Tag Archives: China

.ORG Registrations Increase By 13.6% In First Half 2013

PIR .ORG logoNew .ORG registrations increased by 13.6 percent in the first half of 2013, the latest “The Dashboard” from the .org registry reports.

The twice yearly report covers the period January to June 2013 and shows .org reached 10.3 million domains under management, a net gain of 206,170 new DUM for the first half of 2013 and an increase of 86.8 percent since 2007.

The increase in registrations was pushed by strong growth in key international markets, specifically in India, who jumped into the top ten market for .org registrations for the first time. But over half (58%) of all domain names are registered in the United States (5.961m) while Germany is second with five percent (503,160) registrations.

Overall, .com remains the world’s largest TLD with over 110 million domains under management, followed by .tk (Tokelau – but whose numbers are hard to come by), .de (Germany – 15.5m), .net (15.1m), .uk (United Kingdom – 10.5m), .org, .cn (China – 7.8m), .info (6.2m), .nl (Netheralnds – 5.3m) and rounding out the ten largest TLDs, .ru (Russia – 4.8m).

The registry has also been successful with their push into new gTLDS, passing ICANN’s initial evaluation for management of six of them including .NGO, .ONG and four internationalised domain names (IDNs).

Additionally, over the past year, Public Interest Registry conducted a comprehensive international research study on the overall awareness of the .org and .ngo/.ong TLDs. This study was conducted in key markets including the United States, United Kingdom, Germany, France, Brazil and India.

The research found that in India, .org has surged as a TLD in the past four years with domains under management jumping from just 91,000 to nearly 150,000, a 60 percent increase. While other markets also showed steady growth for .org, there were a few notable misconceptions about the top-level domain as well as a lack of familiarity in select markets. For example, in Brazil, 66 percent of respondents are incorrectly under the assumption that there is certain criterion that must be met in order to purchase a .org domain.

“While we find the steady growth of .ORG in international markets promising, it’s clear that more education needs to be done for both the .ORG and .NGO/.ONG domains,” said Brian Cute, CEO of Public Interest Registry. “This research has been highly beneficial in guiding Public Interest Registry in certain markets. It has enabled us to better see where we need to focus our time and efforts over the next few years to grow .ORG and launch the new .NGO/.ONG domains.”

The full report is available to download from:

.CN Hit By DDoS Attack

A Distributed Denial of Service (DDoS) attack hit .cn websites on 25 August, meaning many “were either inaccessible or extremely slow, including the popular Twitter-like Sina Weibo, Amazon.cn, and the Bank of China,” according to a Tech In Asia report.

Following the attack, the China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) said service is being resumed slowly.

Tech In Asia continued, “about 30 minutes after midnight on Sunday, the attacks crippled the registry for more than 13 hours until 2 p.m.. Then, just two hours later at around 4 p.m., another wave of attacks struck. CNNIC did not specify where the attacks originated from, but it did say it was the largest denial of service attack it’s ever underwent. As of the latest announcement, the registry is still recovering.”

.NET Hits 15 Million Registrations

This week .net hit the 15 million registrations mark to become the fourth TLD to do so behind the behometh, .com followed by .tk and .de.Way out in the lead is .com with around 110 million domains under management. Second is .tk (Tokelau) with well over 15 million registrations, although actual numbers are hard to come by. Third is .de (Germany) with 15.5 million registrations then .net.Following is .cn (China – 13.4m), .uk (United Kingdom – 10.5m), .org (10.3m), .info (6.3m), .nl (Netherlands – 5.3m) and .ru (Russian Federation – 4.7m).To celebrate the milestone, Verisign have published 15 facts, which is published below:15 Facts About .net to Celebrate 15 Million Registrations
Recently, .net hit a major milestone when its zone surpassed 15 million .net domains registered globally, making it one of the most popular domain extensions on the Internet today. Supported by the same infrastructure and expertise that has powered .com for more than 15 years, .net is recognized around the world as an established and credible place to interact online. To mark this momentous occasion, we pulled together 15 facts about .net. How many .net facts do you already know?15 Facts about .net:

