There were 326.4 million domain names registered across all top level domains (TLDs) around the world at the end of the first quarter 2016, an increase of approximately 12 million domain names, or 3.8 percent over the fourth quarter of 2015, according to the latest Domain Name Industry Brief published by Verisign. Registrations have grown by 32.4 million, or 11 percent, year over year.As of 31 March, new gTLD registrations totalled 16.1 million, which represented 4.9 percent of total domain name registrations. The top 10 new gTLDs represented over half (54.8%) of all new gTLD domain name registrations. The largest of the new gTLDs were .xyz and .top, which accounted for 16.5 and 11.1 percent of all new gTLD registrations respectively.Total country code TLD (ccTLD) registrations were 148.2 million domain names, a 2.6 percent increase quarter over quarter, and an 8.2 percent increase year over year. The top 10 ccTLDs as of 31 March were .tk (Tokelau), .cn (China), .de (Germany), .uk (United Kingdom), .ru (Russian Federation), .nl (Netherlands), .eu (European Union), .br (Brazil), .au (Australia) and .fr (France).The .com and .net TLDs experienced aggregate growth, reaching a combined total of approximately 142.5 million domain names in the domain name base in the first quarter of 2016. This represents a 7.1 percent increase year over year. The base of registered names in .com equalled 126.6 million names, while .net equalled 15.9 million names, the latter figure having being static for around three years.New .com and .net registrations totalled 10 million during the first quarter of 2016. In the first quarter of 2015, new .com and .net registrations totalled 8.7 million.There has also been a large jump in the growth of .com and .net domain names redirecting to popular global social media and e-commerce sites compared to Q1 2015. Weibo had the largest growth of 49 percent followed by LinkedIn (35%), Etsy (30%), Facebook (27%), Amazon.com (25%) and Twitter (23%). Verisign don’t give total numbers and for most at least it is likely to be growth from a comparatively small base.Combining gTLDs and ccTLDs, the largest by zone size were .com, .tk, .cn, .de, .net, .org, .uk, .ru, .nl and .info. There were 291 global ccTLD extensions delegated in the root, including Internationalised Domain Names (IDN), with the top 10 ccTLDs composing 67.4 percent of all ccTLD registrations.Regarding .tk, Verisign quotes from a Freenom news release that the Tokelauan ccTLD is a free ccTLD that provides free domain names to individuals and businesses. Revenue is generated by monetising expired domain names. Domain names no longer in use by the registrant or expired are taken back by the registry and the residual traffic is sold to advertising networks. As such, there are no deleted .tk domain names.It also means that while .tk is the largest ccTLD, it’s numbers are very misleading when it comes to actual usage and demand.
The total number of domain names registered around the world grew to 314 million at the end of 2015, a growth rate of nine percent (25.9 million) for the 12 months and five percent (15m) for the fourth quarter, according to the latest Verisign Domain Name Industry Brief published Thursday.For the largest TLD of them all, .com, it’s growth is unassailable. There are now 124 million .com domains registered, up from 115.6 million a year ago, a growth of 7.3 percent. But its Verisign stablemate .net has only grown from 15 to 15.8 million, or 5.3 percent, over the same period.The .net TLD is one of a number of gTLDs, along with .us, that seemingly have been knocked by the growth of the new gTLDs. In the 12 months to 31 December there has been a significant growth in new gTLD registrations.The largest TLDs in order by zone size were .com, .tk, .cn, .de, .net, .org, .uk, .ru, .nl and .info.New gTLDs have been growing strongly. As of 31 December 2014 there were 478 new gTLDs were delegated into the root and new gTLD registrations totalled 3.6 million, or 2.3 percent of total gTLD registrations. Fast forward 12 months and there are 10.9 million new gTLD registrations, which represents 3.5 percent of the total domains registered in all gTLDs. Fast forward another three and a bit months and there are 16.8 million domains registered across the 968 new gTLDs that have been delegated. The top ten new gTLDs represented 51.9 percent of all new gTLD registrations.In the ccTLDs, growth has also been strong with approximately 144.4 million domains registered at the close of the fourth quarter of 2015, an increase of 6.6 million domain names, or a 4.8 percent increase compared to the third quarter of 2015. For the year, ccTLD registrations increased by approximately 10.4 million, or 7.7 percent. Without including .tk, which has over 26 million registrations virtually all given away for free, ccTLD quarter-over-quarter growth was six percent and year-over-year growth was nine percent.The top 10 ccTLDs, as of 31 December, were .tk (Tokelau), .cn (China), .de (Germany), .uk (United Kingdom), .ru (Russian Federation), .nl (Netherlands), .eu (European Union), .br (Brazil), .au (Australia) and .fr (France).Again as of 31 December, there were 289 global ccTLD extensions delegated in the root, including Internationalised Domain Names (IDNs), with the top 10 ccTLDs comprising 67.2 percent of all ccTLD registrations.But where is the uneven growth apart from .net? Looking at RegistrarStats.com growth appears to have largely plateaued for .org but dropped significantly for several other gTLDs including .org, whose dropped started in 2012, .biz (2014), .mobi (2014), .tel (2011) and .xxx (2012). One ccTLD that has also shown a noticeable decline is .us whose decline also commenced in 2014.A gTLD that has grown noticeably recently that isn’t a new gTLD is .pro who changed their eligibility requirements.
