Tag Archives: Internet Protocol Version 4

ARIN Enters Phase Four of the IPv4 Countdown Plan

ARIN logo[announcement] ARIN is down to its final /8 of available space in its inventory and has moved into Phase Four of its IPv4 Countdown Plan.  All IPv4 requests are now subject to Countdown Plan processes, so please review the following details carefully.

All IPv4 requests will be processed on a “First in, First out” basis, and all requests of any size will be subject to team review, and requests for /15 or larger will require department director approval.  ARIN’s resource analysts will respond to tickets as they appear chronologically in the queue. Each ticket response is treated as an individual transaction, so the completion time of a single request may vary based on customer response times and the number of requests waiting in the queue. Because each correspondence will be processed in sequence, it is possible that response times may exceed our usual two-day turnaround.

The hold period for returned, reclaimed, and revoked blocks is now reduced to 60 days. All returned, revoked, and reclaimed IPv4 address space will go back into the available pool when the 60 day period has expired. Staff will continue to check routing/filtering on space being reissued and will notify recipients if there are issues.

When a request is approved, the recipient will have 60 days to complete payment and/or an RSA. On the 61st day, the address space will be released back to the available pool if payment and RSA are not completed.

We encourage you to visit the IPv4 Countdown Phase Four page at:
https://www.arin.net/resources/request/countdown_phase4.html

ARIN may experience situations where it can no longer fulfill qualifying IPv4 requests due to a lack of inventory of the desired block size.  At that time, the requester may opt to accept the largest available block size or they may ask to be placed on the Waiting List for Unmet Requests.  Full details about this process are available at:
https://www.arin.net/resources/request/waiting_list.html

This ARIN announcement was sourced from:
https://www.arin.net/announcements/2014/20140423.html

OECD: The Internet in Transition: The State of the Transition to IPv6 in Today’s Internet and Measures to Support the Continued Use of IPv4

OECD logoThis report considers the transition from IPv4 to IPv6 alongside the use of network technologies to prolong IPv4 use in the face of depletion of further IPv4 protocol addresses, but it does not aim to address all issues surrounding the transition to IPv6 or to detail the economic incentives faced by various Internet actors. It first provides a status update of address management issues and the run-out of IPv4.

It then describes the advantages and limitations of increased use of network address translation as one response to sustain the use of IPv4 in the face of IPv4 address exhaustion. It provides an overview of the IPv6 protocol; the advantages of IPv6 deployment as a response to IPv4 address exhaustion and the IPv6 transition plan compared to actual deployment to date. Finally, the report examines the choices facing individual actors, their potential consequences, and the policy implications on openness and innovation for the future of the Internet.

This OECD paper is available to download from:
www.oecd-ilibrary.org/science-and-technology/the-internet-in-transition-the-state-of-the-transition-to-ipv6-in-today-s-internet-and-measures-to-support-the-continued-use-of-ipv4_5jz5sq5d7cq2-en

 

.FR IPv6 Deployment Slows As No Major Hosts Adds Compatibility

AFNIC logoAs of October 2013, 61.3 percent of all .fr domain names had at least one server that was IPv6 compatible, significantly up from the 2011 figure of 40.9 percent but only marginally up on the 2012 figure of 59.6 percent.

The figures come from this month’s AFNIC Domain Name Industry Report that focuses on IPv6 deployment. The report also shows that web servers recorded the highest growth (+ 3 points), but with an overall deployment of 7.4 percent they are still behind mail servers, with 10.75 percent having deployed IPv6.

A study of the change in this percentage over time has shown that the increase occurs in steps. When the main hosts decide to configure their DNS servers with IPv6 (as was the case in October 2010, February 2011 and May 2012) there are significant increases. The relative stagnation of the phenomenon suggests that no major host integrated IPv6 in its services in 2012/2013, unlike some small- to medium-scale hosts (hence the increase in the number of IPv6 web servers).

For more information, see AFNIC’s November Domain Name Industry Report here.

