Tag Archives: .РФ

Russian Registry Flies To Corners of Country to Promote National TLDs

RU Coordination Center logoThe Russian registry, the Coordination Center for TLD RU, has undertaken a rather unique way of promoting its ccTLD and internationalised ccTLD, .RU and .РФ respectively, to the public by sponsoring an expedition of two small flex-wing trikes, an expedition timed to coincide with the 75th anniversary of Valery Chkalov’s flight to the Far East.

As of 4 August, the pilots had travelled over 6000 kilometres, making stops in many cities, including Novosibirsk, Irkutsk, and Chita raising awareness in the various Russian regions of the national domain space and promotion of the new Cyrillic domain, .РФ.

“I am flattered to note that we stir interest in almost every place where we stop. We were interviewed in the city of Irkutsk, and in the village of Khorinsk we are very popular with the locals: everyone is curious to know of our route and our flying machines. Everybody knows AN-2 or helicopters; however, people are unfamiliar with an exotic small flex-wing trike,” wrote Alexander Scherbakov in the crew’s blog.

En route, the pilots are engaged in educational activities related not only to the small aircrafts but also for the sponsors to the logos on the ultralight trikes’ wings.

Europe Registry logoTo register your .RU or .РФ domain, check out Europe Registry here.

Russian .РФ Rockets Past 800,000

RU Coordination Center logoThe .РФ internationalised top level domain, the Russian Cyrillic IDN, rocketed past 800,000 active registrations on 4 April 2011, less than five months after it became available for general registration.

At the time registration became open to all, there were 18,391 domains registered, and then in its first month, starting 11 November 2010, there were another 596,294 domain names registered. Since then monthly registration figures have dropped dramatically with 85,742 domains registered in month two, then 35,872, 31,824 and 28,686 registrations in subsequent months.

The .РФ IDN appears to have been easily the most successful IDN launch since ICANN began approving the IDN ccTLDs. It has also become the 15th largest European TLD, recently passing the Czech ccTLD .CZ.

What makes .РФ even more impressive is that it is only available for Russian individuals and businesses for the first 12 months.

It has also been much more successful than the widely publicised .CO that hit 500,000 active registrations in September 2010, the last time the registry made statistics publicly available.

The .РФ registry also announced the share of already delegated domains, the domains in operation, hit almost 57 per cent, or 453, 395, domains. Thus, each day the number of Russian companies, which use IDN TLD .РФ for their websites, has been growing.

Europe Registry logoTo register your .РФ domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

RU-CENTER Domain Names Magazine – first time in English!

Domain Names Magazine DigestFor the ICANN Meeting in San Francisco RU-CENTER has published English-language Domain Names Magazine Digest.

The digest is composed of the materials that were included in Russian Domain Names Magazine, which has been published by RU-CENTER for several years. Being the only local printed edition on the domain theme, the magazine has a reputation of well-known, professional and competent product.

The English digest provides detailed review of domain name industry in Russia. It is composed of articles about .RU, .РФ, .SU TLDs, the local domain name dispute resolution procedures as well as situation with cybercrime prevention. Also the edition contains materials about global Internet addressing technologies and plenty of expert comments, including interview with Rod Beckstrom, ICANN President and CEO.

“We hope the digest will be positively appreciated by the attendees of the ICANN meeting in San Francisco. That will help us to develop the edition further to turn it in some time into full-fledged English version of Domain Names Magazine, published by RU-CENTER”, – says Alexander Venedioukhin, the executive editor of Domain names magazine.

More information about Domain Names Magazine can be found here.

This RU-CENTER announcement was sourced from:

Europe Registry logoTo register your .RU or .РФ domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

