Tag Archives: Colombia

New Study Reveals How Internet Exchange Points Spur Internet Growth in Latin America

Internet Society - ISOC - logoJoint Internet Society and Universidad de San Andrés report demonstrates significant cost and performance gains from IXP development in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador

ISOC Connectivity in Latin America The Role of Internet Exchange report

Download the report

[news release] The Internet Society recently published the results of a study that demonstrates the far-reaching economic and societal benefits of establishing Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) in emerging markets. The study, commissioned by the Internet Society and conducted by Professor Hernan Galperin of the Universidad de San Andrés in Argentina, examined the critical cost and performance benefits of IXPs in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador – countries on the leading edge of Internet growth in Latin America.

Analogous with the role that international airports play in airline traffic, IXPs serve as critical hubs for data traffic exchange in the global Internet infrastructure. Over 350 IXPs around the world enable local Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Internet backbone carriers to efficiently and cost-effectively exchange Internet traffic. Many emerging markets do not have well-established IXPs, forcing domestic Internet traffic onto long-distance international links, resulting in significantly higher costs and quality of service challenges.

This new study identifies the positive impact that IXPs have made, including reduced telecommunications costs, faster and better local data exchange, and local technical capacity development. For example:


  • To date, nine IXPs are operational in Argentina as part of the Cabase system that was created in 1998, connecting over 80 network operators.  Internet transit costs have been reduced from USD $500 per Mbps per month in one city to about USD $40 per Mbps per month.  Service providers have been able to expand their networks and quality of service.
  • In 2004, the Comitê Gestor da Internet (CGI) launched an initiative called PTT Metro to create IXPs across Brazil, starting with their first IXP in São Paulo. As of April 2013, there were 22 IXPs in operation, covering 16 of Brazil’s 26 states. On aggregate, the IXPs associated with the PTT Metro initiative are exchanging over 170Gbps at peak hours, and providing better and faster connectivity to regions of Brazil that had poor Internet service.
  • In Ecuador, international transit costs hover around USD $100 per Mbps per month.  Local traffic can be exchanged at the IXP in Quito (NAP.EC) for as little as USD $1 per Mbps per month. Without an IXP, operators would exchange local traffic through international transit routes and the additional wholesale costs for local ISPs would be USD $7.2 million per year.
  • The Colombian exchange point, NAP Colombia, started in 2000 in response to frequent disruptions in the domestic backhaul network and international links. By exchanging traffic locally, and later by installing content caches at the IXP, local ISPs were able to reduce their dependence on international routes, thus reducing costs and, most importantly, increasing service reliability.

“This study highlights the critical role that IXPs are playing in Latin America – from human capacity and network development to better quality of service and increased uptake of services,” said Sebastian Bellagamba, Regional Bureau Director for Latin America and the Caribbean at the Internet Society. “Offering more than just cost and performance benefits, well-run IXPs serve as a catalyst to dramatically enrich a country’s Internet ecosystem, opening a new world of possibilities with comparably minimal investment. We appreciate the collaboration with Professor Galperin and hope that this study will help inform the dialogue among government, business, and technology leaders of emerging countries to show them the benefits that IXPs can provide for developing partnerships for Internet growth in the region.”

Lead author of the study Hernan Galperin stated, “This report shows the important role that IXPs have played in the development of the Internet in Latin America. This role is likely to become more important as countries in the region address existing challenges such as network security, the improvement in the quality of services, and the reduction in access prices.”

The study was conducted as part of the Internet Society’s Internet Traffic Exchange Programme.  This programme aims to foster robust, efficient, and cost-effective Internet interconnection environments in emerging economies, and furthers the Internet Society’s overall mission to promote the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world.

Download the full study in:

Funding for this study was provided in part by Google under the IXP Toolkit & Best Practices Grant Project.

About the Internet Society
The Internet Society is the trusted independent source for Internet information and thought leadership from around the world. With its principled vision and substantial technological foundation, the Internet Society promotes open dialogue on Internet policy, technology, and future development among users, companies, governments, and other organizations. Working with its members and Chapters around the world, the Internet Society enables the continued evolution and growth of the Internet for everyone. For more information, visit www.internetsociety.org.

