In recent years the music industry has been feeling optimistic again, two decades after Napster cost it millions in lost revenue.
The strongest growth in 20 years occurred in 2018, a signal that the take-up by music fans of paid streaming services like Spotify and Apple Music was making digital piracy — the illegal downloading that made Napster notorious — less attractive.
But piracy has not disappeared. It has just changed form.
“Downloading used to be the big issue,” said Vanessa Hutley, the general manager of Music Rights Australia.
“But what we are finding is that these illegal stream-ripping sites are the growing trend.”