The total number of domain name registrations around the world reached 299 million at the end of September according to the latest Verisign Domain Name Industry Brief, an increase of 3.1 million for the quarter. Which would mean the total today would be well over the 300 million mark.The increase of approximately 3.1 million domain names globally, compared to 2.2 million in the previous quarter to the end of June, equates to a growth rate of 1.1 percent over the second quarter of 2015. Worldwide registrations have grown by 14.8 million, or 5.2 percent, year over year. This compares to the 12 months to the end of September 2014 where registrations increased by 18.1 million and for the 12 months to the end of September 2012 where registrations grew by 26.4 million.The .com and .net TLDs experienced aggregate growth in the third quarter of 2015, reaching a combined total of approximately 135.2 million .com and .net domain names in the domain name base. This represents a 3.4 percent increase year over year.As of 30 September, 2015, the domain name base of .com equalled 120.1 million names, while .net equalled 15.1 million names, which means .net total registrations have increased by only a couple of hundred thousand in recent years and have been stagnant for over year, more or less coinciding with the introduction of new gTLDs. The figures compare to 30 September 2014 where the base of registered names in .com equalled 114.9 million names, while .net equalled 15.1 million names. At the end of September 2012 the figures were 105 million and 14.9 million respectively.In the third quarter, Verisign processed 9.2 million new domain name registrations for .com and .net, as compared to 8.7 million domain names for the same period in 2014.For ccTLDs, there were approximately 137.8 million domain names at the end of the third quarter, with a decline of about 188 thousand domain names, or a 0.1 percent decrease compared to the second quarter of 2015. As of 30 September, the top ten ccTLDs by zone size were .tk (Tokelau), .de (Germany), .cn (China), .uk (United Kingdom), .ru (Russian Federation), .nl (Netherlands), .eu (European Union), .br (Brazil), .au (Australia) and .fr (France).During the third quarter of 2015, Verisign’s average daily Domain Name System (DNS) query load was approximately 120 billion queries per day across all TLDs operated by Verisign, with a peak of nearly 593 billion. Compared to the previous quarter, the daily average query load increased 8.0 percent and the peak increased by 225.3 percent. Year over year, the daily average query load increased by 4.8 percent, and the peak increased by 86.4 percent.The Domain Name Industry Brief also highlights research conducted by Verisign analysts on how to use domain registration trends to find great domain names. Domain names have shifted from very short to keyword rich and descriptive, which in part at least reflects the limited availability of shorter domains and registrants get more creative.The Verisign research detailed within the latest Domain Name Industry Brief illustrates this trend through an examination of domain names that were registered in 2014 as compared against domain names registered prior to 2014 to determine common techniques for registering domain names. Read “Using Domain Name Registration Trends to Find Great Domain Names” to learn more about the trends and techniques uncovered.
