Tag Archives: Canadian Internet Registration Authority

CENTR Monthly Roundup, .AU Consults, .RU Neutralises Domains And .CA Internet Forum

CENTR logoCENTR have published their monthly roundup on what members have been up to recently, a survey on member outages for maintenance, the growth in the full member zone that now has over 65 million domain names under management and an extract from the CENTR paper Fifth World Telecommunication/ICT Policy Forum.

The survey on system maintenance and disturbances among CENTR members was to identify industry standards for maintenance and disturbances, how frequently registries normally close down for maintenance and how long are systems down due to this? The results indicated that a high, if planned, frequency is less of an issue than the time a maintenance window takes.

Most respondents (89%) stated they operate their system and interface internally rather than to an outsourced third party.

The Roundup also looked at the median growth of full members with growth declining from 15.3 percent in 2009 to 9.1 percent in 2012. No doubt this is influence by the maturing domain name market for many CENTR members. Median renewals have increased slightly over this period, starting at 79.5 percent, declining slightly and are now at 81.5 percent.

CENTR Member Map

Down under, AusRegistry and the .au Domain Administration (auDA) have launched an online survey aimed at the broader Australian community, asking their opinions about the .au domain namespace.

The survey is the first of its kind in the .au namespace and is seeking 10,000 responses over three months to provide a baseline performance standard to measure against annually in future surveys.

A key element of the survey is an investigation into the domain name purchasing behaviour of Australian consumers. Anecdotal evidence suggests Australians exhibit a strong preference for .au domain names and trust it over other namespaces such as .com, .nz or .asia. The survey will also identify trends in .au domain name uptake using demographic data.

Another area of interest the survey will examine is the introduction of new generic Top-Level Domains later this year and what impact this might have on consumers and .au.

Travelling back to Europe, 244 malicious domain names in the .ru and .рф zones were neutralised in January with another ten still the delegation process.

The biggest share of detected malicious domains (80%) is accounted for by phishing resources, 12 percent is accounted for by the resources that spread malicious software. The least share falls on the domains through which botnets are being controlled (the networks of infected computers): there were only eight percent of such domain names.

Over in North America, the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA), the organisation that manages .ca, is kicking off its annual consultation with a feature event in Ottawa and an online forum, providing all Canadians with an equal voice to discuss the issues that impact the safe and fair use of the internet.

The Canadian Internet Forum (CIF) commenced on 28 February at the Ottawa Convention Centre. At the forum, CIRA brought together leading thinkers and experts to discuss a variety of Internet-related topics, including digital literacy, cyber-security and internet governance.

.CA Allows Registration Of Domains With All French Characters

CIRA dotCA logoCanadians can now register domain names with all characters in their two official languages, French and English, after the .ca registry implemented support of all French characters this month.

Previously, the only characters .ca registrants could use in domain names were the letters a-z, the numbers 0-9 and hyphens. Now it is possible for French .CA domain names to be spelled with the language’s full range of characters and ligatures: é, ë, ê, è, â, à, æ, ô, œ, ù, û, ü, ç, î, ï, ÿ.

“This is great news for all Canadians because it means they can now use the .ca domain in Canada’s two official languages, French and English,” said Byron Holland, President and CEO of the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) said in a statement. “This is also great news for owners of .ca domains and their website visitors because it means that domain names can precisely match names, businesses and trademarks.”

Implementing French-language characters, or internationalised domain names, is a far more challenging and complex process than it may at first appear to be. For example, the domain préside.ca could have 62 different spelling variations depending on the choice of characters used. CIRA has developed a number of policies and procedures to keep the process as simple and straightforward as possible.

One of the most important developments by CIRA is the creation of a bundling policy that removes the necessity to register every special-character variant of an existing .CA domain. Whoever registers, or has already registered, a specific domain, is automatically granted an exclusive right to register all of its variants, but is under no obligation to do so. For example, only the owner of cira.ca will have the right to register cïra.ca and cîra.ca.

For more information about the rollout of French-language characters for the .ca domain, please visit cira.ca/why-ca/french-ca.

Canada Reaches Two Million .CA Internet Addresses

CIRA dotCA logo[news release] The Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) announced today it has reached the two million mark for registered .CA Internet domain names. This milestone demonstrates Canadians’ rapidly increasing adoption of .CA domain names for personal and business use: it took 21 years for one million .CA domain names to be registered and just four years to reach the next million.

The two million mark is all the more poignant as it comes at the close of the 25th anniversary of the founding of the .CA domain. It was established in 1987 by a group of volunteers at the University of British Columbia (UBC) and transferred to CIRA in 2000. In 1988, the first .CA domain name, upei.ca, was registered by the University of Prince Edward Island.

Leora Rissin, a retired schoolteacher from Toronto, Ontario, registered the two-millionth .CA domain name, algonquinhouse.ca. She is planning to use it to promote her new small business, a bed and breakfast near High Park.

“For me, having a .CA lets everyone know you’re a Canadian business,” said Ms. Rissin.

“.CA is like having a Canadian flag on your digital backpack,” says Byron Holland, President and CEO of CIRA. “It represents Canada on the Internet. And research shows Canadians prefer.CA sites for online news, banking and shopping. So it’s no surprise our numbers continue to climb.”

.CA is the fourth fastest-growing Internet domain name registry and the fourteenth largest compared to other country specific domain names like .uk (United Kingdom). “When we started the .CA domain there were only a few thousand computers on the Internet – in total – and no one thought it would ever be so pervasive,” says John Demco, who led the team responsible for creating the .CA top-level domain at UBC in 1987. “Now Canada leads the world in the amount of time its citizens spend online, and while the Internet from a technology perspective doesn’t concern itself with nationality, Canadians strongly identify with.CA domain names and the registration of two million .CAs is proof of that.”

About CIRA
The Canadian Internet Registration Authority is the Member-driven organization that manages Canada’s .CA domain name registry, develops and implements policies that support Canada’s Internet community, and represents the .CA registry internationally.

This CIRA news release was sourced from:

CIRA Asks Canadians To Have Their Say In The Future Of Their Internet

CIRA dotCA logo[news release] The Canadian Internet Registration Authority (www.CIRA.ca), the organization that manages the .CA Internet domain, is bringing two of North America’s top digital thinkers to Ottawa to talk about how the unrestricted growth of the global Internet is vital to the economic and social future of Canada and the rest of the world.

The event, Canadians Connected 2012, will feature keynotes by Biz Stone, co-founder and creative director of Twitter, and Scott Stratten, president of Un-Marketing. The event will also encompass CIRA’s 2012 AGM, where .CA Members can network, learn and get involved in shaping the future of the Internet in Canada.

“The Internet belongs to all of us, and impacts every aspect of our lives,” said Byron Holland, President and CEO of CIRA. “As we reflect on the 25th anniversary of the .CA domain and work with Canadians to plan for its next 25 years, we thought this was an excellent opportunity to feature the insights of these visionaries who share CIRA’s commitment to an Internet that is free and open to everyone.”

The AGM provides an excellent opportunity for Canadians to have a say in the operation and governance of the Internet in Canada. Attendees can learn about the benefits of .CA membership and inform themselves on the issues impacting the future of the Internet in advance of CIRA’s 2012 board of directors election. CIRA is electing five new members to its board, with the online voting process taking place from Sept. 19 to 26. At this year’s AGM, .CA Members will also vote on proposed bylaw changes intended to ensure CIRA is in compliance with Canada’s new Not-For-Profit Corporations Act.

While anyone can attend the AGM, only .CA Members can vote at the AGM or in the election. However, membership is free and can easily be obtained online by any .CA domain name holder.

“CIRA depends on the participation and input of its Members to help drive its strategic direction and define its position on the issues impacting global Internet governance,” added Holland. “This is your opportunity to be heard and ensure that .CA remains an accessible, secure and trusted Canadian resource.”

More about the speakers

Biz Stone was named one of the Most Influential People in the World and one of Vanity Fair’s Top 10 Most Influential People of the Information Age. This will be his first speaking engagement in Ottawa. He will discuss the lessons he has learned about entrepreneurship, how to transform ideas into reality and the power of learning from mistakes, as well as what the future holds as more people become connected through a free and open Internet.

Scott Stratten is an expert on viral, social and authentic marketing. He has been named one of the top five social media influencers in the world by Forbes.com. His book UnMarketing: Stop Marketing. Start Engaging became a national best-seller before it was released. He is currently on tour to promote his latest effort, The Book of Business Awesome, and is expected to deliver a message that is specific to his Canadian audience with his trademark passion and enthusiasm.

For more information on the 2012 AGM, please visit https://agm.cira.ca

To learn more about CIRA’s board elections, please visit https://elections.cira.ca

To learn more about CIRA’s proposed bylaw changes, please visit http://cira.ca/legal/governance/

To learn more about obtaining a .CA membership, please visit https://member.cira.ca

About CIRA

The Canadian Internet Registration Authority is the Member-driven organization that manages Canada’s .CA domain name registry, develops and implements policies that support Canada’s Internet community, and represents the .CA registry internationally.

This CIRA news release was sourced from:

CIRA Warns Of Online Scam For Fake Domain Renewal Notices

CIRA dotCA logo[news release] The Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) has received reports of an online scam, wherein “renewdomain.ca” is sending out fake email renewal notices to .CA Registrants.

