Tag Archives: Europe

Brief History of .CN, What Registrars Want And Euro Updates: Centr Monthly Roundup

A brief history of .CN domain name registrations is the feature of the latest Centr report, from its rapid growth from 2007 to 2009 when .CN registrations peaked at almost 14 million, and then the rapid decline that ended in late 2010.And there were 63,383,670 domain names registered with Centr members as of August, a growth rate of 0.37 percent. The largest contribution to this growth in absolute value was .RU and in percentage terms the highest growth over the month was the Serbian IDN .CРБ largely due to the landrush opening.The brief .CN history is written by Hongbin Zhu, Senior International Strategist at CNNIC. In the article, Hongbin notes the rapid increase came about due to the lower pricing but it was found that “domain name abuse had also increased considerably along with the domain name registration, especially in terms of illegal content, Spam and inaccurate WHOIS records. In order to keep the consumer trust, the Registry suspended the ‘1 RMB Experience’ program in 2009. The registrations subsequently fell.”And now registrations have been gradually rising since 2011 due to “the improved brand image as a secure and reliable TLD.”Other features of the report are changes registrars would like to see made concerning pricing and billing, with questions posed including lower prices, volume discounts, growth discounts, more payment methods/options and more flexibility in registration periods.And there is a member news highlights too.To download the full Centr Monthly Roundup for August 2012, go to:

Daily Wrap: EU Says ITU Should Not Have More Power, Kiwi Fight Over TLDs, .SA, .EE, .IE Awards And Aeroflot.xxx Dispute

There may be a case for governments having more say in the way the internet is run, EU digital commissioner Neelie Kroes told ZDNet last week, but — even if this were to happen — it would not necessitate giving the ITU more power.

“Of course there are voices saying it would be better with the UN [but] I’m not in favour of the line that, if you have a problem, you can only solve it in a new structure,” Kroes said, adding that it was first worth examining the calls for more government input.

“I still think that the remarks that are made [about giving governments a greater voice] can be included in a solution within the structure of today,” she said. “I’m not aware that that can’t be done, so I’m not willing to [favour] a new structure.”

The creation of the kiwi.nz second level domain will only cause confusion, the applicant for the .KIWI gTLD has said.

Tim Johnson, chief executive of Dot Kiwi Ltd told the New Zealand Herald approving kiwi.nz was not in the best interests of internet users “or in fact the internet in New Zealand”.

“Why would potential registrants want .kiwi.nz when they could have .KIWI?”

SaudiNIC has started a process of updating Whois details for .SA domain names, sending out requests to registrants to check and if necessary update their registrant details.

ICANN’s board of directors is set to approve مليسيا., the Arabic name for Malaysia, at a meeting next week, Domain Incite reported.

The Estonian Internet Foundation announced the public procurement for an audit of the code of the information systems (Domain Registry Software Security Audit) it uses, the organisation announced last week. The bid submission deadline is 10 September 2012.

Over to Ireland and the Irish Internet Association has announced the shortlist for this year’s Dot ie Net Visionary Awards and online voting is now open.

Aeroflot, the Russian airline, has won a dispute lodged with the WIPO Arbitration and Mediation Center over the aeroflot.xxx domain name, however the original registrant does not agree with the ruling and is threatening to appeal.