  • Almost 139,000 domains registered in other top-level domains (TLDs) immediately forward to the same name, but as a .net site.
  • The first domain name to ever exist was a .net. While the first domain name to be registered was the now famous Symbolics.com, it is a lesser known fact that the very first domain name ever to exist was Nordu.net. Nordu.net was created by the registry with the same name as the first Internet rootserver (nic.nordu.net). Symbolics.com later went on to be the first domain name to go through the full registration process.
  • Due to its unique status .net is not among the six other original generic top-level-domains in RFC920, the document which outlines the original domain name conventions. It was still created on the same day as the others though – 1/1/1985.
  • Today the .net zone sits at just over 15 million registered domains, roughly 10 times more than in the year 2000 when there were about 1.5 million registered.
  • The .net zone has doubled in size since 2006.
  • In 2012, the average character length of .net domain names created was 12 characters.
  • As social media grows in popularity, a trend of registering domain names and pointing them to social media accounts is emerging; most notably on Facebook. As of March 2013, 6,503 .net domain names pointed to Facebook. This is up from 5,039 in March 2012. That’s almost a 23% annual growth rate.
  • Approximately half of the 15 million .net domains registered today are registered within the United States.
  • .net domain names are hosted in more than 200 countries worldwide.
  • Almost half (48%) of the .net domains registered in India have e-Commerce functionality on their sites.
  • A single .net domain name can be registered in as many as 350 different native languages thanks to internationalized-domain-names (IDNs). IDNs make the Internet more globally accessible and functional by enabling domain names in non-ASCII characters.
  • Verisign applied for 3 transliterations of .net in Hangul, Simplified Chinese, and Devanagari last year through ICANN’s new gTLD program.
  • The percentage of the total base of .net domain names that are registered in Japan (2.51%) is almost twice that of the percentage of the total base of .com domains that are registered in Japan (1.43%).
  • DNSSEC (Domain Name System Security Extensions) adds security to the DNS. Compared to .com, .net has almost double the percentage of DNSSEC enabled domains today.
  • Today, more that 99.9% of 6+ character .net domain names are available.

It is clear that .net is one of the most visible and venerable parts of the Internet domain space. As one of the world’s most reliable and established domains, businesses seeking to establish their online presence have relied on .net for more than two decades. To learn more about .net and see if the domain name you want is available, visit Verisigninc.com/dotnet.

.TK Rockets To Largest ccTLD, Second Largest TLD

The .TK ccTLD, one of the three TLDs with the most malicious domain registrations and whose domains are mostly given away for free, has rocketed into first place among ccTLDs with 16.7 million active registrations according to the latest CENTR DomainWire report.The tiny Pacific island of Tokelau, with a population of 1353 according to the CIA Factbook, is, along with .COM and .INFO, responsible for 82 percent of malicious domain registrations, says a phishing survey released by the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG) released in April.With the mostly free domains, at the end of April 2013 the CENTR DomainWire reports there were 1.3 million more .TK registrations than .DE (Germany) with 15.4m then .UK (United Kingdom) with 10.5m.Following this was .CN (China) with 7.5m, then .NL (Netherlands – 5.2m), .RU (Russian Federation – 4.5m), .EU (European Union – 3.7m), .BR (Brazil – 3.2m), .AR (Argentina – 2.9m) and.AU and .FR (Australia and France – 2.6m).Of course, they are all dwarfed by .COM with 108.8 million registrations according to Registrar Stats.Of the top ccTLDs by registration numbers, .CN had the highest growth rate in the last six months, growing by 82.7 percent, followed by .TK that grew by 54.7 percent, .IN (India – 14.3%), .RU (12.5%) and .FR (6.4%).Other highlights of the DomainWire report were:

  • there were 64.2 million ccTLD registrations in Europe
  • the average renewal rate across European ccTLDs was 79 percent
  • the Portuguese ccTLD .PT had the highest 12 month net growth of 27 percent
  • the most common use of a domain name was for commercial reasons for 61 percent of European ccTLD registrations
  • the average number of characters in a European domain name was 10.7 characters
  • 28 out of 42 ccTLDs (67 %) in the region offer IDNs in their zone with a further 3 planning to implement ( Cyprus, Belgium and Slovakia)
  • high numbers of IDNs can be found in the Russian .IDN TLD (.PФ ) with just under 800,000 followed by .de with over 600,000.