ISOC: One Year After World IPv6 Launch, Number of IPv6-Connected Internet Users Doubles

Internet Society - ISOC - logoThe number of IPv6-connected users has doubled since World IPv6 Launch began on June 6, 2012, when thousands of Internet service providers (ISPs), home networking equipment manufacturers, and Web companies around the world came together to permanently enable the next generation of Internet Protocol (IPv6) for their products and services. This marks the third straight year IPv6 use on the global Internet has doubled. If current trends continue, more than half of Internet users around the world will be IPv6-connected in less than 6 years.

“The year since World IPv6 Launch began has cemented what we know will be an increasing reality on the Internet: IPv6 is ready for business,” said Leslie Daigle, the Internet Society’s Chief Internet Technology Officer. “Forward-looking network operators are successfully using IPv6 to reduce their dependency on expensive, complex network address translation systems (CGNs) to deal with a shortage of IPv4 addresses. Leaders of organizations that aspire to reach all Internet users must accelerate their IPv6 deployment plans now, or lose an important competitive edge.”

As IPv6 adoption continues to grow, members of the worldwide Internet community are contributing to its deployment. Statistics reported by World IPv6 Launch participants underscore the increasing deployment of IPv6 worldwide:

  • Google reports the number of visitors to its sites using IPv6 has more than doubled in the past year.
  • The number of networks that have deployed IPv6 continues to grow, with more than 100 worldwide reporting significant IPv6 traffic.
  • Australian ISP Internode reports that 10 percent of its customers now use IPv6 to access the Internet.
  • Akamai reports that it is currently delivering approximately 10 billion requests per day over IPv6, which represents a 250 percent growth rate since June of last year.
  • KDDI measurement shows that the number of IPv6 users of KDDI has doubled and that IPv6 traffic has increased approximately three times from last year.

World IPv6 Launch participants have worked together to help drive adoption, leading to the creation of World IPv6 Day in 2011, in which hundreds of websites joined together for a successful global 24-hour test flight of IPv6. This was followed by World IPv6 Launch in 2012, in which more than a thousand participants permanently enabled IPv6 for their products and services, including four of the most visited websites: Google, Facebook, YouTube, and Yahoo!.

As a platform for innovation and economic development, the Internet plays a critical role in the daily lives of billions. This momentum has not slowed — IPv6 adoption continues to skyrocket, fast establishing itself as the “new normal” and a must-have for any business with an eye towards the future.

For more information about companies that have deployed IPv6, as well as links to useful information for users and how other companies can participate in the continued deployment of IPv6, please visit: www.worldipv6launch.org

About the need for IPv6
IPv4 has approximately four billion IP addresses (the sequence of numbers assigned to each Internet-connected device). The explosion in the number of people, devices, and web services on the Internet means that IPv4 is running out of space. IPv6, the next-generation Internet protocol which provides more than 340 trillion, trillion, trillion addresses, will connect the billions of people not connected today and will help ensure the Internet can continue its current growth rate indefinitely.

About the Internet Society
The Internet Society is the trusted independent source for Internet information and thought leadership from around the world. With its principled vision and substantial technological foundation, the Internet Society promotes open dialogue on Internet policy, technology, and future development among users, companies, governments, and other organizations. Working with its members and Chapters around the world, the Internet Society enables the continued evolution and growth of the Internet for everyone. For more information, visit: www.internetsociety.org

This Internet Society news release was sourced from:
https://www.internetsociety.org/news/one-year-after-world-ipv6-launch-number-ipv6-connected-internet-users-doubles

ISOC: IPv6 Adoption Critical for the Preservation and Growth of the Internet

 

The Internet Society and the Rocky Mountain IPv6 Task Force unify events in Denver to increase IPv6 adoption rate

Internet Society - ISOC - logo[news release] The number of available Internet Protocol version 4 (IPv4) addresses is declining rapidly and will soon leave businesses and individuals worldwide who have not yet adopted the new IPv6 protocol with limited options for connecting new devices to the global Internet.

To help ensure this does not happen, the Internet Society Colorado Chapter and the Rocky Mountain Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6) Task Force (RMv6TF) have joined forces to advance deployment of IPv6. On April 17, 2013, the Internet Society-organized INET Denver will co-locate with the 2013 North American IPv6 Summit in Denver, Colorado, creating the largest IPv6-focused event in North America this year.

