Tag Archives: Amazon

Amazon’s .BOT Sunrise Underway

Amazon_Registry_logoThe Sunrise period for the .bot new generic top level domain is currently underway, running from 31 May to 14 July.

During the Sunrise period you can register a .bot domain name that matches your Trademark Clearing House registered trademark with a limited number of registrars.

Domain names are available in a number of internationalised domain name (IDNs) characters, not just the standard Ascii/English characters. The characters for which IDN characters are available are:

  • Chinese, Danish, Finnish, German, Hungarian, Icelandic, Japanese, Korean, Latvian, Lithuanian, Norwegian, Polish, Portuguese, Russian/Cyrillic, Spanish and Swedish.

General Availability is set for 14 November with eligibility requirements not yet announced.

The new gTLD is one of those offered by the Amazon Registry. One the registry is highlighting at the moment is .moi, targeted at the French speaking community.

For .bot domain names, Amazon suggests using one “to communicate your bot offering to the world and claim your unique identity to represent yourself in the bot community.”

One thing that can be said for the Amazon Registry – they haven’t made much of an effort to provide information through their website.

ICANN: Launch of Registration Authentication Platform for .MOI TLD

ICANN logoBrief Overview

Purpose: This Public Comment period aims at gathering community input on the proposed amendment to .MOI Registry Agreement to enable Amazon Registry Services, Inc., the Registry Operator of .MOI TLD, to launch Registration Authentication Platform service for its .MOI TLD. This amendment is intended to implement the request from the registry operator to launch this service, which is submitted through the Registry Services Evaluation Policy (RSEP) process.

Current Status: As required by the Registry Services Evaluation Policy (RSEP), ICANN has undertaken a preliminary determination on whether the proposal might raise significant competition, security or stability issues. ICANN‘s preliminary review (based on the information provided) did not identify any such issues for this proposal.

Following ICANN‘s preliminary determination that the proposal does not raise significant competition, security or stability issues, it was further determined that the change would require a material change to the respective Registry Agreement and that an amendment is needed in order to effect the change.

ICANN is seeking public comments on the proposed amendment that will enable Amazon Registry Services, Inc. to launch Registration Authentication Platform service for its .MOI TLD.

Next Steps: ICANN will prepare a Public Comment Summary and Analysis Report at the conclusion of the comment period. ICANN will consider these comments as it considers whether or not to approve the amendment.

Section I: Description, Explanation, and Purpose

On 21 December 2015, Amazon Registry Services, Inc., Registry Operator of .MOI TLD submitted a Registry Services Evaluation Policy (RSEP) request to launch Registration Authentication Platform gTLD platform service for the .MOI TLD. The Registration Authentication Platform service allows the Registry Operator to verify the eligibility of potential registrants according to Registry Operator’s registration policy by providing, receiving, and validating authentication tokens required for the registration of domain names in the TLD. The Registry Operator will perform pre-registration policy verification for customers that wish to register .MOI domain names to assure that the potential customer is eligible to register a name under the .MOI TLD per the .MOI registration eligibility requirements that will be posted publicly before the .MOI Sunrise Period begins.

ICANN is seeking public comment on an amendment to implement the Registry Operator’s RSEP request. If approved, the amendment would permit the Registry Operator to implement the Registration Authentication Platform service. The amendment requires the Registry Operator to provide, receive, and validate authentication tokens from registrars via EPP. As part of this Registry Service, the Registry Operator would also be permitted to offer optional customer value products and/or services. As described in the RSEP request, “[t]he Registry may offer the customer the opportunity to select technology tools or applications to support use of the .MOI domain name of interest (collectively, “Technology Tools”). The Registry may also offer to the customer ancillary products or services (other than the Technology Tools) to further complement the customer’s use of the domain name of interest. Customers will not be required to purchase Technology Tools or the offered ancillary products or services in order to register and use a .MOI domain name.” The Registry Operator is required to obtain prior approval pursuant to the Registry Services Evaluation Policy, currently available at http://www.icann.org/en/registries/rsep/rsep.html, before offering a customer value product or service that is a Registry Service; provided, however, that the offering of a customer value product or service on the Registration Authentication Platform will not, in and of itself, cause such a customer value product or service to be a Registry Service.

On 21 December 2015, Amazon Registry Services, Inc., Registry Operator of .MOI TLD submitted a Registry Services Evaluation Policy (RSEP) request to launch Registration Authentication Platform gTLD platform service for the .MOI TLD. The RSEP request was posted for public information on the Registry Service Evaluation Process webpage, available at https://www.icann.org/resources/pages/rsep-2014-02-19-en. As provided by the RSEP, ICANN has undertaken a preliminary determination on whether this proposal might raise significant competition, security or stability issues. ICANN‘s preliminary review (based on the information provided) did not identify any such issues for the request.

