China's cyber stealth on new frontline
Posted in: Legal, Privacy & Security at 30/03/2012 15:00
In March 2011, the US computer security company RSA announced that hackers had gained access to security tokens it produces that let millions of government and private-sector employees, including those of defence contractors such as Lockheed Martin, connect remotely to their office computers. Just five months later, the antivirus software company McAfee issued a report claiming that a group of hackers had broken into the networks of 71 governments, companies, and international organisations. These attacks and the many others like them have robbed companies and governments of priceless intellectual property and crucial military secrets. And although officials have been reluctant to name the culprit, most experts agree that the majority of the attacks originated in China.
In response, analysts and policymakers have suggested that Washington and Beijing work toward some form of detente, a broad-based agreement about how countries should behave in cyber space that might eventually turn into a more formal code of conduct. Proponents argue the two sides' long-term interests are aligned, that one day China will be as dependent on digital infrastructure for economic and military power as the United States is today. As Major General Jonathan Shaw, head of the British military's Defence Cyber Operations Group, has said, China's "dependence on cyber is increasing, the amount of cyber crime taking place inside that society is huge, and the impact on their economic growth and their internal stability is also going to be huge . . . There's more common ground than people might suggest."