Tag Archives: Country Code Names Supporting Organization

Pre-ICANN 54 Policy Update Webinar

ICANN54 Dublin logoThe ICANN Policy Development Support Team will provide a Policy Update Webinar on Thursday, 8 October 2015 at 10:00 UTC and 19:00 UTC, summarizing policy activities across the ICANN policy development community and the ongoing Transition of Stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions and the ICANN Accountability efforts.

Please RSVP via this form by 2 October 2015. Remote participation details will be sent the week of 5 October 2015.

Updates will also be provided on topics from ICANN‘s Support Organizations and Advisory Committees:

  • Address Supporting Organization (ASO) and Regional Internet Registries (RIR) Activities
  • Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO): New generic Top Level Domain subsequent procedures
  • Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO): Data & Metrics for GNSO policy making
  • Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO): Review of Rights Protection Mechanisms in all generic Top Level Domains
  • Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO): Next Generation generic Top Level Domain Registration Directory Services to Replace WHOIS
  • Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO): Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues
  • Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) Activity Update
  • At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) and Regional At-Large Organizations (RALO) Activities
  • At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC): The work of the At-Large Structure (ALS) Criteria and Expectations Taskforce
  • Government Advisory Committee‘s (GAC) High-Level Meeting (HLM) at ICANN 55 in Marrakech
  • Government Advisory Committee‘s (GAC): The Protection of IGO Names and Acronyms
  • Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) Activity Update
  • Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) Activity Update

The two sessions are duplicates, scheduled to accommodate different time zones. Each session runs for 90 minutes and will be conducted in English. The webinar will be conducted in Adobe Connect along with a dial-in conference bridge for audio.

Participants will have the opportunity to ask questions at the end of each session. During the course of the webinar, questions may be submitted using the chat function in Adobe Connect.

Recordings of the webinars will be made available here. The Policy Development Support Team is always available to answer any questions via email at policyinfo@icann.org.

Please RSVP via this form by 2 October 2015.
Remote participation details will be sent the week of 5 October 2015.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2015-09-17-en

Pre-ICANN 52 Policy Update Webinar

The ICANN Policy Development Support Team will provide a Policy Update Webinar on Thursday 29 January 2015 at 10:00 UTC and 19:00 UTC, summarizing policy activities across the ICANN policy development community and the ongoing Transition of Stewardship of the Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) Functions and the ICANN Accountability efforts.

Please RSVP via this form by 23 January 2015.

Remote participation details will be sent the week of 26 January 2015.

Updates will also be provided on topics from ICANN‘s Support Organizations and Advisory Committees:

  • Address Supporting Organization (ASO) and Regional Internet Registries (RIR) Activities
  • Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO) Policy and Implementation Working Group
  • GNSO Privacy & Proxy Services Accreditation Issues Working Group
  • GNSO Translation & Transliteration of Contact Information PDP Working Group
  • Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) Framework of Interpretation Working Group Recommendations
  • At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) and Regional At-Large Organizations (RALO) Activities
  • Government Advisory Committee’s (GAC) Advice on Country Names at the Second Level
  • GAC‘s Implementation of the Second Accountability and Transparency Review Team’s (ATRT2) Recommendations
  • GAC Advice on new gTLD Safeguards
  • Root Server System Advisory Committee (RSSAC) Advisories Update
  • Security and Stability Advisory Committee (SSAC) Advisory on Maintaining the Security and Stability of the IANA Functions Through the Stewardship Transition

The two sessions are duplicates, scheduled to accommodate different time zones. Each session runs for 90 minutes and will be conducted in English only. The webinar will be conducted in Adobe Connect along with a dial-in conference bridge for audio. The slides and transcript of the sessions will be available in the 5 UN Languages and Portuguese.

Participants will have the opportunity to ask questions at the end of each session. During the course of the webinar, questions may be submitted using the chat function in Adobe Connect.

Recordings of the webinars will be made available. The Policy Development Support Team is always available to answer any questions via email at policyinfo@icann.org.