The number of domain names registered around the world grew by 2.2 million, or 0.8 percent, to 296 million at the end of June according to the latest Domain Name Industry Brief from Verisign.With similar growth, the 300 million mark should be reached around the end of 2015. Worldwide registrations have grown by 16.4 million, or 5.9 percent, year over year.The growth, the envy of many industries, was a marked slowdown from the first quarter when six million domains were added to the base of registered domain names. And it was also a marked slowdown compared to the same quarter in 2014 where registrations grew 1.4 percent or four million and year-on-year registrations grew 7.2 percentThe .com and .net TLDs experienced aggregate growth in the second quarter of 2015, reaching a combined total of approximately 133.5 million .com and .net domain names in the domain name base. This represents a 3.1 percent increase year over year, an increase that is solely at the hands of .com as .net registrations have stabilised at around the 15 million registrations mark, down from a peak of 15.2 million around a year ago.The .net TLD is suffering somewhat at the hands of the new gTLDS, as are several other gTLDs and .us which have seen registrations decline since their introduction. But new gTLDs currently only account for two percent of all registrations or 5.8 million as of the end of June. Of the new gTLDs .xyz accounts for 13.7 percent of this 5.8 million, making it still by far the largest.For ccTLDs the largely free .tk (Tokelau) ccTLD is still the largest while second remains .de (Germany) which recently passed the 16 million registrations mark. Rounding out the top ten ccTLDs were cn (China), .uk (United Kingdom), .ru (Russian Federation), .nl (Netherlands), .eu (European Union), .br (Brazil), .au (Australia) and .fr (France).If a top ten of all TLDs is compiled .com is by far the largest, .net slots into fourth place, .org into seventh and .info tenth. The top ten then would be com, .tk, .de, .net, .cn, .uk, .org, .ru, .nl and .info.In the second quarter, Verisign processed 8.7 million new domain name registrations for .com and .net, as compared to 8.5 million domain names for the same period in 2014.During the second quarter of 2015, Verisign’s average daily Domain Name System (DNS) query load was 111 billion across all TLDs operated by Verisign, with a peak of 182 billion. Compared to the previous quarter, the daily average decreased 7.1 percent and the peak increased 10.2 percent. Year over year, the daily average query load increased 16.6 percent and the peak query load decreased by 10.8 percent.The latest Domain Name Industry Brief also highlights how the use of the DNS-based Authentication of Named Entities (DANE) protocol can help address long-standing security gaps in the Internet. For many years, numerous cryptographically enhanced protocols have existed. Standards and suites like Secure/Multipurpose Internet Mail Extensions (S/MIME), Transport Layer Security (TLS), IP Security (IPSec), Open Pretty Good Privacy (OpenPGP) and many others have offered a range of protections and have been implemented by a wealth of code. However, the reality is that Internet security protocols have excluded a very important step from their security analyses; secure key learning. Read “Using DANE for Authentication of Internet Services” to learn how this available protocol can address this issue.To download the latest Domain Name Industry Brief, or even any recent ones in their archive, go to:
The total number of .eu registrations grew by 4.7 percent in the third quarter of 2014 compared with the same quarter last year, according to the progress report released last week by the .eu registry EURid.
The increase for the quarter was 50,132 domain names under management, a net increase of 1.3 percent to 3.88 million. This made .eu the eleventh largest TLD in the world. The largest was .com with 114.576 million registrations followed by .tk (Tokelau) with 26.785m, .de (Germany â 15.794m), .net (15.083m), .cn (China – 1â.907m), .uk (United Kingdom) â 10.514), .org (10.399), .info (5.591m), .nl (Netherlands – 5.506m), .ru (Russian Federation â 4.895m) while .br (Brazil â 3.493m) followed.
âAs the new gTLDs continue jostle for position in the changing TLD landscape, our healthy growth rate has further underlined that .eu has a firm foothold in the domain name market,â commented EURid General Manager Marc Van Wesemael.
Indeed, .eu registrations increased in 24 of the 28 EU member states. Malta, Greece and Luxembourg each saw growth of more than 5 percent.
The countries in the top ten list account for 87.6 percent of all .eu registrations. German residents have by far the most .eu domain name registrations, followed by residents of the Netherlands and France.
Residents in the European Economic Area (EEA) countries of Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway became eligible to register .eu domain names on 8 January 2014. At the end of the third quarter registrants in Norway had registered 5,685 names, in Iceland 177 and Liechtenstein 78.