To download the CENTR DomainWire report in full, go to:

ICANN Response to ICA: URS Providers will become Contracted Parties by Philip Corwin, Internet Commerce Association

Internet Commerce Association logoResponding to questions posed by ICA Counsel Philip Corwin at the Public Forum in Beijing, ICANN is now on the record that it is developing a standard contract for all providers of the new Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS) rights protection mechanism (RPM) for new gTLDs, and that more URS providers will be selected. This action sets a strong precedent for ICA’s long sought goal of placing UDRP providers under a standard contract.

Those answers were provided through a May 10th ICANN Blog post from Board Chairman Steve Crocker, “Answering Your Questions” (blog.icann.org/2013/05/answering-your-questions/), that links to the full set of responses prepared by ICANN Staff (beijing46.icann.org/meetings/beijing2013/presentation-public-forum-responses-11apr13-en.pdf). The URS response appears at page 6 as follows:

As regards Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS) providers, will there be a contract developed that goes beyond the non-enforceable memorandum of understanding? Will there be other URS providers?

Yes, a contract is being developed and additional URS providers will be added.

The full transcript of the Beijing Public Forum can be found at beijing46.icann.org/meetings/beijing2013/transcript-public-forum-11apr13-en.pdf, with Corwin’s questions and remarks at pages 93-94:

PHILIP CORWIN: Good afternoon. Philip Corwin, again, this time speaking on behalf of the domain name investors and developers of the Internet Commerce Association. I have two questions relating to Uniform Rapid Suspension, one of the two new rights protection mechanisms for new TLDs.

The first refers to the fact that the STI-RT unanimously recommended that URS providers be placed under contract, and then the board unanimously adopted all of its recommendations regarding the URS. And, yet, the National Arbitration Forum which had been selected as an URS provider is bound to ICANN only by a two-page memorandum of understanding with no enforcement provisions. So the first question is: Will there be a contract developed that goes beyond that non-enforceable memorandum of understanding?

The second relates to: Will there be other URS providers? The press release at the time NAF was announced said it was the first. And yet I have spoken to other highly qualified applicants who applied to be providers, and they have been able to get no response from ICANN staff regarding if or when their applications may ever be acted upon.

So any clarification on those points would be appreciated.

And I do want to thank ICANN for the fact — and note that we were able to get a U.R.S. provider at the projected price point without any further reduction or modification of the rights of registrants under the URS. And we are very appreciative of that. Thank you.

On April 19th ICANN announced that, in addition to NAF, the Asian Domain Name Dispute Resolution Centre (ADNDRC) had been appointed as the second URS arbitration provider, and that ICANN expected to announce one or more additional providers in the near future (see www.icann.org/en/news/announcements/announcement-2-19apr13-en.htm).

ICA believes that it is extremely important to place all the providers for this new RPM under a standard contract with sound enforcement provisions to ensure uniform application and fair treatment of registrants as well as to prevent forum shopping.

While the fact that there will be a contract is good news, what’s in it is critically important. We presume that ICANN will put the draft out for public comment, as it does for all new or revised contractual agreements (for example, the currently pending revised Registrar Accreditation Agreement (RAA) and New gTLD Registry Agreement (RA) are both currently out for comment). When that posting occurs ICA will carefully review its provisions and submit relevant comments.

As both NAF and ADNDRC are both current providers of UDRP arbitration services, we believe that placing their URS services under contract sets a clear and strong precedent for implementing the same type of standard enforceable agreement for the UDRP. ICA continues to strongly believe that ICANN should not accredit any new UDRP providers until such a standard contract has been developed and put in place.