Please RSVP via this form by 23 January 2015.
Remote participation details will be sent the week of 26 January 2015.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2015-01-14-en

 

ICANN: Apply Now for Leadership Positions

ICANN logoICANN‘s Nominating Committee (NomCom) invites interested individuals to submit applications and/or to recommend candidates for ICANN‘s key leadership positions. Applications in 2015 are invited for the following positions:

  • Three members of the ICANN Board of Directors
  • Three At-Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) representatives (one each from the Africa, Asia/Australia/Pacific Islands and Latin America/Caribbean Islands regions)
  • Two members of the Council of the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)
  • One member of the Council of the Country-Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)

Individuals selected by the NomCom will have a unique opportunity to work with accomplished colleagues from around the globe and help shape the Internet’s technical coordination and policy development.

Those selected will also gain valuable insights and experience from working across boundaries of knowledge, responsibility, culture and geography. They will be making a valuable public service contribution towards the functioning and evolution of this essential global resource. Guided by the broad public interest, those selected will work to fulfill ICANN‘s mission to coordinate the global Internet’s systems of unique identifiers, and in particular to ensure its stable and secure operation.

Current NomCom-selected Board members include: Cherine Chalaby, Steve Crocker, Wolfgang Kleinwächter, Asha Hemrajani, Bruno Lanvin, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro and George Sadowsky.

Please submit applications for the positions described above through the on-line application request form at (http://nomcom.icann.org/apply) or by emailing nomcom2015@icann.org.

For more information, please visit the 2015 NomCom website. If you have any questions or comments, please email: nomcom2015@icann.org.

Candidate recommendations are encouraged and can be submitted through an on-line form at http://nomcom.icann.org/suggest.

All applications are confidential and should be received by 15 March 2015 (23:59 UTC) for full consideration. Selections will be announced in August or September 2015. Successful candidates will take up their positions following ICANN‘s Annual Meeting in October 2015.

Fluency in English is a requirement for all positions.

These positions require regular participation in teleconferences and may involve significant international travel, including travel to ICANN‘s three annual Public Meetings. Recent ICANN Public Meetings were held in Singapore, London, and Los Angeles. Meetings during 2015 will be held in Singapore (8 – 12 February 2015), the Latin America/Caribbean Islands region and Dublin.

Reasonable direct expenses incurred in the course of service will be reimbursed.

Each Board Member has the option to receive compensation in accordance with the resolution passed by the Board on 30 July 2014, but is not required to do so. (See https://www.icann.org/resources/board-material/resolutions-2014-07-30-en#2.b.)

Background:

The NomCom is an independent committee tasked with selecting eight members of the Board of Directors and other key positions within ICANN‘s structure.

It is designed to function independently from the ICANN Board, Supporting Organizations, and Advisory Committees. NomCom members act only on behalf of the interests of the global Internet community and within the scope of the ICANN mission and responsibilities assigned to it by the ICANN Bylaws.

NomCom members contribute understanding of the broad interests of the Internet community as a whole, and knowledge and experience of specific Internet constituencies who have appointed them.

The challenge for the NomCom is to integrate these perspectives and derive consensus in its selections. Although appointed by Supporting Organizations and other ICANN bodies, individual NomCom members are not accountable to their appointing bodies.

NomCom members are accountable for adherence to the ICANN Bylaws and for compliance with the rules and procedures established by the NomCom.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
https://www.icann.org/news/announcement-2014-12-08-en

ICANN: Apply Now for ICANN’s Leadership Positions

ICANN logoICANN‘s Nominating Committee (NomCom) invites interested individuals to submit applications and candidate recommendations from the Internet community for key leadership positions to fulfill ICANN‘s technical and policy coordination role. Interested individuals are invited to submit an application to the NomCom for the following positions:

  • Two members of the Board of Directors of ICANN
  • Two At Large Advisory Committee (ALAC) representatives (one each from the Europe, and North America regions)
  • One member of the Council of the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO)
  • One member of the Council of the Country-Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO)

The NomCom is an independent committee tasked with selecting eight members of the Board of Directors and other key positions within ICANN‘s structure. ICANN is a not-for-profit, public benefit corporation dedicated to: preserving the operational security and stability of the Internet; promoting competition; achieving broad representation of global Internet communities; and supporting the development of policies appropriate to its mission through bottom-up, consensus-based processes.