Russian Cyrillic TLD Launch Tainted By Scandal

The recent launch of Russia’s Cyrillic top level domain, where over 600,000 domain names have been registered in less than three weeks since its launch, has been touched by scandal. According to the registry, tens of thousands of domain names have been registered by the biggest registrar in .РФ, RU-CENTER, allegedly with the aim of auctioning them off at higher prices among its clients at a later date. The auctioned domain names have now been blocked until their rightful holders have been determined, the Russian registry the Coordination Center for TLD RU, the registry for .RU and .РФ (.RF), has said.But the scandal is denied by RU-CENTER, who says they have acted within global best practice by auctioning off the domain names in demand. And it becomes more complicated with allegations of collusion between the registry’s website designer, CETIS, and a prominent registrar REG.RU, who are affiliated.The auctions came about following the RU-CENTER rules where when there was more than one request for a domain name, an auction would take place with the domain name going to the highest bidder. This is what was to happen with around 24,700 domain names that were registered through RU-CENTER. During the auctions, approximately 200 domains were withdrawn on the basis of item 4.1.3., the Domains Preorder Registration Schedule in РФ TLD. Domain names withdrawn from the auction have been given to governmental and municipal authorities, trademark owners and other individuals.Auctions on the first day, 23 November, conducted by the registrar RU-CENTER, resulted in 1446 domains being sold with an average price of approximately $100. The most expensive domain was “лото.рф” (lotto.rf), sold for $1,000.However domain names auctioned were blocked by the .РФ registry late on the afternoon of 22 November with requirements to cancel all remaining auctions over allegations of cybersquatting and inflating the prices of domain names.The registry has ordered RU-CENTER, who put up 25,000 domains with several pre-orders on the auction, to return the domains to those who were the first to apply for the domains.RU-CENTER though claims that global best practice where the auctioning off of domain names in demand to its clients was followed, something the Coordination Center for TLD RU supported RU-CENTER, the registrar claims. To resolve the situation with the auctioned domains a special commission has been organised.But the general availability launch on 11 November was not so simple. The registry imposed a limit of 4,800 .РФ domain names per hour, which was fine for smaller registrars, but for larger ones such as RU-CENTER caused problems as they could in no way meet the demand of their clients. A way around this was for the largest registrars to take advantage of standard reseller agreements with smaller registrars so they could meet the requests from their clients. Using such agreements helped RU-CENTER to meet the requests of its clients, and also to registrar a larger than anticipated number of domain names. After several days of open registration the registrar was accused by the Russian anti-monopoly service in illegal collusion. Currently the investigation is in process.However there are other problems. It has been noticed that CETIS, the website designer for the registry, managed to register domain names such as Секс.рф (Sex.rf), quite possibly the most valuable .РФ domain name going by the recent record sale of sex.com, during the sunrise period. When this was noticed the sunrise period was temporarily suspended. It is alleged that CETIS obtained trademarks similar to keywords and then applied for the same domains. Formally everything was done correctly, so the company’s application was approved.CETIS has also registered other valuable domain names via REG.RU, one of the registrars in .РФ, who, further investigation shows, are affiliated with CETIS. And it becomes more complicated with allegations of collusion between the registry’s website designer, CETIS, and a prominent registrar REG.RU, who are affiliated.

Russian Cyrillic Domain Rockets Past Half Million

It took close to two months for .CO to reach the significant half million active registrations when it became available for general registration following its relaunch in July of this year, but it only took eight days for the Russian Cyrillic domain .РФ (.RF – Russian Federation or Российская Федерация in Cyrillic) to pass the same mark.While registrations have predictably eased off the Russian Cyrillic domain is still growing by at least several thousand per day and now stands at over 556,000 registrations.The huge interest in .РФ domains has surprised everyone including Andrey Kolesnikov, the director of the Coordination Center for TLD RU. Kolesnikov believed there could be 100,000 .РФ by the end of 2010.There are a few restrictions on registering .РФ domains for the first 12 months including that registrants must be a Russian citizen or business and the changing of the domain administrator in the first 12 months is not allowed. There is also a list of obscenities that are not allowed to be registered, a list only accredited registrars have access to.”We have compiled this stop-list in order to prevent the first registered word after the launch of the open registration period to be some ‘f@&*.рф,'” said Kolesnikov.There are many benefits in having domain names in Cyrillic. “It’s great that it will be possible now not to invent the way how to represent in Latin script many unique Russian letters: Щ, Ц, and my favorite letter Ё. Incidentally, I usually use Ё in writing and don’t replace it with Е. Letter Ё is what we missed over the years of English-speaking Internet’s reign and now it is going to revive. All patriots should register domain names with letter Ё,” Kolesnikov joked.There are no limitations on the number of domain names registered on a given individual.”I don’t think the launch of ccTLD .РФ will lead to an upsurge of cybersquatting – to this end we have banned the change of the domain administrator during one year. Basically, there is the professional domain business engaged in registering and subsequent reselling “nice” domain names. Cybersquatting means raiding of somebody’s name for the sake of blackmail and extortion. The rightholders will deal with such cases by themselves. There is a great deal of precedents in ccTLD .RU in this regard.”Andrey Kolesnikov clarified to the journalists that the registry does not set neither fixed, nor recommended prices for domain names, and this matter has been left to registrars to decide.”I don’t think that pricing in zone .РФ will differ significantly from the one in zone .RU, which at present accounts for about 500-600 Rb.”To register your .РФ domain name, check out Europe Registry here.