This ISOC news release was sourced from:

.CO Make It Ridiculously Easy” To Get A Domain And Website

POP CO logoEncouraging many small businesses in particular to get online has proven difficult. For those without an interest in technology, the idea of registering a domain name, building a website and all the considerations that go with it are sometimes too complex and/or too expensive. Continue reading .CO Make It Ridiculously Easy” To Get A Domain And Website

.CO Celebrates Third Birthday With Its Aftermarket Booming

.CO Internet logoThe third birthday of the relaunched .co is this week, originally just branded as Colombia’s ccTLD and now branded as a generic TLD, sees it is a force to be reckoned with.

Since its relaunch it has achieved a very decent 1.5 million registrations registered by people in over 200 countries. But beyond high registration rates, .CO has achieved strong brand awareness widespread domain development and impressive performance on the secondary market.

Of the registrants, 53 percent come from the United States, ten percent come from the UK and nine percent from Colombia, while about 4 percent each from Australia and Canada.

A study by Sedo, the market leader in the domain name aftermarket, has some impressive figures. Since the relaunch on 20 July 2010 the total value of .CO sales at Sedo has been US$2.6 million.

Other figures put out by the registry resulting from a Sedo report include the mean average sales price for .CO domains on Sedo’s marketplace is high, reaching $2,486 in 2013, up 37 percent (from $1,819) since the TLD was introduced. It has also gone against the trend for TLDs Sedo compared it to, who have either stayed around the same mark or dropped, with the exception of .biz. Other TLDs in the study were .com, .me, .net, .org, .biz, .us and .info.

The year-to-date average sales price of a .CO domain at $570, up 14 percent since 2010, has also surpassed the most well-established legacy TLDs, including .COM, .NET and .ORG.

For median sales value, which is probably a better indicator of the value of domains, Sedo reports that the .com median is $650, the only TLD to best .co’s $570 in 2013. Again, most TLDs in the Sedo study have seen their median sales value decline over the three years, with the exception of .com and .us.

The top sales price for a .co domain through Sedo in this three year period was $81,000 for e.co. Although there were sales not through Sedo for far higher prices.

“It’s exciting to see that .CO is already achieving average and median sales prices on the secondary market that are on par with – and in many cases surpass – industry heavyweights like .COM and .ORG,” said Lori Anne Wardi, Vice President of Brand for .CO. “This said, we recognize that we are still a young TLD with a lot to prove, so we plan to redouble our brand building and community engagement efforts, working even more closely with Sedo and our other partners to build the long-term value of .CO.”

With hundreds of new gTLDs slated to join the existing extensions in the second half of 2013, .CO is one of the most recently launched TLDs for new registries to study and learn from as they establish themselves in the market.

“Our work with .CO – from creating a successful launch period and promoting and selling premium .CO domain names, to using consumer marketing and community building around the TLD – is a great case study of what it takes to successfully launch and build a new domain extension,” said Tobias Flaitz, Sedo’s CEO. “As we prepare for a slew of new TLDs, .CO not only shows that there is life beyond .COM, but also that a solid strategic plan, value-added benefits, and partners who have a global outlook and great strategic insight, are important factors for building any new TLD into a successful extension.”

The Sedo study is available for download from:

Domain Pulse 2013: GFC, Maturing Markets, Lead To Domain Registration Growth Slowing

Maturing domain name markets and the global financial crisis have both impacted on the registration growth within the German speaking countries in Europe as well as elsewhere Mathew Zook of Zooknic told the Domain Pulse conference last week.However this does not mean registrations have declined, as they are still growing strongly and would be the envy of any other industry or economy. It is just not growing as strongly as they have previously. Growth could be compared to the Chinese economy, which was rocketing along until the GFC hit, but then still continued to grow at a rate that was the envy of almost every other country.Overall across the world Zook has observed through his research that yearly growth rates have been declining over time due to maturing markets, high penetration rates for internet use and it becoming harder to find good domains. As the GFC hit, registration growth was slowed a bit more. But as the global economy is improving, Zook has observed so are registration growth rates.But the pattern observed by Zook is inconsistent as registrations are growing more strongly in some markets. Over the last ten years the fastest growth has occurred in ccTLDs such as in .in (India), .cn (China), .tk (Tokelau, which gives away its domains for free) and .co (Colombia). But within the German speaking countries that co-host Domain Pulse, growth has been slower. However it should also be noted these are more mature markets.An example of a maturing market is .de which has expanded by 2.5 times over the last ten years and remains the world’s largest ccTLD and second largest TLD, but overall share has shrunk due to the expansion of other TLDs.One market that has grown strongly in recent years and which is a mature market is .fr (France). However this is likely to be largely explained by the liberalisation of registration policies.Domain registrations also increase the more computers there are connected to the internet, Zook also told Domain Pulse, which was also fairly constant over time.Speaking of new TLDs, a focus of this year’s Domain Pulse, Zook believes they can be successful. Those TLDs that will be open for public registrations may face an uphill battle getting noticed with registrars reluctant to add new and unknown TLDs to their “shelf space.” But Zook cites the examples of .me (Montenegro), .co and .tk, all successfully relaunched in recent years as defacto gTLDs, to show that they can work.Zook also believes new TLDs are not likely to have a significant impact and they may be complementary to rather than a substitution for existing registrations.