Individuals selected by the NomCom will have a unique opportunity to work with accomplished colleagues from around the globe, address the Internet’s intriguing technical coordination problems and policy development challenges with diverse functional, cultural, and geographic dimensions, and gain valuable insights and experience from working across boundaries of knowledge, responsibility and perspective.

Those selected will gain the satisfaction of making a valuable public service contribution towards the continued function and evolution of an essential global resource. Considering the broad public interest, those selected will work to achieve the goals towards which ICANN is dedicated in order to facilitate the Internet’s critically important societal functions.

Current Board members who have been selected by the NomCom include: Cherine Chalaby, Steve Crocker, Wolfgang Kleinwächter, Bruno Lanvin, Olga Madruga-Forti, Erika Mann, Gonzalo Navarro and George Sadowsky.

Applications for the positions described above can be submitted through an on-line application form at (http://nomcom.icann.org/apply) or by contacting nomcom2014@icann.org.

More information regarding the NomCom can be found at http://nomcom.icann.org. Applications will be considered in confidence and should be received by 1 April 2014 for full consideration. Selections are scheduled to be announced in August 2014. Successful candidates will take up their positions following ICANN‘s Annual Meeting in October 2014.

Candidate recommendations are encouraged and can be submitted through an online form at http://nomcom.icann.org/suggest, and questions or comments may also be submitted to nomcom2014@icann.org.

Fluency in English is a requirement for all positions. These positions may involve significant international travel, including personal presence at periodic ICANN Public Meetings, as well as regular telephone and Internet communications. Reasonable direct expenses incurred in the course of service will be reimbursed. Each Board Member may also choose to receive compensation in accordance with the resolution passed by the Board on 8 December 2011, but is not required to do so. (See http://www.icann.org/en/minutes/resolutions-08dec11-en.htm#3.)

Background

The NomCom is designed to function independently from the ICANN Board, Supporting Organizations, and Advisory Committees. NomCom members act only on behalf of the interests of the global Internet community and within the scope of the ICANN mission and responsibilities assigned to it by the ICANN Bylaws.

NomCom members contribute understanding of the broad interests of the Internet community as a whole, and knowledge and experience of specific Internet constituencies who have appointed them.

The challenge for the NomCom is to integrate these perspectives and derive consensus in its selections. Although appointed by Supporting Organizations and other ICANN bodies, individual NomCom members are not accountable to their appointing bodies.

NomCom members are accountable for adherence to the ICANN Bylaws and for compliance with the rules and procedures established by the NomCom.

Recent ICANN Public Meetings have been held in Beijing, China, Durban, South Africa and Buenos Aires, Argentina. Meetings during 2014 are scheduled for Singapore, Singapore, London, England and Los Angeles, California, USA.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/news/announcements/announcement-31jan14-en.htm

ICANN: Launch of the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process

ICANN logoOn 27 June 2013 the ICANN Board approved an amendment to the Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) ccTLD Fast Track Process Final Implementation Plan (FIP). The amendment implements a two-panel process for string similarity review in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process, and was proposed following the conclusion of the IDN Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) Policy Development Process (PDP) as well as a request from the ccNSO to implement the string similarity review process as recommended in the PDP within the Fast Track Process. The ccNSO work has taken into account the experiences and reviews of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process as well as the Governmental Advisory Committee’s advice on the matter. Following extensive public consultations, the ccNSO Council adopted in April 2013 [PDF, 118 KB] the Final Report on the IDN ccNSO PDP [PDF, 376 KB]. In time, the proposed policy is expected to replace the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process.

The ICANN Board also resolved on 27 June 2013 that all pending and future IDN ccTLD Fast Track requesters whose strings are considered not valid per the string similarity assessment of the DNS Stability Evaluation, will have the option to request a second and final evaluation by the new Extended Process Similarity Review Panel (EPSRP).

Today, ICANN is pleased to announce the appointment of the members of the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel as follows:

Dr. Max Coltheart (chair), Emeritus Professor
Department of Cognitive Science, Macquarie University
Australia

Dr. Jonathan Grainger, Directeur de recherches au CNRS
Aix-Marseille Université
France

Dr. Kevin Larson
United States

With this announcement, ICANN is providing notice of publication of the updated Final Implementation Plan for the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process [PDF, 879 KB] that includes the changes required for the implementation of the two-panel string similarity review process, as approved by the ICANN Board on 27 June 2013.

ICANN will notify eligible IDN ccTLD Fast Track requesters about their eligibility to request an evaluation by the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel of the submitted IDN ccTLD string.

The community should take note that the previous version of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan [PDF, 887 KB] published on 4 June 2012 is now archived and is superseded by the revised Final Implementation for the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process [PDF, 879 KB]. Archived documents remain available under the “IDN Resources” section of the IDN page: www.icann.org/en/resources/idn/more.

In addition, ICANN is publishing the Guidelines for the Extended Process Similarity Review Panel [PDF, 86 KB], which now include the names of the panelists and, as foreseen in the guidelines, the name of the research institute and the leader of the research team:

Leader: Dr. Shane T. Mueller
Department of Cognitive and Learning Sciences, Michigan Technological University
United States

The IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan [PDF, 498 KB] was approved by the ICANN Board at its meeting in Seoul, Republic of Korea in October 2009. ICANN has conducted two annual reviews of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process between its implementation in October 2010 and July 2012. Summary and analyses of each public comment process are available here.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/news/announcements/announcement-04dec13-en.htm

ICANN: ccNSO FoI WG’s Interim Report on “Revocation”

ICANN logoPurpose (Brief): The ccNSO Framework of Interpretation Working Group (FoI WG) seeks public comment on its initial interpretations of current policy and guidelines related to “Revocation”, which is defined as redelgations undertaken without the consent of the ccTLD manager. “Revocation” refers to the process by which the IANA Operator rescinds responsibility for management of a ccTLD from a manager.
Current Status: The Interim Report is published to seek feed-back and input from the community on the proposed interpretations of the current policies and guidelines. This is part of the process for developing recommendations to the ccNSO and GAC and ultimately to ICANN Board on the interpretation of current, existing policy and guidelines realting to the delegation and redelgation of ccTLD‘s.
Next Steps: The WG will closely review all submitted comments to determine at may at its reasonable discretion modify its report. According to its charter the WG is not obligated to include all comments made during the comment period, nor is it obligated to include all comments submitted by any one individual or organization.

The Working Group expects to formally publish its Final Report prior to the next ICANN meeting in London (June 2014)

Detailed Information

Section I: Description, Explanation, and Purpose:

The FoI WG identified the applicable polices and procedure statements and reviewed past cases of re-delegations undertaken without the consent of the incumbent operator. Based on this analysis the FOIWG examined issues arising in the context of the applicable policies and procedures and developed draft interpretations summarized below.

  • RFC 1591 identifies three mechanisms available to the IANA Operator: Delegation, Transfer and Revocation.
  • Under RFC 1591, a Transfer requires the consent of the incumbent ccTLD manager.
  •  “Revocation” refers to the process by which the IANA Operator rescinds responsibility for management of a ccTLD from a manager.
  • The WG interprets RFC 1591 to limit Revocation to cases where the IANA Operator reasonably demonstrates that there are persistent problems with the operation of the domain, or the manager continues to engage in “substantial misbehavior”, despite the efforts of the IANA Operator using all means at its disposal to resolve such conduct.
  • If a manager is engaged in “substantial misbehavior” or there are “persistent problems in the operation of a ccTLD” and the ccTLD manager is unwilling or unable to rectify the problems to the reasonable satisfaction of the IANA Operator and/or stop the offending conduct, the IANA Operator may propose a Transfer.
  •  If the manager does not consent to a proposed Transfer, the only mechanism available to the IANA Operator to deal with ultimately intractable problems is Revocation.
  • If the IANA Operator revokes a delegation it should attempt, in collaboration with the significantly interested parties, to ensure the ccTLD will continue to resolve names until a suitable replacement can take over.
  • The FOIWG believes it is consistent general principles of fairness and with RFC1591 to afford an affected manager the opportunity to appeal a notice of revocation issued by the IANA Operator to an independent body.

The FOI WG seeks community feedback on the following questions:

  1. Is the approach used by the working group satisfactory?
  2. Do the issues identified by the working group for this topic capture the major problems associated with the topic? If not what is missing?
  3. Is the proposed interpretation of the relevant sections of RFC 1591 effective and supported?
  4. Are the proposed recommendations effective in addressing the concerns raised in the final report of the DRDWG regarding this topic?
Section II: Background:

The FOIWG was created by the ccNSO Council following the recommendations of the Delegation and Re-delegation Working Group (DRDWG): Recommendation 2: Delegation and re-delegation of ccTLDs

The DRDWG recommends that, as a first step, the ccNSO Council undertakes the development of a “Framework of Interpretation” for the delegation and re-delegation of ccTLDs. This framework should provide a clear guide to IANA and the ICANN Board on interpretations of the current policies, guidelines and procedures relating to the delegation and re-delegation of ccTLDs.

The results of the use of such a Framework of Interpretation should be formally monitored and evaluated by the ccNSO Council after a pre-determined period. If the results of this evaluation indicate that the Framework of Interpretation failed to provide logical and predictable outcomes in ICANN decision making, the ccNSO Council should then launch PDPs on the delegation and re-delegation of ccTLDs.

The Final Report of the Delegation Redelegation and Retirement Working Group (DRDWG) identified the following issues pertaining to “Unconsented Redelegations”:

No procedure for re-delegation of a ccTLD without the consent of the incumbent operator. RFC1591 nor ICP1 discuss the re-delegation of a ccTLD without the consent of the incumbent operator. Instead both of these documents discuss the revocation of a delegation by IANA, for cause, followed by a re-delegation to a new operator. This is somewhat confusing given that in these types of situations the revocation has never caused a ccTLD to be removed from the root prior to being delegated to a new operator &ndash thus trying to ensure continued resolution of the domains registered in the relevant ccTLD. This further illustrates some of the issues surrounding the re-delegation of ccTLDs without the consent of the incumbent operator.

The objective of the FOIWG is to develop and propose a “Framework of Interpretation” for the delegation and re-delegation of ccTLDs. This framework should provide a clear guide to IANA functions manager and the ICANN Board on interpretation of the current Policy Statements.

Section III: Document and Resource Links: 

The Interim Report can be found at: Interim Report on Revocation [PDF, 220 KB]

Additional Resources:

Further information on the work of the FoI WG is available at: ccnso.icann.org/workinggroups/foiwg.htm

Section IV: Additional Information: 

The Interim Report addresses the third of the following topics and which will be considered individually and in the order presented:

  • Obtaining and documenting consent for delegation and re-delegation requests
  • Obtaining and documenting support for delegation and re-delegation requests from Significantly Interested Parties (sometimes referred to as Local Internet Community or LIC).
  • Developing recommendations for un-consented re-delegations
  • Developing a comprehensive glossary of the terms used for the delegation and re-delegation of ccTLDs.
  • Developing recommendations for IANA reports on delegation and re-delegation

Comment / Reply Periods

  • Comment Open Date: 28 October 2013
  • Comment Close Date: 20 December 2013 – 23:59 UTC
  • Reply Open Date: 21 December 2013
  • Reply Close Date: 31 January 2014 – 23:59 UTC

Important Information Link

ICANN: Implementing a Two-Panel String Similarity Review Process in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track

ICANN logoOn 27 June 2013, the ICANN Board approved the proposed amendments of the Internationalized Domain Names (IDN) country code Top-Level Domain (ccTLD) Fast Track Process Final Implementation Plan (FIP).

The amendment implements a two-panel process for string similarity review in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process, and was proposed following the conclusion of the IDN Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) Policy Development Process (PDP) and the request from the ccNSO to implement the string similarity review process in the Fast Track Process as recommended in the PDP. The ccNSO work has taken into account the experiences and reviews of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process as well as the Governmental Advisory Committee advice on the matter. Following extensive public consultations, the ccNSO Council adopted in April 2013 [PDF, 118 KB] the Final Report on the IDN ccNSO PDP [PDF, 376 KB]. In time, the proposed policy is expected to replace the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process.

The amendment to the FIP addresses multiple inputs from the community, in particular the call for additional transparency and consistency of the string similarity evaluation for IDN ccTLDs. Through the amendment, ICANN will implement a two-panel process for string similarity evaluation in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process. The first string similarity review will remain a function of the DNS Stability Panel, as is currently implemented in the IDN ccTLD Fast Process, while adding an optional second review panel, which provides a second and final review of the string. The amended process will also allow all pending Fast Track IDN ccTLD string requests, including those whose string was considered not valid according to the current string similarity review, to request a final review of their string by the second panel.

The implementation of the two-panel string similarity review process is currently underway, including: finalizing the updates to the IDN ccTLD Fast Track FIP, defining the scientific-based evaluation methodology for the second panel as proposed, and constructing the panel and the procedure used to reevaluate eligible requests. Once completed, the methodology to be used by the second panel will be made public by ICANN.

The two-panel process for string similarity evaluation in the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process will be effective once the second panel appointment is announced by ICANN. The community should take note that, until the appointment of the second panel is announced, requests under the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process will continue to be processed according to the version of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track FIP [PDF, 887 KB] published on 4 June 2012.

The IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process Implementation Plan [PDF, 498 KB] was approved by the ICANN Board at its meeting in Seoul, Republic of Korea in October 2009. ICANN has conducted two annual reviews of the IDN ccTLD Fast Track Process between its implementation in October 2010 and July 2012. Summary and analyses of each public comment process are available here.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/news/announcements/announcement-2-09sep13-en.htm

ICANN: Draft Final Report ccNSO Study Group on the Use of Country and Territory Names as TLDs

ICANN logoPurpose (Brief): The treatment of country and territory names as Top Level Domains is a topic that has been discussed by the ccNSO, GAC, GNSO, ALAC and the ICANN Board for a number of years.

Issues regarding the treatment of representations of country and territory names have arisen in a wide range of ICANN policy processes, including the IDN fast track, IDN ccPDP, and the development of the new gTLD Applicant guidebook.

It is in recognising the absence of the importance of country and territory names to a wide range of stakeholders, that the ccNSO Council convened the Study Group on the use of Country and Territory Names. The Study Group has completed its work and is now seeking feed-back and input from the ICANN community.

Current Status: The Study Group informs the ICANN community of the results of its study and seeks public comment and feed-back on its draft Final report, in particular on its observations and recommendations.

Next Steps: The Study Group will closely review all submitted comments to determine, at its reasonable discretion, whether the report needs to modified based on the comments received.

The Study Group expects to formally publish its Final Report in September 2013

Detailed Information

Section I: Description, Explanation, and Purpose:

The Study Group on the use of Country and Territory Names (“the Study Group”) was established by a resolution of the ccNSO Council on 8 December 2010. The Study Group was tasked with developing an overview of:

The way in which the names of countries and territories are currently used within ICANN, be it in the form of policies, guidelines and/or procedures;
The types of strings, relating to the names of countries and territories that currently used, or proposed to be used, as TLDs; and
The issues that arise (or may arise) when current policies, guidelines and procedures are applied to these representations of country and territory names.

The Study Group is comprised of representatives from across the ICANN stakeholder community and conducted its work between May 2011 and June 2013.

