As earlier reported, the 15 millionth .DE domain name was registered on 18 April, at precisely 12:56 CEST. Maybe the gift for 15 million domains is flowers, as the domain name to take the gong was floristennetzwerk.de, which means “florists’ network.””With my website I want to provide a purchasing portal for florists to order flowers and plants, avoiding the usual channels via intermediaries. I am a qualified florist myself and can build on 30 years of experience. And since I want to reach the green trade in Germany with my offer, it was clear to me that I needed a domain under .DE. I have the most beautiful profession in the world. Flowers make people smile and are the only product that does not really need any marketing.” said the registrant Alexander Kleerebezem.Every month there is an average of about 50,000 .DE domains registered as .DE cements its position as the world’s largest ccTLD, and second largest TLD overall.The largest TLDs in order are .COM, which has 102,169,176 registrations, then .DE. Third is .NET with 14,652,646 registrations, then .UK (United Kingdom – 10,047,549), .ORG (9,916,594), .INFO (7,951,936), .TK (Tokelau), .NL (Netherlands – 4,907,148), .EU (European Union – 3,609,733) and then rounding out the top ten is .RU (Russian Federation – 3,779,611)The first .DE domain names were registered in 1986 when the ccTLD was registered in the IANA database. In the beginning, the domain names are administered by a network operator located in the USA. In 1988, .DE administration was transferred to the University of Dortmund, initially handling the procedures rather informally and simply recording registrations in a manual list. Starting with only six .DE domains, the list soon grew at a continually increasing pace. About a decade later, the time came to create a sustainable basis for domain registration and administration. Early in 1997, 37 German Internet service providers got together and formed DENIC eG. At that time about 50,000 addresses are already registered with DENIC.In April 1999, there were 500,000 .DE domain names registered, and in October of the same year the one millionth domain was registered.”To have one’s own internet presence is quite attractive for German citizens,” said Sabine Dolderer, CEO of DENIC. “Nearly every sixth of them has their own .DE domain. It has always been our special concern to underscore the importance of .DE as a country code. To this end, we enabled the use of special characters of the German alphabet like umlauts or letters with accents and the German eszett in domain names. This makes it easy to identify oneself with the Top Level Domain .DE. And of course it also is the commitment and great performance of our members who offer first-class service to the end client that has helped us to become the largest country code Top Level Domain in the world.”The above statistics are sourced from RegistrarStats.com for gTLDs, individual registries for ccTLDs except .TK whose ranking is from Verisign’s Domain Name Industry Brief.
[news release] German TLD .de operator DENIC and the Swedish-based Internet infrastructure organisation Netnod have entered into a strategic partnership to further strengthen the .de Name Service. By making use of Netnodâs extensive infrastructure to complement DENICâs own worldwide DNS network, DENICâs operation of the domain name system for .de, in its role as a crucial resource of the Internet, will be additionally secured.
Effective 19 April 2012, the new second foothold will further minimise potential risks for the .de zone by integrating Netnodâs additional 35+ locations worldwide, this way allowing for rapid response in the case of a malicious intent. As a surplus benefit, Netnodâs services will provide a significant capacity upgrade.
âWe have chosen Netnod for their outstanding technical expertise and fully trust their competence to meet the high level demands associated with the operation of our supplementary name service for .de, which is by far the biggest ccTLD worldwide. Also, both Netnod and DENIC are not-for-profit, neutral, and independent basic infrastructure-providing organisations and share similar strategic positions and views. Therefore, this partnership ideally matches with DENICâs commitment to provide services of utmost reliability, on a self-regulatory basis,â said Dr. JÃ¶rg Schweiger, Member of the Board and CTO of DENIC.
âNetnod is happy to assist DENIC in enlarging their footprint by offering them the shared use of our widespread multi-site anycast infrastructure for full backup support of .de, and thus for the common good of all Internet users. Of course, we are very proud that after having supported a large variety of European ccTLDs for quite some time now, .de as the No. 1 ccTLD has chosen us to be their strategic DNS partner,â said Kurt Erik Lindqvist, CEO of Netnod.
DENIC is responsible for managing .de, Germanyâs top-level Internet domain and the worldâs second largest Internet registry with 15,000,000+ domain names. Next to running a 17-site worldwide name server network, DENIC provides all domain database and registration system resources for .de and also operates the German ENUM domain (.9.4.e164.arpa), along with all .de and ENUM related whois lookup services. Since its inception in 1996, as a private, not-for-profit cooperative, DENICâs mission is to fulfil a public purpose by supporting a fast, secure and reliable access to German Internet pages and e-mail addresses, through the excellence of its extensive name server infrastructure and services, on a 24/7 basis. Today, 280+ registrars from the IT and telecommunications industry in Germany and abroad offer .de registration services and support the independent, self-regulatory approach of the cooperative as active members. DENIC is also committed to be a leading force in shaping the continued development of the open, decentralized and secure Internet, in a close collaborative effort with international Internet bodies including ICANN, RIPE, IETF, and CENTR. Based in Frankfurt am Main, Germany, DENIC employs 120 staff and has an annual turnover of EUR15m.
Netnod is a not-for-profit, neutral and independent Internet infrastructure organisation, based in Sweden and owned by the TU foundation. Netnod provides DNS anycast and unicast slave services to TLDs worldwide through its highly respected and robust DNSNODE product. Netnod is also the proud operator of i.root-servers.net, one of the thirteen logical DNS root name servers in the world â a critical part of the Internet underlying infrastructure. This service is provided as a public service to the Internet community at-large, as part of Netnodâs goal to work for the âGood of the Internetâ. Finally, Netnod operates six exchanges in five different cities in Sweden where Internet operators exchange traffic. The Netnod IX has among the highest amount of traffic per peer in Europe and is fully IPv6 enabled.
This DENIC news release was republished with permission.
To register your .DE domain name, check out Europe Registry here.
In the past couple of hours, Germany’s country code .DE passed the 15 million active domain registrations mark. At the time of writing there were 15,000,174 .DE domain names registered..DE is easily the world’s largest ccTLD, and the second largest TLD overall, trailing .COM which has 102,169,176 registrations. Third is .NET with 14,652,646 registrations, then .UK (United Kingdom – 10,047,549), .ORG (9,916,594), .INFO (7,951,936), .TK (Tokelau), .NL (Netherlands – 4,901,267), .EU (European Union – 3,605,260) and then rounding out the top ten is .RU (Russian Federation – 3,436,671)The above statistics are sourced from RegistrarStats.com for gTLDs, individual registries for ccTLDs except .TK whose ranking is from Verisign’s Domain Name Industry Brief.
Business is the main user of domain names said Marc Van Wesemael, General Manager of EURid on the first day of the annual Domain Pulse being held in Hamburg, Germany.In a survey involving eleven top level domains – with the results for most TLDs anonymous – EURid found that one quarter (26.5%) of domain names were used for business purposes. In the categories used for the survey, the second most common use was “error” with less than a quarter of domains (23.5%), which included the domain not being configured correctly or only used for email.One in five (20.6%) domains was being used for a holding page, 17.3 per cent for pay-per-click advertising and ten per cent for community groups or personal use. Somewhat surprisingly, only0.4 per cent of domains surveyed was used for hosting pornographic websites.The survey analysed 50,000 websites across 11 TLDs including the three original TLDS (.COM, .NET and .ORG), three ccTLDs among the EU’s ten largest, four new TLDs (.MOBI, .PRO, .BIZ and .INFO) as well as, naturally, .EU.There were also quite distinct differences in the use of domains registered for gTLDs and ccTLDs Wesemael noted. Domain names used for business purposes ranged from a high of 42.3 per cent for one of the ccTLDs, with the other two ccTLDs close behind, while the lowest was for the two new gTLDs, .MOBI and .PRO.Websites used for pay-per-click advertising purposes was highest among .COM (27.3%), .BIZ (27.7%) and .INFO (27.1%) while lowest for the four ccTLDs (4.5% to 12.8%) and .PRO (10.7%).And for not one of the TLDs surveyed did pornographic websites account for more than one per cent of domain names.It was interesting to know, as Wesemael explained, that the older gTLDs and ccTLDs had distinct usage profiles that when shown on charts was very distinctive, with older TLDS having a higher percentage of business websites, while ccTLDs have even more business websites than the gTLDs. And .EU had a higher than average use of domain names for business websites with 31.4 per cent of domain names used for business compared to the average of 26.5%. Wesemael says this shows .EU being used for business, and in particular cross-border business.The Domain Pulse conference continues Tuesday with live streaming coverage available here, with no translations available, so most presentations are in German.The EURid report, Website usage trends among top-level domains, is available for download here.
On 5 November DENIC is celebrating the 25th birthday of the .DE country code, which is the largest ccTLD and second largest TLD with 14.6 million active registrations.
For a large part of its existence .DE has been the largest ccTLD, but was overtaken for a year or two by .CN, however for various reasons has now plummeted to under four million registrations.
These days there are about 100,000 requests for .DE internet addresses from around the world, and every day there are around 3000 .DE domain names added to the base of registrations.
.DE started its life back on 5 November 1986 when the ccTLD was added to the official list of TLDs administered by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA). The Federal Republic of Germany was the tenth country added to the internet. As a result of German reunification in 1990, the ccTLD for the German Democratic Republic (Deutsche Demokratische Republik), .DD, was never used.
With liberal registration policies and a stable internet infrastructure was very early the number one ccTLD. Today the largest TLDs in terms of base size are, in order, .COM (around 98 million registrations), .DE, .NET (around 12m), .UK (United Kingdom – 9.77m), .ORG (over 9m), .INFO (6.5m), .NL (Netherlands – 4.73m), .CN (China – 3.5m), .EU (3.45m) and .RU (Russian Federation – 3.18m).
Today sees 178 .DE domain names registered for every 1000 Germans, or around one domain for every six people, although registrations are done by people and companies from around the world.
Below is a history of .DE published by DENIC to commemorate the 25th anniversary of .DE sourced from the DENIC website here:
Internet silver jubilee â .de zone online since 25 years
About 100,000 times per second an Internet address ending with .de is called up from somewhere in the world. Today, there are more than 14.6 million such addresses, and about 3,000 new ones are added every day. Dimensions that go beyond the imagination of even the most visionary Internet pioneer and that have fundamentally changed social and economic communication habits within only a quarter of a century.
5 November 1986: How it all began
The first step towards this evolution was made on 5 November 1986, when the country code .de was included in the official list of IANA (Internet Assigned Numbers Authority). With this entry, domains with the country code for Germany were permitted to be registered for the first time in history. In chronological terms, the Federal Republic of Germany thus was the tenth country to be presented on the Internet. Due to the German reunification in the year 1990, the country code originally reserved for the German Democratic Republic – .dd – was never used.
Thanks to its stable infrastructure and the comparably liberal registration conditions in (West) Germany, .de soon gained the leading position among the country code Top Level Domains (ccTLDs) and clearly holds the first rank still today with more than 14.6 million registered domains. Second comes Great Britain (.uk) with currently about 9.7 million, followed by the Netherlands (.nl) with 4.7 million registrations. Only the generic TLD .com scores higher than .de with a domain inventory of currently just under 97.6 million. 25 years after the launch of the German country code, on average 178 of 1,000 citizens of the Federal Republic hold a .de domain. In purely arithmetical terms, thus every sixth German citizen has their own Internet appearance. And also in factual terms, nearly 80 percent of all domain holders under .de are private persons.
During the first ten years, administration and DNS service for .de were provided by universities, at the start even from the USA. Only in 1988, a German institution, the University of Dortmund, took over administration and care of the first six .de domains (dbp.de, rmi.de, telenet.de, uka.de, uni-dortmund.de and uni-paderborn.de â chronological order of registrations unknown) from the US-American CSNET. In 1994 â by then the domain inventory had increased to about 1,000 domains and thus tied up a critical amount of resources â the tasks of the Deutsches Network Information Center (DENIC) were transferred to the data center of Karlsruhe University within the framework of a project with outside funding. Mandated was the project by the interest group of the German network information center (IV-DENIC ), which was founded in 1993 by the academic DFN association, commercial service providers and the German Special Interest Group for Internet (Deutsch Interessensgemeinschaft Internet e. V., DIGI) â an association of non-academic users. Until DENIC eG in its current form as a cooperative was founded by 37 German Internet service providers in December 1996, the University of Karlsruhe remained responsible for the administrative tasks and until 1998 also for the technical administration of .de. Only then, all central services of the Top Level Domain were concentrated in Frankfurt am Main, where DENIC started its business as a neutral service provider at the beginning of 1997 – with a domain inventory that had reached six-digit dimensions for the first time. DENIC””s headquarters are still located in Frankfurt am Main today.
