Tag Archives: Brazil

.TK Rockets To Largest ccTLD, Second Largest TLD

The .TK ccTLD, one of the three TLDs with the most malicious domain registrations and whose domains are mostly given away for free, has rocketed into first place among ccTLDs with 16.7 million active registrations according to the latest CENTR DomainWire report.The tiny Pacific island of Tokelau, with a population of 1353 according to the CIA Factbook, is, along with .COM and .INFO, responsible for 82 percent of malicious domain registrations, says a phishing survey released by the Anti-Phishing Working Group (APWG) released in April.With the mostly free domains, at the end of April 2013 the CENTR DomainWire reports there were 1.3 million more .TK registrations than .DE (Germany) with 15.4m then .UK (United Kingdom) with 10.5m.Following this was .CN (China) with 7.5m, then .NL (Netherlands – 5.2m), .RU (Russian Federation – 4.5m), .EU (European Union – 3.7m), .BR (Brazil – 3.2m), .AR (Argentina – 2.9m) and.AU and .FR (Australia and France – 2.6m).Of course, they are all dwarfed by .COM with 108.8 million registrations according to Registrar Stats.Of the top ccTLDs by registration numbers, .CN had the highest growth rate in the last six months, growing by 82.7 percent, followed by .TK that grew by 54.7 percent, .IN (India – 14.3%), .RU (12.5%) and .FR (6.4%).Other highlights of the DomainWire report were:

  • there were 64.2 million ccTLD registrations in Europe
  • the average renewal rate across European ccTLDs was 79 percent
  • the Portuguese ccTLD .PT had the highest 12 month net growth of 27 percent
  • the most common use of a domain name was for commercial reasons for 61 percent of European ccTLD registrations
  • the average number of characters in a European domain name was 10.7 characters
  • 28 out of 42 ccTLDs (67 %) in the region offer IDNs in their zone with a further 3 planning to implement ( Cyprus, Belgium and Slovakia)
  • high numbers of IDNs can be found in the Russian .IDN TLD (.PФ ) with just under 800,000 followed by .de with over 600,000.

To download the CENTR DomainWire report in full, go to:
centr.org/system/files/share/domainwire_stat_report_2013_1.pdf

Canadians Express Strong Preference For .CA Domains As ccTLD Grows Strongly

Canadians prefer their own .CA ccTLD over .COM a new report from the Canadian Internet Registration Authority (CIRA) has found.In the report from the .CA registry, both businesses and individuals expressed a preference for their own ccTLD. For business, 49 percent of Canadians strongly preferred a .CA domain for their website versus 17 percent for .COM while 54 percent of individuals expressed a preference for .CA versus 10 percent for .COM, the .CA Factobook released this week finds.Additionally, 89 percent of online Canadians believe it is important for Canadians to have a .CA domain, and 75 percent of them prefer to support Canadian businesses whenever possible.The top reasons given for preferring a .CA domain name by users was that it is a Canadian organisation, honest, trusted, safe, secure, credible and relevant.The results are consistent with other ccTLDs that have released similar surveys. In a similar study, Nominet found Britons prefer .UK domains. In the Nominet survey they found 81 percent of respondents preferred .UK websites when presented with a choice of a .UK or .COM domain in search results. The main reasons given by respondents were that it would be more likely to be a UK based company and have more relevance with prices in sterling and acceptable delivery charges.The CIRA report also found that .CA is one of the fastest growing TLDs in the world, ranking fourth among its country code top level domain (ccTLD) counterparts from 2007 to 2012 behind .FR (France), .AU (Australia) and .BR (Brazil) with over 50 percent growth in this period. Other ccTLDs growing by more than 50 percent during this period were .NL (Netherlands) and .SE (Sweden).The growth of .CA is particularly impressive as unlike many other ccTLDs such as .DE, .CO and .TK, there are Canadian presence requirements to register a .CA domain. Canadians repeatedly report that they want to do business and/or connect with other Canadians so the presence requirements mean that it is more likely that when visiting a .CA website, it is going to have a Canadian connection.The market share of .CA within Canada is also growing as more and more Canadians are choosing their own ccTLD. Over the last five years .CA’s market share has increased from 21 per cent to 30 per cent, for the most part at the expense of .COM.The report also looked at gTLD and ccTLD registrations per capita. Canada, like the United States, is one of the few countries where .COM have a higher rate of registrations per capita than their respective ccTLDs – .CA and .US respectively.The countries/ccTLDs with the highest proportion of domain name registrations per capita are .NL with over 400 registrations for every 1000 people with just under 300 of these registrations for .NL domain names and the remaining for gTLD registrations.Second is .DE (Germany) with around 280 registrations per 1000 people, of which around 190 are .DE domains and the remaining for gTLDs. Following is .UK (also around 280 registrations/1000 with 170 .UK), .US (260 and minimal .US registrations) and then Australia whose registrations are reasonably evenly divided between .AU and gTLDs with around 220 domains registered per 1000 people. Following is .NO (Norway), .SE (Sweden) and then .CA.IPv6 deployment has been slow within Canada, as in most other countries. The report notes that at present, IPv6 has still barely penetrated the .CA market, but as deployment intensifies, especially around World IPv6 Launch Day each June, CIRA says it can be expected to see these numbers rise steadily.Other findings of the report include:

  • Canadians rank first in the world when it comes to internet usage, spending an average of 45 hours per month online
  • Canadians spend more for broadband speed than 19 other countries
  • Canada’s internet economy accounted for three percent of Canada’s Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in 2012, totalling $49 billion
  • Per viewer, Canada leads the world in viewing online video.

The full report is available online at www.cira.ca/factbook/2013/index.html.

CcTLD Updates: .au, .cr, .id, .nl, .ru, .sg

Following the 2010 Names Policy Panel, auDA, the .au policy and regulatory body, has announced they will be implementing some of the Panel’s recommendations.

There are two main policy changes. One relates to domain monetisation in .com.au and .net.au, which sees the policy rules in effect “incorporated into the Domain Name Eligibility and Allocation Policy Rules for Open 2LDs at Schedules C (com.au) and E (net.au).”

The second relates to the little used .id.au 2LD, previously open only to individuals using their actual name or nickname. Now registrants will be able to register a domain name in the 2LD that relates to “a personal interest or hobby of the registrant.”

NIC Costa Rica announced that on 16 October 2012, the registries from Germany (.de), Brazil (.br) and Czech Republic (.cz) signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with NIC Costa Rica (.cr). In their announcement NIC Costa Rica notes “the agreements allows for mutually beneficial projects such as: promote the exchange of expertise, share best practices related to management, strategy and business models, work together on initiatives that can lead to more efficient processes among other projects.”

The registry for .id domain names (Indonesia) said there is a good chance the ccTLD will become the largest in south east Asia. According to a Tech In Asia report,  Indonesia’s 103,882 .id domains are still outnumbered by Singapore’s .sg and Malaysia’s .my domains, which have 144,591 and 206,663 registered domains respectively.” The ccTLD has seen a 62.5 percent increase in registration in 2012 with the registry, PANDI, forecasting a growth rate of up to 170 percent in 2013 which, if it happens, would mean there would be 300,000 more new .id domain names at the end of 2013.

The Dutch Ministry of Economic Affairs and SIDN have jointly written to ICANN on the subject of last resort redelegation. The move is linked to contingency arrangements that the ministry and SIDN made in the 2008 Covenant on Safeguarding the .nl Domain, with a view to ensuring the continuity and stability of the .nl domain under all circumstances. The letter informs ICANN about the Covenant and about the contingency arrangements made at the national level, in case a last resort redelegation should ever be necessary.

On 19 December, 2012, the Coordination Center for TLD RU/РФ hosted a press conference on the “Russian Domain Space 2012: the bottom line”. The press conference looked at the achievement os 2012 and emerging future trends.

Issues covered were the stability of Russia’s TLDs, .ru and .рф, the growth in registrations of both TLDs to go past a combined total of five million, the safety of the DNS and DNSSEC and Russian applications for new gTLDs.

And the Coordination Center for TLD RU also announced the Russian Domains stats portal now enables to compare the domain zones in a highly visual mode. Compare Data will prove useful for web analysts, media and other Internet community members as well as for the members of the domain industry.

The Singaporean registry, SGNIC, announced that from 2 January 2013, all new businesses and companies registered with the Accounting and Corporate Regulatory Authority (ACRA) via its BizFile system on or after 5 October 2012, will save at least S$30 for the first year of registration for their first .sg domain name (ending with “.com.sg” or “.sg”).

In another SGNIC announcement, from 1 to 31 January 2013, a selected group of Premium Domain Names (“PDNs”) will be released for application at a base price ranging from $642 to $21,400 (including GST). If the name has multiple applications, it will be allocated to the applicant with the highest bid.

