caribbean at the Internet Society. “Offering more than just cost and performance benefits, well-run IXPs serve as a catalyst to dramatically enrich a country’s Internet ecosystem, opening a new world of possibilities with comparably minimal investment. We appreciate the collaboration with Professor Galperin and hope that this study will help inform the dialogue among government, business, and technology leaders of emerging countries to show them the benefits that IXPs can provide for developing partnerships for Internet growth in the region.”

Lead author of the study Hernan Galperin stated, “This report shows the important role that IXPs have played in the development of the Internet in Latin America. This role is likely to become more important as countries in the region address existing challenges such as network security, the improvement in the quality of services, and the reduction in access prices.”

The study was conducted as part of the Internet Society’s Internet Traffic Exchange Programme.  This programme aims to foster robust, efficient, and cost-effective Internet interconnection environments in emerging economies, and furthers the Internet Society’s overall mission to promote the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world.

Download the full study in:

Funding for this study was provided in part by Google under the IXP Toolkit & Best Practices Grant Project.

About the Internet Society
The Internet Society is the trusted independent source for Internet information and thought leadership from around the world. With its principled vision and substantial technological foundation, the Internet Society promotes open dialogue on Internet policy, technology, and future development among users, companies, governments, and other organizations. Working with its members and Chapters around the world, the Internet Society enables the continued evolution and growth of the Internet for everyone. For more information, visit www.internetsociety.org.

This ISOC news release was sourced from:

Geographic gTLD Applications Taking A Battering

Objections to a number of applications for regional generic Top Level Domains have meant that a few have seemingly bitten the dust.First was the application for .swiss by Swiss International Airlines. The Swiss government objected to this application, and so the airline withdrew its application.Then there were a few South American countries that objected to applications for .patagonia by the outdoor company and .amazon by the online retailer, and both seem to have been rejected.For .patagaonia, Argentina and Chile protested while Brazil and Peru objected to .amazon. All of the countries objected to private companies having control of gTLDs and preventing individuals and organisations in these regions being able to register domains to benefit the regions.The protests against the three gTLD applications have been most prominent at Governmental Advisory Committee. For example, the Swiss government set out its reasons for objecting and said “there is no doubt that the adjective/noun ‘Swiss’ and the management of the corresponding gTLD belong to the Swiss community and should not be controlled by a single private entity.”The governments of Brazil and Peru in objecting to .amazon said the application by the online retailer “has not received support from the governments of the countries in which the Amazon region is located. Therefore, the Governments of Brazil and Peru (GAC Members), with full endorsement of Bolivia, Ecuador and Guyana (Amazonic non GAC members) and also of the Government of Argentina, would like to request that the gTLD application be included in the GAC early warning process.”The governments of Argentina and Chile gave similar reasons for their objections to .patagonia.In the case of both of .amazon and .patagonia, there was only one application for each. But in the case of .swiss, the Swiss government also applied through their Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications.

ICANN’s Global Empire Spreads To Latin America With Engagement Centre

ICANN has announced they will be opening an engagement centre in Montevideo, Uruguay, as it opens offices in strategic locations around the globe.”The opening of this regional engagement centre is part of our growing effort to establish an ICANN presence in all parts of the globe,” said Fadi Chehadé, ICANN’s President and Chief Executive Officer.”We are not merely saying to people ‘come to us.’ We are going to them. We are reaching out to the Latin American/Caribbean region with representatives who will live and work in the area.”The ICANN engagement centre will be based in the House of the Internet, where several other Internet organisations are located, including: The Internet Society, the Latin American and Caribbean Network Information Centre (LANIC), The Latin American and Caribbean TLD Association (LACTLD) and the Latin American and Caribbean Internet Exchange Association (LAC-IX).The announcement comes about following criticisms in recent months that ICANN is too US-centric, and with calls at the International Telecommunication Union’s World Conference of International Telecommunications conference in Dubai in December 2012 for the ITU to take on ICANN’s role among other internet governance roles.The opening of the engagement centre is undoubtedly part of Chehadé’s goal to make ICANN more engaged globally, but also to head off criticisms from country’s such as Russia and Brazil who support the ITU becoming more involved in internet governance. The announcement also follows the organisation’s decision to open offices in Singapore and Istanbul, Turkey, and the first engagement centre, which was announced at the ICANN meeting in Beijing, China, and which would be located there.”ICANN´s decision to establish its Engagement Centre for Latin America and the Caribbean at the House of the Internet makes us proud and at the same time confirms the value of this initiative that recently celebrated its first anniversary,” said Raúl Echeberría, CEO of LACNIC. “All of the organisations in the house will benefit and be strengthened in the achievement of their own objectives and in the joint work for the sake of the community in Latin America and the Caribbean”.”I recently visited the House of the Internet,” said ICANN Board Chair, Dr. Stephen Crocker. “This is a fantastic model, where a number of different Internet organisations can coordinate their efforts and even share resources, working together for the benefit of Internet users across the region.”It was during the Beijing meeting that a Multi-stakeholder Steering Committee for the Latin American and Caribbean region presented a 3-year strategic plan aimed at strengthening the Internet critical infrastructure in the region. The committee is made up of regional representatives of Internet users groups, the technical community, the private sector and governments.

