Tag Archives: France

Internet of Things: progress report on R&D work conducted by AFNIC

AFNIC logo[news release] AFNIC is today offering a video presentation of the R&D work it has been conducting on the Internet of Things and, in particular, on the Object Naming Service – ONS.

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Internet of Things, RFID and ONS

The Internet of Things (IoT) is an extension of the current Internet where different objects can communicate directly or indirectly with devices which themselves are connected to the Internet. The use of barcodes or Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) tags allows such an extension.

The ONS (Object Naming Service) is the standard that enables Electronic Product Codes (EPCs) contained in RFID tags to be linked to an Internet service (for example a webpage). To achieve this, the ONS uses DNS (Domain Name System) software and infrastructure.

Federated ONS, a new model of governance

Through a structured R&D activity, AFNIC has been involved since 2007, in collaboration with GS1 France, in a project dealing with IoT and more particularly, with ONS, a technology related to its core business, the DNS. This project represents a major development for the ONS, addressing requirements expressed notably by some European political figures and major RFID and supply-chain players.

In 2009, AFNIC implemented a federated ONS platform reflecting the proposal it had published in 2008. This proposal itself was based on a document by GS1 Canada. It should be noted that all this work has been incorporated into a multi-partner project called WINGS, funded by the French Research Agency, ANR (Agence Nationale de la Recherche).

The aim of the federated ONS is to offer a new model of governance in which the ultimate responsibility for the management of the target ONS system no longer falls to one country or one organisation (single root), but is distributed evenly between several players (multi-root).

Watch the video

Download the movie: Federated Object Naming Service
(Vid̩o format: MPEG2 РSize: 428 Mo РApprox. time: 9 min.)

URL: http://www.afnic.fr/data/divers/public/afnic-film-ons-2010-06-18.mpg

Flash and Ogg files with English subtitles as well as a short version (2 min.) will be soon available.

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About AFNIC

(Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération )

Non-profit organization, AFNIC is in charge of the administrative and technical management of the .fr (France) and .re (Reunion Island) Internet domain names.
AFNIC brings together public and private members: representatives from the French government, Internet users and Internet Service Providers (Registrars).

This news release from AFNIC was sourced from:
www.afnic.fr/actu/nouvelles/256/internet-of-things-progress-report-on-r-d-work-conducted-by-afnic

Europe Registry logoTo register your .FR domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

AFNIC Releases Paper Explaining .FR Secondary Market

AFNIC logoAFNIC, the registry for .FR (France), has published a new issues paper on the secondary market in domain names, focussing naturally on .FR. The paper is written to inform individuals as well as businesses and gives a detailed account of the concept of “secondary market”, the valuation mechanisms used, and the main players involved.

The paper notes that many sales are confidential and hence many domain name sales, especially those of higher value, are never made public. In .FR one exception was the sale of credit.fr and its associated website for almost €600,000 in early 2010.

The paper notes the secondary market is sometimes disparaged as “mere speculation”, but in fact there are real economic issues at stake for businesses, which cannot nowadays afford to regard domain names as anything other than intangible assets of primary importance.

After all, it is one thing to know the price of a domain name, but quite another to understand its real value.

The paper includes a graph on the growing number of .FR sales through Sedo. In 2004 there were eleven sales, in 2005 there were 26, in 2006 there were 31, in 2007 there were 89. In 2008 there was a big jump to 258 transactions while for 2009 the paper only covers the first six months of the year, but in this time there were 159 sales.

For further information about the secondary market, the AFNIC issues paper is available from:
www.afnic.fr/data/divers/public/afnic-issue-paper-secondary-market-2010-04.pdf

Europe Registry logoTo register your .FR domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

AFNIC Survey Finds Registrars Overwhelmingly Pleased With .FR

AFNIC logoAFNIC, the registry for .FR domain names, has found 98 per cent of registrars are happy with the services they provide in their latest registrar satisfaction survey. This is up on the 77 per cent in the February 2009 survey.

92 registrars took part in the latest survey conducted by ABC Marketing in February and March 2009, according to the news release, representing 80 per cent of .FR domain names.