CENTR Releases European Domain Name Statistics Report

The latest CENTR Domain Wire Stat Report shows that Montenegro (.me), Serbia (.rs) and Slovakia (.sk) are the European countries with the highest market share of the local ccTLD with 99 percent, 90 percent and 87 percent respectively.This means that in Montenegro, 99 percent of all domain names registered in the country across all top level domains are .me domains.The biannual report covers a wide number of statistics for Europe, such as there are 61.7 million country code domain names registered in Europe which is around a quarter of the 245 or so million domain names registered globally.And the European ccTLD with the highest growth rate is .pt (Portugal), but this is largely because registration policies for the ccTLD were liberalised earlier this year. And across Europe, two in five (40%) domain names are registered by individuals, while the remaining three in five are registered for commercial purposes. Plus the average length of a domain name is 11.2 characters and the top three registrars account for 45 percent of all European registrations.The report includes a list of the top 20 ccTLDs globally, which is headed by .de (Germany) with, as of the end of September, had 15.2 million registrations. There followed .tk (Tokelau – 10.83m) and .uk (United Kingdom – 10.24m).Within the top 20 list, the highest growth (year on year) has been achieved by .cn (China) at around 26.6 percent, partly due to changes in registration requirements. Second was .co (Columbia) with an increase of 25.1 percent, then .ru (Russia – 16%) .fr (France – 16%) and .br (Brazil – 15%). The median growth of the top 20 ccTLDs year-on-year was 11.5 percent.And IDN ccTLDs make up around 0.40 percent of the roughly 245 million domain names registered around the world, with the largest being .рф – the IDN ccTLD for the Russian Federation – with around 840,000 registrations.To download the complete Domain Wire Stat Report, go to centr.org/news/statistics/12-03-2012/2462/domainwire-stat-report-available.

Four Millionth .RU Domain Registered

RU Coordination Center logoThe four millionth .RU (Russian Federation) domain name has been registered with total registrations approaching 4.004 million as this article is published.

.RU is the fifth largest ccTLD behind .DE (Germany) with 15.2 million registrations, followed by .TK (Tokelau) however the registry does not publish registration statistics for its free domain names. Third is .UK (United Kingdom – 10.2m) then .NL (Netherlands – 5.04m), .RU, .CN (China – 4.13m as of 31 July), .EU (European Union – 3.67m), .BR (Brazil – 3.05m), .AR (Argentina – figures unknown) and then .AU, currently with 2.52m registrations.

More to come.

.AU Passes 2.5 Million Registered Domains

The number of registered .AU (Australia) domain names passed the 2.5 million mark in late August, auDA and AusRegistry announced.Since passing two million registrations in March 2011, the .AU namespace has grown at a steady pace thanks, the regulatory and policy body and registry note, to the combined efforts of accredited registrars in promoting .AU as Australia’s home on the internet. Approximately 86 percent of all .AU domain names are registered under .com.au.According to Verisign’s latest Domain Name Industry Brief, .AU is the tenth largest ccTLD. The largest is .DE (Germany) with almost 15.19 million registrations today. Second is probably .TK (Tokelau) however the registry does not publish registration statistics for its free domain names, followed by .UK (United Kingdom – 10.2m), .NL (Netherlands – 5.03m), .RU (Russian Federation – 3.99m) .CN (China – 4.13m as of 31 July), .EU (European Union – 3.65m), .BR (Brazil – 3.05m), .AR (Argentina – figures unknown) and then .AU, currently with 2.51m registrations.

.ORG Sixth Largest TLD As Registrations Grow Strongly

Public Interest Registry .ORG logoThe number of .ORG domain names grew by 7.7 per cent in the first half of 2012 compared to the same period in 2011, with the total number of domains registered totalling 9.9 million at the end of June, the Public Interest Registry revealed in its latest bi-annual report The Dashboard.

The number of .ORG domain names now totals 10.064 million with the ten millionth registration happening on 24 June according to a PIR news release dated 11 July. So either registrations temporarily went backwards or there are several ways to count .ORG domain names!

The report also notes the number of registered .ORG domain names increased from 3.9 million in 2006 to 9.9 million by the end of June 2012 – a net gain of 305,948 for the first half of the year and an increase of 154 percent over seven years.

The largest TLD globally is naturally .COM with around 104.127m domain names registered. Second is .DE (Germany) with 15.159m registrations then .NET (14.767m). Following is .TK (Tokelau – 10.5m), .UK (United Kingdom – 10.179m), .ORG (10.055m), .INFO (8.118m).NL (Netherlands – 5.015m), .RU (Russian Federation – 3.928m), .EU (European Union – 3.644m) and then .BR (3m).

The blended renewal rate for .ORG, the average renewal rate from the first to the third year, of existing .ORG websites for the first half of 2012 was 75.4 per cent.