“Renewdomain.ca” is not a CIRA Certified Registrar and is fraudulently posing as the Registrant’s Registrar in an attempt to obtain payment from the Registrant. The email identifies the recipient’s domain name and that it is about to expire. The recipient is then directed to renew the domain by clicking on a link that leads to a “renewdomain.ca” PayPal payment page.
CIRA has worked with the offending website’s hosting company, who took the site down. Anyone believing they have been a victim of this scam is encouraged to contact Paypal directly to dispute the transaction as quickly as possible.

All .CA Registrants should ignore these emails and not provide payment. If you have concerns about your domain name expiry date, contact your CIRA Certified Registrar directly.

This CIRA news release was sourced from:

Half Of New gTLDs Will Fail: CIRA CEO

Half of all new gTLDs, at least the ones that are open to registrations from the public, will fail, said the CEO of the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA), Byron Holland, in an interview with the Canadian IT Business. In addition, Holland believes that the introduction of the new gTLDs will create competition for ccTLDs such as .CA.”It’s going to dramatically impact the Canadian domain space one way or the other,” Holland told IT Business. “We assume if you add 500 or 1,000 new TLDs to the Internet landscape, we will definitely be up against a more competitive environment.”ICANN’s governance model to allow private stakeholders to control the new domains is the right approach, Holland said. Some critics would have preferred a treaty-based system run by national governments, possibly organised by the United Nations. But less government regulation and a more free market approach should lead to more rapid expansion of the internet, Holland went on to tell IT Business. Even if that does mean that for the first time in the Internet’s history, consumers will see TLDs fail.”Just like any other private business starting up, all these new TLDs will have a 50 per cent chance of going out of business in two or three years,” Holland says. “That’s going to be somewhat disquieting to people.”The full IT Business report is available at www.itbusiness.ca/it/client/en/home/News.asp?id=67442.

CIRA participates in development of online DNSChanger Malware Checker for Canadians

CIRA dotCA logo[news release] The Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA), in collaboration with Public Safety Canada and the Canadian Radio-television Telecommunications Commission (CRTC), has developed an online DNS Checker to screen users’ computers for the DNSChanger malware.

Recently, through Operation Ghost Click, the FBI uncovered an extensive cyber criminal activity, whereas millions of computers around the world were infected with malicious software without the knowledge of the user. The malware, called DNSChanger, affected the Domain Name System (DNS) configuration of the user’s computer system. The DNS is the system that changes domain names into Internet Protocol (IP) addresses (for example, cira.ca= For more on how the DNS works you can visit youtu.be/2ZUxoi7YNgs). The malware infrastructure, which affected over 20,000 Canadian IP addresses, redirected unsuspecting user’s to rogue DNS servers, allowing the cyber criminals to manipulate the user’s web activity. Because of the complexity and sophistication of this malware, detection and removal is challenging without the help of an IT security professional.

Due to its experience in managing the DNS in Canada, CIRA was approached by Public Safety Canada to assist in developing a tool that allows Canadian Internet users to detect if their computer is affected by the DNSChanger malware.

The result of this collaboration with the Canadian Cyber Incident Response Centre (CCIRC) at Public Safety Canada and the CRTC is the DNSChanger Malware Checker, located at http://DNS-OK.ca/.

Once the user agrees to the Terms and Conditions, the DNS Checker will match the DNS Internet Protocol (IP) address employed by the user’s computer against the known Operation Ghost Click IP addresses. When completed, the user is greeted by either a green banner, which indicates that their computer is not infected with the malware, or a red banner, which indicates that their computer system may be infected with the malware. If the banner is red, the user is encouraged to consult the Public Safety Canada website that provides further information on detection and removal of the DNSChanger malware. For more information please visit www.publicsafety.gc.ca/prg/em/ccirc/2011/in11-002-eng.aspx.

“This type of initiative really speaks to the collaborative nature of the Canadian Internet community, and the key role CIRA plays,” said CIRA’s president and CEO Byron Holland. “CIRA is committed to providing Canadian Internet users with a safe, secure and trusted online experience and this DNS Checker provides an important resource for Canadians to screen their computer for the DNSChanger malware”.

The DNSChanger Malware Checker does not screen for any other virus, malicious code or malware.


About CIRA
The Canadian Internet Registration Authority is the member-driven organization that manages Canada’s .CA domain name registry, develops and implements policies that support Canada’s Internet community, and represents the .CA registry internationally.

This CIRA news release was sourced from:

America Registry logoTo register your .CA domain name, check America Registry here.

CIRA Moves Towards DNSSEC With Paper on Proposal For Way Forward

CIRA dotCA logo[news release] Today, the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) took a critical step in making the Internet more secure for Canadians. As part of CIRA’s planned implementation of Domain Name System Security Extensions (DNSSEC), CIRA released a DNSSEC Practice Statement (DPS) to provide this service to the Canadian Internet community.

The DPS provides an operational outline of all the details on how CIRA plans to develop, maintain and manage DNSSEC deployment. CIRA is inviting comments on its DPS. Interested parties can send their feedback on the DPS to cira_dnssec@cira.ca.

“CIRA is committed to providing Canadian Internet users with a safe, secure and trusted online experience,” said CIRA’s President and CEO Byron Holland. “DNSSEC is the next logical step in securing DNS services and protecting Canadians online.”

DNSSEC is an important set of extensions that provide an extra layer of security to the domain name system (DNS), the system the Internet uses to translate your domain name from its commonly used URL into its numerical Internet protocol address.

In addition to the DPS, CIRA also launched an online knowledge centre dedicated to DNSSEC, available at cira.ca/knowledge-centre/technology/dnssec. The knowledge centre includes resources for Canadians to learn about why DNSSEC is important and how CIRA plans to implement it.

At its core, DNSSEC is a set of Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) specifications for adding origin authentication and data integrity to the DNS and is implemented through public key cryptography into the DNS hierarchy. What results is a more secure connection for the end user.

This CIRA news release was sourced from:

America Registry logoTo register your .CA domain name, check out America Registry here.

CIRA Report Finds Internet Infrastructure, Digital Literacy and Economic Development Key to Canada's Future

CIRA logoThe Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) released a report on the findings from its national consultation on how the Internet is run. The report found that it was important for Canada to develop world class internet infrastructure and that the linkages between the development and deployment of the internet, along with economic development and digital literacy are major issues of public interest in Canada. Continue reading CIRA Report Finds Internet Infrastructure, Digital Literacy and Economic Development Key to Canada's Future

CIRA Report Finds Internet Infrastructure, Digital Literacy and Economic Development Key to Canada’s Future

The Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) released a report on the findings from its national consultation on how the Internet is run. The report found that it was important for Canada to develop world class internet infrastructure and that the linkages between the development and deployment of the internet, along with economic development and digital literacy are major issues of public interest in Canada.The report judged the Canadian Internet Forum a success, meeting its objectives and demonstrating that value that can be added to internet governance processes by a public forum that provides a space where internet stakeholders can meet to discuss and debate the public interest in the Internet outside the confines of established institutional structures, with the aim of building consensus on key issues as an input to decision-making in the public, private and not-for-profit sectors.The Forum was a national consultation hosted by CIRA, the manager of Canada’s .CA domain name registry, along with its partners the International Institute for Sustainable Development (IISD) and the Media Awareness Network (MNet). It consisted of face-to-face consultations that took place across Canada along with input received from an online discussion forum, and culminated at a national event held in Ottawa and webcast across the country in February 2011.The consultations were broadly themed under two topics: the digital economy and digital literacy, and Canadians identified numerous issues that are important to them. These issues included online safety and security, the development of a ‘Canadian vision’ for the Internet and the cost and speed of broadband.The report said that “unlike the centrally managed and regulated telecommunications and broadcasting networks that preceded it, the Internet was built bottom-up as an open network of networks, designed to maximise opportunities for users to access, create and exchange information and minimise controls on their activities.CIRA President and CEO Byron Holland suggested in the report “that as the complexity of internet governance increases, there a need for a public forum that engages all stakeholders and provides a comprehensive, balanced view of the public interest in the development and use of the internet as an input to government policy-makers and regulators, other public authorities, and decision-makers throughout Canada’s economy and society.”Holland warned that centralised, top-down control of the internet — the alternative to maintaining and enhancing the distributed, bottom-up, consensus-driven internet governance model so that it is able to cope with increasing complexity risks sub-optimising the role the Internet can play in Canada’s future.”The raising of digital literacy and economic development were two key messages found by participants, and that these were tightly interconnected, and that the public discourse surrounding them needs to be reframed and rebalanced to put greater emphasis on digital literacy — a task for which a public forum like the Forum is well-suited.”The report also found that in addition to recognising the close connections between economic development and digital literacy, the [Forum] process identified a number of fundamental internet governance challenges that must be addressed to enable the creation of a virtuous circle between them. These challenges include:

  • Achieving universal and affordable access to world-class internet infrastructure and services.
  • Equipping Canadians with the knowledge and skills they need to participate and prosper in the digital economy and global information society.
  • Ensuring a stable and secure online environment for individuals and organisations in the private and public sectors, through effective management of critical internet resources and protecting the privacy and other rights of Internet users.
  • Promoting Internet-enabled innovation in business, government, education, and health care.
  • Promoting digital inclusion of all communities and segments of the Canadian population.

To achieve all this, the Forum found that access to affordable world-class internet infrastructure and services in all areas of Canada would be required, something that is being addressed by all levels of government within Canada even though services available to Canadians lag behind those in some other countries.The report will be presented to the United Nations coordinated Internet Governance Forum (www.intgovforum.org), a venue for nations to discuss the future of the Internet.The report is available to download in full at www.scribd.com/doc/54601955.