In summary, the Study Group developed the following comments and observations:

  • Throughout its deliberations, the Study Group observed an incredible level of complexity associated with any attempt to definitively categorize country or territory names, especially when such an effort includes multiple languages or scripts.
  • A consistent observation was the inability of individual “lists” or resources to provide comprehensive, consistent or universal guidance regarding the various representations of country and territory names, in particular as a result of geo-political changes, the creation of new countries and the dissolution of others.
  • ICANN’s current policies and procedures (as they may relate to ccTLDs, IDNs or current and potential new gTLDs) do not afford consistent treatment of country and territory names. This may give rise to stakeholder and end-user confusion and uncertainty.
  • ICANN’s current policy framework (the Applicant Guidebook) for the introduction of new gTLDs affords an unprecedented level of protection for country and territory names, though notes that such protections are only confirmed for the first and current round of new gTLD applications.

The current Fast Track and IDN ccTLD policy are restricted. The major restrictions are the requirements that:
the IDN ccTLD string is a meaningful representation in a designated language of the territory, and
only one string per designated language

If adopted the IDN ccTLD policy should be reviewed in five years, which includes a review of these restrictions.

Recommendations

It is recommended that the ccNSO Council establish a cross community working group to:

  • Further review the current status of representations of country and territory names, as they exist under current ICANN policies, guidelines and procedures;
  • Provide advice regarding the feasibility of developing a consistent and uniform definitional framework that could be applicable across the respective SO’s and AC’s; and

Should such a framework be deemed feasible, provide detailed advice as to the content of the framework.

The GNSO, ALAC and GAC should be invited to participate in such a WG.
In light of the need for further work on the treatment of country and territory names, the complexity of the issue at hand and the aforementioned inconsistencies between various ICANN policies, it is also recommended that the ccNSO Council request that the ICANN Board extend the current rule in the new gTLD Applicant Guidebook regarding the exclusion of all country and territory names in all languages, for consecutive rounds of new gTLD applications.

Section II: Background:

The treatment of country and territory names as Top Level Domains is a topic that has been discussed by the ccNSO, GAC, GNSO, ALAC and the ICANN Board for a number of years.

Issues regarding the treatment of representations of country and territory names have arisen in a wide range of ICANN policy processes, including the IDN fast track, IDN ccPDP, and the development of the new gTLD Applicant guidebook.

References to country and territory names and their use are also present in guidelines such as the GAC’s “Principles and Guidelines for the Delegation and Administration of Country Code Top Level Domains” and “Principles regarding new gTLDs”, foundation documents such as RFC1591 and administrative procedures such as those followed by IANA, in accordance with ISO3166-1, in the delegation and redelegation of ccTLDs.

However, there has never been an overarching, cross-constituency study undertaken on how country and territory names are used across the ICANN community. There is no analysis of how the various rules and procedures relating to how country and territory names are used, whether there are inconsistencies between each, whether current frameworks are appropriate, and consideration of whether a more unified policy approach is required, or desirable.

It is in recognising the absence of such a study, and the importance of country and territory names to a wide range of stakeholders, that the ccNSO Council convened the Study Group on the use of Country and Territory Names.

In September 2011, the Study Group formally corresponded with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), in order to seek UNESCO’s expert views upon the use of country and territory names as they pertain to the internationalization of the Internet.

The approach was made in accordance with ICANN’s Co-operation Agreement with UNESCO to promote linguistic diversity on the Internet, which was signed in December 2009.

Based upon this high-level agreement, Study Group members and UNESCO commenced work on developing a survey that could be circulated to UNESCO Member States. The survey was based upon the typology developed by the Study Group and was intended to serve as both a test of the typology and an exercise for gathering the expert input of UNESCO Member States on their perspectives relating to country and territory names.

