Tag Archives: india

.TK Rockets To Largest ccTLD, Second Largest TLD

The .TK ccTLD, one of the three TLDs with the most malicious domain registrations and whose domains are mostly given away for free, has rocketed into first place among ccTLDs with 16.7 million active registrations according to the latest CENTR DomainWire report.The tiny Pacific island of Tokelau, with a population of 1353 according to the CIA Factbook, is, along with .COM and .INFO, responsible for 82 percent of malicious domain registrations, says a phishing survey released by the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG) released in April.With the mostly free domains, at the end of April 2013 the CENTR DomainWire reports there were 1.3 million more .TK registrations than .DE (Germany) with 15.4m then .UK (United Kingdom) with 10.5m.Following this was .CN (China) with 7.5m, then .NL (Netherlands – 5.2m), .RU (Russian Federation – 4.5m), .EU (European Union – 3.7m), .BR (Brazil – 3.2m), .AR (Argentina – 2.9m) and.AU and .FR (Australia and France – 2.6m).Of course, they are all dwarfed by .COM with 108.8 million registrations according to Registrar Stats.Of the top ccTLDs by registration numbers, .CN had the highest growth rate in the last six months, growing by 82.7 percent, followed by .TK that grew by 54.7 percent, .IN (India – 14.3%), .RU (12.5%) and .FR (6.4%).Other highlights of the DomainWire report were:

  • there were 64.2 million ccTLD registrations in Europe
  • the average renewal rate across European ccTLDs was 79 percent
  • the Portuguese ccTLD .PT had the highest 12 month net growth of 27 percent
  • the most common use of a domain name was for commercial reasons for 61 percent of European ccTLD registrations
  • the average number of characters in a European domain name was 10.7 characters
  • 28 out of 42 ccTLDs (67 %) in the region offer IDNs in their zone with a further 3 planning to implement ( Cyprus, Belgium and Slovakia)
  • high numbers of IDNs can be found in the Russian .IDN TLD (.PФ ) with just under 800,000 followed by .de with over 600,000.

To download the CENTR DomainWire report in full, go to:

Domain Pulse 2013: GFC, Maturing Markets, Lead To Domain Registration Growth Slowing

Maturing domain name markets and the global financial crisis have both impacted on the registration growth within the German speaking countries in Europe as well as elsewhere Mathew Zook of Zooknic told the Domain Pulse conference last week.However this does not mean registrations have declined, as they are still growing strongly and would be the envy of any other industry or economy. It is just not growing as strongly as they have previously. Growth could be compared to the Chinese economy, which was rocketing along until the GFC hit, but then still continued to grow at a rate that was the envy of almost every other country.Overall across the world Zook has observed through his research that yearly growth rates have been declining over time due to maturing markets, high penetration rates for internet use and it becoming harder to find good domains. As the GFC hit, registration growth was slowed a bit more. But as the global economy is improving, Zook has observed so are registration growth rates.But the pattern observed by Zook is inconsistent as registrations are growing more strongly in some markets. Over the last ten years the fastest growth has occurred in ccTLDs such as in .in (India), .cn (China), .tk (Tokelau, which gives away its domains for free) and .co (Colombia). But within the German speaking countries that co-host Domain Pulse, growth has been slower. However it should also be noted these are more mature markets.An example of a maturing market is .de which has expanded by 2.5 times over the last ten years and remains the world’s largest ccTLD and second largest TLD, but overall share has shrunk due to the expansion of other TLDs.One market that has grown strongly in recent years and which is a mature market is .fr (France). However this is likely to be largely explained by the liberalisation of registration policies.Domain registrations also increase the more computers there are connected to the internet, Zook also told Domain Pulse, which was also fairly constant over time.Speaking of new TLDs, a focus of this year’s Domain Pulse, Zook believes they can be successful. Those TLDs that will be open for public registrations may face an uphill battle getting noticed with registrars reluctant to add new and unknown TLDs to their “shelf space.” But Zook cites the examples of .me (Montenegro), .co and .tk, all successfully relaunched in recent years as defacto gTLDs, to show that they can work.Zook also believes new TLDs are not likely to have a significant impact and they may be complementary to rather than a substitution for existing registrations.

