Research

16 September 2012

Broadband Infrastructure and Economic Growth by Nina Czernich, Oliver Falck, Tobias Kretschmer & Ludger Woessmann [Economic Journal] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: We estimate the effect of broadband infrastructure, which enables high-speed internet, on economic growth in the panel of OECD countries in 19962007. Our instrumental variable model derives its non-linear first stage from a logistic diffusion model where pre-existing voice telephony and cable TV networks predict maximum broadband penetration.

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13 September 2012

Regulation and Control of Communication: The French Online Copyright Infringement Law (HADOPI) by Nicola Lucchi [Cardozo Journal of International and Comparative Law / Max Planck Institute for Intellectual Property & Competition Law Research Paper] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: In January 2010, after a troubled process, the French law for "creation and Internet", commonly known as Hadopi, was finally adopted in an amended form. The enacted text was the result of corrective action undertaken by the Conseil constitutionnel (France's highest constitutional authority), through Decision No. 2009-580 DC of the 10th of June 2009.

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09 September 2012

Seized Sites: The In Rem Forfeiture of Copyright-Infringing Domain Names by Andrew Sellars Social Science Research Network

Abstract: In the summer of 2010, the Immigration and Customs Enforcement Division of the Department of Homeland Security began "Operation In Our Sites," an enforcement sweep targeted towards websites allegedly dealing in counterfeit goods and copyright-infringing files. The operation targeted the websites by proceeding in rem against their respective domain names. For websites targeted for copyright infringement, ICE Agents used recently-expanded copyright forfeiture remedies passed under the 2008 PRO-IP Act, providing no adversarial hearing prior to the websites being removed, and only a probable cause standard of proof.

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27 August 2012

Don't Be Evil: The Fourth Amendment in the Age of Google, National Security, and Digital Papers and Effects by Andrew William Bagley Albany Law Journal

Abstract: This Article offers an overview of current Fourth Amendment law in light of evolving concepts of papers and effects, expectations of privacy online, and the third party and state action doctrines. Scholars have addressed some of these issues individually, but this Article analyzes the legal issues that subsist in the wake of the NSA Terrorist Surveillance Program dilemma and during Congress' current push to update the Electronic Communications Privacy Act.

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23 August 2012

Personal Jurisdiction, Internet Commerce and Privacy: The Pervasive Legal Consequences of Modern Geolocation Technologies by Kevin F. King Albany Law Journal

Abstract: Modern geolocation technologies allow Internet sites to automatically and accurately identify a user's geographic location. This capability -- unavailable just a few years ago -- has begun to revolutionize Internet commerce and communication by enabling content localization, customization, and access regulation on a scale previously thought to be impossible. Yet thus far, the law has reacted inadequately to these technologies, or in some cases, failed to react at all.

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12 August 2012

Social Media in the Changing Ecology of News Production and Consumption: The Case in Britain by Nic Newman, William H. Dutton & Grant Blank Social Science Research Network

Abstract: This paper looks at how the production and consumption of news is changing in the UK. It draws from survey research of individuals in Britain from 2003-2011, which includes evidence on patterns of news readership among Internet users and non-users, as well as more qualitative case studies of developments in online news organizations, based on interviews and log files of journalistic sites. Survey evidence has shown a step-jump in the use of online news since 2003, as a complement to print news reading, but a leveling off since 2009. However, this relative stability in news consumption masks a change in the growing role of social networks, both as a substitute for search in many cases, but also in their relationship with online newspapers, as the interaction of mainstream news and networked individuals has begun to reshape the ecology of production and consumption.

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05 August 2012

Loving the Cyber Bomb? The Dangers of Threat Inflation in Cybersecurity Policy by Jerry Brito & Tate Watkins Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Over the past two years there has been a steady drumbeat of alarmist rhetoric coming out of Washington about potential catastrophic cyber threats. For example, at a Senate Armed Services Committee hearing last year, Chairman Carl Levin said that "cyberweapons and cyberattacks potentially can be devastating, approaching weapons of mass destruction in their effects." Proposed responses include increased federal spending on cybersecurity and the regulation of private network security practices.

