Tag Archives: country code Top Level Domains

For an open, secure and stable Internet: DENIC takes a stand on the future of Internet Governance

Denic Logo[news release] The central registry of the German country code Top Level Domain .de, DENIC, has prepared in collaboration with the German government and other German interest groups a position paper with recommendations for action for the future stewardship of the so-called IANA functions.

The U.S. administration announced in March last year its intention to relinquish its exclusive control of core Internet functions exercised by the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA), an organizational unit of the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN), if certain parameters were complied with. ICANN is one of the global self-regulating organizations of the Internet and is chiefly responsible for co-ordinating and awarding key Internet resources.

The U.S. administration’s announcement concerns the supervision of the so-called “IANA functions”, which ICANN exercises on the basis of a contract with the U.S. administration. The IANA functions are basically technical and clerical in nature, like the management of IP addresses, protocol parameter management and administration of the root zone.

ICANN was tasked with elaborating a proposal for the future design of stewardship of the IANA functions. ICANN takes its decisions in so-called multistakeholder processes involving governments, the private sector, the technical community, academia and civil society.

DENIC CEO Dr Jörg SchweigerThe current discussion in two working groups that were established for this particular purpose is focusing on two different aspects: Firstly, the stewardship transition of the technical and clerical IANA functions (IANA Stewardship Transition), and secondly ICANN’s accountability in general (ICANN Accountability), with the aim to ensure that ICANN will continue to perform its tasks in the interest of the global public.

The contract between the U.S. administration and ICANN for the IANA functions expires on 30 September 2015. By that date a solution for a future stewardship model must have been defined. The German Internet Community makes a contribution towards this solution.

Joint position of the German stakeholders

“The redesign of the stewardship of the IANA functions is an opportunity to play an active part in shaping the processes governing the future management of key Internet resources,” emphasizes DENIC-CEO Dr. Jörg Schweiger.

The central guideline here is a clear affirmation of the multistakeholder model with inclusive participation of all the relevant groups (stakeholders) in their specific roles, for developing, deciding and implementing processes and regulations for the global Internet.

The top priority with regard to the IANA transition is “to create a stable, secure and easy solution. By no means must any Internet services be interrupted due to the transition,” says Jörg Schweiger.

The German government – represented by the Federal Ministry for Economic Affairs and Energy – and DENIC support and underpin that rules on country-code Top-Level Domains – in particular including .de – continue to be made solely within the respective country in accordance with relevant national rules and legislation. The established and well integrated TLD policies that have proven successful for years should be maintained unchanged. Rules and regulations by ICANN must be in line with national law or allow for special provisions in exceptional cases.

This DENIC news release was sourced from:

.KY Domains Available For All In September 2015

Cayman Islands KY logo.KY domain names will be available to all as of 2 September 2015, but the regulatory body is introducing a registration fee for the first time.

The Cayman Islands Information and Communications Technology Authority has announced changes to its terms and conditions. Currently only individuals and entities located on the Cayman Islands are allowed to register .ky domains and they are free. But this costs the ICTA around $120,000 per year according to media reports.

The changes will mean anyone anywhere will be able to register .ky domains, but for an annual fee of $39.98 through the new provider of registry services, Uniregistry.

Registrants who had a .ky domain as of 2 March 2015 will have to re-apply before 2 September to renew that domain’s registration otherwise the domain will lapse and be available to all.

And there are restrictions though on how one uses their .ky domains. You will not be able to promote pornographic material, alcohol, gambling or spam.

“The .KY domain has been around longer than the ICTA, and up until now has been available free of charge to anyone who wanted to own a .KY domain name,” explained  ICTA Managing Director Alee Fa’amoe.

“The purpose of introducing the fee at this time is to give the domain some structure which will allow us to manage it better in partnership with Uniregistry. In addition, we think it will provide more accountability to the domain owners, and encourage them to actually utilise their .KY domain. We currently have approximately 10,000 domain name owners who would have to re-register and we hope that they will do so but we also look forward to welcoming new registrants before the September deadline.”

The move to better regulate the .KY domain and market internationally was welcomed by the Director of e-Government, Ian Tibbetts, who is tasked with overseeing the government’s transition to online services for many of its current customer interactions.