The survey also found the Netherlands has the highest density of domains registered of any European country, with 328.2 .nl domains registered per 1,000 people. Denmark was next with 226.2 .dk domains per 1,000 people followed by Germany with 196.1, the United Kingdom with 164.5, Iceland with 154.4 .is domains per 1,000 and Luxembourg with 154.0 .lu domains per 1,000.
The countries with the highest densities of .eu domains were Malta with 35.7 per thousand followed by the Netherlands with 30.2 and Luxembourg with 28.7.
The third quarter also saw EURid launch its new registration system. EURid implemented the new system to increase performance and to better meet RFC standards and so provide an improved service to the .eu registrar community and consequently to .eu domain name holders.
The full report is available for download at link.eurid.eu/reports.
The growth rate for the 248 ccTLDs around the world has been higher than that for the 21 legacy gTLDs in the three months to the end of August according to the latest CENTR DomainWire report.
The number of domains registered across all ccTLDs was 129,388,192, an increase of 1.7 percent over the three months, not including internationalised domain ccTLDs, which themselves grew by the even higher rate of 2.9 percent to 1,244,863.
Meanwhile the 21 legacy gTLDs saw growth of 0.3 percent to 148,807,739. Meanwhile, as would be expected, registrations across all the new gTLDs grew significantly across the three months â growing a total of 139.8 percent to 2,070,244.
In total, according to the ZookNIC statistics used by CENTR, there was a total of 282,526,140 domains registered across all TLDs, an increase of 1.3 percent in three months.
Among the ccTLDs, growth was highest with the largest, .tk (Tokelau) which saw registrations of its free domains grow 8.6 percent to 26.0 million. No other ccTLD saw growth of over two percent, but five saw registrations of 1.0 percent or more. They were .cn (China) with growth of 1.8 percent to 10.8 million registrations, followed by .eu (European Union â 1.5% – 3.8m), .ch (Switzerland â 1.2% – 1.9m), .br (Brazil â 1.2% – 3.5m) and .au (Australia â 1.0% – 2.9m).
The 20 largest ccTLDs accounted for around 82 percent of all ccTLD domains registered globally and 38 percent of all domains.
Within Europe there were almost 66.5 million ccTLD domains registered at the end of August, a growth rate of 0.3 percent for the quarter and 2.8 percent for the year.
The report also notes the countries with the highest domain name penetration. Liechtenstein tops this list with 176 ccTLD domains registered per 100 people, followed by Montenegro with 117, boosted by their .me ccTLD being promoted as a gTLD. The Netherlands and Switzerland followed with 33 and 24 respectively, then Denmark (23), Germany (19) and the United Kingdom (17).
The report also looked at registrar security and authentication. CENTR asked over 100 registrars, web hosting companies, ISPs and other IT related organisations for their thoughts on some specific areas of security management. The aim of the survey was to gather views on how to increase the security level access to their web portals as well as to evaluate the need for a greater emphasis on two-factor authentication and other security features.
The survey found that 90 percent of respondents are not aware of any situation where leaked credentials have led to an attacker modifying DNS or related data. This left 10% who have experienced this type of incident. Almost 70 percent of all respondents stated an attack of this kind would be a major impact on either the entire or part of the organisation.
To download the CENTR report in full, go to:
The ICANN Board ruled last week the application for the .amazon gTLD, including its related internationalised domain names in Japanese and Chinese should not proceed.The decision came about after the board accepted the advice of the New gTLD Program Committee (NGPC). And while it is possible the applications could proceed at some stage in the future, this is very unlikely.The applications had been vigorously opposed by the governments of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru and Uruguay, with the full support of the Amazon basin countries.In a statement to the 47th ICANN Durban meeting, the “involved governments … expressed serious concerns related to public interest. In particular “.amazon” is a geographic name that represents important territories of some of our countries, which have relevant communities, with their own culture and identity directly connected with the name. Beyond the specifics, this should also be understood as a matter of principle.”In making its recommendation, the NGPC took into account the issues raised by the applicant, the GAC advice and an independent, third-party expert commissioned by ICANN “to provide additional analysis on the specific issues of application of law at issue, which may focus on legal norms or treaty conventions relied on by Amazon or governments.”The Expert Analysis considered “whether the consensus advice issued by the GAC is of such nature as to oblige ICANN to reject the application filed by Amazon, or to the contrary, whether the rules and principles cited by Amazon in its response of 23 August 2013 to the GAC’s advice oblige ICANN to approve the applications for .AMAZON (and related IDNs). The Expert Analysis concludes the following:
As regards the application for assignment of the new gTLD ‘.amazon’ filed by the Amazon company:
i) there is no rule of international, or even regional or national, law applicable in the field of geographical indications which obliges ICANN to reject the application;
ii) there is no rule of international, or even regional or national, law applicable in the field of intellectual property and in particular of trade marks or in the field of fundamental rights, which obliges ICANN to accept this application.”The ICANN Bylaws require the Board to take into account the GAC’s advice on public policy matters in the formulation and adoption of the policies. If the Board decides to take an action that is not consistent with the GAC advice, it must inform the GAC and state the reasons why it decided not to follow the advice. The Board and the GAC will then try in good faith to find a mutually acceptable solution. If no solution can be found, the Board will state in its final decision why the GAC advice was not followed.The board decided to “accept the GAC’s advice to the ICANN Board contained in the GAC’s Durban Communiqué stating that it is the consensus of the GAC that the applications for .AMAZON (application number 1-1315-58086) and related IDNs in Japanese (application number 1-1318-83995) and Chinese (application number 1-1318-5591) should not proceed.”More details of the NGPC advice are available from:
The Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance will take place in SÃ£o Paulo, Brazil on April 23rd and 24th 2014. This meeting will focus on crafting Internet governance principles and proposing a roadmap for the further evolution of the Internet governance ecosystem.
Prof. VirgÃlio Fernandes Almeida, Coordinator of the Brazilian Internet Steering Committee and Secretary for Information Technology Policy of the Ministry of Science, Technology and Innovation, will be the Chair of the meeting. The Chair will shortly appoint co-chairs from other sectors of the global community to ensure multistakeholder balance.
Four committees will be created to ensure a successful event.
The High-Level Multistakeholder Committee, chaired by the Brazilian Minister of Communications Mr. Paulo Bernardo Silva, will be responsible for overseeing the overall strategy of the meeting and fostering the involvement of the international community. It will be composed of: Ministerial-level representation from twelve governments; twelve members of the multistakeholder community (3 from civil society, 3 from the private sector, 3 from academia and 3 from the technical community) to be proposed through /1net; and two representatives from International Organizations to be appointed by the Secretary General of the United Nations. Â The names of the members of this committee will be announced on Monday, January 27th 2014.
The Executive Multistakeholder Committee, co-chaired by Demi Getschko and one more person to be proposed through /1net, will be responsible for the meeting agenda, the design of the meeting format and invitation of attendees, all equally balanced across the global multistakeholder community. It will be composed of the following eight Brazilian members through CGI: Maximiliano MartinhÃ£o and Benedicto Fonseca from government, Carlos Afonso and Percival Henriques from civil society, Cassio Vecchiatti and Henrique Faulhaber from the private sector, FlÃ¡vio Wagner and Demi Getschko from academia and the technical community. Eight additional members from the global multistakeholder community will be proposed through /1net by Friday, January 17th 2014. The United Nations was invited to appoint one member from an International organization.
The date of the first meeting of the Executive Multistakeholder Committee will be Monday, January 27th 2014 in Sao Paulo, Brazil at the CGI office and remote participation will be facilitated.
The Logistics and Organizational Committee will be co-chaired by Hartmut Glaser (CGI) and Nick Tomasso (ICANN). Initially this committee will include three additional members one each from the Ministry of Justice of Brazil, the Ministry of External Relations of Brazil and one liaison proposed by the Steering Committee of /1net. This committee will be responsible for guiding all logistical aspects of the meeting including: media outreach, international communications, website design and management, awareness raising, meeting venue, traveler funding strategy, security, and remote participation.
The first meeting of the Logistics and Organizational Committee will be held on Monday, January 27th, 2014. In the meantime the two co-chairs are already engaged in laying the groundwork for the logistics of the meeting to ensure timely execution.
The last committee, the Council of Governmental Advisors, will welcome all government representatives interested to participate and contribute to the meeting. The High Level Multistakeholder Committee will soon establish a process for the creation and operation of this Council.
To support the committees and operationalize their decisions, a Secretariat will be formed and headed by Daniel Fink who will be empowered as the Secretariat full-time Executive Director. The Secretariat, to be located in Sao Paulo, will be responsible for all aspects of management and operations to ensure the success of the meeting including: logistics, finance, risk, content contributions, and communications. The start date of the Secretariat operations will be Monday, January 27th 2014.
The official website for the meeting will be launched on January 27th 2014. The website will enable the global community to provide contributions for the substantive agenda of the meeting, which consists of the following two specific topics:
- Internet governance principles;
- Roadmap for the further evolution of the Internet governance ecosystem.
The roadmap should address the desirable properties for globally effective, legitimate and evolving governance frameworks. The roadmap should also encompass a path to evolve and globalize the current institutions and mechanisms, as well as address emerging needs.
About the Global Multistakeholder Meeting on the Future of Internet Governance
This meeting will focus on crafting Internet governance principles and proposing a roadmap for the further evolution of the Internet governance ecosystem. The meeting is scheduled for April 23rd and 24th 2014 in Sao Paulo, Brazil and will be live webcast enabling remote participation. The meeting is a partnership between CGI.br and /1net.
Meeting hashtag: #netmundial2014
The Brazilian Internet Steering Committee, responsible for establishing strategic directives related to the use and development of the Internet in Brazil, coordinates and integrates all Internet service initiatives in the country, promoting the technical excellence, innovation and dissemination of offered services. Based on the principles of multilateralism, transparency and democracy, CGI.br represents a multistakeholder Internet governance model with the effective participation of all society sectors in their decisions. One of its formulations are the 10 Principles for the Governance and Use of the Internet (www.cgi.br/principios). More information: www.cgi.br
/1net provides an inclusive and open platform to discuss Internet governance matters for all those interested (individuals, governments, civil society, academia, technicians, and business).
More information on how to participate here: 1net.org
This announcement was sourced from:
Germany has by far the most registrations of .eu domain names with close to 1.127 million followed by the Netherlands with around 489,000 and then France and the United Kingdom with 344,000 and 328,000 respectively according to the latest EURid Quarterly Progress Report for the third quarter of 2013.The report also shows that during the third quarter, the total number of .eu registrations increased in 16 of the 28 EU Member States. Ireland, Portugal, Estonia, Malta and Latvia all saw growth of more than two percent. Renewal rates stayed strong during Q3 at an average of 80 percent.The quarter also saw the number of .eu registrations decrease by 3,051 domain names, a net decrease of 0.1 percent, to 3.7 million. The total number of .eu domain name registered at the end of Q3 represented an increase of 0.9 percent, or 34,749 registrations, when compared with the total number at the end of Q3 2012.Among the world’s TLDs, .eu was the eleventh largest at the end of the quarter. The largest was .com with 110.6 million registrations followed by .tk (Tokelau – 19.8m), .de (Germany – 15.6m), .net (15.1m), .uk (United Kingdom – 10.6m), .org (10.4m), .cn (China – 7.8m), .info (6.1m), .nl (Netherlands – 5.3m), .ru (Russia – 4.8m) and then .eu followed by .br (Brazil – 3.3m).In terms of density it is a different story with the Netherlands leading with 29.3 .eu domains registered per thousand people. The Netherlands also has one of the highest ccTLD domains registered per thousand people with 317.4. On .eu density, the only other countries with more than 20 .eu domains registered per thousand were Luxembourg (27.8) and Malta (25.7) while Cyprus, Austria, Czech Republic, Germany, Estonia and Belgium all have more than ten.There were also a number of developments in the quarter, the most significant being the certification for the ISO 27001 security standard following an audit by the British Standards Institution on 24 September 2013ISO 27001 is a standard designed and developed to help businesses manage their security. It provides requirements for establishing, implementing, maintaining and continuously improving an Information Security Management System (ISMS) in the framework of general company risks. It includes people, processes and IT systems by applying a risk management process.”EURid decided to adopt this standard to show our registrars, registrants and the world that information security is a key asset to us,” commented EURid General Manager Marc Van Wesemael. “Achieving certification is also another way in which we can improve the quality of the .eu brand.”The EURid Quarterly Progress Report for the third quarter of 2013 is available for download from www.eurid.eu/en/about-us/publications.
Joint Internet Society and Universidad de San AndrÃ©s report demonstrates significant cost and performance gains from IXP development in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia, and Ecuador
Download the report
[news release] The Internet Society recently published the results of a study that demonstrates the far-reaching economic and societal benefits of establishing Internet Exchange Points (IXPs) in emerging markets. The study, commissioned by the Internet Society and conducted by Professor Hernan Galperin of the Universidad de San AndrÃ©s in Argentina, examined the critical cost and performance benefits of IXPs in Argentina, Brazil, Colombia and Ecuador â countries on the leading edge of Internet growth in Latin America.
Analogous with the role that international airports play in airline traffic, IXPs serve as critical hubs for data traffic exchange in the global Internet infrastructure. Over 350 IXPs around the world enable local Internet Service Providers (ISPs) and Internet backbone carriers to efficiently and cost-effectively exchange Internet traffic. Many emerging markets do not have well-established IXPs, forcing domestic Internet traffic onto long-distance international links, resulting in significantly higher costs and quality of service challenges.
This new study identifies the positive impact that IXPs have made, including reduced telecommunications costs, faster and better local data exchange, and local technical capacity development. For example:
- To date, nine IXPs are operational in Argentina as part of the Cabase system that was created in 1998, connecting over 80 network operators.Â Internet transit costs have been reduced from USD $500 per Mbps per month in one city to about USD $40 per Mbps per month.Â Service providers have been able to expand their networks and quality of service.
- In 2004, the ComitÃª Gestor da Internet (CGI) launched an initiative called PTT Metro to create IXPs across Brazil, starting with their first IXP in SÃ£o Paulo. As of April 2013, there were 22 IXPs in operation, covering 16 of Brazilâs 26 states. On aggregate, the IXPs associated with the PTT Metro initiative are exchanging over 170Gbps at peak hours, and providing better and faster connectivity to regions of Brazil that had poor Internet service.
- In Ecuador, international transit costs hover around USD $100 per Mbps per month.Â Local traffic can be exchanged at the IXP in Quito (NAP.EC) for as little as USD $1 per Mbps per month. Without an IXP, operators would exchange local traffic through international transit routes and the additional wholesale costs for local ISPs would be USD $7.2 million per year.
- The Colombian exchange point, NAP Colombia, started in 2000 in response to frequent disruptions in the domestic backhaul network and international links. By exchanging traffic locally, and later by installing content caches at the IXP, local ISPs were able to reduce their dependence on international routes, thus reducing costs and, most importantly, increasing service reliability.
âThis study highlights the critical role that IXPs are playing in Latin America â from human capacity and network development to better quality of service and increased uptake of services,â said Sebastian Bellagamba, Regional Bureau Director for Latin America and the Caribbean at the Internet Society. âOffering more than just cost and performance benefits, well-run IXPs serve as a catalyst to dramatically enrich a countryâs Internet ecosystem, opening a new world of possibilities with comparably minimal investment. We appreciate the collaboration with Professor Galperin and hope that this study will help inform the dialogue among government, business, and technology leaders of emerging countries to show them the benefits that IXPs can provide for developing partnerships for Internet growth in the region.â
Lead author of the study Hernan Galperin stated, âThis report shows the important role that IXPs have played in the development of the Internet in Latin America. This role is likely to become more important as countries in the region address existing challenges such as network security, the improvement in the quality of services, and the reduction in access prices.â
The study was conducted as part of the Internet Societyâs Internet Traffic Exchange Programme.Â This programme aims to foster robust, efficient, and cost-effective Internet interconnection environments in emerging economies, and furthers the Internet Societyâs overall mission to promote the open development, evolution, and use of the Internet for the benefit of all people throughout the world.
Download the full study in:
Funding for this study was provided in part by Google under the IXP Toolkit & Best Practices Grant Project.
About the Internet Society
The Internet Society is the trusted independent source for Internet information and thought leadership from around the world. With its principled vision and substantial technological foundation, the Internet Society promotes open dialogue on Internet policy, technology, and future development among users, companies, governments, and other organizations. Working with its members and Chapters around the world, the Internet Society enables the continued evolution and growth of the Internet for everyone. For more information, visit www.internetsociety.org.
This ISOC news release was sourced from: