Tag Archives: .es

E-Shops Selling Counterfeit Goods Often Use Re-Registered Brand Domains, European Study Finds

Companies letting their domain names expire are often finding e-shops are re-registering their domain names and using them to market trademark infringing, or counterfeit, goods. But there’s no correlation between the use of the domain name prior to the e-shop and what the e-shop sells.

The study by the European Union Intellectual Property Office (EUIPO) [pdf], through the European Observatory on Infringements of Intellectual Property Rights, was on online business models used to infringe intellectual property rights. The study found when domain names were available for re-registration the entities operating the e-shops would systematically re-register the domain names and shortly after set up e-shops marketing goods suspected of infringing upon the trademarks of others. It was a characteristic that the prior use of the domain names was completely unrelated to the goods being marketed on the suspected e-shops. There were examples of domain names previously used by politicians, foreign embassies, commercial businesses and many other domain name registrants.

The study was conducted in 2 phases. Phase one looked at .dk (Denmark) from October 2014 to October 2015. During this period 566 .dk domains were re-registered by suspected infringers of trademarks immediately after the domain names had been given up by their previous registrants and became available for re-registration. Phase 2 looked at Sweden, which as a Scandinavian country would be assumed comparable with Denmark, Germany and the United Kingdom, which have very well-developed and large e-commerce sectors, and a country with a large e-commerce sector in southern Europe, Spain.

Phase 2 found the same phenomenon previously documented in Denmark also occurs in the Swedish, German, British and Spanish ccTLDs.

According to the study, the “total number of detected e-shops suspected of infringing the trade marks of others using a domain name under the ccTLD” ranged from 2.9% in .de (Germany) to 9.5% in .se (Sweden) while the “total number of detected e-shops suspected of infringing the trade marks of others using a domain name under the ccTLD where the domain name had been previously used by another registrant” ranged from 71.1 % of suspected e-shops in .uk (United Kingdom) to 81.0% in .es (Spain). The average was 5.41% across all ccTLDs in the study and 75.35% respectively.

Based on the research, the researchers believe it must be considered likely that the same also occurs in other European countries with well-developed e-commerce sectors.

An analysis of the 27,970 e-shops in the study identified a number of patterns including shoes were the product category most affected, accounting for two-thirds (67.5%) of the suspected e-shops and then clothes, accounting for 20.6%, while 94.6% of the detected suspected e-shops used the same specific e-commerce software.

Additionally, 40.78 % of the detected suspected e-shops in Sweden and the United Kingdom were registered through the same registrar, 21.3 % of all the e-shops used the same name server and a quarter (25.9%) of the suspected e-shops had the hosting provider located in Turkey, 19.3 % in the Netherlands and 18.3 % in the United States.

Even if the domain name was previously used for the marketing of goods, the study found the current e-shops were marketing a different type of product at the time of analysis. The study examined 40 case studies that indicated the sole reason for re-registration of the domain names is to benefit from the popularity of the website that was previously identified by the domain name. The benefits would include search engine indexing, published reviews of services and/or products and links from other websites that have not yet taken the current use into consideration. The case studies used also indicate a high degree of affiliation between the e-shops is likely. The research seems to indicate that what on the surface seems like thousands of unrelated e-shops are likely to be one or a few businesses marketing trade mark infringing goods to European consumers.

The 140 page study is available for download from:

Ensure Whois Data For .ES Domains Accurate or Risk Losing It

RED.ES logoThe .es registry, Red.es, has become aware of a number of domain names in their registry with inaccurate Whois data following an audit of registrations.

Currently Red.es is contacting registrants and administrative contacts informing them they have 30 days to update their contact information. During this period they are also phoning registrars and administrative contacts informing them of the notice sent and the requirement to update their registration data.

At the end of the 30-day period, if errors have not been updated, Red.es will initiate a Special Cancellation Procedure, details of which are available in Spanish here. An English version is available here, but from my experience it’s better to use an online translation service (Bing or Google).

ccTLD Updates: .FI Domains For All and Registry To Stop Selling Domains, .EU in Cyrillic and .ES Requires Updated Data

Dot FI logoThe Finnish ccTLD registry is to stop selling domain names as part of a number of changes being introduced from 5 September. From this date, registrants will be required to register their domains with their own registrar while FICORA, the .fi registry, will act as the registry and policy and regulatory body.

Additionally, the local presence requirement for applicants is abandoned. This means that foreign companies, organisations and private persons become eligible to register .fi domain names regardless of their place of residence. The age limit of 15 for domain name holders is also abandoned. Furthermore, domain names that consist of a combination of a person’s first and last names may be freely registered. .FI domains may also be registered with the purpose of redelivery which is currently still illegal.

EURid, the .eu registry, has announced that preparations for the launch of .eu in Cyrillic are nearing completion. The official launch date for .eu in Cyrillic is 1 June. EURid will fully enforce the basic rule that the second level script must match the top-level script. This means that the current domain names registered in Cyrillic under .eu (Latin string) will undergo a “script adjustment” phase.

All policies, procedures and features currently available for .eu (Latin string) such as transfers, bulk transfers, multiyear, DNSSEC, registry lock, Customised Reduction Schemes, Co-funded Marketing Programme, etc., will also apply to .ею (Cyrillic string).

The current .eu Registration Policy, Terms & Conditions and WHOIS policy will apply to domain names registered under .ею (Cyrillic string).

A complete list of important administrative, legal and technical guidelines regarding the implementation of .eu in Cyrillic is available here.

Red.es is advising that registrants of .es domain names need to update the data associated with their .es domains.

Red.es or the accredited registrar s currently contacting registrants to ensure that the date is correct, truthful and updated, which it is required to be at all times. Any registrant that doesn’t comply with the terms and conditions may find their domain is cancelled.

Another change for .es domains is that as of 28 May, the current SSL certificate will be replaced with a new one, with a key length of 2048 bits and SHA-256 algorithm. With this update, Red.es will improve its portal protection and increase the security of established connections with the website.

.ES 2015 Domain Growth Fuelled By Registrations From Abroad

RED.ES logoThe Spanish ccTLD, .es, grew by 2.27 percent in 2015, growing from 1,755,224 domains under management to 1,795,037 the registry, Red.es, announced.

The growth from abroad though was most significant, growing 14.31 percent for the year to 256,874 registrations while the remaining 1,538,163 registrations came from within Spain. The country with the highest number of registrations was the United States with 39,871 registrations (15.52% of all domains registered abroad) followed by Germany with 39,808 (15.50%), France with 26.031 (10.13%) and the United Kingdom with 24.720 (9.62%).

Within Spain the highest number of registrations came from Madrid with 387,507 or just over a quarter of all registrations (25.91%) followed by Catalonia (223,692) and Andalusia (212,758).

For more information, see the news release in Spanish only at:

Swedish ccTLD Tops 2015’s First Sales Chart In Six-Figure Sale

Domain Name Journal logoThe domain name aftermarket started off in unusual style with the .se domain tv.se selling for SEK2,180,500 ($265,149) through Tradera, a Swedish online commerce service.

The sale easily topped the Domain Name Journal chart of reported sales for the fortnight to 18 January with izy.com second, selling for $40,000 in a private sale while a pair of domains sold through Sedo, putzfrau.de and babycity.com, sold for €32,000 ($36,480) and $35,000 respectively.

As usual, .com sales dominated the chart with 12 of the top 20 while there was one each for .se, .de, .net, .es, .info, .vn, org and .ca.

And also as usual Sedo topped the list as an aftermarket outlet with a more than usually dominant 16 of the top 20 sales.

To check out the Domain Name Journal chart of top reported sales for the fortnight ending 18 January, go to:

Half Of 3.5 Million Domains Registered In Spain Are .ES

Spanish registry logoApril statistics compiled by the .es registry, Red.es, show there are 3,451,863 domain names registered in Spain by businesses and individuals with more than half (50.04%) being .es domains.

Other TLDs with a significant market share are .com with 1,727,169 registrations and a market share of 35.29%). Following is .net (4.61%), .org (3.13%), .eu (3.09%), .cat (2.17%), .info (1.28%) and .biz (0.38%).

.ES Grows 5% In 2013

RED.ES logoThe Spanish ccTLD .es grew by 5.1 percent in 2013 to 1,696,538 domains under management from 1,614,149 12 months ago the registry announced recently.

According to the registry, almost half (48.83%) of the domains registered within Spain are .es domains while .com has around one third (36.31%). Other TLDs with sizeable market share are . net (4.81%), .org (3.22%), . eu (3.02%), .cat (2.05%), .info (1.36%) and .biz (0.40%).

In Spain there are 3.474.272 registered Internet domains, representing an increase of only 0.45% with respect to the year 2012. The balance is positive thanks to the “. is”, since all other terminations, except the “.cat”, reduce your total number of records. Thus, the “.com” fall a 3.84%; the “. net” by 7.03%, the “.org” 6.01%, the “. eu” 0.25%, an 7.85% “.info” and “.biz” a 12.94%.

As could be expected, the vast majority of .es domains are registered within Spain. There were 1,458,268 (85.96%) registered to Spanish individuals and businesses while there were 238,270  (14.04%) whose registrant was abroad.

Within Spain, the autonomous regions with the most registrations were Andalusia, Catalonia, Madrid and Valencia.

The communities and autonomous regions with the most registrations at the end of 2013 were Madrid (376,131 domains or 25.79% of the total in Spain); Catalonia (222,153 – 15.23%), Andalusia (198.855 – 13.64%), Valencia (171,807 – 11.78%), Galicia, (75,176 – 5.16%), Castilla y León (59.519 – 4.08%), Basque country (49.550 -3.40%), Canary (46.256 – 3.17%), Murcia (40,931 – 2.81%), Castilla La Mancha (40.828 – 2.80%), Aragon (38.906 – 2.67%), The Rioja (32.746 – 2.25%), Baleares (28.858 – 1.98%), Asturias (26.812 – 1.84%), Extremadura (18.927 – 1.30%), Navarra (15.188 – 1.04%), Cantabria (14.097 – 0.97%), Ceuta (808 – 0.06%) and Melilla (720 – 0.05%).

Madrid Accounts For Quarter Of All .ES Domains

Spain Spanish registrySpain’s ccTLD, .es, has grown by more than half in the last five years to reach 1,668,709 domain names registered as of the end of June 2013.

And the region with the most registrations was Madrid, which accounts for 370,850 registrations, growing from 241,163 in the five year period. Following Madrid, the autonomous communities of Catalonia accounted for 220,805 registrations, Andalusia (195,920) and Valencia (169,530). And at the end of June there were also 228,970 domains registered from outside Spain.

By province, the most .es domains are registered in Valencia (96,320) followed by Alicante (59,001), and Castellón (14,209).

Of all the domain names registered within Spain, almost half (49.63%) were .es domains, while .com accounted for 39.23 percent followed by .net (5.25%), .org (3.48%) and .info (1.52%).