The survey found the areas where registrars were happiest with AFNIC were the procedures available and registration interface.

Amongst points that registrars through could be improved were a more concerted effort to promote .FR, better management of requests from registrars and a more even Customer Support system. AFNIC have already planned to rectify these issues.

Most participating registrars have mentioned that they want AFNIC to continue developing reference documents and producing communications documents in both French and English. The registrars also expect the registry to further promote .FR.

Europe Registry logoTo register your .FR domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

AFNIC Re-Appointed .FR Registry; Announces Loosening of .FR Registration Requirements

AFNIC logoAFNIC was re-appointed as registry for .FR domain names for a further seven years on 2 March, 2010 by the French Minister for Industry, Christian Estrosi.

The decision was predictably welcomed by AFNIC who said the decision is confirmation of the organisation’s long-standing policy for developing the ccTLD.

“As well as due recognition of the work done by our staff, this decision confirms our vision for AFNIC as a centre of expertise at the service of everyone who uses the Internet in France,” said Jean-Claude Gorichon, Chairman of AFNIC’s Board of Directors.

Nearly 190 organisations and individuals in France and abroad gave their support to AFNIC’s bid.

As well as the re-appointment as .FR registry, there were a number of other changes in the way .FR is managed. These included:

  • a relaxation of the conditions for registering a .FR name with .FR names to be available in the next fortnight for French people living abroad.
  • within two years, the .FR domain will become available to individuals and organisations based anywhere in the European Union
  • registrars fulfilling certain conditions will have a special status, and there will be regular surveys of registrars’ service quality and tariffs
  • enhancement of research and development with at least one third of R&D expenditure and a proportion of its net income being devoted to R&D partnerships, knowledge-transfer programmes and the endowment of an AFNIC Prize for Innovation.
  • an undertaking to devote a proportion of AFNIC’s turnover to investments in security-related hardware and software (its own anycast cloud, data escrow on a secure site in France, establishment of a Business Continuity Plan, etc.).

AFNIC have said these measures are all in keeping with what has always been AFNIC’s mission: to be one of the first-class internet organisations in France in the service of the general good.

Europe Registry logoTo register your .FR domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

AFNIC invites network managers to prepare for the signing of the DNS root in May 2010

AFNIC logo[news release] From May 2010, all the root servers on which the working of the domain name system depends, will be giving DNS responses signed by using the DNSSEC protocol.

This evolution aims for increasing the confidence in DNS responses (by authenticating their origin); administrators of networks connected to Internet should be aware that this evolution could cause some service disruptions.

In fact, the changes in the root server configuration could lead to a DNS disconnection risk, and therefore disruption of Internet service in certain cases.

AFNIC’s advice

1. Check whether your network, as well as your DNS service, could be concerned by this potential dysfunction, on a machine where the dig software is set up:

dig +short rs.dns-oarc.net txt

2. Check that the response indicates more than 1500 bytes. For instance:

“203.0.113.1 DNS reply size limit is at least 4023 bytes”

3. Analyze the whole network and the intermediate equipments (firewalls), then make sure that everything has been properly configured, in case the tests indicate that the packets which are bigger than 1500 bytes can’t get through.

4. Another alternative, if you do not have a simple DNS client like dig:
<labs.ripe.net/content/testing-your-resolver-dns-reply-size-issues>

This tool, developed by the RIPE-NCC, requires Java.

5. For end users (company, university or domestic ISP subscriber), please check with your ISP.

Technical background

The DNS root is signed with the DNSSEC technology. In 2010, the root servers will start giving signed responses. From next May , the 13 root DNS servers will send the DNSSEC information. This includes cryptographic signatures, whose size is about five to ten times the standard DNS responses size. These signatures will exceed the DNS 512 bytes previous limit, and sometimes, even the 1500 bytes of the Ethernet MTU (“Maximum Transmit Unit”), the most widely used on Internet.

In fact, RFC 2671, which extended the 512 bytes limit, was published in August 1999, and is more than ten years old. There are still some firewalls or other network equipments, which are badly designed or not properly configured, and will reject the DNS responses more than 512 bytes long.