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30 July 2012

Net Neutrality 101 by Richard French [University of Ottawa Law & Technology Journal] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Network neutrality is a controversy of American origin, which, given the American foundations of the internet, has spread to a number of other jurisdictions, including Canada. In this article, I attempt to provide an introduction to the issues in a Canadian context for the non-specialist. Network neutrality is a debate about the public interests in freedom of expression, consumer protection, and economic growth and innovation, as they are mediated by the expansion of broadband internet access.

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08 July 2012

Why Monitor Violent Websites? A Justification by Raphael Cohen-Almagor & Sharon Haleva-Amir [Beijing Law Journal] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The authors argue that the international community should continue working together to devise rules for monitoring specific Internet sites, as human lives are at stake. Preemptive measures could prevent the translation of murderous thoughts into murderous actions.

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16 June 2012

It’s a Mad, Mad Internet: Globalization and the Challenges Presented by Internet Censorship by Jessica E. Bauml Federal Communications Law Journal

The advent of the Internet has brought tremendous technological advancements and growth to the world. However, it has also become a source of conflict, particularly when different countries attempt to regulate this very ubiquitous and amorphous medium. The most notable controversy has arisen in China -- home to the world's most advanced system of Internet censorship, which levies harsh penalties on those who violate the country's strict censorship laws. China's "Great Firewall" has raised many eyebrows and is garnishing substantial criticism in response to the human rights abuses that result from the jailing and reported torture of Chinese dissidents.

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11 June 2012

A Constitutional Solution for Internet Governance by Rolf H. Weber, R. Shawn Gunnarson & Kirton McConkie [Columbia Science and Technology Law Review] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: Internet governance has long been troubled by an unresolved problem. Its dominant organization, ICANN, suffers from inadequate accountability. ICANN holds the exclusive authority to manage the Domain Name System ("DNS") that enables the Internet to function as a global network, and that authority is exercised by a Board of Directors whose powers are virtually unconstrained. ICANN's exercise of unconstrained power over the Internet DNS is associated with a conspicuous gap between the accountability ICANN needs and the accountability it delivers. ICANN needs sufficient accountability, at least, to honor its written commitments and to satisfy its stakeholders' expectations. Unfortunately, ICANN's performance falls short in both regards.

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08 June 2012

The ITU Treaty Negotiations: A Call for Openness and Participation by Patrick S. Ryan & Jacob Glick [NANOG 55th Meeting] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The International Telecommunications Union is renegotiating its treaty with the 193 countries of the world, and it hopes to expand from the telecommunications arena into the Internet.

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04 June 2012

The Changing Patterns of Internet Usage by Christopher S. Yoo Federal Communications Law Journal

Abstract: The Internet unquestionably represents one of the most important technological developments in recent history. It has revolutionized the way people communicate with one another and obtain information and created an unimaginable variety of commercial and leisure activities. Interestingly, many members of the engineering community often observe that the current network is ill-suited to handle the demands that end users are placing on it. Indeed, engineering researchers often describe the network as ossified and impervious to significant architectural change. As a result, both the U.S. and the European Commission are sponsoring "clean slate" projects to study how the Internet might be designed differently if it were designed from scratch today.

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21 May 2012

Tweeting about TV: Sharing television viewing experiences via social media message streams by D. Yvette Wohn, Eun-Kyung Na First Monday

Abstract: Through content analysis of messages posted on Twitter, we categorize the types of content into a matrix -- attention, emotion, information, and opinion. We use this matrix to analyze televised political and entertainment programs, finding that different types of messages are salient for different types of programs, and that the frequencies of the types correspond with program content.

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13 May 2012

The age of Web diplomacy: Exploration of international broadcasting online by Aziz Douai First Monday

Abstract: This paper examines the Web sites of 10 international broadcasters targeting Arabic speaking audiences in the Middle East. Data from 2006 and 2009 are used to compare the formal features of the sites, mainly domain names, hyperlinks and type of news stories presented on the sites.

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10 May 2012

The value of online friends: Networked resources via social network sites by Michael A. Stefanone, Kyounghee Kwon, Derek Lackaff First Monday

Abstract: This study investigated the instrumental value of resources embedded in online social networks. 49 primary participants solicited a total of 588 secondary participants who were asked to complete a modest task.