United in the goal to preserve the growth and development of the global Internet, the world’s largest platform of global communication and commerce, the Internet Society and the RMv6TF will leverage both events in Denver to spread awareness and educate the industry on the importance of the adoption of IPv6.

“As IPv4 is rapidly running out of IP addresses to support the explosive number of devices connecting to the Internet, it is critical that the world embrace IPv6 as the new normal,” said Scott Hogg, Chair-Emeritus, RMv6TF. “IPv6, unlike its predecessor IPv4, essentially has an unlimited number of IP addresses available, so businesses across the globe can continue to use the Internet as a primary vehicle for collaboration, commerce, and innovation.”

INET Denver: IPv4 Exhaustion and the Path to IPv6 brings together top industry experts with professionals in the networking field to discuss the depletion of IPv4 in the market and the TCO of IPv6. A compelling variety of sessions and panels will give industry professionals a chance to understand why the time to move to IPv6 is now. Speakers at INET Denver feature a wide range of organizations successfully deploying IPv6, including Richard Jimmerson, Director of the Internet Society’s Deploy360 Programme, which provides real-world deployment information for key Internet technologies such as IPv6 and DNSSEC.

Remarking on the importance of deploying new technologies such as IPv6, Jimmerson said, “In the last 15 years, the Internet has completely changed the way the world conducts business. Nothing is more important to your business continuity than paying attention to changes in the core Internet protocols.”

Discounted registration is available to INET Denver for Internet Society members and the entire event will be streamed live for those unable to attend in person. For registration and more information, see: www.internetsociety.org/events/inet-denver.

To further the education and awareness gained from INET Denver, the North American IPv6 Summit will continue the momentum with two days of discussions, panels, and workshops, giving network professionals the opportunity to gain in-depth knowledge on what it takes to transition to IPv6. Discussions will include hot topics around BYOD, the Do’s and Don’ts of IPv6 Transitions, Enterprise Deployments and overall best practices, with powerful keynotes from Latif Ladid, President, IPv6 Forum and Google Vice President and Chief Internet Evangelist Vint Cerf.

Additionally, the conference will also host a full day of pre-conference tutorials at a small additional fee for attendees looking for training and development on IPv6. An Introduction course, Security Course, and Advanced training class are offered. There are still seats available for these valuable tutorials. Don’t miss out. Register today.

About the Internet Society
The Internet Society is the trusted independent source for Internet information and thought leadership from around the world. With its principled vision and substantial technological foundation, the Internet Society promotes open dialogue on Internet policy, technology, and future development among users, companies, governments, and other organizations. Working with its members and Chapters around the world, the Internet Society enables the continued evolution and growth of the Internet for everyone. For more information, see: www.internetsociety.org

About The Rocky Mountain IPv6 Task Force
Dedicated to the advancement and adoption of Internet Protocol version 6 (IPv6), the Rocky Mountain IPv6 Task Force (RMv6TF) works to educate the community on IPv6 and its benefits. As a sub-chapter of the North American IPv6 Task Force, the organization primarily hosts local IPv6-focused events to promote the use of IPv6 within the Rocky Mountain region. The RMv6TF is a non-profit/tax-exempt organization that industry and government can look to for guidance on IPv6 transition information and advice about best practices and solutions involving IPv6. For more information, visit www.RMv6TF.org.

This ISOC news release was sourced from:
www.internetsociety.org/news/ipv6-adoption-critical-preservation-and-growth-internet

ICANN: Implementing the Global Policy for Post Exhaustion IPv4 Allocation Mechanisms by the IANA

ICANN logoSection I: Description, Explanation, and Purpose: The Board ratified the Global Policy for Post Exhaustion IPv4 Allocation Mechanisms by the IANA in May. This public comment period is intended to gather input on options for implementation.

Section II: Background: The policy requires ICANN to “make appropriate modifications to the ‘Internet Protocol V4 Address Space’ page of the IANA website.” Since the policy was ratified, the RIRs have returned approximately 1¼ /8s of address space in almost 150 prefixes. The purpose of this consultation [PDF, 371 KB] is to gather input on the most appropriate way to make these changes for the different users of the IANA IPv4 address registries.

The policy also requires IPv4 addresses to be allocated to the RIRs and we would like to gather input on the most appropriate mechanism to select the address blocks to be allocated.