.EU Registrants Must Have Presence in EU, Europe’s Highest Court Rules

Only companies with an established presence in Europe Union were able to take advantage of the sunrise period for trademark holders and to register.EU domain names the European Union’s highest court ruled Thursday.The ruling by the EU Court of Justice came about following a dispute over the domain name lensworld.eu between the Belgian eyewear company Pie Optiek SPRL that sells its products online and intellectual property consultant Bureau Gevers SA.In their claim, Pie Optiek seeks, first, a declaration that Bureau Gevers’ registration of that domain name was speculative and abusive. Second, Pie Optiek seeks to have that domain name transferred to it. Pie Optik argued that Bureau Gevers has no right to the registration of the domain name as it is not itself a ‘holder of a prior right’ or trademark.During the sunrise period, Bureau Gevers filed an application for the domain name ‘lensworld.eu’ and secured its registration before Pie Optiek.In the judgement outline of the case, Pie Optik had argued that:
“the holder of such a right is the United States company Walsh Optical. However, Walsh Optical is not entitled to apply for registration as its registered office is not within the European Union and, consequently, it does not meet the legal requirements. According to Pie Optiek, in order to circumvent the eligibility criteria, Walsh Optical and Bureau Gevers implemented a strategy consisting in the conclusion of an agreement entitled ‘Licence Agreement’, whereby Bureau Gevers agreed to lend its name and address within the European Union in order to allow its United States client to register the domain name at issue. In addition, Pie Optiek questions whether the agreement at issue can be regarded as a licence agreement at all within the legal meaning of that term, as Bureau Gevers was authorised simply to register but not to make use of the trade mark, for example, for the purpose of marketing of goods or services under that trade mark.”The question that arose in the case was “whether it is compatible with European Union (‘EU’) law to allow a company which, by reason of its establishment in a third country, is not an eligible party, nevertheless to register a domain name on the basis of a licence agreement with a company that is established in the European Union.”In the judgement, the court ruled that “the agreement concluded between Walsh Optical and Bureau Gevers did not provide for the use of the trade mark or the corresponding domain name for the purposes of trade.” Which meant Bureau Gevers could not be regarded as a ‘licensee of a prior right’. The judgement noted that Walsh Optical had no link to the European Union, which was one of the prerequisites for a .EU domain. The ruling noted “that the .EU TLD was intended to ‘provide a clearly identified link with the Community, the associated legal framework, and the European market place’.””Consequently, it would also be contrary to the spirit and purpose of Regulation No 733/2002 to allow an undertaking that is not an eligible party to obtain registration of the domain name sought. That would also have to be the case where the provisions governing eligibility for registration are ultimately circumvented in so far as registration is achieved by means of a legal construction such as the commissioning of a third-party organisation that is resident in the European Union and therefore eligible to apply.”The judgement is available for download in all main European languages. The English version, and links to other languages, is available from:

EMAS certifies .EU registry as Europe’s most environmentally responsible TLD

EURid logo[news release] .eu’s operations are the most environmentally responsible of any top-level domain (TLD) in Europe since the .eu registry, EURid, is the first European TLD registry to achieve the EU Eco-Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) registration.”We are proud to be awarded the EMAS seal of approval. This acknowledges .eu’s ongoing commitment to a greener Internet and shows that cyberspace can be managed in a sustainable manner,” said EURid’s General Manager, Marc Van Wesemael. “Our environmental policy is in place and we will use it to further improve .eu’s environmental footprint.”The greening of cyberspace
EURid has taken an environmentally responsible approach to operating .eu for many years. The registry’s environmental policy is based on the principle of “reduce, reuse and recycle” and provides a framework for making sustainable choices, especially regarding suppliers. The EMAS registration formalises the .eu registry’s ongoing activities which include:

  • Partnering with energy efficient data centres: EURid’s data centre in the Netherlands has been hosted by one of Europe’s greenest providers, TelecityGroup, since Spring 2010. In addition to data security, EURid chose to work with TelecityGroup because they offer reduced energy consumption and carbon emissions, renewable energy sources and innovative technologies that improve power and cooling efficiencies.
  • Reducing paper use: EURid has issued registrar invoices electronically since 1 May 2012. Using less paper and envelopes not only benefits the environment, it is also more cost efficient. Similarly, marketing literature is printed on sustainably produced paper using biodegradable inks.
  • Minimising environmental impact of events: When organising conferences and events for .eu registrars or participating in industry trade fairs and meetings, EURid applies criteria from the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) meeting guide to ensure that these events, and associated travel, are as environmentally sound as possible.

EURid is sharing its environmental commitment with Members of the European Parliament through an information stand at the European Parliament in Strasbourg from 22-23 May and a breakfast meeting with the Vice-President of the European Commission responsible for the Digital Agenda, Neelie Kroes, on 23 May 2012.

More information on what EURid is doing to ensure sustainable operations is available at link.eurid.eu/green.

This EURid news release was sourced from:

Europe Registry logoTo register your .EU domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

Only European Trademarks Able To Register .EU Domains, Says ECJ Advisor

Businesses must be established within the European Union to enable them to register their trademarks as .EU domain names, a legal advisor to the European Court of Justice (ECJ) said.The case came about after an American eyewear company, that uses the domain name lensworld.com, wanted to register a .EU domain name, but their trademark was not established in EU. The company, Walsh Optical, hired the Belgian intellectual property consulting firm Bureau Gevers to register the domain lensworld.eu.However the Belgian eyewear maker Pie Optik, who uses the domain name lensworld.be, complained, after attempting to register lensworld.eu in January 2006, around a month after Bureau Gevers applied for the .EU domain on the day .EU domains became available.”Only undertakings and organisations which are themselves established in the EU may request a .eu domain name,” the Advocate General Verica Trstenjak said, according to a statement from the Court as reported by Out-Law. “The .EU Top Level Domain is intended to provide a clearly identified link with the EU, the associated legal framework, and the European market place. It should enable undertakings, organisations and natural persons within the EU to register in a specific domain which will make this link obvious.””Against that background, a non-resident undertaking cannot be allowed to circumvent the rules on eligibility by obtaining registration of a .eu domain name by means of a legal construction such as the commissioning of a third party organisation that is established in the European Union and thus an eligible party,” the advisor said.Out-Law goes on to report “Advocate General Trstenjak said that Walsh Optical’s so-called ‘licence agreement’ with Bureau Gevers was in reality ‘a contract for the provision of services’. Therefore the Belgian consultancy could not be considered a ‘licencee eligible’ to benefit from the priority rights given to it when it had applied, and been granted, rights for ‘lensworld.eu’ on behalf of Walsh Optical, she said.”