This article by Philip Corwin from the Internet Commerce Association was sourced with permission from:

ICANN’s Empire Spreads To China With “Global Engagement Office”

It may have closed down offices such as in Sydney in somewhat controversial circumstances, but that hasn’t stopped ICANN spreading its wings. At the ICANN meeting currently underway in Beijing, China, the President and CEO Fadi Chehadé announced the organisation will open its first new global engagement office in Beijing.”Engagement with China is not merely an option, we simply must engage at every level or we will lose our legitimacy,” said Chehadé. “This is part of our effort to embrace the world.”The China office follows announcements that there will be offices opening up in the near future in Singapore and Istanbul, Turkey, and adds to offices that are already in existence in Brussels, Belgium as well as in the US where it has its head office in Los Angeles, another in Washington DC, and strangely still, an office that was opened under Rod Beckstrom’s tenure in Paolo Alto.The announcement of the Chinese office was made during the welcoming session at ICANN’s 46th public meeting in Beijing – the largest meeting in its 15-year history.So far more than 2,100 people have so far show up for the Beijing meeting.”We’ve never seen anything like it,” said Nick Tomasso, ICANN’s Senior Director of Meetings. “Last year 1,821 showed up for our meeting in Prague in the Czech Republic which, until now, was our largest meeting. That record has now been broken and people are still arriving.”The announcement of ICANN’s expanding presence in China was heralded by Chinese Internet leaders.”Our Internet future will now be brilliant,” said Madam Hu Qiheng, the President of the Internet Society of China. “This is bridge for ICANN and China and it will lead to greater expansion of Internet development.”ICANN Board Chair Dr. Stephen Crocker pointed out the dramatic growth of Internet users in China in the past decade.”In the past decade, Internet use has increase ten fold,” said Crocker. “There are now 564 million Internet users in China and that is expected to climb sharply in the future.”
ICANN’s public meeting in Beijing will continue through the week.

ICANN: Board-Stakeholder Action List

ICANN46 Beijing Meeting LogoThe attached ICANN Board-Stakeholder Action List sets out what the board heard in Toronto where board action was required, what the proposed action was, and what we’ve done since the ICANN 45 Meeting. In the future, it is intended that an Action List like this one will continue to be published no later than 1 month after each meeting. Just prior to the following meeting an updated version of the Action List will be published setting out what the board has done with respect to each item.

Topic What we heard where action is needed Proposed Action What We’ve Done
1 WCIT Suggestion to establish an ICANN mailing list for those in the ICANN community who will be at WCIT (possibly widen list to I*). Direct the staff to set up mailing list. Completed.
2 Strategic Planning Do not proceed with 2013-2016 Strategic Plan. A new procedure is coming and it needs to ensure there are mechanisms for hearing input so the Community feels heard. The Board has been discussing this since its September board workshop in Los Angeles and plans to continue to work on it and report back as soon as possible. The Board recognizes that any strategic planning framework will need to include the results of the African Strategic Working Group. The upcoming May 2013 Board Retreat to focus on strategic planning.
3 GAC Advice The Board heard several matters from the GAC, which it expects will be addressed in the GAC Communiqué, but specifically notes that the timing of the Board’s response to the GAC Communiqué was sub-optimal. The Board acknowledges the problem and will endeavor to put in place a mechanism to ensure timely arrival of its response. The Board has worked to minimize the amount of time taken to respond to GAC Communiqués by establishing a more thorough timeline.
4 WHOIS Review Report There is no consensus on the actions that should follow the WHOIS Review. The Board will discuss the WHOIS Review during its Board meeting this afternoon. Completed. The Board took action on the Report on 8 Nov. 2012, directing renewed and new efforts be undertaken to enforce current WHOIS policy and contractual conditions, and seeking a new approach to gTLD directory services challenges. We have created a second track to take a strategic look at registration data. The Expert Working Group (EWG) is the first step in this process.
5 Patents in Policy Processes Various parts of the GNSO have indicated that a future policy in this area may be needed and that we should address it before it becomes a concern. Board to request “expert advice” on this topic and then put out the recommended approach for public comment to be adopted by the Board. ICANN staff is in the process of scoping and organizing the collection of expert advice on this issue to meet the Board’s request. During the Beijing meeting, staff will provide an initial memo on the patent topic, which will include additional follow-up steps, including further expert consultation.
6 Article 29 Working Party Letter Many concerns were expressed. The letter will be taken into account in finalizing the negotiations on the RAA. Concerns were taken into account in the RAA negotiations, as were further communications from data protection authorities in the EU on this same topic.
7 JAS Applications JAS applications need to be given priority in this round and improved in the next round. Treatment during this round is in the hands of the CEO and the New gTLD Program Committee. Treatment in future rounds will be taken up when the next round is formulated. No action needed at this point. To be addressed in next round of applications for new gTLDs.
8 New gTLDs – General implementation issues:

  • URS
  • IDN Variants
  • BC and IPC requirements
  • IANA Functions Dept. readiness
  • Registry services readiness
  • Contractual Compliance team readiness
Numerous comments. Concern expressed that ICANN is not ready in some areas and will not be ready in time. The Board is instructing the CEO to focus his full attention and energy on all implementation actions necessary to keep the program on track. Work ongoing. Please refer to the links below for the most up-to-date information on the New gTLD Program.