Section III: Document and Resource Links

Comment/Reply Periods (*) Important Information Links
Comment Open: 4 October 2012
Comment Close: 25 October 2012
Close Time (UTC): 23:59 Public Comment Announcement
Reply Open: 26 October 2012 To Submit Your Comments (Forum)
Reply Close: 15 November 2012 View Comments Submitted
Close Time (UTC): 23:59 Report of Public Comments
Brief Overview
Originating Organization: IANA Department
Categories/Tags: Internet Protocol Addressing
Purpose (Brief): The Board ratified the Global Policy for Post Exhaustion IPv4 Allocation Mechanisms by the IANA in May. This public comment period is intended to gather input on options open for implementation.
Current Status: Awaiting public comment
Next Steps: Decide on implementation
Staff Contact: Leo Vegoda Email: leo.vegoda@icann.org

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/implementing-ipv4-post-04oct12-en.htm

RIPE NCC Begins to Allocate IPv4 Address Space From the Last /8

On Friday 14 September, 2012, the RIPE NCC, the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia, distributed the last blocks of IPv4 address space from the available pool.This means that we are now distributing IPv4 address space to Local Internet Registries (LIRs) from the last /8 according tosection 5.6 of “IPv4 Address Allocation and Assignment Policies for the RIPE NCC Service Region”.This section states that an LIR may receive one /22 allocation (1,024 IPv4 addresses), even if they can justify a larger allocation. This /22 allocation will only be made to LIRs if they have already received an IPv6 allocation from an upstream LIR or the RIPE NCC. No new IPv4 Provider Independent (PI) space will be assigned.It is now imperative that all stakeholders deploy IPv6 on their networks to ensure the continuity of their online operations and the future growth of the Internet.More information on IPv6 and its deployment, advice from experts and
where to get training
More information on reaching the last /8This RIPE NCC announcement was sourced from:
www.ripe.net/internet-coordination/news/ripe-ncc-begins-to-allocate-ipv4-address-space-from-the-last-8

RIPE NCC has Approximately Four Million IPv4 Addresses Before Reaching Last /8

RIPE logoRIPE NCC has announced they have now entered phase one of approaching to reach the last /8.

RIPE explains that this means that:

  • as of Tuesday, 4 September, they have approximately one month (or a /10) worth of IPv4 address space (4,134,976 addresses) to distribute before they reach the last /8.
  • their IPRAs are now working in pairs to ensure that all requests are dealt with efficiently and to further ensure fairness, consistency and transparency. Therefore their response times may be longer than previously experienced. Response times for requests for IPv4 address space can be found at:
    www.ripe.net/lir-services/resource-management/tools-for-lirs/reponse-time-ipv4
  • their “call back procedure” has also changed – they will now call requestors about their ticket only when their ticket is at the front of the request queue. This will ensure that no ticket is handled outside of the order it was received in
  • depending on the availability in the RIPE NCC’s free pool of IPv4 address space, multiple smaller prefixes that add up to the size of a request may be received
  • the quarantine period in place for returned v4 address space before it can be re-used will be gradually decreased. In the last days before the last /8 is reached, the quarantine period may be reduced to one week or less. This will ensure that there is no IPv4 address space left in the quarantine pool when allocation from the last /8 commences. More information about quarantine periods can be found at:
    https://www.ripe.net/lir-services/resource-management/quarantine-for-returned-internet-number-resources

The Available IPv4 Pool Graph will be updated daily as of Wednesday, 5 September. This graph is online at:
www.ripe.net/internet-coordination/ipv4-exhaustion/ipv4-available-pool-graph

More information about reaching the last /8 can be found at:
www.ripe.net/internet-coordination/ipv4-exhaustion/last-8-phases

Depletion of IPv4 Addresses and Explosive Growth in Mobile: Report

[news release] IP addressing is an essential technology for the use of the Internet. A deceptively insignificant looking numeric identifier for computers in a network is in reality an important element in efficient network functioning. IP addresses are gradually gaining in importance as an asset in an organization. Defined as an address in a binary number form given for every device connected to an IP network, Internet Protocol (IP) Address ensures that every IP packet traversing the IP network carries an originating address field for identification by the host computer and/or server. IP addresses help an originating host to identify a target host for accurate delivery of packet data. With the Internet firmly embedded in everyday lives and functioning of both individuals and enterprises, the number and type of devices connected to IP networks, such as, mobile phones, wireless communication devices, VoIP, virtual machines, point-of-sale (POS) terminals, PDAs, laptops, is spiraling at a significant rate.

The rapid growth in broadband Internet penetration is boosting the requirement for IP addresses, as larger number of systems hooked onto the Internet results in larger number of packets of data to be transferred and larger number of addresses to tag participating originating hosts and target hosts. With forecasts estimating the number of devices connected to IP networks to reach over three times the size of the global population in the future, IPv4 is reaching its capacity limit to address additional devices globally. Against this backdrop, the migration to IPv6 is poised to gain momentum as the Internet expands necessitating upgrade of its infrastructure with the most primary being expanding of the IP address pool.

With the transition to IPv6 gaining traction in the marketplace as all players get their act together to expand the potential of existing IP networks, the focus is currently on developing IPv6 compatible equipments and software. As a preliminary step towards complete IP transition from IPv4 to IPv6, most of the new networking equipment and computing devices in the marketplace need to be equipped to be IPv6 capable. This is because the shift from IPv4 to IPv6 will demand application conversion at service level and a new system on network level. At service level, software for existing applications, email services and websites needs to be replaced, while at network level, new equipment such as switches, routers, and host servers should be implemented and customized.

Several factors are responsible for driving the interest in IPv6-ready products, the most important being the importance of the ICT infrastructure in nurturing business competitiveness and in encouraging economic and social development and growth. Lack of adequate preparedness to tackle the challenges posed by depleting IPv4 addresses will weaken the IT infrastructure, significantly decrease companies’ competitiveness in the international market, and reduce the ICT industry’s technological knowledge edge. A well adapted Internet infrastructure is therefore critical in ensuring both business continuity and in sharpening competitive advantages. Also the success of ICT depends on the level of systems interoperability allowed by networks, and IPv6 in this regard is optimally engineered to drive the fabled convergence. The new market and business opportunities created as a result of IPv6 integration and the risk of reduced access to IT infrastructure as a result of non-conformance to IPv6 are therefore key compelling factors to induce increased IPv6 investments.

As stated by the new market research report on Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6), Europe represents the largest regional market with the highest number of IPv6-capable devices. Asia Pacific represents one of the fastest growing regional markets with a projected CAGR of 47.3% over the analysis period. By segment, IPv6 capable mobile devices represents the largest market projected to wax at a CAGR of 43.4% over the analysis period.

Major players in the global marketplace include Alcatel-Lucent SA, Apple Inc., Cisco Systems, Inc., D-Link US, Enterasys Networks, Inc., Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P, Hitachi Ltd., ImageStream, International Business Machines Corporation, Linux, MatrixStream Technologies Inc., Microsoft Corporation, Novell Inc., Oracle Corporation, and Sumitomo Electric Industries, Ltd., among others.

The research report titled “Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6): A Global Strategic Business Report” announced by Global Industry Analysts, Inc., provides a comprehensive review of market trends, issues, drivers, company profiles, mergers, acquisitions and other strategic industry activities. The report provides market estimates and projections for IPv6 capable devices in million units for major geographic markets including the US, Canada, Japan, Europe (France, Germany, Italy, UK, Poland, The Netherlands, and Rest of Europe) Asia-Pacific, Middle & Africa, and Latin America. Market segments analyzed include IPv6 Capable Fixed Devices and IPv6 Capable Mobile Devices.

For more details about this comprehensive market research report, please visit –
www.strategyr.com/Internet_Protocol_Version_6_IPv6_Market_Report.asp

About Global Industry Analysts, Inc.
Global Industry Analysts, Inc., (GIA) is a leading publisher of off-the-shelf market research. Founded in 1987, the company currently employs over 800 people worldwide. Annually, GIA publishes more than 1300 full-scale research reports and analyzes 40,000+ market and technology trends while monitoring more than 126,000 Companies worldwide. Serving over 9500 clients in 27 countries, GIA is recognized today, as one of the world’s largest and reputed market research firms.