It was determined that, for the sake of administrative and methodological expediency, the survey would be sent to a subset of Member States that display appropriate linguistic, script and geographical diversity.
Section III: Document and Resource Links:

The Interim Report can be found at:
ccnso.icann.org/workinggroups/unct-final-02jul13-en.pdf [PDF, 705 KB]

Additional Resources:

Further information on the Study Group is available at: ccnso.icann.org/workinggroups/unctwg.htm

Section IV: Additional Information:

Throughout the early stages of the Study Group’s working schedule, group members also identified, and shared with other ICANN stakeholders, issues which were outside of the group’s scope. These included:

  • Developing a formal definition of what is and isn’t a ccTLD
  • Intervening in first round of the new gTLDs process
  • Passing judgement on the effectiveness or appropriateness of previous policy approaches
  • Making recommendations for additional protections for country and territory names
  • Developing a definitive recommendation for how country and territory names should be treated in future policy processes.

It should be noted that the Study Group also determined that, in order to ensure its deliberations were expansive and comprehensive, it would address a very wide range of possible representations of country of territory names. As a guiding principle, the group attempted to capture and assess the many possible representations of the names of sovereign States that may bechosen, and how this would impacted, and be dealt with, by existing policy structures within ICANN.

However, the group stressed throughout its outreach to community members that this thorough approach was not, at any stage, an attempt to expand the definition of “country and territory names” in the ICANN policy context, nor an endorsement for the expansion of current protections.

Making these clarifications was an important part of the Study Group’s preliminary work, as it helped set a clear focus and work plan for the group, prevented internal misunderstandings and also allayed some of the community’s concerns and possible misunderstandings about the intended outcomes of the Study Group.

Comment / Reply Periods

  • Comment Open Date: 2 July 2013
  • Comment Close Date: 1 August 2013 – 23:59 UTC
  • Reply Open Date: 2 August 2013
  • Reply Close Date: 30 August 2013 – 23:59 UTC

Important Information Links

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/news/public-comment/unct-final-02jul13-en.htm

ICANN: Pre-Dakar ICANN Policy Update Webinar Invitation

ICANN logo In order to participate, please RSVP via email to the GNSO Secretariat (gnso.secretariat@gnso.icann.org) to receive the call details.

Whether you plan to participate in the upcoming ICANN meeting in Dakar remotely or in person, you’re invited to a quick reminder of the background and current status of each major policy issue currently under discussion in ICANN.

The ICANN Policy Staff will provide a briefing on Thursday 13 October at 12.00 UTC and Thursday 13 October at 19.00 UTC, summarizing policy issues across the different ICANN Supporting Organizations, namely the Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO), Country Code Names Supporting Organization (ccNSO) and Address Supporting Organization (ASO). Amongst other topics, updates will be provided on:

  • Uniform Dispute Resolution Policy Issue Report (GNSO)
  • Post-Expiration Domain Name Recovery (GNSO)
  • Recent WHOIS work
  • Study Group on Use of Names for Countries and Territories (ccNSO)
  • Framework of Interpretation Working Group for the delegation and re delegation of ccTLDs (ccNSO)
  • Joint DNS Security and Stability Analysis Working Group

The two sessions are duplicates, scheduled to accommodate different time zones. Each session, scheduled to run for 90 minutes, will be conducted in English only. The meeting will be run in Adobe Connect with a slide presentation along with a dial-in conference bridge for audio.

Participants will have the opportunity to ask questions at the end of each session. During the course of the webinar, questions may be submitted using the chat function of Adobe Connect. If you are not able to participate in either of the live sessions, the recording of the session will be made available shortly after the meeting. The policy staff is always available to answer any questions that you email to policy-staff@icann.org.

In order to participate, please RSVP via email to the GNSO Secretariat (gnso.secretariat@gnso.icann.org) to receive the call details. Please indicate which call you would like to join, Thursday at 12.00 UTC or Thursday at 19.00 UTC (to convert those times into your local time, see: www.timeanddate.com/worldclock/fixedform.html). We will send you an e-mail reminder before the event with log-in and dial-in details. Please DO NOT RSVP to any other ICANN staff members e-mail address.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/announcements/announcement-20sep11-en.htm