Research

08 April 2019

The Emerging Internet of Things: Opportunities and Challenges for Privacy and Security Centre for International Governance Innovation

One of the most dynamic and exciting developments in information and communications technology is the advent of the Internet of Things (IoT). Although networking technologies have become increasingly ubiquitous over the past two decades, until recently they have largely been restricted to connecting traditional end-user devices, such as mainframes, desktop and laptop computers, and, more recently, smartphones and tablets.

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The Cyber Security Battlefield: AI Technology Offers Both Opportunities and Threats Centre for International Governance Innovation

Artificial intelligence (AI) is truly a revolutionary feat of computer science, set to become a core component of all modern software over the coming years and decades. This presents a threat but also an opportunity. AI will be deployed to augment both defensive and offensive cyber operations. Additionally, new means of cyber attack will be invented to take advantage of the particular weaknesses of AI technology. Finally, the importance of data will be amplified by AI’s appetite for large amounts of training data, redefining how we must think about data protection. Prudent governance at the global level will be essential to ensure that this era-defining technology will bring about broadly shared safety and prosperity.

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27 January 2019

OECD Digital Economy Papers OECD

The OECD Directorate for Science, Technology and Innovation (STI) undertakes a wide range of activities to better understand how information and communication technologies (ICTs) contribute to sustainable economic growth and social well-being.

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21 January 2019

Online advertising: Trends, benefits and risks for consumers OECD

Online advertising is now the dominant form of advertising in many OECD countries, and offers businesses the ability to reach consumers in ways that could only have been imagined previously. Online advertising has the potential to benefit consumers through more relevant and timely advertising, and by funding a host of “free” online services.

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Facebook Algorithms and Personal Data Pew Research Centre

About half of Facebook users say they are not comfortable when they see how the platform categorizes them, and 27% maintain the site's classifications do not accurately represent them

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11 December 2018

Social media outpaces print newspapers in the U.S. as a news source Pew Internet

More Americans get news often from social media than print newspapersSocial media sites have surpassed print newspapers as a news source for Americans: One-in-five U.S. adults say they often get news via social media, slightly higher than the share who often do so from print newspapers (16%) for the first time since Pew Research Center began asking these questions. In 2017, the portion who got news via social media was about equal to the portion who got news from print newspapers.

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09 November 2018

OECD: Bridging the digital gender divide OECD

While digital technologies offer leapfrog opportunities and help empower women, gender-based digital exclusion remains widespread and has many causes. The report Bridging the Digital Divide: Include, Upskill, Innovate is an effort by the OECD, working with the G20, that aims to provide policy directions for consideration by all governments. It analyses a range of drivers at the root of the digital gender divide in order to draw attention to critical areas for policy action.

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04 August 2018

Time constructs: Discursive temporality in the future Internet First Monday

Abstract: Critical theorists from Scott Lash to Trebor Scholz, software studies adherents such as Alex Galloway, sociologists including Manuel Castells, and science and technology studies (STS) theorist Judy Wajcman — among others — have pointed out that the mobility, speed, responsiveness, and increasingly real-time characteristics of computer and application interfaces have a great deal to do with the social, economic, and political structure of contemporary society.

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28 June 2018

OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation: Going Digital in Sweden OECD OECD

OECD Reviews of Digital Transformation: Going Digital in Sweden analyses recent developments of the digital economy in the country, reviews policies related to digitalisation and makes recommendations to increase policy coherence in this area. The report examines recent developments in infrastructures for the digital economy, telecom markets and related regulations and policies in Sweden. It reviews trends in the use of digital technologies by individuals, businesses and the government, and examines policies to foster diffusion. Digital security policies are discussed with a view to assess its strengths and limitations.

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16 April 2018

Consumer policy and the smart home OECD

The “smart home” looks set to be the arena in which many people will utilise consumer-facing Internet of Things (IoT) technologies for the first time. A new generation of familiar household devices and appliances (e.g. washing machines) are becoming “smart” through the addition of sensors, software and Internet connections. They are entering the home alongside innovative IoT era devices (e.g. smart speakers) – often integrating with them to form smart residential systems (e.g. relating to energy, entertainment and home security).

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15 April 2018

Bridging the digital gender divide OECD

New digital tools are empowering, and can serve to support a new source of inclusive global economic growth. Now is the time to step up the efforts and take advantage of the digital transformation to ensure that it represents a leapfrog opportunity for women and a chance to build a more inclusive digital world.

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01 March 2018

OECD: Bridging the rural digital divide OECD

This document examines recent policy and technology approaches to bridging the digital divide in rural and remote areas in OECD countries. First, it discusses issues related to assessing broadband gaps, defining speeds and establishing national targets. Second, it describes policies being implemented to improve both access and uptake, such as fostering competition, promoting national, rural and community-led broadband initiatives, supporting open access policies and reducing deployment costs.

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OECD broadband statistics update - Mobile termination rates drop 42% in three years in advanced economies OECD

Mobile termination rates – the rates operators charge each other to connect calls – dropped by an average of 42% in OECD countries between end-2014 and end-2017 as a result of increased regulation and competition, according to new data released by the OECD.

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21 January 2018

The evolving role of satellite networks in rural and remote broadband access OECD

Satellites serve as an important option to deliver broadband services to residences and businesses in rural and remote regions throughout the world. In OECD countries, the majority of people live in urban areas or at locations that are closely settled enough to use other broadband access technologies on a cost effective basis.

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13 November 2017

A comparison of Facebook, Twitter, and LinkedIn: Examining motivations and network externalities for the use of social networking sites First Monday

Abstract: Although the winner-takes-all approach is often theorized in the use of an information communication technology, more than one popular social networking site exists in the market. Integrating uses and gratification (U&G) theory with network externalities, this study examines why social networking sites can coexist in the market and whether predictors of using social networking sites differ across popular social networking sites.

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Canada Should Heed US Lessons in Foreign Social Media Interference Centre for International Governance Innovation

Recently, lawyers from three tech giants — Facebook, Twitter and Google — testified before congress about how Russian operations manipulated their platforms during and after last year’s contentious presidential election.

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09 November 2017

OECD Digital Economy Outlook 2017 OECD

The biennial OECD Digital Economy Outlook examines and documents evolutions and emerging opportunities and challenges in the digital economy. It highlights how OECD countries and partner economies are taking advantage of information and communication technologies (ICTs) and the Internet to meet their public policy objectives.

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04 November 2017

Computers and the Future of Skill Demand OECD

Computer scientists are working on reproducing all human skills using artificial intelligence, machine learning and robotics. Unsurprisingly then, many people worry that these advances will dramatically change work skills in the years ahead and perhaps leave many workers unemployable.

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08 October 2017

Why blogs endure: A study of recent college graduates and motivations for blog readership First Monday

Abstract: This paper reports the results from a mixed methods study of recent college graduates who were asked if and why they used blogs as sources for continued learning purposes. Findings are based on 1,651 online survey responses and 63 follow-up telephone interviews with young graduates from 10 U.S. colleges and universities.

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27 July 2017

The Shifting Geopolitics of Internet Access: From Broadband and Net Neutrality to Zero-rating Centre for International Governance Innovation

The nature of Internet access is constantly shifting. How infrastructure technologies are arranged and marketed directly determines conditions of access and participation. In the recent past, the Internet was normally accessed via “broadband” or fixed landline connections. However, the proliferation of smartphones, Wi-Fi access and high-speed cellular telephony networks has dramatically shifted the access landscape, particularly in emerging markets.

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09 July 2017

The Shifting Landscape of Global Internet Censorship by Jonathan L. Zittrain et al Social Science Research Network

Abstract: A sharp increase in web encryption and a worldwide shift away from standalone websites in favor of social media and online publishing platforms has altered the practice of state-level Internet censorship and in some cases led to broader crackdowns, the Internet Monitor project at the Berkman Klein Center for Internet & Society at Harvard University finds.

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20 April 2016

The Role of Financial Services in Society: Understanding the impact of technology-enabled innovation on financial stability World Economic Forum

This paper, "Understanding the impact of technology-enabled innovation on financial stability", articulates key findings from a series of interviews and roundtables held with leaders from established and emerging providers of financial services, experts, and policymakers focused on technological transformation taking place in financial services. The document summarizes key opportunities and challenges created by technology-enabled innovation and proposes four recommendations, aimed at safeguarding financial stability and fostering innovation, for the public and private sectors to consider.

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05 October 2015

The Tor Dark Net Global Commission on Internet Governance

The term "Dark Net" is loosely defined, but most frequently refers to an area of the Internet only accessible by using an encryption tool called The Onion Router (Tor). Tor is a tool aimed at those desiring privacy online, although it frequently attracts those with criminal intentions. An innovative feature of Tor is the ability to host websites anonymously and with a degree of impunity -- designed to be used by those in repressive regimes who wish to host whistle-blowing or political content.

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04 October 2015

The Dark Web Dilemma: Tor, Anonymity and Online Policing Global Commission on Internet Governance

Online anonymity-granting systems such as The Onion Router (Tor) network can be used for both good and ill. The Dark Web is possible only because of online anonymity. Illegal markets, trolls and online child abuse rings proliferate due to the technology of Tor and other similar systems. However, the anonymity provided by such systems gives cover for people in repressive regimes that need the protection of technology in order to surf the Web, access censored content and otherwise exercise their genuine right to free expression.

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07 September 2015

Transaction costs, privacy, and trust: The laudable goals and ultimate failure of notice and choice to respect privacy online by Kirsten Martin First Monday

Abstract: The goal of this paper is to outline the laudable goals and ultimate failure of notice and choice to respect privacy online and suggest an alternative framework to manage and research privacy.

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