PIR has also applied for six new top level domains: .NGO, .ONG and four internationalised domains that translate into “organisation,” “org” or “structured organisation” in Devanagari, Cyrillic and Chinese-simplified scripts.

“We have seen tremendous growth of the .ORG domain over the last few years, underscoring the fact that .ORG remains the go-to online home for individuals and companies advancing their cause or mission,” said Brian Cute, CEO of Public Interest Registry. “What’s more is that the year ahead also promises to be an exciting one for PIR. Not only will we remain focused on continuing to expand the .ORG domain globally and in new markets such as India, Russia and China, but we will also be introducing complementary domain options – such as .NGO or .ONG – that will, like .ORG, serve as trusted online venues for nonprofit and nongovernmental communities worldwide.”

For more information on “The Dashboard” or to download a copy, see pir.org/news

Three Million .BR Domains

NIC.br logoThe three millionth .BR domain name was registered on 31 July the Brazilian registry announced this week.

The Brazilian ccTLD is the seventh largest ccTLD NIC.br noted in their news release. The registry says the large number of .BR domain names proves Brazilians prefer their own ccTLD.

Assisting the growth of .BR NIC.br notes has been the implementation of DNSSEC, the creation of a number of second level domains (b.br for banks, jus.br for the judiciary and leg.br for government as well as emp.br and eco.br) as well as making it easier to register domains and providing better infrastructure.

The largest ccTLD is .DE (Germany) with 15.1 million active registrations, followed by .TK (Tokelau – 10.5m), .UK (United Kingdom – 10.2m), .NL (Netherlands – 5m), .RU (Russian Federation – 3.9m), .EU (European Union – 3.6m) and then .BR.

Joint Brazilian NIC/ICANN Project Leads to Faster and Safer DNS Resolution in Brazil

ICANN logoThe Brazilian Network Information Center (NIC.br), in cooperation with ICANN has completed an improvement to the Internet infrastructure that increases the resilience to potential abuse or attacks on Domain Name Service (DNS) by boosting name resolution capacity.

NIC.br has installed 14 new anycast copies of ICANN‘s L-Root server, which were originally installed in California.

“This new infrastructure reduces response time in Brazil for domains from all over the world,” said Frederico Neves, director of technology services at the NIC.br. “But its most relevant impact is greatly increasing security, by distributing international connectivity to the name resolution service independently and at the root of the Internet in the country.”

As of today, L-Root copies operate together with .br servers at Internet Exchange Points (PTTMetro) across Brazil. Of the 20 current locations for those points, 14 will reap benefits from this latest infrastructure improvement.

“Root name servers are a critical part of the Internet’s infrastructure,” said Joe Abley, Director of ICANN‘s DNS Group. “These new servers distributed across Brazil are part of a global effort to improve DNS response time, security and general stability for all users.”

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/news/announcements/announcement-2-11may12-en.htm

ICANN Leader Praises Brazil’s Multi-Stakeholder Model of Internet Coordination: Chief Executive Officer Draws Parallels to the ICANN Model

ICANN logoRod Beckstrom, ICANN’s President and Chief Executive Officer today praised Brazil as one of the few countries that has adopted a multi-stakeholder approach to Internet governance issues.

“It is an example of the Brazilian government’s wisdom in saying we want the private sector, we want the civil society, and Academic leaders, Internet experts and corporations to come together and provide the Internet Strategy for the country,” said Beckstrom.

The ICANN leader praised Brazil’s Internet Steering Committee or Consejo Gestor de Internet CGI during a keynote address to the Futurecom information technology conference in Sao Paulo, Brazil. He said it has been instrumental in bringing security enhancements to the Internet and in embracing the IPv6 protocol, which dramatically increased the amount of available Internet addresses.

Beckstrom said ICANN is also proudly defined by a multi-stakeholder model, aimed at increasing the participation of diverse groups from all around the globe. He said those varied groups provided valuable input in putting together ICANN’s new generic Top-Level Domain (gTLD) program.

The gTLD program will greatly expand the current number of 22 Top-Level Domains (i.e., .com, .gov, .net, etc.) to include almost any word or name. But Beckstrom made clear that new gTLDs are not intended for every company or organization, since running a gTLD means an applicant is committing to run an Internet registry – an expensive and highly technical operation.

“I want to make clear that ICANN is an organization that is not advocating new gTLDs for anyone,” said Beckstrom. “Our role is merely facilitation to implement the policy and the programs approved by our community, so we are here to educate not to advocate.”

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:
www.icann.org/en/news/releases/release-12sep11-en.pdf