9 New gTLD Funds Document the total amount borrowed from the reserve fund to finance the pre-revenue period of the new gTLD program, and document the intended repayment schedule. We will do so. Detailed documentation of the costs since defined beginning of the program is in the process of being gathered and formalized into a centralized document. The repayment schedule has been determined in the revenue and expense recognition position paper, and corresponds to a monthly repayment throughout the evaluation process.
10 Prioritization Draw Generally positive feedback that IDN’s should have priority; a number of suggestions were made to give preference to various subgroups in association with the Prioritization Draw. The NGPC will consider all feedback from this meeting feedback from this meeting and the comment period. All suggestions are being considered by and will be decided by the CEO & NGPC. Prioritization draw held on 17 December 2012.
11 Rights Protection in New gTLDs A handful of concerns were raised regarding the rights protection mechanism(s).

The IPC and Business Constituency have reached consensus on further mechanisms for rights protections in new gTLDs. They agreed to socialize these to the rest of the GNSO.

All of these are in the hands of the CEO and the New gTLD Program Committee.


The Board looks forward to receiving input on these suggestions from the GNSO.

The CEO convened a series of stakeholder meetings to review the rights protection mechanisms in light of the IPC/BC list of recs. These resulted in the “Strawman solution” which was posted for public comment as well provided to the GNSO with a request for guidance. The GNSO provided its input and the public comment summary and a review of the analysis are posted.
12 Trademark Clearinghouse There are a significant number of issues with regard to the Trademark Clearinghouse both from an implementation and cost point of view.

Interest in whether the final draft agreement and the signed agreement for the trademark clearinghouse will be made public.

The rights to the trademark clearinghouse database must remain with ICANN.

The Board supports the CEO’s decision to make solving these issues his top priority.



Yes, it will be made public.



The rights will remain with ICANN.

Changes have been made to the technical implementation in response to stakeholder feedback.

The Trademark Clearinghouse agreement has been split across the functions into several agreements, and these will be posted.

The agreements reflect that the rights to the database remain with ICANN.

13 Submission of Public Forum Topics Public Forum questions submitted in advance should include hinting sentences so everyone can be prepared. Forwarded to staff and the Public Participation Committee (PPC) for implementation. Ongoing discussion by Board on format of public forum moving forward. New ideas will be tried in Beijing.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:

ICANN: New gTLD Sessions Planned for Beijing

ICANN46 Beijing Meeting LogoThe New gTLD Program continues to move forward. Release of Initial Evaluation results will begin this week and the Trademark Clearinghouse will launch on 26 March. Below is a list of all ICANN staff-led new gTLD related sessions planned for Beijing:

New gTLD Program Status Get the latest update on the New gTLD Program. Review what we’ve accomplished since Toronto, learn what’s coming next in the program, and find out what we are doing to prepare for it.
IDN Variant TLDs Program Get a status update on each of the projects under the IDN Variant TLDs Program. The session will include presentation and discussion of the Program’s projects with a focus on the IDN root LGR Procedure and the User Experience Study Recommendations. The updates will also incorporate a presentation of Program’s next steps and projects.
New gTLD Pre-Delegation Testing Process Review Learn how to prepare the required data and documents for PDT, selecting a point of contact, scheduling your PDT appointment and see a demo of the system.
Trademark Clearinghouse Learn about the TMCH data verification system and what’s coming up with Sunrise and TM Claims.
New gTLD Security Stability & Resiliency (SSR) Update Get a status update on how the Internet community is resolving security issues that have been identified as part of the SSR Program. The session will include presentation and discussion of the general DNS and TLD threat landscape. The session will include a presentation of SSR next steps and what role the ICANN community has in managing risk as new TLDs are delegated into the root

For those who are new to ICANN meetings and to New gTLDs, we have a Newcomer Track session scheduled for Sunday, April 7. This will provide a baseline understanding of where New gTLDs fit in the broader Domain Name System.