“I am pleased with the ICTA’s move to open the .KY domain as I believe it will strengthen the Cayman Islands’ position in the global market place, and is closely aligned with the Government’s determination to move forward with E-Government and work to enhance the perception and competitiveness of the jurisdiction,” said Tibbetts.

The ICTA is launching a public awareness campaign to educate the community about domains, specifically the importance and benefits of owning a dot KY domain. A Facebook page – www.facebook.com/ICTACayman – has been created and the public can also log on to www.icta.ky for more information or to search available domain names.

SWITCH Gets .CH Registry Contract Extension To 2017

SWITCH logoOn 20 March 2015, the SWITCH foundation and the Federal Office of Communications (OFCOM) signed an extension of the existing registry contract to 30 June 2017. But a public tender will be called in 2016 for the operation of the registry from July 2017 onwards.

The contract extension means that SWITCH will retain responsibility for the administration of .ch domain names and support for customers in transferring their .ch domain names to the registrars.

Commenting on the contract extension, the SWITCH foundation said as it has more than 27 years’ experience in operating the registry it offers the best possible protection for the Swiss internet thanks to its dedicated team of security experts. SWITCH is therefore confident that it will continue to be the best choice to operate this critical infrastructure for Switzerland going forward.

There has also been a significant policy change that came into effect on 1 January 2015 that saw the registry stopping selling .ch domain names directly to registrants, and since then it has been handing over the related client support to registrars. At present, some 500,000 .ch domain names are still registered directly with SWITCH by 270,000 clients. SWITCH will in future focus on operating the .ch domain name directory and on ensuring that the Swiss internet remains secure and stable.

Global Domain Growth Slows To Almost Half Of Two Years Ago: Verisign

The number of domain names around the world continues to grow, but the growth continues to slow even as new gTLDs add over 4.5 million registrations in the last 12 months.Four million domain names were added to the internet in the fourth quarter of 2014, bringing the total number of registered domain names to 288 million worldwide across all top-level domains as of 31 December, 2014, according to the latest Domain Name Industry Brief.The increase of four million domain names globally equates to a growth rate of 1.3 percent over the third quarter of 2014. Worldwide registrations have grown by 16.9 million, or 6.2 percent, year over year.This compares to an increase of five million domains in the fourth quarter of 2013 and 6.1 million in the fourth quarter of 2012, equating to growth rates of 1.9 and 2.5 percent respectively over the previous quarters. On a yearly basis worldwide registrations grew by 18.5 million, or 7.3 percent, in 2013 and 26.6 million, or 11.8 percent in 2012, year over year.The .com and .net TLDs experienced aggregate growth in the fourth quarter of 2014, reaching a combined total of approximately 130.6 million domain names in the domain name base for .com and .net. This represents a 2.7 percent increase year over year. As of 31 December the base of registered names in .com equalled 115.6 million names, while .net equalled 15.0 million names.New .com and .net registrations totalled 8.2 million during the fourth quarter of 2014. In the fourth quarter of 2013, new .com and .net registrations totalled 8.2 million, and 8.0 and 7.9 million in the corresponding quarters in 2012 and 2011.Total ccTLD registrations were 134.0 million domain names, a 1.5 percent increase quarter over quarter, and an 8.7 percent increase year over year. The corresponding figures for two years ago were a 4.2 percent increase quarter over quarter, and a 13.2 percent increase year over year in the base.The order of the top TLDs in terms of zone size changed slightly when compared to the third quarter, as .nl (Netherlands) moved up a ranking from the tenth-largest TLD to the ninth-largest TLD, resulting in .info moving down one ranking to the tenth-largest TLD.Among the 10 largest ccTLDs, .tk (Tokelau) grew the fastest, with 4.0 percent overall quarter-over-quarter growth. At the end of December there were 285 global ccTLD extensions delegated in the root (including Internationalised Domain Names), with the top 10 ccTLDs composing 67.2 percent of all ccTLD registrations.At the end of the fourth quarter of 2014, 478 new gTLDs were delegated into the root; 65 of which were delegated during the fourth quarter of 2014. New gTLD registrations totalled 3.6 million, or 2.3 percent of total gTLD registrations.During the fourth quarter of 2014, Verisign’s average daily Domain Name System (DNS) query load was 110 billion across all TLDs operated by Verisign, with a peak of 146 billion. Compared to the previous quarter, the daily average decreased 3.7 percent and the peak decreased 54.0 percent. Year over year, the daily average query load increased 33.5 percent and the peak query load increased 47.1 percent. Two years ago the query load was 77 billion across all TLDs operated by Verisign with a peak of 123 billion.The report also includes a short article on understanding the implications of the DNS control plane and the full benefits of DNS Security Extensions (DNSSEC) can help to minimise your attack surface and enhance your security posture.An archive of Verisign Domain Name Industry Briefs is available from:

European Domain Centre Commemorates 30th Anniversary of First Domain With Infographic of Year Each TLD Added

In one week’s time on 15 March it will be the 30th anniversary of the first domain name registered – symbolics.com. Back in 1985 were eight top level domains to choose from – .com, .org, .net, .edu .gov, .uk, us and il.To commemorate the upcoming anniversary, the European Domain Centre has published an infographic showing the year in which each of the now 800+ TLDs were introduced.By 1997 most ccTLDs had been delegated with only a handful being each year, if any, added until 2014, when the first of the new gTLDs were delegated.

Map of all domain endings since 1985 from .com to .whatever

The infographic is available at blog.europeandomaincentre.com/infographic-know-domain-endings-com-whatever/ but if you are on a PC then check out blog.europeandomaincentre.com/do-you-know-all-domain-endings/ for the interactive version (make sure to watch it with sound).

SWITCH No Longer Registrar For .CH Domains

SWITCH logo[news release] The SWITCH Foundation stopped selling .ch domain names on 1st January 2015 and is successively handing over client support to its business partners, the registrars. SWITCH will be asking its clients to gradually transfer their .ch domain names. The basis for this change is the new Ordinance on Internet Domains (OID). SWITCH will in future focus on operating the .ch domain name directory and on ensuring that the Swiss Internet remains secure and stable.

Three months before expiry of the subscription period, the clients of .ch domain names are prompted by letter to transfer their domain names to a registrar of their choosing. SWITCH publishes a list of the transfer registrars on the website www.nic.ch.

The first clients will be prompted to transfer by mid-January
By mid-January 2015, SWITCH will be sending out the first letters to clients whose domain name subscription expires at the end of April 2015. Letters addressed to clients with domain names expiring at the end of May 2015 will be sent by mid-February 2015. This procedure is repeated in the subsequent months. The final letters should be sent out to clients in mid-December 2015 for domain names expiring at the end of March 2016. Holders of .ch domain names do not have to take any action until prompted by SWITCH in writing to carry out the transfer.

For a secure and stable Swiss Internet
Operation of the DNS (Domain Name System) infrastructure for .ch, allows SWITCH to provide not only a stable and reliable Swiss Internet, but makes it accessible globally and protects it from attack. Protection of the DNS in the new Ordinance on Internet Domains (OID) is thus anchored. SWITCH’s renowned Computer Emergency Response Team (CERT) has been fighting successfully since 2010 against malware (malicious software) on Swiss websites. The top-level domain .ch therefore belongs to the most secure in the world. Since .ch registry is a critical infrastructure for Switzerland, it must meet particularly high security standards. Thanks to its long-standing experience and proven contractual performance, SWITCH guarantees robust design and a stable operation of this critical infrastructure.

For additional information please consult https://www.nic.ch

Our FAQs on transferring domain names provide answers to the important questions about transferring .ch domain names.


This SWITCH news release was sourced from:

Are Existing gTLD Registrations Suffering From New gTLDs?

Could .net be one of a number of gTLDs suffering from the success of new gTLDs? As of 30 June 2014, Verisign noted in their Domain Name Industry Brief there were 15.2 million .net domains under management (DUM). But according to the latest figures provided by RegistrarStats, there are now 14,998,404 DUMs.Domain Incite were the first to report on .net DUMs seeming to be suffering. But looking at other gTLDs it seems it is not the only one to see a decline in registration numbers over the past 12 months or so. The .biz, .pro, .tel and .mobi gTLDs, as well as the ccTLD for the United States (.us), all appear to have all suffered declines in registration numbers over the last 12 months. The .biz, .tel and .mobi TLDs seem to have been particularly hard hit. The .org gTLD seems to have plateaued its DUMs and not seen any significant increase for close to two years.While some of the older gTLDs have been haemorrhaging DUMs for some time. For example, .info has also seen a significant decline in DUMs from a peak of over 8 million around December 2011 to around 4.8 million now. And .name DUMs peaked around 2009 and have been in freefall ever since.But it seems the decline in registrations for .net, .biz, .us and .mobi, and maybe others, has coincided with the release of new gTLDs.

Sedo Announces Their Top Sales For 2014, With MM.COM, Selling for $1.2m, Coming Tops

Sedo logoSedo, who accounts for more domain name sales than any other marketplace, has announced their top sales for 2014. Leading the list is mm.com, sold for $1.2 million, easily eclipsing true.com which sold for $350,000. Following were malls.com, which sold for $320,000, and flashcards.com ($250,000), being the only domains selling for above the quarter million dollar mark.

The top selling ccTLD domain sold through Sedo came in seventh on the overall list. The domain was kaffee.de, selling for €100,000 (“coffee” in German), followed by chat.fr at €99.999 (“cat” in French) and then musik.de at €99.999 (“music” in German) coming in equal eighth.

More than 300 new TLDs have been launched in the market in 2014 and currently there are more than 3.5 million new domains registered. The trading among new gTLD domains is already in full swing and the development of sales at Sedo’s marketplace the company notes has been positive. It is still too early to draw any conclusions about the success of the new extensions but Sedo notes the initial sales they’ve seen are good indicators for future price developments industry-wide. In 2014, the highest sale of a new gTLD name was a confidential sale for $100,000. The highest public sales through Sedo were baltic.cruises, which sold for $25,000 followed by eat.club ($20,000) and english.club ($17,500).

There is also a list of the top ten internationalised domain name (IDN) new gTLDs sales with the top three being:

  1. 游戏.在线 – $25,388 (games.online)
  2. 赌场.在线 – $25,000 (casino.online)
  3. 房地产.在线 – $16,000 (realestate.online).

Sedo also listed the ten longest domain names in English. The three longest were:

  1. abcdefghijklmnopqrstuvwxyz1234567890.com
  2. reverseosmosiswaterfiltrationsystem.com
  3. northvancouverislamicassociation.com.

The full announcement, with more sales through Sedo, is available at:

Registrations Of .EU Domains Continue To Grow Healthily

EURid logoThe total number of .eu registrations grew by 4.7 percent in the third quarter of 2014 compared with the same quarter last year, according to the progress report released last week by the .eu registry EURid.

The increase for the quarter was 50,132 domain names under management, a net increase of 1.3 percent to 3.88 million. This made .eu the eleventh largest TLD in the world. The largest was .com with 114.576 million registrations followed by .tk (Tokelau) with 26.785m, .de (Germany – 15.794m), .net (15.083m), .cn (China – 1–.907m), .uk (United Kingdom) – 10.514), .org (10.399), .info (5.591m), .nl (Netherlands – 5.506m), .ru (Russian Federation – 4.895m) while .br (Brazil – 3.493m) followed.

“As the new gTLDs continue jostle for position in the changing TLD landscape, our healthy growth rate has further underlined that .eu has a firm foothold in the domain name market,” commented EURid General Manager Marc Van Wesemael.

Indeed, .eu registrations increased in 24 of the 28 EU member states. Malta, Greece and Luxembourg each saw growth of more than 5 percent.

The countries in the top ten list account for 87.6 percent of all .eu registrations. German residents have by far the most .eu domain name registrations, followed by residents of the Netherlands and France.

Residents in the European Economic Area (EEA) countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway became eligible to register .eu domain names on 8 January 2014. At the end of the third quarter registrants in Norway had registered 5,685 names, in Iceland 177 and Liechtenstein 78.

The survey also found the Netherlands has the highest density of domains registered of any European country, with 328.2 .nl domains registered per 1,000 people. Denmark was next with 226.2 .dk domains per 1,000 people followed by Germany with 196.1, the United Kingdom with 164.5, Iceland with 154.4 .is domains per 1,000 and Luxembourg with 154.0 .lu domains per 1,000.

The countries with the highest densities of .eu domains were Malta with 35.7 per thousand followed by the Netherlands with 30.2 and Luxembourg with 28.7.

The third quarter also saw EURid launch its new registration system. EURid implemented the new system to increase performance and to better meet RFC standards and so provide an improved service to the .eu registrar community and consequently to .eu domain name holders.

The full report is available for download at link.eurid.eu/reports.

Norid Survey Finds Customer Satisfaction For .NO Registrars And Registrants Higher

Norid dotNO logoNorid has found its registrars and registrants are more satisfied with its services offered than in the previous one in 2011.

The survey was conducted by Sentio in November 2014 and its findings published by the .no registry are below.


Satisfied with the services

The registrars are satisfied with the services delivered by Norid. Since 2011 we have removed paper based routines in the domain registration process. Nine out of ten registrars state that they are satisfied with the application processing times, against eight out of ten in 2011.

The quality of the DNS service and the quality of the registry system also received good results.

There has been a positive development in regard to how we solve our tasks. There is now 88 percent that are satisfied with the way we solve our tasks, against 72 percent in 2008.

Information viewed as good

The registrars view the information from Norid as good. More than nine out of ten think that they receive the information they need to guide and inform their customers.

Through the years the registrars have become more and more satisfied with the information from Norid, something that we regard as very positive.

Contact- and information channels

Norid’s webpages, the password protected part of the registrar web and the customer service are considered to be the most important contact- and information channels.

The webpages are considered to be the most important channel. Six out of ten registrars are satisfied with this channel, against barely half of the registrars in 2011.

The registrars considers all the services on the registrar web as useful. The most useful are considered to be information about domains in their account and lists of domains that are in danger of removal.

Norid on Facebook and the registrar seminars are considered to be less important, but the registrars still state that they are satisfied with the seminars.

Only 4 percent are satisfied with Norid on Facebook, and 81 percent have no opinion about this.

Satisfaction with the customer service has increased some since 2008, especially when it comes to contact by phone. 61 percent are satisfied the email communication they have experienced with the customer service, only 2 percent are dissatisfied. The corresponding numbers for phone calls are 47 percent and 4 percent.

Good knowledge about DNSSEC

Eight out of ten registrars states that they have knowledge about DNSSEC, and more than one in four will offer DNSSEC when possible. Six out of ten does not know whether they will offer DNSSEC. (DNSSEC was launched on 9 December 2014.)

Domain Holders

Processes are easy to understand

Most holders know what a registrar is, and find it easy to find a registrar. They also think that it is easy to find information about how to register a domain name.

Positive impression of Norid

Almost eight out ten holders have heard of Norid. When asked about what impression they have of Norid, two out of three say that they have no particular impression. The ones that have formed an impression are mainly postive.

The .no address is considered to be most important

More than half of the holders have registered domain names under other top level domains besides .no, the majority under .com. When asked which domain they consider to be most important, 85 percent answer that they consider the .no address to be most important.

The holders mostly agree that .no is the most known domain in the Norwegian marked. They consider .no as technically stable, and agree with the statement that internet addresses under .no goes to the page that is expected. The opinions are more diveded when it comes to whether .no is the safest domain for online shopping and whether .no is best suited internationally. Most holders think it is important with a domain that signal a connection to Norway. Very few thinks that the toplevel domain is not at all important for how they perceive a web page.

Web pages are easy to use

More than half of the holders have visited Norid’s web pages, and the majority thinks it is easy to find what they are looking for and to understand the information. The number of satisfied holders has increased from 68 percent in 2011 to 71 percent in 2014.

Still good scores for the customer service

Two out of three holders that have been in contact with the customer service are satisfied. This is about the same result as in 2011. The majority is satisfied with the service. Contact by email has received better scores than contact by phone. 62 percent are satisfied and 5 percent are dissatisfied with communication by email, while the corresponding numbers for phone calls are 33 percent and 10 percent.