Among the equipments which accept longer responses, some of them don’t correctly handle the IP packet fragmentation (For instance: because they may block all the ICMP packets) and therefore, they cannot receive DNS packets larger than the MTU (generally 1500 bytes).

Some of the networks which reject DNS packets larger than 512 bytes, or even the ones which only reject those longer than 1500 bytes, will no longer be able to “communicate” with the DNS root after May 2010 (Indeed, this means that they will no longer get any response); and therefore, they will practically be unable to access to Internet

Glossary:
DNS: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_System
DNSSEC: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Domain_Name_System_Security_Extensions
ICMP: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Internet_Control_Message_Protocol
MTU: en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Maximum_Transmission_Unit

ROOT: the set of servers spread around the world, and upon which the domain names system relies. These servers have a key role in dispatching the requests to the right name servers of the relevant TLD (Top-Level Domain) such as .fr or.com.

Some useful links:

– The root signing plan announcement
<www.ripe.net/ripe/meetings/ripe59/presentations/uploads/presentations/Tuesday/Plenary%2014:00/Abley-DNSSEC_for_the_Root_Zone.mId7.pdf>
– The official website for the signing project
<www.root-dnssec.org/>, with the roll-out timetable
– Instructions for a root server
<labs.ripe.net/content/preparing-k-root-signed-root-zone>
– Can your DNS server accept any size packet (in French)?
<http://www.bortzmeyer.org/dns-size.html>
– A French language mailing list about the DNS, where you can
get support from peers
<https://listes.cru.fr/sympa/info/dns-fr>

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About AFNIC

(Association Française pour le Nommage Internet en Coopération )

Non-profit organization, AFNIC is in charge of the administrative and technical management of the .fr (France) and .re (Reunion Island) Internet domain names.
AFNIC brings together public and private members: representatives from the French government, Internet users and Internet Service Providers (Registrars).

For further information, see www.afnic.fr/afnic/presentation

Europe Registry logoTo register your .FR domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

This AFNIC news release was sourced from:
www.afnic.fr/actu/nouvelles/240/afnic-invites-network-managers-to-prepare-for-the-signing-of-the-dns-root-in-may-2010

AFNIC Reports .FR Domains Grow 25% in 2009

AFNIC, the registry for .FR (France) and .RE (Reunion Island), have published the 2009 edition of the French Domain Name Industry Report. Highlights of the report are the 1.5 millionth .FR domain name was registered in September of this year and that despite the global financial crisis, registrations grew 25 per cent year-on-year.Other highlights were .FR domain names now account for one-third of all domain names registered in France, a figure that is growing rapidly following the liberalisation of policies in recent years and a doubling of registrations since 2006.The secondary market for .FR domains is also growing with the report showing a rise of 35 per cent in the total number of .FR domain name transactions year-on-year although the average price was still quite low – around €12 before VAT.The use of IPv6 addresses is also growing with around five per cent of .fr names support IPv6 for DNS servers and two per cent for the webservers, although the proportion for email servers is lower.To register your .FR domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

.FR Domains to be Available to French Living Abroad in 2010

AFNIC logo.FR domain names will be available to French expatriates living outside of France in the first quarter of 2010 among a number of changes as part of the AFNIC 2010 Action Plan.

It is intended the change will take place in March 2010, any French national whose normal place of residence is abroad will be able to register a .FR domain name.

AFNIC will be maintaining the present process for registration and verification of individuals:

  • there will be no new technical tests on entry of the data, in order to minimise the burden of checking domain name holders’ geographical location
  • AFNIC will check eligibility with the registrars managing the domain name:
  • the administrative contact person must have a presence on French territory
  • these eligibility checks will be triggered by complaints from outside, as well as in the course of random checking.

Also as part of the Action Plan, AFNIC is planning to In 2010, AFNIC is also planning to introduce the DNSSEC protocol for .FR. DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions) uses digital signatures to increase the security of data provided by the DNS.

Europe Registry logoTo register your .FR domain name, check out Europe Registry here.