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29 April 2012

Conflicts between Trademarks and Domain Names: A Critical Analysis by Snehlata Singh Social Science Research Network

Abstract: The essay discusses the issue of conflicts between trademarks and domain names. It discusses in detail the causes and kinds of the disputes and what the current legal system has to offer to this situation. Conflicts such as cybersquatting, typosquatting, reverse domain name hijacking are discussed in length with the help of relevant case laws.

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OECD: Measuring the Broadband Bonus in Thirty OECD Countries OECD

This paper provides estimates of the economic value created by broadband Internet using measures of new gross domestic product and consumer surplus. The study finds that the economic value created in 30 OECD countries correlates roughly with the overall size of their broadband economies.

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15 April 2012

Measuring the Internet: The Data Challenge OECD

This working paper reviews a number of the challenges and opportunities confronting analysts interested in measuring the Internet and its economic and social impacts. It identifies several additional challenges to the measurement issue, in addition to all of the normal problems one expects when measuring information and communication technologies (ICTs). These challenges are related to: the rapidly changing nature of the Internet, the need for more granular data in order to understand the complex nature of the Internet, and the phenomenon of big data and the resulting ability to measure almost anything.

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12 April 2012

Wireless Efficiency Versus Net Neutrality by Charles L. Jackson Federal Communications Law Journal

This Article first addresses congestion and congestion control in the Internet. It shows how congestion control has always depended upon altruistic behavior by end users. Equipment failures, malicious acts, or abandonment of altruistic behavior can lead to severe congestion within the Internet. Consumers benefit when network operators are able to control such congestion.

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01 April 2012

The Right to Be Forgotten? by Conrad Coutinho Columbia Science and Technology Law Review

Have you ever Googled your own name? Statistics say that you probably have. Egotism aside, in a world where potential employers, schools and even romantic partners are likely to Google you, it would be irresponsible not to be aware of what pops up when you search your name. Many experts (and this non-expert) even recommend setting up a Google alert in your name.

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25 March 2012

Extending Tort Liability To Creators Of Fake Profiles On Social Networking Websites by Bradley Kay Chicago-Kent Journal of Intellectual Property

In today's world, social media has become ubiquitous. While social media provides opportunities for networking, there are also opportunities for exploitation. Courts and legislatures have provided remedies for some wrongs that can occur on social networking websites.

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18 March 2012

Negotiating a New Governance Hierarchy: An Analysis of the Conflicting Incentives to Secure Internet Routing by Brenden Kuerbis & Milton Mueller [Communications and Strategies] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: New security technologies are never neutral in their impact; it is known that they can alter power relations and economic dependencies among stakeholders. This article examines the attempt to introduce the Resource Public Key Infrastructure (RPKI) to the Internet to help improve routing security, and identifies incentives various actors have towards RPKI implementation.

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11 March 2012

Sixteen, Sexting, and a Sex Offender: How Advances in Cell Phone Technology Have Led to Teenage Sex Offenders by Megan Sherman Boston University Journal of Science & Technology Law

In 2007, a Florida state court prosecuted a sixteen-year-old girl, A.H., for electronically sending nude pictures of herself to her seventeen-year-old boyfriend. The court charged A.H. and her boyfriend with producing, directing, and promoting child pornography. Under Florida's child pornography laws, A.H. faces a severe prison sentence and may be required to register as a sex offender for the remainder of her life if convicted. "Imagine in the year 2063, a 70-year-old woman having to post a notice that she is a registered sex offender because of a camera-phone picture she snapped of herself in 2009."

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08 March 2012

Persistent Enemies and Cyberwar: Rivalry Relations in an Age of Information Warfare by Brandon G Valeriano & Ryan Maness [Western Political Science Association 2011 Annual Meeting Paper] Social Science Research Network

Abstract: As society moves into the digital age, international interactions are increasing hinge on cyber technologies for the realms of diplomacy, military, business, social interactions, and commerce. Technology has become a necessary aspect of daily life and interstate relations. When goods and activities are critical and valuable to society, these activities also become predatory targets.

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