Tag Archives: internationalized domain names

TLD, And More, Updates: .GAY Donates $148K; 2021 .EU Web Awards Gala, 17 Years of .PL IDNs; .LT Scammers; RightOfTheDot and NamesCon Live Auction; FTC Transition to IPv6 and Tobias Sattler on New gTLDs Second Round

Over $148,000 has been donated to LGBTQ Community Beneficiaries GLAAD and CenterLink from .gay domain name registration revenue, according to the .gay Impact Report released this week. The registry, Top Level Design, donates 20% of all .gay registration revenue to the LGBTQ organisations.

Continue reading TLD, And More, Updates: .GAY Donates $148K; 2021 .EU Web Awards Gala, 17 Years of .PL IDNs; .LT Scammers; RightOfTheDot and NamesCon Live Auction; FTC Transition to IPv6 and Tobias Sattler on New gTLDs Second Round

TLD Updates: ICANN ccNSO Seeks ccTLD News Speakers, .ZA Registry Up For Tender, DomainTools Debut Domain Discovery Feed, .SCOT Turns 7 and .PL 31, Donuts July Trend Report, Indonesia Seeks To Introduce Local IDNs and CZ.NIC Contributes To Flood Relief

ICANN is seeking speakers for their next (virtual) for their pre-ICANN72 ccTLD News Sessions on 6 and 7 October. ccTLDs with a best practice, project solution or case study to share with the broader community or even a market development, or perhaps legal or operational news that is engaging, relevant and informative to other ccTLDs from across the world are requested to put their hands up and nominate themselves.

Continue reading TLD Updates: ICANN ccNSO Seeks ccTLD News Speakers, .ZA Registry Up For Tender, DomainTools Debut Domain Discovery Feed, .SCOT Turns 7 and .PL 31, Donuts July Trend Report, Indonesia Seeks To Introduce Local IDNs and CZ.NIC Contributes To Flood Relief

ICANN: Participate or Observe: Expedited Policy Development Process on IDNs

[news release] The Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Expedited Policy Development Process (EPDP) Team on Internationalized Domain Names (IDNs) welcomes anyone to join as a participant or an observer.

Continue reading ICANN: Participate or Observe: Expedited Policy Development Process on IDNs

INRegistry Offers Free IDN .IN Domains To Stimulate Demand in January

INRegistry is offering free .in Internationalised Domain Names in any of the 22 official Indian languages whenever a .in domain name is registered. Registrants will also get a free email address in the local language.

Continue reading INRegistry Offers Free IDN .IN Domains To Stimulate Demand in January

ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for Israel IDN ccTLD

ICANN Tuesday announced the successful completion of String Evaluation of the proposed Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) country code top-level domain (ccTLD) string for Israel.

Continue reading ICANN Announces Successful String Evaluation for Israel IDN ccTLD

ICANN: Recommendations for Managing Internationalized Domain Name Variant TLDs Published

ICANN today [5 Feb] announced the release of the Recommendations for Managing Internationalized Domain Name (IDN) Variant Top-Level Domains (TLDs) as a collection of six documents. These recommendations have been developed by the ICANN organization with community feedback received during the Public Comment period.

  1. IDN Variant TLD Implementation – Executive Summary [PDF, 70 KB]
  2. IDN Variant TLD Implementation – Motivation, Premises and Framework [PDF, 391 KB]
  3. IDN Variant TLD Implementation – Recommendations and Analysis [PDF, 382 KB]
  4. IDN Variant TLD Implementation – Rationale for RZ-LGR [PDF, 497 KB]
  5. IDN Variant TLD Implementation – Risks and their Mitigation [PDF, 230 KB]
  6. IDN Variant TLD Implementation – Appendices (A: Definitions, B: Use of ROID, C: Limiting Allocated Variant TLDs) [PDF, 530 KB]

While the Internet community has often expressed a need for IDN variant TLDs, appropriate technical details and procedures have not been in place to support these. The ICANN Board resolved on 25 September 2010 that “no variants of gTLDs will be delegated … until appropriate variant management solutions are developed.” Subsequent work by the ICANN org and the community on the analysis of issues for Arabic [PDF, 1.06 MB], Chinese [PDF, 2.86 MB], Cyrillic [PDF, 1 MB], Devanagari [PDF, 461 KB], Greek [PDF, 354 KB], and Latin [PDF, 425 KB] scripts in 2011, integrated in the Integrated Issues Report (IIR) [PDF, 2.14 MB] (2012), identified two challenges: (i) there is no accepted definition for variant TLDs, and (ii) there is no ‘variant management’ mechanism for TLDs.

For the first issue, the Root Zone Label Generation Rules (RZ-LGR) Procedure [PDF, 1.39 MB] was developed with the support of the community and adopted by the ICANN Board on 11 April 2013 for implementation. The Procedure has been implemented and RZ-LGR has been developed for six scripts, while other scripts are being added as their proposals are finalized by the relevant script communities. This enables a transparent and predictable mechanism for identification of variant labels going forward.

For the second issue, the ICANN org has undertaken a detailed examination to develop a set of recommendations on variant management mechanisms for TLDs, which have been finalized based on the community input. The recommendations, in summary, include the following:

  1. RZ-LGR must be the only source for valid TLDs and their variant labels.
  2. IDN variant TLDs {t1, t1v1, …} must be allocated to same entity.
  3. Same label under IDN variant TLDs s1.{t1, t1v1, …} must be registered to the same entity.
  4. Second-level variant labels under IDN variant TLDs {s1, s1v1, …}.{t1, t1v1, …} must be registered to the same entity.
  5. Second-level IDN tables offered under IDN variant TLDs must be harmonized.
  6. IDN variant label allocatable or activated under IDN variant TLDs may not necessarily be the same.
  7. The registry service providers must be the same for IDN variant TLDs.
  8. Existing policies and associated procedures for TLDs must be updated to accommodate the recommendations for IDN variant TLDs.
  9. All remaining existing TLD policies must apply to IDN variant TLDs, unless otherwise identified.

These recommendations and associated analysis in the six documents will be presented for further consideration to the ICANN Board, anticipated in March 2019.

About ICANN

ICANN‘s mission is to help ensure a stable, secure, and unified global Internet. To reach another person on the Internet, you need to type an address – a name or a number – into your computer or other device. That address must be unique so computers know where to find each other. ICANN helps coordinate and support these unique identifiers across the world. ICANN was formed in 1998 as a not-for-profit public-benefit corporation with a community of participants from all over the world.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2019-02-05-en

PIR Calls For Board Nominations

Public Interest Registry logoThe Public Interest Registry (PIR), who operates a number of gTLDs including .org, ngo and .ong and associated internationalised domain names, has begun accepting nominations for their Board of Directors.

In 2019 there are three positions opening on the PIR Board. The three directors will serve a 3-year term that begins mid-year 2019 and expires mid-year 2022. PIR says prior board experience is preferred. All directors must be able to read and understand a balance sheet, as well as read and communicate effectively in the English language.

There are approximately 15 full days per year for face-to-face meetings (not including travel time), regular conference calls (generally monthly), and daily email correspondence. Directors that participate in all meetings are eligible to accept compensation up to US$12,000 per year

The deadline for nominations is 15:00 UTC on February 4, 2019. Interested candidates should submit this form. More information is available here.

IDNs On The Decline in 2017: IDN World Report

The estimated number of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs) declined by around 14% in 2017, with the biggest decline due to a change in policy by the Vietnamese ccTLD manager, which led to a drop in their second level IDNs from nearly 1 million to just over 5,000. Excluding the impact of Viet Nam, there was a drop of approximately 6% during 2017 with numbers declining to 5.1 million from 5.4m. The decline compares to a growth of 28% from 2015 to 2016 and 9% from 2014 to 2015.

The figures come from the latest IDN World Report, most recently updated in early September. The report shows IDNs have consistently comprised approximately 2% of overall domain name registrations. In 2016, thanks to a growth in second level IDNs under the Chinese ccTLD, .cn, the percentage of overall domains was 3%.

The IDN World Report is a collaborative research project led by EURid in collaboration with UNESCO and Verisign that commenced in 2011. It’s supported by the regional ccTLD organisations CENTR, APTLD and LACTLD, and by numerous individual ccTLD registries who share data each year on their IDN experiences.

The decline in .vn IDNs came about due to VNNIC introducing a registration fee for IDN domain names in the Vietnamese country code top level domain. Until January 2017, VNNIC offered free registrations of second level IDNs under .vn and this resulted in nearly 1 million registrations. During 2017, VNNIC brought its IDNs in line with its ASCII domain offerings, with registrations available through its network of registrars for a fee. By the end of 2017, second level IDNs under .vn had dropped to just over 5,000.

In China, CNNIC ceased providing registration statistics for .cn and .中国. In line with industry practice (eg Verisign’s Domain Name Industry Brief), the IDN World Report has published estimates for these TLDs based on the last reported figures.

When it comes to second versus third level domains, as of December 2017, there were 2.2 million top level IDNs (unchanged since December 2016) and 5.3 million second level IDNs (a reduction of 18% or 1.2 million since December 2016). The report explains that a Top Level (or full) IDN has the same script at both the TLD level and the domain label. Examples are пример.рф and 例如.中国. Second level IDNs, such as 例如.com and dæmi.eu, have a non-ASCII label under an ASCII TLD.

In December 2017 the report shows there were 5.1 million IDNs (or 70% of the total) in ccTLDs and 2.3 million IDNs (30%) in gTLDs. Between December 2016-2017 the number of IDNs in ccTLDs declined 19%, while in gTLDs there was no growth.

The top TLDs, for both top and second level IDNs, as of December 2017 .cn (second level), .com (second level) and .РФ (top level)

The full report, including an analysis of the scripts of web content under .eu and .ею, is available here.

Unwitting Mobile Internet Users Victims of IDN Homograph-Based Phishing Campaign

Unwitting mobile internet users are becoming the victims of an ongoing internationalised domain name (IDN) homograph-based phishing campaign. The suspected phishing websites purport to be those of commercial airline carriers, including Delta, RyanAir and EasyJet, and are offering free tickets, but, instead, appear to subject the user to a bait-and-switch scam according to research from Farsight Security.

The suspected phishing websites present the user with the promise of free airline tickets if they answer four innocuous questions (the responses don't seem to matter) Farsight report. Once the user answers the questions, they’re instructed to share the “offer” with 15 WhatsApp contacts before being redirected to another URL where presumably the user is prompted to enter credit card details.

As Farsight observed, the domain names for the suspected phishing sites are IDN homographs (lookalikes of well-known sites that switch out certain Basic Latin characters for homoglyph characters from similar scripts). They presented as being sourced from Delta Airlines, EasyJet and RyanAir

Farsight note that those familiar with current and recent phishing campaigns will recognise that this campaign appears to be a fork of the recent “Free Adidas” phishing campaign. This particular campaign underscored how easily a brand on the Internet can be used fraudulently and one campaign can be repurposed to attack a different and unrelated sector.

In an effort to make the pages seem more legitimate and familiar, they all include a Facebook-like section where it is made to appear as though a number of users have liked or loved the “post” along with a handful of positive comments.

Domain Names Soon In All Of India’s 22 Languages

Universal Acceptance Steering Group logo

It will soon be possible to register domain names in all 22 of India’s scheduled languages, including 9 Indian scripts.

“Work is on for nine Indian scripts – Bengali, Devanagari, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, Tamil and Telugu. These scripts are expected to cover many different local languages,” ICANN India head Samiran Gupta told PTI.

Currently just over half (52%) of the world’s population has access to the internet. One of the means of bridging the digital divide is to enable domain names in as many language scripts, known as internationalised domain names, as possible around the world to allow internet users to type in and read internet addresses in their own languages.

“Many of the remaining 48% are non-English speaking people and those who do not have the ability to type in English. The work will allow domain names to be available for these people in their languages,” the ICANN India head said in the PTI article.

There is currently a community-based panel in India to allow the domain names in regional languages, which in turn would enable the system to publish local language content being searched.

“This work for defining rules for the domain names for languages spoken in India is underway with a dedicated community based panel,” Gupta said.

According to PTI, the Neo-Brahmi Generation Panel, as it is called, consists of more than 60 technical experts and linguists from India, Bangladesh, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Singapore, where these languages and scripts are used, Gupta said.

The proposals for six scripts – Devanagari, Gujarati, Gurmukhi, Kannada, Oriya and Telugu – are already released for public comment. “One can review these proposals and provide comments by visiting icann.org/idn,” he said. Currently there are 4.2 billion Internet users globally which may rise to 5 billion by 2022, Gupta said.

For more information on internationalised domain names, see
https://uasg.tech/