Section II: Background

On 18 Dec 2014, ICANN and Amazon EU S.à r.l. entered into a Registry Agreement under which Amazon EU S.à r.l. operated the .MOI top-level domain. Effective 23 December 2014, the Registry Agreement was assigned by Amazon EU S.à r.l. to Amazon Registry Services, Inc. which now operates the .MOI top-level domain.

Section III: Relevant Resources

Section IV: Additional Information

This ICANN announcement was sourced from:

US Congress Urges ICANN To Resolve .AMAZON As Crucial Demonstration Before IANA Transition

The US Congress has written to ICANN urging the organisation to approve the online retailer’s application for the .amazon gTLD.The letter from the Co-Chairs of the Congressional Trademark Caucus says Amazon’s application for the gTLD “conformed fully to the requirements of ICANN’s Applicant Guidebook, received full marks in ICANN’s application evaluation, and were consistent with its globally protection ‘Amazon’ trademark.” The letter notes that ICANN refused to allow the .amazon applications to proceed due to objections from the Governmental Advisory Committee, outside of ICANN’s application objection process, “because of sovereignty concerns raised by Brazil and Peru.” But the letter claims neither Brazil nor Peru have any “legally recognised rights – let alone intellectual property rights – in the term ‘Amazon’ and there is no basis in international law for either country to assert rights in the term ‘Amazon’.”The letter says “based on rules set by the ICANN community and supported by international law” the ICANN rejection of Amazon’s application “appears to have no legal basis and potentially creates a troubling precedent for governments disregarding established principles of international law, including international trademark law.”The letter urges ICANN to find a solution to the .amazon issue and to convene the interested parties. And if it can resolve the issue, “ICANN can demonstrate to Congress that it is accountable to the global community, independent of governmental interference, and respectful of international trademark law; such a demonstrations is crucial before the IANA functions transition.”More information on this story is available in Kieren McCarthy’s report here.

ICANN Board Rules .AMAZON Canned

The ICANN Board ruled last week the application for the .amazon gTLD, including its related internationalised domain names in Japanese and Chinese should not proceed.The decision came about after the board accepted the advice of the New gTLD Program Committee (NGPC). And while it is possible the applications could proceed at some stage in the future, this is very unlikely.The applications had been vigorously opposed by the governments of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Peru and Uruguay, with the full support of the Amazon basin countries.In a statement to the 47th ICANN Durban meeting, the “involved governments … expressed serious concerns related to public interest. In particular “.amazon” is a geographic name that represents important territories of some of our countries, which have relevant communities, with their own culture and identity directly connected with the name. Beyond the specifics, this should also be understood as a matter of principle.”In making its recommendation, the NGPC took into account the issues raised by the applicant, the GAC advice and an independent, third-party expert commissioned by ICANN “to provide additional analysis on the specific issues of application of law at issue, which may focus on legal norms or treaty conventions relied on by Amazon or governments.”The Expert Analysis considered “whether the consensus advice issued by the GAC is of such nature as to oblige ICANN to reject the application filed by Amazon, or to the contrary, whether the rules and principles cited by Amazon in its response of 23 August 2013 to the GAC’s advice oblige ICANN to approve the applications for .AMAZON (and related IDNs). The Expert Analysis concludes the following:
As regards the application for assignment of the new gTLD ‘.amazon’ filed by the Amazon company:
i) there is no rule of international, or even regional or national, law applicable in the field of geographical indications which obliges ICANN to reject the application;
ii) there is no rule of international, or even regional or national, law applicable in the field of intellectual property and in particular of trade marks or in the field of fundamental rights, which obliges ICANN to accept this application.”
The ICANN Bylaws require the Board to take into account the GAC’s advice on public policy matters in the formulation and adoption of the policies. If the Board decides to take an action that is not consistent with the GAC advice, it must inform the GAC and state the reasons why it decided not to follow the advice. The Board and the GAC will then try in good faith to find a mutually acceptable solution. If no solution can be found, the Board will state in its final decision why the GAC advice was not followed.The board decided to “accept the GAC’s advice to the ICANN Board contained in the GAC’s Durban Communiqué stating that it is the consensus of the GAC that the applications for .AMAZON (application number 1-1315-58086) and related IDNs in Japanese (application number 1-1318-83995) and Chinese (application number 1-1318-5591) should not proceed.”More details of the NGPC advice are available from:

Domain Name Association Elects 5 New Board Members

Domain Name Association logo[news release] With the election of five new Directors, the Domain Name Association (DNA), has transitioned from the interim board established in 2013 to one representing the full membership of the Internet domain industry’s only global trade association.  The 12-person board is charged with providing leadership and advancing the association’s mission to educate the public about the expansion of domain names.

The newly elected Directors are:

  • Philipp Grabensee, Chairman of the Board, Afilias Limited
  • Bob Wiegand, Senior Vice President, Web.com
  • Jeff Neuman, VP, Registry Services, Neustar, Inc.
  • Stacey King, Senior Corporate Counsel, Amazon
  • Vladimir Shadrunov, Director of TLD Projects, Asiamix Digital Ltd.

The full Board roster can be seen on the DNA website.

“The new members make our board stronger and will allow the DNA to address our industry’s challenges and move forward energetically on our educational initiatives,” said Adrian Kinderis, chair of the board. “Because our board members represent a range of important geographies and industry sectors, we are well positioned to act on international concerns and deliver truly global solutions.”

The DNA was established in October 2013 by companies representing the broad Internet industry. Membership is open to organizations involved in all aspects of managing domain names, including top-level domain name registry operators, registrars, resellers, and registry service providers.

Organizations in the domain name industry are joining the DNA to collaborate with peers, share best practice and ensure mutual success through this period of major growth of the Internet. DNA members will be critical players in the next phase of the Internet, with the opportunity to contribute to important industry policy decisions. DNA membership is organized as a multi-tiered structure to accommodate various levels of interest and desire for participation in the work of the DNA. More information is available on the website.

About the DNA
The Domain Name Association (the DNA) is a non-profit business association that represents the interests of the domain name industry. It is independent and global in scope, and its membership is open to organizations involved in the provision, support, and sale of domain names, such as domain name registries, registrars, resellers, and registry service providers.

Founding members include ARI Registry Services, Donuts, GoDaddy, Google, Rightside and What Box?

The DNA’s mission is to promote the best interests of the domain name industry by advocating the use, adoption, and expansion of domain names as the primary tool for users to navigate the Internet. More information is available at www.thedna.org.

This DNA news release was sourced from:

Geographic gTLD Applications Taking A Battering

Objections to a number of applications for regional generic Top Level Domains have meant that a few have seemingly bitten the dust.First was the application for .swiss by Swiss International Airlines. The Swiss government objected to this application, and so the airline withdrew its application.Then there were a few South American countries that objected to applications for .patagonia by the outdoor company and .amazon by the online retailer, and both seem to have been rejected.For .patagaonia, Argentina and Chile protested while Brazil and Peru objected to .amazon. All of the countries objected to private companies having control of gTLDs and preventing individuals and organisations in these regions being able to register domains to benefit the regions.The protests against the three gTLD applications have been most prominent at Governmental Advisory Committee. For example, the Swiss government set out its reasons for objecting and said “there is no doubt that the adjective/noun ‘Swiss’ and the management of the corresponding gTLD belong to the Swiss community and should not be controlled by a single private entity.”The governments of Brazil and Peru in objecting to .amazon said the application by the online retailer “has not received support from the governments of the countries in which the Amazon region is located. Therefore, the Governments of Brazil and Peru (GAC Members), with full endorsement of Bolivia, Ecuador and Guyana (Amazonic non GAC members) and also of the Government of Argentina, would like to request that the gTLD application be included in the GAC early warning process.”The governments of Argentina and Chile gave similar reasons for their objections to .patagonia.In the case of both of .amazon and .patagonia, there was only one application for each. But in the case of .swiss, the Swiss government also applied through their Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications.

ICANN Durban: Trademark Clearinghouse, Internal Networks Impact On New gTLDs and .AMAZON

ICANN Durban Meeting logoDomain Incite is reporting from the ICANN meeting in Durban, South Africa, that is underway this week and have put up a few interesting reports.

Interlisle Consulting was engaged to conduct a report on “clashes between applied-for new gTLD strings and non-existent TLDs that are nevertheless already widely used on internal networks,” something Verisign has been raising as an issue recently, reported Domain Incite.

The problem is for internal networks that use a currently non-existent TLD. The biggest source of hits of the new gTLDs is .home, which is likely to be coming from millions household modems, is likely to be a problem to sort out. Others, that may be coming from a range of sources, such as .ice, which “appears prominently on the list appears to be solely due to an electricity producer in Costa Rica, which ‘for some reason is blasting .ice requests out to the root’”.

In another report, Domain Incite reports that the Trademark Clearinghouse appears to be cutting it fine in getting underway.

In a session at the ICANN meeting, “executives from IBM and Deloitte, which are managing the Trademark Clearinghouse, laid out their go-live expectations.”

In the presentation, “IBM and Deloitte said that they hope to have a Sunrise sandbox ready for registry testing by the end of July, with a production environment live by August 9 and Claims following a month later.”

And in another Domain Incite report, “the Governmental Advisory Committee has agreed to file a consensus objection against Amazon’s application for .amazon.”

“The objection came at the behest of Brazil and other Latin American countries that claim rights to Amazon as a geographic term, and follows failed attempts by Amazon to reach agreement.” And it appears the objection sounds the death knell for the online retailer’s application.

Online And Tech Companies Object To Google TLD Applications

Amazon has suffered a backlash from US book publishing organisations and Barnes & Noble, and now it’s Google’s turn. A consortium of tech companies under the umbrella of FairSearch has now complained about a number of Google’s applications for top level domains.The group recently filed objections to Google’s request to control new the TLDs .search, .fly and .map – telling ICANN that accepting Google’s application will enable the dominant search provider to “gain an unfair competitive advantage against other members of this community through the improper grant of a perpetual monopoly of generic industry terms to a single company.”FairSearch includes TripAdvisor, Expedia, Nokia, Microsoft and Oracle as members and has been established to counter what they perceive as Google’s dominant search position.The group claims Google has already established a dominant position in the search market – with control of 79 percent of queries in the U.S., and more than 90 percent market share in Europe. FairSearch says Google doesn’t need more help in warding off potential competitors by giving it control over who gets access to new domain names. And, they warn, it’s possible that Google could access the data that flows over any other website who asks to register under a gTLD owned by Google, giving it even greater advantage over all other companies on the internet.FairSearch asks that if Google really believes that competition is always one click away, why did it apply to operate a new .search gTLD as a closed registry? This means that only those web properties owned by Google could have a .search web address.”The .search application demonstrates that Google intends to exclude all others in the Industry from using common generic industry terms for its business,” FairSearch argues in its objection.”Google’s applications for .search, .map and .fly are particularly concerning given the company’s market power and preferential treatment of its own search, map and online travel services.”Uncontested and unmonitored ownership of these gTLDs will only further strengthen Google’s dominant market power, which it uses to steer users to Google’s own product sites by prominently displaying its own products on its homepage, a practice often referred to as ‘search bias.'”ICANN should reject Google’s attempt to control an even greater share of the Internet through acquiring the new generic top-level domains for “.search,” “.fly,” and “.map.” The dominant search provider already exerts too much power to steer consumers to Google sites that strengthen its control over Internet traffic, rather than to websites with the information most relevant to consumers’ interests.”

Book Publishers, Retailer, Oppose Amazon’s New TLDs

ICANN new generic Top Level Domains logoTwo US-based book publishing organisations have voiced strong opposition to Amazon’s plans to launch the .book, .author and .read top level domains, arguing that the online retailer’s influence would be anti-competitive.

“Placing such generic domains in private hands is plainly anticompetitive, allowing already dominant, well-capitalised companies to expand and entrench their market power,” wrote Authors Guild President Scott Turow in his submission to ICANN opposing Amazon’s application. “The potential for abuse seems limitless.”

Opposition has also come from rival bookseller Barnes & Noble, who said in their submission that Amazon “should not be allowed to control the Book TLDs, which would enable them to control generic industry terms in a closed fashion with disastrous consequences not only for bookselling but for the American public. If Amazon, which controls approximately 60% of the market for eBooks and 25% of the physical book market, were granted the exclusive use of .book, .read and .author, Amazon would use the control of these TLDs to stifle competition in the bookselling and publishing industries, which are critical to the future of copyrighted expression in the United States.”

“Amazon’s ownership would also threaten the openness and freedom of the internet and would have harmful consequences for internet users worldwide.”

Barnes & Noble also note that in the Applicant Guidebook, “ICANN states that ‘one of its key responsibilities is introducing and promoting competition in the registration of domain names.'”

“However, Amazon disregarded the guidance of ICANN and instead filed new TLD applications for generic terms in the very industries in which it holds significant market share, with the stated goal of controlling those TLDs – including .book, .read and .author – as closed registries. The concerns are especially acute in the bookselling industry, where Amazon already maintains a dominant position.”

Barnes & Noble also note “by controlling the Book TLDs, Amazon will be positioned to gain unfair advantage in direct navigation and online search; will become associated with the very genus of books; and will likely control the generic Book TLDs in perpetuity as the registry agreements permit unlimited automatic renewal in ten-year terms. Additionally, Amazon will likely be able to prevent substantially similar TLDs from registering in the future, such as .books.”