India Calls For UN Body To Replace ICANN

India is calling for a United Nations-run body to take over the responsibilities of ICANN, with discussions likely to take place in Geneva later this week, according to a report in The Hindu.The Geneva meeting is to be led by the Commission on Science and Technology for Development and is a multi-stakeholder discussion platform on Internet governance structures.In its proposal submitted to the General Assembly in New York on 26 October, 2011, The Hindu reports “India has argued for a radical shift from the present model of multi-stakeholder led decision-making, to a purely government-run multilateral body that would relegate civil society, private sector, international organisations as well as technical and academic groups to the fringes in an advisory role.””India is pushing for the creation of a forum called ‘Committee for Internet Related Policies’ (CIRP) to develop internet policies, oversee all internet standards bodies and policy organisations, negotiate internet-related treaties and sit in judgment when internet-related disputes come up. The catch is that India’s formal proposal is for CIRP to be funded by the U.N., run by staff from the U.N.’s Conference on Trade and Development arm and report directly to the U.N. General Assembly, which means it will be entirely controlled by the U.N.’s member states.The report goes on to say “India’s proposal could prove controversial for multi-stakeholder communities within the country and across the world, since it entails moving away from the prevailing democratic ‘equal say’ process for internet governance to one in which governments would be front and centre, receiving advice from stakeholders and deciding the way forward.”To read the report in The Hindu in full, see:

PIR Launches First-Ever .ORG Television Commercial In India

Public Interest Registry .ORG logo[news release] Public Interest Registry (PIR) – the not-for-profit operator of the .ORG domain – today aired its first-ever television commercial for the .ORG domain. Developed in conjunction with BigRock, a leading provider of web infrastructure solutions, the ad campaign reinforces PIR’s overall commitment to raising awareness of the domain as an invaluable online communications platform for emerging businesses in India.

For the past 26 years, .ORG has long-stood as the recognized Internet address of choice for individuals, companies and organizations looking to engage and mobilize their communities. In recent years, .ORG’s popularity and growth has surged in international markets with roughly 40 percent of the current 9.8 million .ORG registrations originating in communities outside of the United States. Since 2004, international registration of .ORG grew by 196 percent. In India alone, the domain grew by 15 percent over the past year.

“As we continue to see tremendous growth in registrations coming from outside of the U.S., we are pleased to have the opportunity to work with BigRock to promote .ORG in their market,” said Brian Cute, CEO of Public Interest Registry. “India is a country with rapidly expanding Internet use and rising economic growth. The timing is ripe to showcase how .ORG and its trusted reputation can further a company’s long-term goals online.”

“The values of .ORG are trust, reliability, and all the positive attributes that define an organization which cares about its stakeholders. The India of the future has a need for many more such organizations and BigRock is proud to be reaching out to millions of Indian businesses with this powerful message,” said Bhavin Turakhia, Founder , BigRock. The .ORG commercials will run in India starting today and ending in mid-May. To view PIR and BigRock’s Indian Television commercials, please click on the following links: Badshahi Election Inks and Nambiar Aglet.

This news release was sourced from:

America Registry logoTo register your .ORG domain name, check out America Registry here.

Internet Domain Name Dispute Resolution in India and the Role of Arbitration by Ruchi Rampuria & Vishal Thakur

Abstract: This paper tries to highlight the role of arbitration in the field of dispute arising out of domain name in India and the problems which prove a hurdle in making arbitration as an effective means of dispute resolution.

Domain name is an address of a computer network that identifies the owner of the address for example abc.com. It is used by commercial organizations to promote their products; therefore serving the function of a trademark and is thus entitled to equal protection as a trademark.

The domain name system allows every server connected to the internet, to be accessed from anywhere resulting in the trademarks registered in the domain owner’s jurisdiction being displayed in other jurisdictions, where different persons may hold the mark. Due to this unique problem, persons with the same name in several jurisdictions may stake competing claims over the same name chosen as a trademark or as a domain name by a server. The resolution of such conflicts has thrown serious challenges to the legal systems all over the globe, in view of the fact that even if there is no actual infringement, there is always a danger of trademark dilution.

In India the dispute arising out of domain name are handled under In Domain Name Disputes Resolution Policy. It provides for adjudication of all disputes arising out of the registration and use of domain names, all the disputes are resolved through the means of arbitration under The Arbitration and Conciliation Act 1996.