There will be other New gTLD-related sessions offered during the week, planned by other groups. Among them: The New TLD Applicant Group (NTAG) will conduct a session on Monday afternoon, the At-Large New gTLD Working Group plans an Outreach Evaluation Meeting on Tuesday, and on Wednesday there will be a session focused on the Impact of New gTLDs on NGOs (NPOC).

See you there!

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:

EURid Quarterly Report Shows 80% Of .EU Domains Renewed In 2012

EURid logoOn average, 80% of .eu domain names were renewed in 2012, according to the latest progress report from the .eu registry EURid as registrations grew at 5.4 percent year-on-year to 3.7 million active registrations. This is the sixth year running that .eu has maintained such a high renewal rate, which EURid says indicates .eu domain name holders are a loyal group.

The TLD finished the quarter, and the year, with 3.7 million registrations.

“I consider a growth rate that is comparable to 2011 (5.5%) to be a notable achievement, particularly in light of the on-going global economic crisis,” commented EURid General Manager, Marc Van Wesemael.

During Q4 2012, there were 230,752 new .eu registrations. Of these, 7 184, or 3 percent, were multiyear registrations (registrations for two years or more). Compared with Q3 2012, the number of multiyear registrations increased by 46 percent, signifying that a growing number domain name holders plan to hold onto their .eu domains for the foreseeable future.

The total number of .eu registrations increased in 22 of the 27 EU Member States. Bulgaria, Belgium, Slovenia, Lithuania and Finland all saw growth of more than 5 percent.

The growth rate compares to the total base of domain names that increased by 12 percent in the year to the end of the third quarter in 2012, while the number of ccTLD registrations increased by 20.7 percent, according to the latest Verisign Domain Name Brief, while combined .com and .net domains increased by 7.1 percent.

Overall, .eu ranks as the eleventh largest TLD. The largest is .com with 107.6 million registrations followed by .de (Germany) with 15.4 million, .net (15m) and then probably .tk (Tokelau), which gives away its domains for free and probably over 13 million registrations and .cn (China) which is growing rapidly again with 13.4 million.

Following is .uk (United Kingdom) and .org, both with 10.2 million, .info (6.9m), .nl (Netherlands – 5.2m), .ru (Russian Federation – 4.4m) and then .eu.

The report also outlines a new EURid-UNESCO Insights report titled, “The EURid-UNESCO world report on Internationalised Domain Names deployment 2012″ that analyses the growth of multilingualism on the Internet and the factors that contribute towards that growth, including the use of Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs).

Also, EURid tested its crisis management capabilities and successfully ran an unannounced Business Continuity Plan (BCP) exercise in December 2012. The exercise focused on switching the EPP, Registrar Extranet, Registrar DAS and Registrar WHOIS services from one data centre to another and back again. The impact on the registrar infrastructure was minimal – a temporary interruption of approximately 15 minutes.

The full EURid Quarterly Progress Report for the fourth quarter 2012 is available for download at www.eurid.eu/en/about-us/publications/quarterly-progress-reports.

Domain registration statistics were sourced from:

ICANN: Pre-Beijing New gTLD Update Webinar

ICANN new generic Top Level Domains logoJoin ICANN staff for a Pre-Beijing New gTLD Program Update webinar.

The New gTLD Program is moving ahead on several tracks at once. Make sure you have the most up-to-date information by participating in this webinar. We will have the latest on Initial Evaluation and the schedule for releasing results, an update on pre-delegation testing and the pre-delegation testing pilot that was held earlier this month. We also will provide updates on contracting, rights protection (TMCH, URS, Objections) and closed generics.

Webinar Details

Date: 26 March 2013
Time: 22:00 – 23:30 UTC (2:00pm – 3:30pm PDT)
Adobe Connect: icann.adobeconnect.com/newgtldwebinar
Dial In: Will be posted to the Webinar page once available.

This ICANN announcement was sourced from: