It took close to two months for .CO to reach the significant half million active registrations when it became available for general registration following its relaunch in July of this year, but it only took eight days for the Russian Cyrillic domain .РФ (.RF – Russian Federation or Российская Федерация in Cyrillic) to pass the same mark.While registrations have predictably eased off the Russian Cyrillic domain is still growing by at least several thousand per day and now stands at over 556,000 registrations.The huge interest in .РФ domains has surprised everyone including Andrey Kolesnikov, the director of the Coordination Center for TLD RU. Kolesnikov believed there could be 100,000 .РФ by the end of 2010.There are a few restrictions on registering .РФ domains for the first 12 months including that registrants must be a Russian citizen or business and the changing of the domain administrator in the first 12 months is not allowed. There is also a list of obscenities that are not allowed to be registered, a list only accredited registrars have access to.”We have compiled this stop-list in order to prevent the first registered word after the launch of the open registration period to be some ‘f@&*.рф,'” said Kolesnikov.There are many benefits in having domain names in Cyrillic. “It’s great that it will be possible now not to invent the way how to represent in Latin script many unique Russian letters: Щ, Ц, and my favorite letter Ё. Incidentally, I usually use Ё in writing and don’t replace it with Е. Letter Ё is what we missed over the years of English-speaking Internet’s reign and now it is going to revive. All patriots should register domain names with letter Ё,” Kolesnikov joked.There are no limitations on the number of domain names registered on a given individual.”I don’t think the launch of ccTLD .РФ will lead to an upsurge of cybersquatting – to this end we have banned the change of the domain administrator during one year. Basically, there is the professional domain business engaged in registering and subsequent reselling “nice” domain names. Cybersquatting means raiding of somebody’s name for the sake of blackmail and extortion. The rightholders will deal with such cases by themselves. There is a great deal of precedents in ccTLD .RU in this regard.”Andrey Kolesnikov clarified to the journalists that the registry does not set neither fixed, nor recommended prices for domain names, and this matter has been left to registrars to decide.”I don’t think that pricing in zone .РФ will differ significantly from the one in zone .RU, which at present accounts for about 500-600 Rb.”To register your .РФ domain name, check out Europe Registry here.
More than 200,000 .РФ domain names were registered on day one of open registration for the Russian national Cyrillic domain. Open registration commenced on 11 November with any Russian citizen now entitled to register a .РФ domain.For the first year of the general availability period (open registration) certain restrictions apply including a restriction on registration by the foreign citizens and organisations.However as is often the case, registrars are offering registrants from abroad the opportunity to provide contact details. One such registrar is the Russian registrar REG.RU.According to the Terms and Conditions of domain names registration under domain .РФ, for the first year of the general availability period registrations are only allowed for Russian Federation citizens, legal entities registered under the Russian Federation law and foreign legal entities that have a subsidiary accredited in Russia.’Undoubtedly, a lot of foreign companies will encounter the problem of domain registration in the .РФ zone. Our goal is to help them avoid all the obstacles and in the end bring their products and services to the Russian customers’, said Alexey Korolyuk, member of Cyrillic ccTLD Implementation working group and chief executive of REG.RU.At the time of open registration going live, Russian government departments and businesses had registered more than 18,000 domains during the sunrise period, the majority by trademark holders.As many as 100,000 .РФ domains are expected to be registered by the of 2010, the director of the Coordination Centre for TLD .RU, Andrei Kolesnikov, told the ITAR-TASS newsagency..РФ was well supported at a government level with both President Dimitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin both enthusiastic supporters. So it was no surprise that the IDN would be warmly welcomed by Russian people and businesses.”Cyrillic domain names will be widely used within Russia within five years, especially within emails, and during this time Russian internet users will become used to Cyrillic domains,” Alexey Lesnikov, Director General of RU-CENTER, another leading .РФ registrar, told DomainPulse during the Brussels ICANN meeting.
Internationalised Domain Names that enable internet users whose language is a non-Latin-based script, which in effect are all non-English languages, are becoming more common. ICANN, who has been gradually approving more IDNs through ICANN’s IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process has now approved IDNs in Arabic, Cyrillic and Chinese.
Their introduction has been warmly welcomed by ICANN’s CEO and President Rod Beckstrom who spoke enthusiastically about this at the ICANN meeting in Brussels last week, while also noting that the support for IDNs at events he has attended in Egypt and Russia had been fantastic.
To date ICANN has received 31 Fast Track requests for IDNs representing 19 languages. One of the first to be approved was the Cyrillic domain .Ð Ð¤ for the Russian Federation.
.Ð Ð¤ was well supported at a government level with both President Dimitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin both enthusiastic supporters. So it was no surprise that the IDN would be warmly welcomed by Russian people and businesses.
Currently the sunrise period for .Ð Ð¤ is underway with over 14,000 domain names registered by Russian businesses. It is expected that there will be over 50,000 domain names registered by the end of the sunrise period in mid-September.
Currently around ten per cent of Russian trademark holders have registered their domain to date. This uptake has been pleasantly surprising with Alexey Lesnikov, Director General of RU-CENTER, the leading .Ð Ð¤ registrar, telling DomainPulse during the Brussels ICANN meeting this has been in part due to the community consultation that included building awareness with registrars, internet users, government and other interested parties.
To boost this awareness RU-CENTER is also running seminars to inform trademark holders of IDNs through a public relations campaign that includes a series of seminars in Moscow and the regions.
“Cyrillic domain names will be widely used within Russia within five years, especially within emails, and during this time Russian internet users will become used to Cyrillic domains,” Lesnikov said during the Brussels ICANN meeting.
Prior to applying for the Cyrillic domain, RU-CENTER conducted opinion polling and of more than 10,000 internet users who participated, about 60 per cent said “yes” to the idea of a Cyrillic domain.
One of the goals of the introduction of IDNs, according to Lesnikov, is to broaden the appeal of domain names and encourage internet use. Indeed, one of the most pleasing things, and a guide to how successful the Cyrillic domain would be, was that his grandmother was impressed with the idea. Breaking down language barriers for Russian users is important as internet users not familiar with Latin characters found it difficult to understand domain names.
Among internet users familiar with Cyrillic languages, it is anticipated that the greater familiarity with the language will lead to lower levels of cybercrime such as phishing as the users will be more aware of the web addresses they are going to.
.Ð Ð¤ domain names will be available to the general public from Russia and anyone else throughout the world who wishes to register one from late 2010 for around US$20. However the sunrise and then landrush sunrise periods see those wanting to ensure they snare their preferred domain name paying a premium.
The first part of Sunrise – 25 November – 11 May – Russian-language trademark owners can register .Ð Ð¤. Second part of Sunrise – 12 May – 14 July – Any trademark owners can register .Ð Ð¤. The third period of Sunrise – 15 July – 15 September – Owners of names of goods’ and services’ origin, Mass-media, non-profit organisations and companies, which names are not officially registered as trademarks. Cost per registration during all parts of Sunrise is $40. Price during Landrush (starts from 16 September) is now being discussed.
Alexey said that at first there were a discussion that prices for Landrush should start from $300,000 but now the costs proposed are much lower. More information about Sunrise is available here: za-rf.ru/node/103. For those trademark holders taking part in the first part of the sunrise, it was costing 1,200 roubles (approximately $40), From of July for those eligible to apply for domains during the second part of the sunrise period, including organisations involved in mass media and not-for-profit organisations as well as company names not officially registered as trademarks in the Russian territory. The sunrise period officially ends on 16 September.
On other current topical domain name issues, IPv4 and IPv6 along with DNSSEC, Lesnikov said these are not overly important but both will be introduced in the medium term over coming years.
For more information on .Ð Ð¤, check out the RU-CENTER website at za-rf.ru/en.
As of Tuesday 25 May there were 476 .РФ domain names registered, Yulia Ovchinnikova of Russia’s Coordination Center for the National Internet Domain said in a report on RIA Novosti. .РФ is the Cyrillic Top Level Domain for Russia.Websites for the Russian president and government were the first to go public following the launch of the new TLD on 13 May.As of 25 May, domain names registered during the .РФ sunrise period were able to go into use.A second sunrise registration period commenced on 12 May with owners of trademarks that do not use Cyrillic scripts were able to be registered.From 15 July, .РФ domain registrations under the sunrise procedure will be available for the exclusive owners of trade names, owners of geographical indications of goods origin, mass media and non-profit organisations.Public registration of .РФ domains is scheduled for 1 October, 2010.
Following on from last week’s report on the introduction of internationalised domain names (IDNs) in Arabic languages, Russia has introduced the first Cyrillic country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) IDN.The announcement of the launch of the Cyrillic IDN occurred at an Internet Governance Forum meeting last week in Moscow when Rod Beckstrom, ICANN’s CEO and President, handed over the administration certificate.The new IDN ccTLD is “РФ” and means that Russians and other users of Cyrillic languages will now have complete domain names available to them in their own language. The introduction of . РФ was lobbied for by both President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, both self-confessed keen internet users.”I have just checked, the website президент.рф is up and running. The Cyrillic website of the government downloads too. The websites of other state departments will have Cyrillic domains ready this month. Commercial companies will be able to use Cyrillic domain names a bit later. Russia has become the first country in the world which obtained the national domain of the top level,” Medvedev told the Russian newspaper Pravda.The first two .РФ domains launched were for the websites of the Russian president and government. Domain names using the .РФ ccTLD will be available for registration by eligible registrants as of October 1.The introduction of IDNs was also the subject of three short essays from prominent writers in India and China and an assistant professor of Arabic literature at New York University. What the introduction of IDNs means to Hindu, Chinese and Arabic internet users is discussed. While all three welcome their introduction, two of the three say the claimed benefit of IDNs is overstated while the Chinese writer suggests that for Chinese internet users, domain names in Chinese will give more meaning and depth. The three short essays are available from www.nytimes.com/2010/05/16/opinion/16domain.html.This article was originally written for eBrand Services.
The Russian government is supporting the introduction of a Cyrillic internationalised Top Level Domain, but the Russian public does not seem so keen to follow, reports The New York Times.The Times says “computer users are worried that Cyrillic domains will give rise to a hermetic Russian Web, a sort of cyberghetto, and that the push for Cyrillic amounts to a plot by the security services to restrict access to the Internet. Russian companies are also resisting Cyrillic Web addresses, complaining about costs and threats to online security.”One person quoted on the introduction of IDNs says “This is one more step toward isolation” with concerns about the ability of the Russian government to introduce more censorship.And a representative from Yandex, Russia’s leading search engine, says he does not see Cyrillic domains being popular. He believes that few than ten per cent of registrants would favour Cyrillic domains.To read this New York Times report in full, see:
The introduction of internationalised domain names is being supported by Russian president Dmitry Medvedev who, in a briefing from the Minister of Telecommunications and Mass Communications Igor Shchegolev, reproduced on the ISRIA website and translated into English, says that Russia will be submitting an application for the .рф TLD on 16 November when ICANN calls for applications. Medvedev says registration of internationalised domain names will commence at the end of November.In the briefing, Medvedev agrees with the proposition that government agencies and trademark holders will have first choice of .рф domain names “so that we do not end up later having to buy kremlin.рф or something of the sort from people with no connection to the Kremlin.”Medvedev also appears to be learning about the benefits of Cyrillic domain names with the interviewer suggesting .рф Cyrillic domain names be used to “to set up a government e-mail system in the .рф zone for communication between the state bodies and citizens. This will make it possible to speed up provision of a whole range of electronic services in areas where an electronic signature is not an absolutely imperative thing.”Medvedev asks if “the introduction of Cyrillic domain names and the spread of the .рф domain will help speed up the electronic government’s development?” When told this is the case he says “Well, that’s a good thing.”To read the briefing in full, check out the ISRIA website at:
Dmitry Medvedev the President of Russia has stated “We must do everything we can to make sure that we achieve in the future a Cyrillic Internet domain name,” Mr Medvedev told the International Congress of Russian Press in Moscow. “It is a pretty serious thing.Â With the development of the IDN’s the Cyrillic Internet domain name will be explored by ICANN.
ICANN, the body which oversees internet addresses, is currently trialling a system which would allow domain names to be written in 15 languages – including Russian, Chinese, Arabic and Japanese – but has given no guidance on when it will be implemented.
Russian is the sixth most widely spoken language in the world after Mandarin, English, Hindi/Urdu, Arabic and Spanish. According to the Dictionary of Languages, there are an estimated 175 million people who speak it, mainly in Russia, Ukraine, Belarus, Estonia, and other former Soviet states.
To read the article further : http://technology.timesonline.co.uk/tol/news/tech_and_web/article4119960.ece