.CO 2012 Growth Rate Outstrips TLD Average

.CO Internet logoDomain registrations for the .CO ccTLD grew by almost a quarter (24.39%) in the year to the end of November 2012 the registry, .CO Internet S.A.S, announced on their blog recently, taking total registrations to around 1.4 million.

This compares to a growth rate across all top level domains (TLDs) of 12 percent, and for country code TLDs (ccTLDs) of 20.7 percent in the year to the end of September according to the latest Verisign Domain Name Industry Brief.

In the posting the registry for the relaunched Colombian ccTLD reported it has a blended renewal rate of 63 percent which is growing. First time renewal rates are in the mid 50 percent range, and second time renewal rates or older are in the low to mid 70 percent range.

The registry also noted that second level registrations of .CO domains make up almost 93 percent of all .CO registrations while .com.co registrations make up 5.78 percent.

Sedo Celebrates .CO’s Second Birthday Analysing Aftermarket Performance

To mark the second birthday of the reborn .CO ccTLD, Sedo has released a report focussing on its aftermarket performance.The report looks at the success of the ccTLD following its relaunch on 20 July 2010 which “provides valuable insight for the companies currently petitioning ICANN to manage new domain registries, along with lessons for online marketers, entrepreneurs, executives and domain investors who will soon be working in an increasingly competitive domain marketplace.”There are now over 1.3 million domain names registered. The report focuses on the aftermarket performance of .CO, and specifically domain names sold through Sedo. Since its relaunch, there have been $1.64 million in domain name sales and it has been the ninth most frequently sold TLD in the Sedo marketplace.The average sale price has been $1800, making it the second highest average after .COM with the highest .CO domain sale to date being e.co selling for $81,000 followed by business.co ($80,000).On the future outlook for .CO, the report notes that:
the .CO extension continues to grow steadily in both total registration numbers, and secondary market interest and volume. It is also recognized globally, and search engines treat it on par with legacy domain extensions like .COM and .NET. With a potential influx of more than a thousand new gTLDs in 2013, it remains to be seen how the secondary domain market may change, but .CO’s successes demonstrate that a solid business plan and creative marketing strategy can make the launch of a new domain extension successful.To download the full Sedo report, go to:

.CO Internet Selects Sedo for Exclusive Partnership to Broker Select .CO Domain Names

.CO Internet logoSedo logoBrokerage Deal to Focus on Helping Entrepreneurs and SMBs to Acquire Short, Memorable Digital Brands to Build and Develop their Businesses Online

[news release] Sedo, the leading online domain marketplace and monetization provider, today announced that it has signed a two-year exclusive partnership with .CO Internet S.A.S. to provide brokerage of a select set of previously unreleased .CO domain names, including:

  • clothes.co
  • software.co
  • hardware.co
  • body.co
  • france.co
  • profit.co
  • onlinemusic.co
  • internetmarketing.co
  • onlinedating.co
  • jobsonline.co

To see the complete portfolio of .CO domains available via Sedo, go to Sedo.co.

.CO is increasingly becoming the top level domain (TLD) of choice for start-ups and small and mid-sized businesses (SMBs) searching for meaningful, memorable, and affordable domain names to brand their web presence. Since .CO was first introduced in 2010, Sedo has generated well over $1 million in .CO sales revenue, and the .CO domain extension has become one of the top selling domain extensions in Sedo’s marketplace.

“Sedo has done a fabulous job helping to establish and develop the secondary market for premium .CO domain names,” said Lori Anne Wardi, vice president of .CO Internet S.A.S. “Given their expertise and global reach, we are confident that Sedo is the perfect partner to help us bring these valuable digital assets to end-users worldwide.”

With more than one million .CO domain names registered by individuals and businesses in more than 200 countries around the world, CO has become a truly global TLD. The .CO domain is treated equally with legacy domain extensions like .com and .net by the search engines, making the domain particularly appealing from a search engine optimization perspective for businesses of every size.

Many of the world’s most recognizable brands are already using the .CO domain to build or expand their online presence, including Internet behemoths like Twitter, Google and Amazon (which have acquired the single letter .CO domains t.co, g.co and a.co, respectively); the Aspen Group insurance company (aspen.co); and the well-known Silicon Valley incubator 500 Startups (which has rebranded to 500.co).

“.CO Internet has been very successful in setting the bar for up and coming TLDs, and we are proud to be partnering with the .CO Registry to help bring these not yet released domains to businesses worldwide,” said Tim Schumacher, CEO of Sedo. “As we begin seeing new gTLDs hit the market in 2012, .CO will serve as an example to those applying for their own domain extension of the solid business model and strong partners that any registry will need to succeed.”

.CO Internet has received a number of awards for its management of the .CO domain, including a nomination from the World Trademark Review, praising its efforts to make .CO an end user, business-friendly domain extension that protects the rights of brand owners. Recently, .CO was also recognized in the World Finance 100 List of the 100 finest businesses of 2011, alongside companies like Facebook, Google, Microsoft, and other innovative companies who have outperformed the competition, and helped to redefine the business landscape.

About .CO Internet S.A.S.
.CO Internet S.A.S. is the Registry Operator for the .CO top-level domain. The .CO domain offers individuals, organizations and businesses a truly global, recognizable and credible web address for branding their online presence. Thanks to leading-edge technology, enhanced security and unprecedented rights protections, the .CO domain is poised to become the world’s next premier web address. For more information about the .CO Registry, please visit www.Opportunity.CO – or follow us on Twitter @dotCO.

About Sedo
Sedo, an acronym for “Search Engine for Domain Offers,” is the leading domain marketplace and monetization provider. Headquartered in Cologne, Germany and with offices in London, England and Cambridge, Mass., Sedo has assembled the world’s largest database of domain names for sale, with more than 15 million listings. The success of Sedo’s model has attracted a global membership base of more than 1 million domain professionals and end-users. For more information, visit www.Sedo.com.

This joint Sedo and .CO Internet news release was originally published here and here.

America Registry logoTo register your .CO domain name, check out America Registry here.

Sex.co Up For Auction at Sedo

.CO Internet logoThe domain name sex.co, likely to be the most valuable .CO domain name, has been put up for auction through Sedo by .CO Internet S.A.S., the registry for .CO.

The domain name is being auctioned just weeks after sex.com was sold, also through Sedo, for $13 million, the most valuable reported domain name sale.

“Sex.co is a highly marketable one-word domain, which translates well for its overall branding value,” said Kathy Nielsen, Sedo’s Director of Sales, North America. “With the recent record breaking sale of Sex.com, and the surge in .CO domain sales, we are confident that Sedo’s Sex.co will draw many interested investors.”

.CO is the recently relaunched ccTLD for Colombia and has seen spectacular growth since its general availability launch in July with over 600,000 domain names registered.

Interested buyers are encouraged to contact Sedo Senior Broker, Jeff Gabriel, at Jeff@sedo.com for further information.

America Registry logoTo register your .CO domain name, check out America Registry here.

ICANN Head Calls For Global Cyber Security Collaboration; New gTLDs Still On Track

Global collaboration against cyber security threats is one of the key themes of the ICANN meeting currently being held in Cartagena, Colombia according to the ICANN CEO and President Rod Beckstrom.Beckstrom has called for the increased global sharing of information about security risks and escalating threats to the Internet’s Domain Name System (DNS).”Good security measures cannot be developed in a vacuum,” said Rod Beckstrom. “We need to document threats to the DNS.”Beckstrom made the comments during the opening session of ICANN’s 39th public meeting in Cartagena, Colombia, where he called on the Internet community and governments to collaborate in the battle against online security threats.”Many in the community are willing to discuss risks, threats and security incidents in private,” said Beckstrom in encouraging participant to now make those conversations public, because they are “essential for a full understanding of the situation and to establish a baseline of previous attacks and their impact.”The ICANN leader also said that governments should also become more collaborative. “As governments urge us to remain committed to security efforts, we in turn request that they help us by responding and working with the ICANN community on this vital mission.”In discussing what promises to be the hot-button issue of the meeting, the possible expansion of generic top-level domains, such as .COM, .NET and .ORG. Beckstrom summed up why the ICANN Board of Directors will consider vastly expanding the current list of 21 such domains.”Opening up the name space to new generic top-level domains is intended to promote competition, innovation and consumer choice in a safe and stable manner, with sufficient and appropriate safeguards to mitigate costs and risks.”The issue of new gTLDs became even more heated this week when ICANN received a letter from the U.S. Department of Commerce saying it was basically opposed to the launch of new generic top-level domains. The Board is expected to take up the issue of gTLD expansion at its closing meeting on Friday.The intervention by the US Department of Commerce was not unexpected with ICANN still to decide how to respond to the letter.”Because it deals with both Affirmation of Commitments and AGB concerns, it appears that the two threads may be unpicked and dealt with separately,” noted Domain Incite.However the plans to open applications for new gTLDs on 30 May are still on track.For on-the-ground coverage, check out Kieren McCarthy’s post here. McCarthy wrote on Beckstrom’s speech to open the conference, concluding that “In short, for the first time since taking over as CEO, and following a series of misjudged speeches, Beckstrom’s Cartagena opening speech demonstrates that he has started to find his feet in a complex and unforgiving environment.””And not a moment too soon.”

.CO Announces Domain Compliance Process and DNSSEC Tests

.CO Internet logo.CO announced this week the official launch of its “Rapid Domain Compliance Process,” which gives the registry the tools it needs to quickly bring “into compliance” any domain name that is being deployed for fraudulent, malicious or illegal purposes as well as it will begin testing DNSSEC in January.

More details in the .CO Internet S.A.S. news release below:

.CO Registry Announces Two Major Domain Security Initiatives

Plans for DNSSEC Implementation Unveiled; Rapid Domain Compliance Process Launched

.CO Internet S.A.S., the registry operator for the .CO domain, has today announced two major domain security initiatives that reaffirm its commitment to implementing measures to proactively combat domain name abuse, and will help to make .CO one of the safest, most secure domain extensions on the Internet.

Commencing in January, .CO will begin testing Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC) ahead of an expected full implementation in the first half of 2011.  DNSSEC is a suite of specifications for securing certain kinds of information provided by the Domain Name System (DNS) that is designed to protect the Internet from certain types of attacks, such as DNS cache poisoning.  It will eventually allow Internet users to know with certainty that they have been directed to the precise website they intended to reach.

Additionally, .CO Internet has announced the official launch of its “Rapid Domain Compliance Process,” which gives the registry the tools it needs to quickly bring “into compliance” any domain name that is being deployed for fraudulent, malicious or illegal purposes.  Leveraging the industry-leading security monitoring labs of Neustar, its back-end technical services provider, and a newly published set of protocols and procedures, the .CO registry is able to gain critical intelligence and to take swift and decisive action to take down any .CO website that puts the safety and security of the registry, its registrars, registrants and/or Internet users at risk.

Commenting on the registry’s commitment to enhanced domain security, Eduardo Santoyo, VP & ccTLD Manager of .CO Internet, said: “In announcing our intention to implement DNSSEC and by bringing into effect our Rapid Domain Compliance Process, we are adopting a position of stewardship in relation to Internet security.”

Recognizing that security of the DNS is an industry-wide concern, Santoyo goes on to state that “while we are no more at risk than any other domain registry on matters relating to domain name abuse, we firmly believe that it is our responsibility to be proactive in the field, especially given the explosive worldwide growth that .CO has enjoyed to date.”

Since launching .CO globally in the second level on July 20th, 2010, more than 600,000 .CO domain names have been registered by individuals and businesses in close to 200 countries.

To learn more about the .CO Rapid Domain Compliance Process and/or stay up-to-date on the status of the DNSSEC test phase, please check back regularly on www.cointernet.co or contact us directly using the contact details provided.

About .CO Internet S.A.S.
.CO Internet S.A.S. is the Registry Operator for the .CO top-level domain.  The .CO domain offers individuals, organizations and businesses a truly global, recognizable and credible web address for branding their online presence. Thanks to leading-edge technology, enhanced security and unprecedented rights protections, the .CO domain is poised to become the premier web address enabling secure Internet commerce and inspiring 21st Century entrepreneurship.  For more information about the .CO Registry, please visit www.COinternet.co and www.Opportunity.co — or follow us on Twitter @dotCO.

This news release was sourced from:

America Registry logoTo register your .CO domain name, check out America Registry here.