Tag Archives: China

ICANN CEO’s China Visit Notes

ICANN logoRod Beckstrom, ICANN’s CEO and president, recently visited China on 2-3 March for talks with the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology, Industry leaders and CNNIC, the China Internet information Network on his way to the ICANN Nairobi meeting that is currently underway.

The visit was Beckstrom’s first major bilateral visit since he was appointed president and CEO apart from a brief visit to Europe at the end 2009.

In a posting on the ICANN blog, Nick Thorne writes that “during the visit Rod attended a NomComm outreach event designed to encourage greater participation. Organised by the charming and effective Professor Hong Hue, Director of the Institute for Internet policy at Beijing Normal University and in the presence of Madam Qiheng Hu, President of the Internet Society of China. The event was very kindly sponsored by CNNIC, whose Director General, Dr. Wei Mao, also made a very positive contribution to our efforts to encourage greater Chinese participation in our multi-stakeholder model.”

To read the full posting on the ICANN blog and see a couple of photos, go to:

ICANN CEO to Visit China This Week

ICANN logoICANN’s CEO, Rod Beckstrom, will visit China en route to Nairobi this week, reports IDG. Discussions due to take place are expected to include talks on China’s application to ICANN “for the globally supported use of domain names that end in “dot-China,” with the word “China” written in Chinese script,” a source said.

Nobody from ICANN was available to comment on the story.

To read the IDG report in full, see:

.CN Takes Censorship One Step Further

China has taken its censorship of .CN websites a step further following CNNIC’s hiring of 600 temporary workers to check all .CN domain names for pornographic content and inaccurate records, says an IDG report.This will be quite an onerous task for 600 people given there are close to 14 million .CN domain names registered.CNNIC (China Internet Network Information Center), the .CN registry, has “previously announced its cleanup of .CN domains, but the scale of its hiring is a reminder that the center must bow to directives from the country’s authoritarian government. While lax regulation in China has been partly blamed for malicious activity on .CN domains, the government’s crackdown has focused on porn more than Web security,” says the IDG report.”As with so many cleanups in China, there is a very legitimate crime-fighting and law enforcement side of this,” said Rebecca MacKinnon, a visiting fellow at Princeton University’s Center for Information Technology Policy, in an e-mail to IDG. “But the flip side is that it also provides a very handy excuse to tighten controls on political and dissenting speech at the same time.”To read this IDG report in full, see:

.CN’s Confusing Registration Practices May Allow Individuals to Register Domains Again

CNNIC logoRegistering.CN domain names, the Chinese ccTLD, has become a confusing thing to do of late. First CNNIC, the .CN registry, announced that registrations would no longer be accepted by individuals. But now there is confusion and talk that China will begin to accept registrations from individuals once again.

The Chinese government said in December that it would stop individuals from registering .CN domain names, reserving the ccTLD for registered businesses. Registrants would have to apply in person, not online, and produce a business license and the individual applicant’s identification, reports ZDNet.

The policy changes were an attempt to crack down on what the Chinese deemed illegal domain names, especially those responsible for pornographic, malware and spam content.

However the suggestion that changes are coming, again, have come from an official from CNNIC who told China Daily that they are drafting a regulation to allow individuals to register .CN domain names with their own identity.

“It’s a trend that individuals register their own domain names,” said Qi Lin, assistant deputy from CNNIC told China Daily.

“We are now working to check whether individual registrars’ information is true, complete and accurate, and based on this we can quicken our speed in drawing up the regulation on individual domain name registration.”

“Banning domain name registrations for individual applicants will have a negative impact on the industry because the applicants can either turn to foreign registers or apply with false information,” Qi said.

Asia Registry logoTo register your .CN domain name, check out Asia Registry here.

CNNIC Requires Hard Copy .CN Domain Name Applications

CNNIC logoThe China Internet Network Information Center, CNNIC, have announced applicants for .CN domain names will be required to submit hard copy (paper) applications in addition to their online application as of 14 December 2009.

The hard copy application will need to include the original application form with business seal, company business license (photocopy), and registrant ID (photocopy). Registrars have been advised they are required to carefully review the application material, and when an application is deemed to meet the requirements, they are to submit the application material via fax or email to CNNIC and withhold the original application material.

If CNNIC does not receive the formal paper-based application material within five days or the application material does not meet requirements, the domain name applied for will be deleted.

CNNIC claims the hard copy application is “to further enhance the authenticity, accuracy, and integrality of the domain name registration information.”

Asia Registry logoTo register your .CN domain name, check out Asia Registry here.

Has .CN Regained Number One ccTLD Ranking from .DE?

After not having posted registration figures for at least four months, CNNIC, the China Internet Network Information Center, has finally updated its figures to show they have regained the number one ccTLD ranking from .DE (Germany).According to the latest figures, there were 13,680,727 domain name registrations as of 30 November compared to 13,325,300 .DE registrations as of 13 December according to the DENIC website.Registration figures for CNNIC were dropping significantly, likely to be as a result of the ending of a promotion CNNIC were running in 2008. However it appears they are once again on an upward trend.Both though are way ahead of the third placed ccTLD, .UK (United Kingdom) who in November passed the eight millionth registration milestone.To register your .CN, .DE, .UK or any other domain name, check out Europe Registry or Asia Registry.

Egypt Submits Symbolic First Application for Internationalised Domain Name

Egypt, host of the United Nations sponsored Internet Governance Forum being held this week, Russia and China were among the first countries to submit applications to ICANN for internationalised domain names (IDNs) in non-Latin characters.In total six countries applied for IDNs in three languages. Saudi Arabia was another country known to have applied, also applying for an IDN in Arabic, along with Ukraine.ICANN, the organisation charged with overseeing the Internet’s naming and numbering systems, has invited applications for IDNs, receiving the first applications on Monday this week, as part of its IDN country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) Fast Track Process.IDNs are domain names that include characters other than the currently available set of the English alphabet (the 26 letters “a-z”, numbers 0 to 9, and hyphens). ICANN Chairman Peter Dengate Thrush noted, “The IDN program will encompass close to one hundred thousand characters, opening up the Internet to billions of potential users around the globe.”Egypt’s application is for .MISR, which is the equivalent in ASCII characters as the Arabic language term for “Egypt”. Egypt’s Communications Minister Tarek Kamel said the process of implementing IDNs would require “strong investment in the coming phase.””There will also be issues to deal with: linguistic, technical, legal, related to intellectual property and many other big challenges,” Kamel told reporters at the IGF.China’s application is for .中国 domain name suffix while Russia has applied for .РФ and Ukraine applied for .УКР.It is anticipated the first ccTLD IDNs will come online in 2010.

Egypt, China First In Line for Top Level Internationalised Domains

Egypt and China have both said they will be applying for country code internationalised top level domain names as part of ICANN’s fast track process. ICANN will begin accepting requests for the new TLDs today (16 November) at 00:00UTC.

Egypt is planning to launch “the world’s first Arabic language internet domain” with Egypt’s communications minister, Tarek Kamel, saying the new domain name would be “.masr” written in the Arabic alphabet. It translates as “.Egypt”, reports the BBC.

“The effort is part of a broader push to expand both access and content in developing nations, where the internet remains out of reach for wide swaths of the population,” reports the AP.

The report continues saying that “registering of the domain ‘will offer new avenues for innovation, investment and growth, and hence we can truly and gladly say … the internet now speaks Arabic,’ Kamel said at the start of the internet Governance Forum – a U.N.-sponsored gathering that drew Net legends like Yahoo’s Jerry Yang and Tim Berners-Lee, known as one of the internet’s founding fathers.”

China’s application is reported by the China Daily who says that the China Network Information Centre (CNNIC) will also apply for a Chinese TLD today (Monday). The report says CNNIC will apply for the top-level Chinese domain name “Zhongguo”(written in pinyin).

“China has a huge number of netizens – 388 million as of the end of June this year. Their surfing on the Net will be facilitated under the Chinese domains but they can continue to use English domains as well,” said Qilin, assistant director of CNNIC in China Daily.

ICANN President Rod Beckstrom described the importance of this change to the global Internet community, by saying “over half the Internet users around the world don’t use a Latin-based script as their native language. IDNs are about making the Internet more global and accessible for everyone.”

Once the requests are evaluated and approved, new ccTLD IDNs are expected to come online in many countries during 2010.

“This is the biggest technical change to the Internet’s addressing system – the Domain Name System – in many years,” said Tina Dam, ICANN’s Senior Director of Internationalized Domain Names. “Right now, it’s not possible to get a domain name entirely in for example Chinese characters or Arabic characters. This is about to change.”

.MO Falls short of its Big Brother .CN

The 2008 publication of the Macau Information and Communications Technology Survey which was released this week showed that the internet penetration rate has increased sharply, but experts said local internet resources were still weak.
Published by the University of Macau’s (UM) Macau Internet Research Project, the survey reported that as of the end of 2007, the local penetration rate of internet reached 64 percent in which the “digital divide index” continued on the fall from 0.32 in 2006 to 0.28 in 2007.

According to the UM press release, the results reflected that the internet has penetrated into the general public and all sectors in society have equal access to the world wide web.
At the same time, there were only 2,174 domain names registered with “.mo” and the per capita amount of domain names is 66 per 10,000 internet users which the UM said was “far below” the 568 level in mainland China.

Original article : http://www.macaudailytimesnews.com/index.php?option=com_content&task=view&id=13897&Itemid=28