RIPE NCC Looks to the Next 20 Years as it Celebrates 20th Anniversary

RIPE 64 Meeting opens in Slovenia with more than 350 Internet experts gathering to discuss the evolution of IP infrastructure

[news release] The RIPE NCC, the Regional Internet Registry (RIR) for Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia, will be discussing the future of the Internet and the impact of IPv6, as it celebrates 20 years of serving the technical community at the RIPE 64 Meeting in Ljubljana, Slovenia.

Over the past 20 years the Internet has experienced huge growth, impacting upon business and society in ways few could have predicted, and the role of the RIPE NCC has evolved to meet a range of new challenges. With another milestone on the horizon, as it approaches the full allocation of IPv4 addresses in its service region, the RIPE NCC’s pioneering role continues to be instrumental for the growth and stability of the Internet.

Axel Pawlik, Managing Director of the RIPE NCC said, “The RIPE NCC has grown over the past two decades to become an internationally renowned organisation providing vital administrative and technical coordination to over 8,000 members and the Internet community at large. Our role as the world’s first Regional Internet Registry has evolved through changes in the industry landscape encompassing the dot-com boom, increased interest from governments and regulators and issues of IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6 adoption. As we approach exhaustion of the unallocated IPv4 address pool this year the continued work and education with the membership and wider technical community around IPv6 adoption is going to help serve another successful 20 years and beyond of Internet growth.”

The RIPE 64 Meeting takes place from 16 – 20 April in Ljubljana, Slovenia and will bring together RIPE NCC members, local governments and key players in the global and local Internet industry for discussion on policy and key technical developments related to IPv4 exhaustion and IPv6


During the opening plenary on Monday, 16 April there will be a special session dedicated to the RIPE NCC’s 20th anniversary. This session will feature a trio of presentations by three of the most prominent figures in the technical coordination of the Internet: Daniel Karrenberg, Chief Scientist at the RIPE NCC; Nigel Titley, Chair of the RIPE NCC Executive Board; and Geoff Huston, Chief Scientist, APNIC, the RIR for the Asia Pacific region. The presentations, focusing on the past, present and future of RIPE NCC respectively, will take place in the plenary session of the RIPE Meeting from 17:00 (UTC+2) on Monday, 16 April. They will be available to view via live webcast from the following link:


 The RIPE NCC has produced a timeline highlighting the key milestones of the past 20 years. The technical community has been encouraged to contribute by sending any suggestions for key images or milestone events which they think should be included here. The final timeline will be unveiled at the RIPE 64 Meeting in Ljubljana.

A full schedule for the regional meeting can be found online.  Regular updates will also be made from the official Twitter handle @ripemeeting and using the hashtag #RIPE64.

About the RIPE NCC

Founded in 1992, the RIPE NCC is an independent, not-for-profit membership organisation that supports the infrastructure of the Internet. The most prominent activity of the RIPE NCC is to act as a Regional Internet Registry (RIR) providing global Internet resources and related services to a current membership base of around 8,000 members in over 75 countries.

These members consist mainly of Internet Service Providers (ISPs), telecommunication organisations and large corporations located in Europe, the Middle East and parts of Central Asia.

As one of the world’s five RIRs, the RIPE NCC performs a range of critical functions including:

  • The reliable and stable allocation of Internet number resources (IPv4, IPv6 and AS Number resources)
  • The responsible storage and maintenance of this registration data
  • The provision of an open, publicly accessible database where this data can be accessed

The RIPE NCC also provides a range of technical and coordination services for the Internet community. These services include the operation of K-root (one of the 13 root name servers), the Deployment of Internet Security Infrastructure (DISI) and DNS Monitoring (DNSMON).

As a result of its established position in the Internet industry, the RIPE NCC has played an important role in the World Summit on the Information Society (WSIS), the Internet Governance Forum (IGF), European Union (EU) workshops and government briefings on key issues in the current Internet landscape.

More information about the RIPE NCC is available at: www.ripe.net

This RIPE NCC news release was sourced from:

.EU Celebrates Sixth Birthday With 3.6m Registrations

EURid is celebrating the sixth birthday of the .EU top level domain. Six years ago, European Union businesses, organisations and residents began to register .EU domain names as they became publicly available on 7 April 2006 and 1.7 million .EU domains were registered within the launch month.Since then .EU registrations have more than doubled with registrations now fast approaching 3.6 million registrations. Today there are 3.593 million .EU domains registered, making .EU the ninth largest TLD behind .COM (102 million domain registrations), .DE (Germany – 14.977m), .NET (14.632m), .UK (United Kingdom – 10.048m), .ORG (9.906m), .INFO (7.998m), .TK (Tokelau), .NL (Netherlands – 4.884m) and then .EU, followed by .RU (Russian Federation – 3.418m) to round out the top 10 TLDs by active domain names registered.The above statistics are a compilation of those provided by ccTLD registries and RegistrarStats. .TK’s position is based on Verisign’s Domain Name Industry Brief where no registration numbers are provided, just the ranking.

EURid Reports Shows .EU Growth And Renewal Rates Remain Strong

Registrations of .EU domain names increase increased by 100,802, or three per cent, to 3.51 million during the quarter to end December 2011, EURid reported in their Quarterly Progress Report for the fourth quarter 2011.Year-on-year the total number of registrations increased of 5.5 per cent or 182,275. The number of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs) also increased, although by a lesser amount, increasing by 67,074 or 1.6 per cent of all registrations with the number of IDNs as a percentage of new registrations at the same level as that of other registries.The .EU ccTLD is now the sixth largest ccTLD, behind .DE (Germany), .UK (United Kingdom), .TK (Tokelau), .NL (Netherlands) and .RU (Russian Federation).In the aftermarket, there were 21,174 domains out of a total of 3.51 million traded. This means that about one domain out of 170 was traded, unchanged from Q4 2010. In addition, there were a total of 860 accredited .EU registrars by the end of the quarter.The top ten countries for .EU registrations accounted for 84.4 per cent of all registrations and annual growth of over ten per cent was recorded in 11 European Union countries, these being Austria, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, France, Greece, Hungary, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia.During the fourth quarter, the total number of .EU registrations increased in 23 of the 27 European Union Member States. Malta, Austria and France all saw growth of more than six per cent.The national ccTLD market in EU countries increased by 2.3 per cent during Q4 2011, and grew by 9.6 per cent from Q4 2010. Within the EU, the market for gTLD domain names such as .COM, .NET, .ORG, .INFO and .BIZ grew by 0.3 per cent during Q4 2011 and by 6.2 per cent from Q4 2010, according to statistics from Zooknic.Renewal rates for .EU domains remained high according to the report. 81.6 per cent of registered .EU domain names were renewed in 2011 and the ccTLD has maintained a renewal rate of over 80 per cent for the past five years. This compares to the .COM/.NET renewal rate for the fourth quarter of 73.5 per cent, up from 73.3 per cent for the third quarter and consistently around 73 per cent during 2011, according to the latest Verisign Domain Name Industry Brief.”I am pleased to see the extent of .eu consumer loyalty. The strong renewal rate for 2011 shows that end-users have a sustained interest in renewing their .EU domain names,” said EURid’s General Manager, Marc Van Wesemael.The full report for Q4 2011 is available for download at: link.eurid.eu/reports.

Fourth Eastern European Domain Conference in September

The fourth annual domain name conference administrators and registrars of ccTLDs of the CIS, Central and Eastern Europe will be held from 13 to 16 September in Novi Sad, Serbia.

The conference aims to engage leading registrars from different ccTLDs into discussions on the Internet issues; as well the conference will focus on organisation of interaction between ccTLDs registries and registrars. This issue has become pressing in the light of a prompt development of national segments of the Internet.

The third conference held in Samara oblast, Russia, aimed at administrators and registrars of ccTLDs of the CIS, Central and Eastern Europe, attracted more than 100 participants from 25 nations. The final stage of implementation of the new ccTLD .РФ became one of the important issues discussed at the conference.

For more information including registration and the agenda for the meeting later this month, see:

Europe Seeks More Influence on Governing Internet

A series of six papers from the European Commission “represent a wholesale effort to put governments in charge of the internet” writes Kieren McCarthy.”They would be put in a position to decide how the internet’s underlying naming structure – the domain name system – expands and evolves.”If the DNS evolves in the right way of course, governments won’t need to do anything, they will let others get on with it. But just in case people decide to do something that isn’t in the public’s interest, then governments will be there to firmly but politely inform them that they are not allowed to do that. Well, that’s the theory anyway.”To read McCarthy’s analysis of the papers and the players and what is going on, check out his posting on his Dot NXT site at news.dot-nxt.com/2011/08/31/ec-papers-analysis.