DENIC â a vital pillar
During the 15 years of its existence, the operator of .de organized in form of a cooperative and comprising today 280 member companies of the German and international Internet industry, thus representing a broad cross-section of the diverging interests of all Internet user groups, repeatedly took a leading role in further developing the registry services and setting technical standards: To start with, DENIC was a pioneer when it introduced the registry/registrar model as early as in the 1990ies, long before any other of the large TLDs considered this model. In the registry/registrar model the Internet service provider assumes the role of an agent who connects the registry and the final customer via an electronic interface. DENIC also was the first country code registry that started to run its name server network completely independently in 2003. And in 2004, the Cooperative was one of the first TLDs that included IDNs (Internationalized Domain Names) in their character set permitted for domain names.
In 2007, DENIC expanded its own data center operation and implemented a comprehensive redundancy concept. Basic data centers of dual redundancy at two geographically distant locations â Frankfurt am Main and Amsterdam â now guarantee utmost resilience and security. These mirror data centers are not only used for the registration system, the domain database, backups and the information services, but also for controlling the multiple-redundant name service network, which is located at the currently most important Internet hubs in the world. All in all, 16 state-of-the-art name server clusters of the latest generation with sufficient reserves to be upgraded according to requirements, if necessary, ensure that .de domains can be reached all around the clock from any place in the world within a fraction of a second. Thanks to the capacity reserves of the applied solution â dimensioned for several million queries per second â .de is perfectly prepared for the technological challenges of the coming years.
Within the scope of DENIC””s new field of business, infrastructure services, third-party TLDs may book secondary DNS services since 2010 and thus benefit from the worldwide accessibility and the high computing performance of DENIC””s name servers. At present, the two anycast clouds of .de (i.e. computers located at nine different geographical locations that are addressed via one single IP address) are used under the cost sharing model by the ccTLDs of Austria and Luxemburg.
At the end of May 2011, after 18 months of testing, DENIC introduced the protocol extension DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions) for the .de zone. More than 200,000 second level domains under .de are currently signed, i.e. can be checked on authenticity â the most renowned of them is paypal.de.
Excellent brand image
In the meantime, the business model of self-controlled domain administration including the independent operation of the related technical infrastructure has long proven successful in Germany. After now 15 years of administering and providing technical support for .de domains, DENIC stands for competence, reliability and integrity and enjoys much trust and respect among German politicians.
Not only pioneers like Vint Cerf, who generated a crucial technical basis for the Internet already in the 1970ies when he contributed to the creation of the TCP/IP protocols and has essentially shaped the evolution of the web since then, attested the neutral operator of the German country code Top Level Domain an extraordinary performance: “In a complex, continuously changing environment like the Internet, DENIC has rendered registry services of unchanged perfect quality over a long period.”
That this opinion is shared by the Internet community was proven by a EURid study executed in 2010, which investigated the ranking and the attractiveness of leading TLDs. 400 participants respectively in ten countries gave the German country code TLD top marks. .de emerged as the leader in this study before .com and .co.uk. The evaluation criteria applied were brand “Awareness”, “Relevance” and “Preference” as well as service quality.
Already in 2009, the annual report of the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG), the world””s largest independent group for combating cybercrime, had rated the .de zone one of those with the highest phishing resistance and thus also underlined the outstanding reliability of the German TLD.