However, there are lacunas in the operation of this policy for example the IN Domain Name Dispute Resolution Policy is neither a statute nor an Act also the status of an Arbitrator under the INDRP is neither that of a Judge nor that of a Judicial Officer, the Tribunal, therefore, is not a forum which can be said to provide adequate and effective machinery for the redress of all the disputes. The aim of this paper is to identify these problems and suggest a solution for the same.
To download this paper in full on the SSRN website, go to:

India Seeks To Block .XXX As Pre-Registrations Pass Half Million

India has joined the Free Speech Coalition, the adult entertainment industry lobby group, by coming out publicly and saying they oppose the introduction of the .XXX sponsored Top Level Domain as pre-registrations are now approaching 520,000.

At the board meeting that concluded last week’s ICANN Silicon Valley San Francisco meeting, ICANN approved the controversial sTLD, which had been opposed by the FSC very publicly in the weeks preceding. Following its approval, the FSC commented that ICANN had ignored the advice of the Governmental Advisory Committee (GAC).

Now India has voiced their disapproval saying they will block all .XXX domain names.

“India along with many other countries from the Middle East and Indonesia opposed the grant of the domain in the first place, and we would proceed to block the whole domain, as it goes against the IT Act and Indian laws,” said a senior official at the ministry of IT, reports the Indian Economic Times. “Though some people have said that segregation is better, and some countries allow it. But for other nations transmission and direct distribution of such content goes against their moral and culture.”

For .IN or .COM websites that contain the same content as a .XXX site, the official said that “for such cases the ministry would proceed on a case to case basis.”

However the position was criticised by the Internet Service Providers Association of India.

“Even cities allow red-light areas. The new domain would make parents and companies easily cordon off such domain access,” Internet Service Providers Association of India president Rajesh Chharia told the Economic Times. In India the paper notes that distribution of adult content is illegal, but watching it is legal.

“Though government can block the access to the .XXX sites altogether under law, but it will be easily challenged in court,” says Vivek Sood, cyber lawyer and author of ‘The Fundamental Right to the Internet’ . “The same content can be hosted in other domains like .com and .in and Section 67 of IT Act is actually a mockery in itself, he adds. “We as internet service providers will be easily able to provide software tools which can deny such domain access, which is not always possible for adult sites under .in or .com domain ,” Chharia of ISPAI adds.

However the Free Speech Coalition board chair, attorney Jeffrey Douglas disagrees with Sood’s point of view.

“Many important countries to the adult industry’s web business model are likely to block .XXX, including some major players in western Europe,” Douglas told AVN. “This will create extraordinary difficulties for companies that link to .XXX sites, or that have advertising rates based on traffic, because their customers won’t know whether the message that they’re paying to send is going to get to the places that they intend them to. At a minimum, it means that the links [to .XXX] will be dead links, which will make it difficult to measure traffic and other problems, but depending on how the countries go about blocking .XXX, it could have the impact of blocking the entirety of the site. The other difficulty is if, in complying with the proposed IFFOR guidelines, your .com has to mirror your .XXX, that can also result in problems for your .com in countries that block .XXX.”

But none of the controversy seems to hurt pre-registrations of .XXX domain names. Pre-registrations, which are not a requirement to register when .XXX becomes available, are now approaching 520,000. At the time of writing there were 517,570 pre-registrations.

E-numbering can help India avoid 11-digit regime

India can adopt telephone number mapping to avoid migrating from 10-digit mobile number to an 11-digit number. The ever-increasing number of fresh subscribers every month has exhausted the allotment of new serial mobile numbers available with the department of telecom (DoT), forcing the industry to seek migration to the 11-digit solution.

The national numbering plan 2003 was formulated to meet the growing mobile subscriber base in the country. The 10-digit numbering pattern was projected to meet the industry growth figures for the next 50 years. However, the 10-digit number series has already got exhausted in six years.

To read this Financial Chronicle report in full, see:

Asia Internet Market Soars

According to the Internet analyst company’s latest statement, the regional Internet audience grew at an average of 14 percent during the first half of the year to hit 319 million users. India registered the strongest growth at 27 percent with over 28 million users, followed by China at 14 percent growth with over 102 million, said comScore.

Taiwan and Malaysia also clocked double-digit growth at 12 percent for both. ComScore said the more mature, saturated Internet markets of Japan and Singapore were at the bottom of the list, growth wise.

Additionally, it was found that Internet users in the region spend less time online than the worldwide average, with users in Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore and Taiwan spending the most time in the region. Nonetheless, these were still below the worldwide average, said comScore.

To read the original article : http://www.businessweek.com/globalbiz/content/jul2008/gb2008073_344519.htm?chan=top+news_top+news+index_global+business