.РФ Open Registration Commenced 11 November With More Than 200,000 Registrations On Day One

More than 200,000 .РФ domain names were registered on day one of open registration for the Russian national Cyrillic domain. Open registration commenced on 11 November with any Russian citizen now entitled to register a .РФ domain.For the first year of the general availability period (open registration) certain restrictions apply including a restriction on registration by the foreign citizens and organisations.However as is often the case, registrars are offering registrants from abroad the opportunity to provide contact details. One such registrar is the Russian registrar REG.RU.According to the Terms and Conditions of domain names registration under domain .РФ, for the first year of the general availability period registrations are only allowed for Russian Federation citizens, legal entities registered under the Russian Federation law and foreign legal entities that have a subsidiary accredited in Russia.’Undoubtedly, a lot of foreign companies will encounter the problem of domain registration in the .РФ zone. Our goal is to help them avoid all the obstacles and in the end bring their products and services to the Russian customers’, said Alexey Korolyuk, member of Cyrillic ccTLD Implementation working group and chief executive of REG.RU.At the time of open registration going live, Russian government departments and businesses had registered more than 18,000 domains during the sunrise period, the majority by trademark holders.As many as 100,000 .РФ domains are expected to be registered by the of 2010, the director of the Coordination Centre for TLD .RU, Andrei Kolesnikov, told the ITAR-TASS newsagency..РФ was well supported at a government level with both President Dimitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin both enthusiastic supporters. So it was no surprise that the IDN would be warmly welcomed by Russian people and businesses.”Cyrillic domain names will be widely used within Russia within five years, especially within emails, and during this time Russian internet users will become used to Cyrillic domains,” Alexey Lesnikov, Director General of RU-CENTER, another leading .РФ registrar, told DomainPulse during the Brussels ICANN meeting.

Almost 500 Cyrillic .РФ Domain Names Registered

As of Tuesday 25 May there were 476 .РФ domain names registered, Yulia Ovchinnikova of Russia’s Coordination Center for the National Internet Domain said in a report on RIA Novosti. .РФ is the Cyrillic Top Level Domain for Russia.Websites for the Russian president and government were the first to go public following the launch of the new TLD on 13 May.As of 25 May, domain names registered during the .РФ sunrise period were able to go into use.A second sunrise registration period commenced on 12 May with owners of trademarks that do not use Cyrillic scripts were able to be registered.From 15 July, .РФ domain registrations under the sunrise procedure will be available for the exclusive owners of trade names, owners of geographical indications of goods origin, mass media and non-profit organisations.Public registration of .РФ domains is scheduled for 1 October, 2010.

Cyrillic Internationalised Domain Names Launched

Following on from last week’s report on the introduction of internationalised domain names (IDNs) in Arabic languages, Russia has introduced the first Cyrillic country code Top Level Domain (ccTLD) IDN.The announcement of the launch of the Cyrillic IDN occurred at an Internet Governance Forum meeting last week in Moscow when Rod Beckstrom, ICANN’s CEO and President, handed over the administration certificate.The new IDN ccTLD is “РФ” and means that Russians and other users of Cyrillic languages will now have complete domain names available to them in their own language. The introduction of . РФ was lobbied for by both President Dmitry Medvedev and Prime Minister Vladimir Putin, both self-confessed keen internet users.”I have just checked, the website президент.рф is up and running. The Cyrillic website of the government downloads too. The websites of other state departments will have Cyrillic domains ready this month. Commercial companies will be able to use Cyrillic domain names a bit later. Russia has become the first country in the world which obtained the national domain of the top level,” Medvedev told the Russian newspaper Pravda.The first two .РФ domains launched were for the websites of the Russian president and government. Domain names using the .РФ ccTLD will be available for registration by eligible registrants as of October 1.The introduction of IDNs was also the subject of three short essays from prominent writers in India and China and an assistant professor of Arabic literature at New York University. What the introduction of IDNs means to Hindu, Chinese and Arabic internet users is discussed. While all three welcome their introduction, two of the three say the claimed benefit of IDNs is overstated while the Chinese writer suggests that for Chinese internet users, domain names in Chinese will give more meaning and depth. The three short essays are available from www.nytimes.com/2010/05/16/opinion/16domain.html.This article was originally written for eBrand Services.

.РФ Internationalised Domain Name will translate DNS in Russian

16 November 2009 – the day Russian Federation officially applied for Cyrillic domain .РФ (.RF) to ICANN. This event was preceded by two years of collaboration between ICANN, Russian government, local internet-society and key market players.The great beginning…Russian language has quite long history in DNS. First domain names in Cyrillic appeared in 2001 – as a test prior to introduction of second- and third-level IDNs (Internationalized domain names) they were registered by VeriSign in .COM and .NET. For example, there was a domain Кремль.com, analog to Latin Kremlin.com.In 2003, after IDNs were approved by ICANN and became available in various ccTLDs and gTLDs, the idea of Cyrillic domain names in .RU (Russian national TLD) emerged. To 2006 it was close to realization, but small incompleteness in the rules of registration of non-Latin domain names in .RU caused splash of cybersquatting. The fact was that the owners of .RU domains in Latin could pretend on graphically similar names in Cyrillic. This mistake compelled Russian registrars and then Coordination Center for TLD RU (registry for .RU) to declare against non-Latin names in Russian national domain. The final decline of the idea in the middle of 2007 was also caused by new initiative of ICANN – introduction of IDN top-level domains.In April 2008 just elected President Dmitry Medvedev got to know about this possibility in near future and declared creation of national Cyrillic TLD as a key priority for Internet development in Russia. Of course, such words speeded up Russian government’s activities in getting the IDN TLD. In June 2008 Russia sent to ICANN official letter of interest, which stated intentions of the country to get national non-Latin domain as soon as possible.Prior to this letter several polls were hold by local registrars and Coordination center for TLD RU intended to feel Russian internet-users’ out on the idea of introduction of Cyrillic domain zone. In particular, in such survey organized by RU-CENTER participated more than 10 000 users and about 60% of them said “yes” to Russian non-Latin top-level domain.But that time in Russia there were also enough people who didn’t understand the reason for creation of national IDN TLD. Due to the lack of information about this initiative they thought this domain might separate the country from global Web. Also they were afraid of cybersquatting and technical problems that in their opinion might occur after the appearance of Cyrillic symbols to DNS. Of course, most of their arguments against top-level IDNs were incorrect. For example, the idea that introduction of non-Latin TLD is a good chance for Russian government to build local Internet easy to control has nothing common with reality – web-sites in Cyrillic domain will be available from all over the world. Of course it will be hard to access them without Cyrillic keyboard, but in this case virtual keyboard might be easily downloaded and installed. It’s also important to mention, that all modern browsers support non-Latin domain names, so there is no threat they will be unavailable.Except the discussion about expediency of creation Cyrillic TLD, another one dispute emerged about possible designation of the domain. The main proposal was to use a combination of symbols “РФ” (RF) for this purpose, but some users had different opinion. They thought it would be better to call Russian top-level IDN “РУ” – this name is full Cyrillic analog to ccTLD RU. But such label could not be used, because written in small letters it was graphically similar to .py, Latin country-code domain of Paraguay. So, in case Russian .РУ had been approved, a huge risk of cybersquatting would have appeared. Also this designation had no chances to be chosen because it didn’t suite the rules, ICANN developed for IDN ccTLDs. First of all “РУ” didn’t contain unique Cyrillic symbols, and secondly it had no sense to local internet-society.In the long run “РФ” became the official name for Russian national top-level non-Latin domain. It happened in October 2008, when Russia filed prior application to ICANN on the issue. In that document Coordination center for TLD RU was proposed as a registry for Cyrillic TLD.During 2009 this organisation prepared technical and legal base for delegation domain .РФ (.RF) to Russia. On the 16 of November 2009 all documents necessary for introduction Russian IDN TLD were transferred to ICANN to be considered according to Fast Track process. The registration process in .РФ will start even before Russian application will be approved – on 25 November, 2009. According to plans of Coordination Center for TLD RU Russian non-Latin top-level domain will be delegated by IANA in the beginning of 2010.What’s next?To prevent cybersquatting from 25 November, 2009 to 25 March, 2010 names in .РФ will be available for registration only to Russian trademark owners. At this time domains in Cyrillic top-level IDN will be also reserved for governmental bodies.From 8 April, 2010 registration will be opened to everyone. It starts with “Holland auction”: the price for the domain names will be high in the beginning, reducing step by step to the usual price. This step is taken to provide fair distribution of most valuable domain names.The cost of registration in .РФ will come down to standard to July 2010 and will be the same as in ccTLD .RU or even lower. For the first year in Cyrillic TLD about 500 000 domains may be registered.The introduction of IDN .РФ will make Internet more convenient for Russian-speaking people, who will be able to type habital Russian words in address bar directly in Cyrillic without necessity to remember correct Latin transcripts of them. This opportunity will be especially useful for people who do not know English well: addresses in Russian make Web for them quite easy to access. It’s important for Russian authorities, who plan to provide all governmental services via Internet in the future.In such circumstances it’s no surprise that Russia has very strong motivation to get TLD .РФ. And today the country is as close to success in its aspiration, as it has never been before.The article was prepared by RU-CENTER, Russian domain name services provider, the biggest registrar in ccTLDs RU, SU and the accredited registrar in IDN TLD .РФ.