Commitment beyond .de
Faithful to its principle of registration, “first come, first served”, DENIC as a neutral cooperative operating as a private-sector not-for-profit organization feels committed to the basic concept of democracy and non-discrimination of the medium Internet. This commitment is mirrored in the various sponsoring activities of the Cooperative: As part of its strategy to promote the development of (open) standards and thus provide sustainable benefit to the Internet community, DENIC has, for example, been a sponsor and member of the Steering Committee since 2009 and has thus supported the development of the new version of the world””s most frequently used name server software BIND by the Internet Systems Consortium (ISC) and has contributed the important user perspective. On top of that DENIC invests in excellent training for the executives of tomorrow as one of the main sponsors of the European Summer School of Internet Governance (EURO-SSIG), which â managed by experts from universities and companies of the Internet industry â prepares an international group of participants for the future challenges of the global administration of the Internet every year.
WWW as an economic factor
According to a McKinsey study published in May 2011, the Internet branch as a key industry generates 3.2 percent of the German gross domestic product and thus â not only due to a growth rate of 24 percent in the last five years â has become a more important economic factor than the energy industry or agriculture. Even after 25 years .de is and remains a critical element of this success.
To register your .DE domain name, check out Europe Registry here.
The Sunrise period ended on 22 July and the Landrush period is currently underway, ending on 26 August, for .COM.DE domain names.
Promoted as an alternative to .DE, the largest ccTLD with 14.5 million registrations, the operators are suggesting that registrants consider the sub-domain as âpresenting a fresh opportunity to establish world-class presence in the worldâs busiest domain market.â
The sub-domain is backed by CentralNic who also operate EU.COM, UK.COM and .LA.
Following the Lanrush period there will be a .DE Owner Promotion running from 30 August to 23 September. The .DE Owner Promotion is open to all registrants of a .DE domain, wishing to secure the same name under .COM.DE, where that Domain Name was not previously registered or applied for during the Sunrise or Landrush Processes, or excluded by the Registry. Only domains that exactly match the .DE equivalent, and have the same registrant, will be registered in the registry at the end of the period.
Then finally will be General Availability from 26 September when .COM.DE domains will become available to anyone through participating registrars or their resellers. Except where registered or applied for during the Sunrise or Landrush period or excluded by the Registry, .COM.DE domains are available to the public based on the chronological order of registrations on a first come, first served basis.
In other .COM.DE issues, domains will be DNSSEC signed upon launch, DENIC have confirmed that the business model does not contravene its policies, policies are in place to deal with phishing and abusive registrations and with support and guidance from WIPO, CentralNic developed a Dispute Resolution Policy that facilitates the resolution of disputes between trademark holders and registrants of .COM.DE domain names. In addition, the service includes free mediation to assist the settling of disputes in a professional and efficient manner.
For more information on .COM.DE domain names, check out the .COM.DE website at com.de.
DENIC will be actively involved when the Internet of the future is tested throughout the world on 8 June 2011. The global Internet community has arranged the so-called World IPv6 Day to draw attention to the launch of the Internet protocol version 6, in short IPv6, and enhance the community’s readiness to make available and use all kinds of services via IPv6.
The event is initiated by Facebook, Yahoo, Akamai and Google: Together with numerous other web and Internet service providers as well as hardware and operating system producers they will apply the two protocols IPv4 and IPv6 in parallel on that day. This so-called dual-stack operation also is the intended mode for a smooth transition from the old to the new protocol. Moreover, it shall help to identify potential difficulties operating systems, networks, routers and applications may face when run under IPv6.
DENIC takes part in this general real-world test and makes available all web and mail services as well as the public information services whois and Domaincheck (DCHK) via IPv6. On 8 June 2011, the services will be offered in parallel under IPv4 and IPv6.
DENIC has supported the introduction of IPv6 in the DNS already since the end of 2003, when the first name server with an IPv6 address was set up. In July 2004, this IPv6 name server was recorded in the root zone. Since 31 May 2011, you may also store NSentries with IPv6 addresses for domains in addition to the glue records for IPv6 name servers, which can be registered since 2010. Whilst the DENIC services listed in the beginning will be made available particularly for the action day, the option of storing AAAA record entries will be maintained beyond that day. Thus, DENIC has taken another step towards fully supporting IPv6 in the .de zone.
DENIC will use the comprehensive test run to monitor its systems’ behaviour. The resulting findings will help to guarantee reliable operation under IPv6 in the production environment in the near future.