Duelling Latin American gTLD Proposals Gain Curious Bedfellows

UPDATE: LACNIC has advised the proposal for .LAC is a possible fraud and they are investigating commencing legal actions.It may not be as sexy as .XXX, but the proposed .LAC generic Top Level Domain for Latin America and the Caribbean has opened for free pre-registration with the grand total of nine pre-registrations with an anticipated launch date of mid-2012. But there is an earlier proposal for a gTLD for the Latin American and the Caribbean region – .LAT – with many of the same supporters and board members.The idea of a gTLD for Latin America and the Caribbean is similar in many ways to the existing .EU and .ASIA TLDs and also to the proposed .AFRICA, the latter having competing organisations proposing to bid for the gTLD.Within Latin America and the Caribbean, the proposal for a continent-wide gTLD has the support from many in the industry who believe it will be beneficial for uniting a continent largely united by language, but often by little else.But to be successful, it is likely there will need to be agreement and cooperation between the regional internet organisations – LACTLD (Latin America and Caribbean Top Level Domain association), LACNIC (Latin American and Caribbean Internet Addresses Registry) and eCOM-LAC (Latin American Federation and Caribbean for Internet and Electronic Commerce).The proposals for a gTLD encompassing Latin American and the Caribbean is facing competition with proposals for both a .LAT and .LAC with both proposals having some of the same board members and representatives.The .LAT proposal appears to have technical support from the .MX registry whose CEO, Oscar Robles, is the president of LACTLD and on the board of LACNIC. On the .LAT website, it is noted that eCOM-LAC in partnership with NIC Mexico will shortly release a proposal to apply for .LAT.However there is another crossover of interests with the president of eCOM-LAC, Oscar Messano, also being the president of LACNIC.Meanwhile both gTLD proposals have the same treasurer – the Brazilian registry. And the El Salvadorian registry has representatives on the boards for both proposed gTLDs.It seems there are some who do not want to appear to miss out and are wanting to guarantee their involvement no matter which proposal is successful.But the .LAC proposal has tried to get a jump on .LAT with pre-registrations commencing. At the time of writing there were nine pre-registrations, these being news.lac, holiday.lac, jamaica.lac, internet.lac, fangdigital.lac, dealmob.lac, domain.lac, united-domains.lac and uniteddomains.lac.Pre-registration for the proposed gTLD is being handled by United Domains, an existing registrar that supports over 1.4 million domain names for more than 250,000 clients.

Location Recommendations Now Being Accepted for ICANN's 2012 Meeting in Latin America

ICANN logoICANN is actively seeking a location for its 43rd meeting to be held 11-16 March 2012 in Latin America. Those in the geographic region are invited to submit recommendations for specific locations to hold the event. These recommended venues, along with others in the region that meet the selection criteria, will be considered. The final location for the ICANN Meeting will then be selected through the evaluation of both community-recommended and ICANN-identified locations. Continue reading Location Recommendations Now Being Accepted for ICANN's 2012 Meeting in Latin America

Location Recommendations Now Being Accepted for ICANN’s 2012 Meeting in Latin America

ICANN logoICANN is actively seeking a location for its 43rd meeting to be held 11-16 March 2012 in Latin America. Those in the geographic region are invited to submit recommendations for specific locations to hold the event. These recommended venues, along with others in the region that meet the selection criteria, will be considered. The final location for the ICANN Meeting will then be selected through the evaluation of both community-recommended and ICANN-identified locations.

Interested parties are encouraged to review the Meeting Selection Criteria, which will be used to guide the evaluation of both community-recommended and ICANN-identified meeting locations. Elements such as cost of the meeting for ICANN and the community, convenience to international airports, availability of sufficient hotel guest rooms in or near the venue, meeting facilities, network infrastructure, personal safety of meeting participants, and total level of financial support will be considered by ICANN in making its final selection of a meeting site.

Those interested in submitting a recommendation for a location to host the Meeting, or a proposal for host-level financial support in Latin America, are encouraged to submit the online Meeting Location Recommendation Form.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:

Latin American Domain Registrations Continue to Grow

There are now more than 4.86 million domain names registered in the Latin American region, an increase of 1.86 per cent since August and a 17.40 per cent increase year-on-year.

The largest growth in registrations in September was in the country code Top Level Domain for Brazil (.BR) with total registrations growing by 39,496. This was followed by Argentina (.AR – 31,872), Mexico (.MX – 9,806) and Chile (.CL – 3,923).

However on a percentage basis, the ccTLD that showed the greatest growth was Anguilla (.AI) where there was an astonishing increasing in registrations of 1,348 per cent, although this was too the very modest total of 391 registrations. This is reflected by a change in a change in the ccTLD’s terms and conditions with registration of .AI domain names now open to all and not just residents of Anguilla as before.

Following was Guadeloupe (.GD – 4.53%), Mexico (2.79%) and then Guatemala (.GT) and Uruguay (.UG), both with a monthly increase of 2.68 per cent.

Overall, the top five ccTLDs in total registrations remained the same as before. These were .AR with 2,001,844 registrations, .BR (1,848,161), .MX (361,597), .CL (259,914) and .VE (152,799). These were the only five ccTLDs with registrations above 100,000 in Latin America.

America Registry logoTo register domain names for Latin American ccTLDs, check out America Registry here.

The above information was sourced from information provided by LatinoamerICANN at latinoamericann.org/?q=node/2006.

Thanks to NameAction for alerting us to the above information.