When the Internet was still in its infancy, the pool of about 4.3 billion available IPv4 addresses seemed to be inexhaustible. The then unforeseen rapid growth of the Internet has shown that we were wrong. On 1 February 2011 the day had come: IANA allocated the last IPv4 address blocks. According to conservative estimates, this stock will take us more or less to the end of this year. And then? Then the new Internet protocol IPv6 generation is wanted. It will bring about the enormous number of 340 sextillion (2 to the power of 128) IP addresses. The vision of the âInternet everywhereâ is about to materialize. Every household appliance may soon get its own IP address. Actually, the new protocol is not all that new: IETF drew up IPv6 as early as 1994. To make obvious the extraordinary development leap, version 5 was simply omitted. Besides the larger address space, the essential novelties are the simplified header format, the improved support of extensions, the simplified routing and the improved quality-of-service as well as the advanced security. From the very beginning, migration from IPv4 to IPv6 has been planned to be performed smoothly. Both protocols will thus be applied simultaneously for a not yet limited transition period.
This DENIC news release was sourced from:
To register your .DE domain name, check out Europe Registry here.
[news release] On 31 May 2011, the German registry DENIC took the last step required to launch DNSSEC for .de: The .de zone now contains the final public key, which is suited for validation.
Moreover, DENIC has submitted to the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) the so-called DS record for publication in the root zone. The DS record refers to the public key for .de and is a mandatory prerequisite for validating DNSSEC-signed domains. It will probably become visible in the root zone by mid-June and from then on allow validation of signed .de domains all across the Internet.
Signing of a domain can be carried out either through the web or domain service provider or by the domain holders themselves. If signing is performed by one of these service providers â which may be an optional service â this provider also is responsible for generating the keys, signing the zone data, carrying out re-signing before signatures expire, and for changing the keys at the required intervals. Domain holders who want to protect their domains with DNSSEC can do this from now on. They are kindly requested to contact their registrar, who will also register the keys with DENIC.
To be able to benefit from DNSSEC as an Internet user you need a validating resolver that is capable to interpret the additional information supplied by DNSSEC. If you do not operate a validating resolver yourself, your Internet service provider (ISP) will normally operate such a resolver for you. When you visit a website, the operating system installed on the computer automatically directs the DNS query to the DNS server defined by the respective ISP. That server will validate data authenticity.
Operators of validating resolvers do not need to configure a trust anchor for .de in addition to the one used for the root zone. It is not recommended either, since such a configuration might lead to later key rollovers not being noticed. This, in turn, might entail validation errors and failures.
You will find detailed information about DNSSEC on our website atÂ www.denic.de/en/domains/dnssec.html.
Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) are extensions of the DNS (Domain Name System) which have the purpose to close security holes in the Internet, such as cache poisoning and DNS spoofing.
DNSSEC provides security by data origin authentication, i.e. by securing the path between the DNS servers and the validating DNS clients, with intermediate resolvers and their caches being included in the security perimeter. The signature which was applied reveals if the data were actually generated by a source entitled to do so. At the same time, securing data integrity protects against DNS data that was manipulated on the way. However, DNSSEC does not warrant the correctness of the initially stored data. Neither will it protect against domain hijacking or manipulations during the registration process.
DNSSEC verifies DNS replies by means of cryptographically secured signatures. These signatures are computed from the DNS data to be protected and are transferred to the client together with the data. Response verification is executed in the client or in the upstream resolver by means of a check against the public keys valid for the respective zone. These keys, in turn, are easily stored in and retrieved from the DNS. This procedure itself is secured by DNSSEC and is thus not subject to the aforementioned security threats; only the key required to start the chain of trust (i.e. the key of the root zone) is permanently stored in the client or its configuration data.
DNSSEC is one component to make operation of the DNS â a crucial aspect of the Internet â more secure by protecting the DNS against data manipulation and spoofing.
As the central registry, DENIC administers the now more than 14 million domains under the Top Level Domain .de and thus provides a crucial resource for users of the Internet. It sees its role as that of a competent, impartial provider of services for all domain holders and Internet users. With more than 120 employees, DENIC creates the foundation through its work for German Internet pages and e-mail addresses to be accessible throughout the world. The about 270 members of the Cooperative are IT or telecommunications businesses based in Germany and elsewhere. Working in cooperation with them and other partners, DENIC is committed to guarantee the secure operation of the Internet and its further worldwide development as a not-for-profit organization.
It operates the automatic electronic registration system for its members, runs the domain database for the Top Level Domain .de and the German ENUM domain (.9.4.e164.arpa), manages the name server services for the .de zone at currently 16 locations distributed throughout the world, and renders a considerable contribution to the further organizational and technical development of the Internet in cooperation with international bodies (e.g. ICANN, CENTR, IETF).
This DENIC news release was sourced from:
To register your .DE domain name, check out Europe Registry here.
Not much has changed from previous years, but the latest DENIC statistics on where .DE domain name registrants are shows that Osnabrück has the highest concentration of domain names with 591 domain names per 1,000 people followed by Munich (432) and Bonn (393).Among districts, Amberg Sulzbach tops the list with 715 registrations per 1000 people, followed by Freising leads (399) and Starnberg (357), all making a great leap forward again. And among the Bundesländern (states), the city-state of Hamburg leads with with 286 domains per 1000 followed by Berlin (229) with Bavaria third with 193.Registrations of .DE domain names continue to grow at a healthy rate, with an overall growth of 6.4 per cent in 2009-10, slightly down from the 7.1 per cent growth in 2008-09. In total numbers, registrations were 775,000 and 770,000 respectively.The vast majority of registrations are by German individuals and businesses with over 800,000 registrations out of the then total 12.81 million registrations. Today there are 14.36 million active .DE domain names.Within Germany, the number of registrations mean that one in every six residents has a domain name according to the report, should domain names be evenly distributed. This compares to .NL with approximately one in every four residents with a domain name.While the physical barriers between East and West Germany came down over 20 years ago, there are still distinct differences. The former divided city of Berlin unsurprisingly is the city with the most registrations of those that fall within the former boundaries of East Germany, followed by Leipzig and Potsdam with 243 and 203 domains per thousand inhabitants respectively.Domain strongholds remain the former West German metropolitan areas with the metropolitan areas of Munich and Hamburg as well as the river Rhine, the region around Hannover and the Rhine-Main region.But growth is high in the former East German cities, including Berlin, who account for the ten fastest growing areas within the whole of Germany.Among foreign registrants, more than 100,000 belong to Swiss registrants, followed by the United Kingdom, USA and surprisingly in fourth place, the United Arab Emirates.More information is available in the DENIC news release, in German only, available here.To register your .DE domain name, check out Europe Registry here.
Registrations of .CN (China) domain names have plummeted to 3,379,441 active domain names as of 28 February, a decline of over ten million registrations in 14 months, according to statistics published by the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in the past week.The total number of registered domain names has declined from a peak of 13,459,133 as of 31 December 2009 when .CN was the number one country code Top Level Domain (CNNIC publishes registration statistics dated the end of each month).The decline has meant .CN, which was easily the number one ccTLD at its peak is now at best fifth and probably sixth in terms of total registrations.The dramatic reductions are the result of the end of promotions that lasted for much of 2008 and 2009 where domain names could be registered for a few cents and the introduction of restrictions on registrants.The restrictions on registrants were monitored by 600 temporary workers that were hired in February 2011 to check all .CN domain names for pornographic content and inaccurate records according to an IDG report at the time.In terms of total registrations, Germany’s ccTLD (.DE) is still the number one registry with 14,304,857 registrations after it regained the position from .CN. Following is:
- .UK (United Kingdom) with 9,194,231 registrations
- .NL (Netherlands) with 4,370,120 registrations
- .EU (European Union) with 3,383,275 registrations.
Russia’s ccTLD, .RU, is steadily increasing and has 3,250,627 active registrations meaning given the trends has probably overtaken .CN.All registrations are as of 2 April.Among the gTLDs, .COM remains number one with around 92 million registrations and .NET with around 13 million as of the end of December 2010, according to VeriSign’s Domain Name Industry Brief. There are approximately nine million .ORG domain names (March 2011) and 6.5 million .INFO domains (September 2010).